• Both brass and pottery candlesticks have been found. The candle was the standard lighting device during the 17th century
    Both brass and pottery candlesticks have been found. The candle was the standard lighting device during the 17th century
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj standard commonly used or supplied "standard procedure","standard car equipment"
    • adj standard regularly and widely used or sold "a standard size","a stock item"
    • adj standard established or well-known or widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence "a standard reference work","the classical argument between free trade and protectionism"
    • adj standard conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind "windows of standard width","standard sizes","the standard fixtures","standard brands","standard operating procedure"
    • adj standard conforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers "standard English" (American)","received standard English is sometimes called the King's English" (British)"
    • n standard any distinctive flag
    • n standard an upright pole or beam (especially one used as a support) "distance was marked by standards every mile","lamps supported on standards provided illumination"
    • n standard the ideal in terms of which something can be judged "they live by the standards of their community"
    • n standard a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated "the schools comply with federal standards","they set the measure for all subsequent work"
    • n standard the value behind the money in a monetary system
    • n standard a board measure = 1980 board feet
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Roman Standard Roman Standard
Mode of Planting a Standard Rose Mode of Planting a Standard Rose

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In New York City it is illegal for a man to give 'The Standard Lear' to a woman. Violators are forced to wear horse blinders.
    • Standard A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign. "His armies, in the following day,
      On those fair plains their standards proud display."
    • Standard A large drinking cup.
    • Standard (Hort) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis. "In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards , some against walls."
    • Standard (Shipbuilding) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
    • Standard (Mech. & Carp) An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.
    • Standard Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver.
    • Standard Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as, standard works in history; standard authors.
    • Standard (Hort) Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.
    • Standard (Hort) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees.
    • Standard That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test. "The court, which used to be the standard of propriety and correctness of speech.""A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman."
    • Standard That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
    • Standard (Coinage) The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority. "By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver."
    • Standard The sheth of a plow.
    • Standard (Bot) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If you took a standard slinky and stretched it out it would measure 87 feet.
    • n standard Milit., a distinctive flag; an ensign. Specifically— The principal ensign of an army, of a military organization such as a legion, or of a military chieftain of high rank. In this sense it may be either a flag or a solid object carried on a pole, as the Roman eagle, or the dragon shown in the Bayeux Tapestry, or a combination of a flag with such an object.
    • n standard In botany, same as banner, 5.
    • n standard In ornithology: Same as vexillum.
    • n standard A feather suggesting a standard by its shape or position. See cuts under Scmioptera and standard-bearer.
    • n standard A standard-bearer; an ensign or ancient.
    • n standard A weight, measure, or instrument by comparison with which the accuracy of others is determined; especially, an original standard or prototype, one the weight or measure of which is the definition of a unit of weight or measure, so that all standards of the same denomination are copies of it. The only original standard of the United States is a troy pound. See pound, yard, meter.
    • n standard In coinage, the proportion of weight of fine metal and alloy established by authority. The standard of gold coins in Great Britain is at present 22 carats—that is, 22 parts of fine gold and 2 of alloy; and the sovereign should weigh 123.274 grains troy. The standard of silver coins is 11 ounces 2 pennyweights of pure silver and 18 pennyweights of alloy, making together 1 pound troy; and the shilling should weigh 87.273 grains. The gold and silver coins in current use in the United States are all of the fineness 900 parts of the precious metal in 1,000, the gold dollar weighing 25.8 grains, and the silver dollar 412.5 grains.
    • n standard That which is set up as a unit of reference; a form, type, example, instance, or combination of conditions accepted as correct and perfect, and hence as a basis of comparison; a criterion established by custom, public opinion, or general consent; a model.
    • n standard A grade; a rank; specifically, in British elementary schools, one of the grades or degrees of attainment according to which the pupils are classified. The amount of the parliamentary grant to a school depends on the number of children who pass the examination conducted by government inspectors—the rate per pupil differing in the different standards.
    • standard Serving as a standard or authority; regarded as a type or model; hence, of the highest order; of great worth or excellence.
    • standard To bring into conformity with a standard; regulate according to a standard.
    • n standard An upright; a small post or pillar; an upright stem constituting the support or the main part of a utensil. Specifically— The upright support or stem of a lamp or candlestick; hence, also, a candlestick; especially, a candelabrum resting on the floor in a church.
    • n standard In carpentry, any upright in a framing, as the quarters of partitions, or the frame of a door.
    • n standard In ship-building, an inverted knee placed on the deck instead of beneath it.
    • n standard That part of a plow to which the mold-board is attached.
    • n standard In a vehicle: A support for the hammer-cloth, or a support for the footman's board. See cut under coach.
    • n standard An upright rising from the end of the bolster to hold the body laterally.
    • n standard In horticulture: A tree or shrub which stands alone, without being attached to any wall or support, as distinguished from an espalier or a cordon.
    • n standard A shrub, as a rose, grafted on an upright stem, or trained to a single stem in tree form.
    • n standard A stand or frame; a horse.
    • n standard A large chest, generally used for carrying plate, jewels, and articles of value, but sometimes for linen.
    • n standard A standing cup; a large drinking-cup.
    • n standard The chief dish at a meal.
    • n standard A suit; a set. Compare stand, n., 11.
    • n standard One who stands or continues in a place; one who is in permanent residence, membership, or service.
    • standard Standing; upright; specifically, in horticulture, standing alone; not trained upon a wall or other support: as, standard roses.
    • n standard In horticulture, a fruit-tree that grows to its normal size, that is, is not dwarfed; in Great Britain, a tree or other plant that is grown to a single trunk, in distinction from one that is grown in bush form.
    • n standard In forestry, a tree from 1 to 2 feet in diameter, breast-high.
    • n standard Same as stand, 13.
    • n standard A wholesale unit of measurement for timber. A standard of pine timber is equal to 720 feet of 11 inches × 3 inches cross-section. Also, the standard sizes of planks, as St. Petersburg, Quebec, etc.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A standard 747 Jumbo Jet has 420 seats.
    • n Standard stand′ard that which stands or is fixed, as a rule: the upright post of a truss: that which is established as a rule or model: a grade of classification in English elementary schools: a staff with a flag: an ensign of war: one of the two flags of a heavy cavalry regiment:
    • adj Standard according to some standard: legal: usual: having a fixed or permanent value
    • n Standard stand′ard (hort.) a standing shrub or tree, not supported by a wall
    • ***


  • Dag Hammarskjold
    “Praise those of your critics for whom nothing is up to standard.”
  • Merlin Olsen
    Merlin Olsen
    “The winning team has a dedication. It will have a core of veteran players who set the standards. They will not accept defeat.”
  • French Proverb
    French Proverb
    “When a blind man bears the standard, pity those who follow.”
  • Mark Twain
    “I have a higher and grander standard of principle than George Washington. He could not lie; I can, but I won t.”
  • Hugh Blair
    Hugh Blair
    “The great standard of literature as to purity and exactness of style is the Bible.”
  • Theodore Parker
    “As society advances the standard of poverty rises.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. estendart, F. étendard, probably fr. L. extendere, to spread out, extend, but influenced by E. stand,. See Extend
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. estandart—Old High Ger. standan, to stand, with suff. -art.


In literature:

The standard of the time of Horace Greeley was the standard of individual success, of initial utility.
"The Evolution of the Country Community" by Warren H. Wilson
As a matter of fact, he had ceased using ordinary standards of measurement.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
One can buy such standard batteries, or standard cells as they are called, or he can make them for himself.
"Letters of a Radio-Engineer to His Son" by John Mills
It also makes a good handsome standard tree for open cultivation.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
This stock would last always, but would grow smaller by a true standard of measurement.
"Essentials of Economic Theory" by John Bates Clark
All these varieties may be planted as Standards, but are better as half-standards or bushes.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
The majority of Chinese are small landowners; their standard of living is very low in comparison with European standards.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
The civil laws, he declares, are the only standards of good or evil.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
There was no questioning of current standards in her mind.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
A fair standard is about 0.2 per cent.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
His own special standard, the "General's banner," he commanded to be borne before them.
"The Scarlet Banner" by Felix Dahn
It would be fairer to say the rural schools have not kept pace with the rising standards of their own communities.
"The Challenge of the Country" by George Walter Fiske
It thus corresponds with the standard time of British South Africa.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
There is a piano in the home and they sometimes have hymns and old standard songs in the evening.
"The American Country Girl" by Martha Foote Crow
The methods of standardization or calibration employed have much in common even in the cases that appear most diverse.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 1" by Various
In the 1790s, the octagonal scarificator that was to become the standard English-American model began to appear in surgical texts.
"Bloodletting Instruments in the National Museum of History and Technology" by Audrey Davis
Appreciation of standards of orthoepy 175 246.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
I do not know any standard work on Socialism that enters carefully into the nature of these things.
"Twentieth Century Socialism" by Edmond Kelly
"Beauty" by Alexander Walker
Under normal conditions of growth an arbitrary figure of eighty trees per acre has been selected as a standard by many estates.
"The Preparation of Plantation Rubber" by Sidney Morgan

In poetry:

The eldest to the youngest said,
"Oh, see ye what I see?
If all be true yon standard says,
We're fatherless all three.
"Auld Maitland" by Andrew Lang
When they arrived before the host,
They hover'd on the lay:
"Wilt thou lend me our king's standard,
To bear a little way?"
"Auld Maitland" by Andrew Lang
"Why sounds yon Eastern music here
So wantonly and long,
And whose the crowd of armèd men
That round yon standard throng?"
"The Heart Of The Bruce" by William Edmondstoune Aytoun
Sae noble a look, sae princely an air,
Sae gallant and bold, sae young and sae fair:
Oh! did ye but see him, ye'd do as we've done;
Hear him but ance, to his standard you'll run.
"He's Owre the Hills that I Lo'e Weel" by Carolina Oliphant
So shall I march undaunted, ev'ry day,
Beneath thy standard, through the field of death,
And give thee praise, without the least dismay,
O Lord, my God! whilst I have any breath.
"Another, On The Same Subject" by Rees Prichard
Empire unsceptred! what foe shall assail thee,
Bearing the standard of Liberty's van?
Think not the God of thy fathers shall fail thee,
Striving with men for the birthright of man!
"Union and Liberty" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Active Standard ASTM D2068 Developed by Subcommittee: D02.14 Book of Standards Volume: 05.01.
UNC's standards for athletes will rise Chancellor previews higher standards.
David Lassman/The Post-Standard Saundra Smokes, in a photo taken this spring for The Post-Standard.
Standard may require revision due to new international standards Keywords.
This standard is one of four separate standards that replace SSPC-SP 12/NACE No.
Now called Standard Xchange, the company says the new branding maintains a connection to its history as part of American Standard and ITT Standard.
A top business organization is calling for dramatically rolling back Texas' new, tougher high school graduation standards amid outcry over the standardized test known as STAAR.
For the third year in a row, Kennedy School was the only school in the Lawrence district not to meet the "Standard of Excellence" distinction on the state's standardized assessments.
The company applied for a standard permit on January 29, and TCEQ officials say the Rushing Paving all the requirements for a standard permit.
Case goods manufacturer Standard Furniture has named Myron Woody as director of quality assurance for both Standard and its IFM import division.
Oklahoma has received a second consecutive "F" for its science teaching standards from the Fordham Foundation, resulting in much commentary about the need to improve those standards.
This system plays both Blu-Ray and standard DVDs , and has standard higher-resolution screens for the 2013 model year.
As the data rate supported by wireless standards has increased, forthcoming standards like 802.11ac offer wireless video surveillance opportunities.
Active Standard ASTM F1023 Developed by Subcommittee: F26.03 Book of Standards Volume: 15.12.
D 3656 - 5 year review / revision - the standard will be balloted as a combined standard.

In science:

As an R-analytic group contains an open R-standard subgroup, we can restrict our attention to R-standard groups.
On linearity of finitely generated R-analytic groups
It is easy to see that the invariant algebra J (Q) remains the same even if we replace standard specializations by symplectically standard.
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
R is also the distribution of the Euclidean length of a two-dimensional standard Gaussian random vector or, up to a scaling constant, the distribution of the distance to the closest point to the origin in a standard planar Poisson process).
Rayleigh processes, real trees, and root growth with re-grafting
The random-coding exponents we have derived cannot be achieved by standard binning schemes and standard maximum mutual information (MMI) decoders [16, 18].
Capacity and Random-Coding Exponents for Channel Coding with Side Information
Moreover, if the Hilbert-Samuel function does not decrease on blowing-up with centre in the Samuel stratum, then the standard basis transforms to the standard basis of the ideal of the strict transform.
Desingularization of toric and binomial varieties
There are several standard arguments; we outline a slightly less standard one, given in .
Sharp thresholds and percolation in the plane
Consider standard generators ai , bi of p1 (Sg ); in the Hopf picture, H2 (S) is generated by the standard relator (cid:213)[ai , bi ].
Finite covers of random 3-manifolds
The tensor product of algebras A⊗A0 , so-called, the enveloping algebra of A, has the standard filtration F ⊗ F 0 = {Cn} which is the tensor product of the standard filtrations F and F 0 , that is, Cn = P{Ai ⊗ A0 j , i + j ≤ n}.
Filter Dimension
The algebra B has a standard filtration {Bi} which is the tensor product of the standard filtrations {Ci} and {Ai} of the algebras C and A, i.e.
Filter Dimension
L EMMA 2 Standard linkings are standard equivalent iff they areatomic equivalent.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Then all hi are standard linkings, so f and g are already standard equivalent.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Proof of Lemma 1 (the Lax Rewiring Lemma: standard linkings are standard equivalent iff they are lax equivalent).
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
If the four vertices of each yellow square are identified and time is accelerated by a factor 2, the standard random walk in M becomes the standard random walk in Z2 .
Recurrence for persistent random walks in two dimensions
The data were reduced with standard IRAF procedures using HR 718 as a flux standard and the weak-lined giant HD 26169 to remove telluric features.
R CrB Candidates in the Small Magellanic Cloud: Observations of Cold, Featureless Dust with the Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph
In comparison with the standard Hamilton-Jacobi equation, see (20) , eq.(32) contains a term deriving from the fact that the space-time metric differs from the standard one of Minkowski space.
On a heuristic point of view concerning the motion of matter. From random metric to Schroedinger equation