stain

Definitions

  • Gluing and Staining Bench Covered with Zinc
    Gluing and Staining Bench Covered with Zinc
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v stain color for microscopic study "The laboratory worker dyed the specimen"
    • v stain color with a liquid dye or tint "Stain this table a beautiful walnut color","people knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages"
    • v stain produce or leave stains "Red wine stains the table cloth"
    • v stain make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically "The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air","Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man"
    • n stain an act that brings discredit to the person who does it "he made a huge blot on his copybook"
    • n stain a soiled or discolored appearance "the wine left a dark stain"
    • n stain a symbol of disgrace or infamy "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis"
    • n stain the state of being covered with unclean things
    • n stain (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

William and Dorita with stained clothes, facing Mr. Brown William and Dorita with stained clothes, facing Mr. Brown

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Blood is such a good stain that Native Americans used it for paint
    • Stain A discoloration by foreign matter; a spot; as, a stain on a garment or cloth.
    • Stain A natural spot of a color different from the gound. "Swift trouts, diversified with crimson stains ."
    • Stain A tincture; a tinge. "You have some stain of soldier in you."
    • Stain Cause of reproach; shame.
    • Stain Taint of guilt; tarnish; disgrace; reproach. "Nor death itself can wholly wash their stains .""Our opinion . . . is, I trust, without any blemish or stain of heresy."
    • Stain To cause to seem inferior or soiled by comparison. "She stains the ripest virgins of her age.""That did all other beasts in beauty stain ."
    • Stain To color, as wood, glass, paper, cloth, or the like, by processes affecting, chemically or otherwise, the material itself; to tinge with a color or colors combining with, or penetrating, the substance; to dye; as, to stain wood with acids, colored washes, paint rubbed in, etc.; to stain glass.
    • Stain To discolor by the application of foreign matter; to make foul; to spot; as, to stain the hand with dye; armor stained with blood.
    • v. i Stain To give or receive a stain; to grow dim.
    • Stain To spot with guilt or infamy; to bring reproach on; to blot; to soil; to tarnish. "Of honor void,
      Of innocence, of faith, of purity,
      Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The sap of a banana plant leaves serious stains on hands and clothes that is extremely hard to remove
    • stain To discolor, as by the application of some foreign matter; make foul; spot: as, to stain the hand with dye, or with tobacco-juice; to stain the clothes.
    • stain To soil or sully with guilt or infamy; tarnish; bring reproach on; corrupt; deprave: as, to stain the character; stained with guilt.
    • stain To deface; disfigure; impair, as shape, beauty, or excellence.
    • stain To color by a process other than painting or coating or covering the surface. To color (as glass) by something which combines chemically with the substance to be colored.
    • stain To print colors upon (especially upon paper-hangings).
    • stain To darken; dim; obscure.
    • stain Hence To eclipse; excel.
    • stain To cause a stain or discoloration.
    • stain To take stains; become stained, soiled, or sullied; grow dim; be obscured.
    • n stain A spot; a discoloration, especially a discoloration produced by contact with foreign matter by external causes or influences: as, mildew-stains.
    • n stain A blot; a blemish; a cause of reproach or disgrace: as, a stain on one's character.
    • n stain In entomology, a well-defined spot of color which appears to be semi-transparent, so that it merely modifies the ground-color: it may be produced by very fine dots, as on a butterfly's wing.
    • n stain Taint; tarnish; evil or corrupting effect: as, the stain of sin.
    • n stain Slight trace; tinge; tincture.
    • n stain Coloring matter; a liquid used to color wood, ivory, etc., by absorption.
    • n stain Specifically, a solution of a dye used in microscopical work to render more readily visible various structures, and for purposes of differentiation.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest stained-glass window in the world is at Kennedy International Airport in New York City. It can be seen on the American Airlines terminal building and measures 300 feet long by 23 feet high
    • v.t Stain stān to tinge or colour: to give a different colour to: to impregnate, as a tissue, with some substance whose reaction colours some parts but not others, thus making form or structure plainly visible: to dye: to mark with guilt or infamy: to bring reproach on: to sully: to tarnish
    • v.i Stain to take or impart a stain
    • n Stain a discoloration: a spot: taint of guilt: cause of reproach: shame
    • ***

Quotations

  • Irving Layton
    Irving Layton
    “If poetry is like an orgasm, an academic can be likened to someone who studies the passion-stains on the bedsheets.”
  • Robert Mcafee Brown
    Robert Mcafee Brown
    “The Church cannot be content to live in its stained-glass house and throw stones through the picture window of modern culture.”
  • Raymond Chandler
    Raymond%20Chandler
    “It was a blonde. A blonde to make a bishop kick a hole in a stained-glass window.”
  • Motto
    Motto
    “Let my honor be without stain.”
  • John Gay
    John%20Gay
    “But money, wife, is the true Fuller's Earth for reputations, there is not a spot or a stain but what it can take out.”
  • Dorothy Parker
    Dorothy%20Parker
    “Razors pain you; rivers are damp; acids stain you; and drugs cause cramp. Guns aren't lawful; nooses give; gas smells awful; you might as well live.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Abbrev. fr. distain,

Usage

In literature:

Its name and record must ever rest as a dark stain upon the name of England.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
On the fifteenth day they saw the red-stained stratum.
"Space Prison" by Tom Godwin
Marbled paper is more durable in color than the tinted, and does not stain so easily.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
Ether is excellent for stains of a greasy nature, though some may prefer the stains to the vapour which it gives off.
"The Book-Hunter at Home" by P. B. M. Allan
Terrible was the thought that I might perchance drop the spoon from my hand and stain her white muslin dress with the sauce.
"Debts of Honor" by Maurus Jókai
But he has never lost or stained his flag.
"My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year" by John Henry Jowett
Before staining, scrape off any surplus glue, for stain will not adhere to glue and a white spot will be the result of failing to remove it.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
If stain is used, stain and wax the pieces before putting them together.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
The chief fault of piece dyeing is the danger of cloud spots, stains, etc., which do not appear in the other two methods.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
The older man had an insolent smile in those prominent eyes of his, and a sneer bared his tobacco-stained teeth.
"The Rich Little Poor Boy" by Eleanor Gates
Is your life wholly pure and free from stain?
"Roger Trewinion" by Joseph Hocking
Through the lower end of it was a bullet-hole stained with blood.
"The Clansman" by Thomas Dixon
Has similar grain to black walnut and when stained is a very good imitation.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
The hot size will be found to take out a great many stains, and especially those deep brown stains that come from water.
"Bookbinding, and the Care of Books" by Douglas Cockerell
Before uniforms are put away they should be carefully examined and any missing buttons, tears or stains should be attended to at once.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
The girl listened a moment to the retreating steps, then raised a tear-stained face above her arms.
"A Breath of Prairie and other stories" by Will Lillibridge
Slowly, as the passion of grief ebbed, the tide of love rose in her and flushed her wan, tear-stained face and made it beautiful.
"Olive in Italy" by Moray Dalton
He had the same valise which is now in the possession of the police with the blood stains in it.
"The Mysterious Murder of Pearl Bryan" by Unknown
The slop-stained table was empty.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
Even then the microscope tells whether the stain is blood.
"The Harmsworth Magazine, v. 1, 1898-1899, No. 2" by Various
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In poetry:

One said—'The wine-vat it was hard to tread,
'It stained my weary feet;
'But One from Bozra trod with me in love,
'And made my vintage sweet.'
"In The Garden" by Digby Mackworth Dolben
Far distant far, the noble grave
Which held his clan's great ashes stood;
And o'er his corse no banners wave,
For they were stain'd with kindred blood.
"Oscar Of Alva: A Tale" by Lord George Gordon Byron
What shall be written here ?
Who shall the wreaths of song in sunshine twine ?
I would not stain the pages with a tear,
But leave the book for lighter lays than mine.
"Stanzas," by Robert Calder Campbell
I know our stained tablets must first be washed white,
To let Thy bright features be drawn.
We know we must suffer the darkness of night,
To welcome the coming of dawn.
"The Easter Man" by Frank Barbour Coffin
"No stain of earth can reach them there,
Woven with sunbeams there they shine,
A transient vision of the air,
But yet a symbol, pure and fair,
Of love and peace divine."
"The Child And The Dew-Drops (in memory of a lost son)." by John Critchley Prince
How many a folly, many a crime,
Would stain no more the leaves of time,
And fade away;
But oh! how many a virtue too,
With love, dear love, would bid adieu
To earth for aye.
"Stanzas - IV" by Peter John Allan

In news:

2 years old and stained.very well taken care of.
A portion from a wine-stained notebook.
Sure, your dry cleaner gets the tough stains out of your clothes, but does he invite you to his parties.
That was the bombshell dropped on an unprepared audience of adults and children at the New York School of Dry Cleaning this week by the sultan of stain removal, William Seitz, who followed up with another shocker.
Halcyon's approach stained the entire DNA structure with heavy metals, rather than just the bases.
Stained-glass artist offers kaleidoscopic view of her art form.
The mystery of stained glass is one of many different kinds of custom handmade crafts created by the Kirk and Joni Vetterkind family of Howard Lake.
Stain removal and peroxygen bleaching mechanisms.
Take a healthy dose of Red Hot Chili Peppers circa 1989, chase it down with a bottle of Beastie Boys circa 1987 and dress it in a pit-stained high school P.E.
Rust and Mysterious Stains.
The $527 million South Ferry subway station is only a year old, but you wouldn't know it from the falling and stained tiles.
Researchers found that using softer water is better at removing stains than increasing water temperature or using more detergent.
But if you're willing to buy a pair of the guy's stained underwear, you've taken fandom a little to far.
Stained-glass window to be preserved.
Knights of Columbus raise $20K for stained-glass window .
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In science:

The biotin is a strong binding site for the streptadivin during this staining step.
Comment on: ``Solving the riddle of the bright mismatches: Labeling and effective binding in oligonucleotide arrays"
Bcl2 (top right): staining is low but spread wider among patients in tumoral tissue (right) than in normal tissue (left).
Mass data exploration in oncology: An information synthesis approach
The only limits relate to the completeness and expressiveness. Regarding the completeness, users expressed a need for other tasks. The expressiveness of the query is limited by the lack of a boolean OR and the impossibility to build composed concepts (“the staining intensity for the marker Ki67” for instance).
Mass data exploration in oncology: An information synthesis approach
Loewy (1998)), which is a biological staining method where virus propagation from neuron to neuron is used as a means to histologicaly mark the interconnections, so that they become visible to the microscope.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
Proteomics. 2002;2:1630-2. Gö rg A, Postel W , Weser J, Gunther S, Strahler JR, Hanash SM, et al. Elimination of Point Streaking on Silver Stained Two-Dimensional Gels by Addition of Iodoacetamide to the Equilibration Buffer.
Variations on a theme: Changes to electrophoretic separations that can make a difference
The strips were then loaded on top of a 10% polyacrylamide gel and electrophoresed in a Tris -HCl-Taurine system. Detection by silver staining.
Variations on a theme: Changes to electrophoretic separations that can make a difference
Stains induced by magnetic field were measured by strain gauges.
Large Magnetic-Field-Induced Strains in Ni-Mn-Ga Alloys due to Redistribution of Martensite Variants
Plots of the stain sensitivities of EGO and Advanced LIGO (left) and their redshift reach for a fixed SNR of 10 (right).
Compact binary inspiral and the science potential of third-generation ground-based gravitational wave detectors
Fig. 1. Representative TTC-stained section of vehicle and nimesulide-treated animals (12 mg/kg; i.p.; repeated doses starting immediately after stroke).
Wide therapeutic time window for nimesulide neuroprotection in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat
In the case of the expression microarrays this includes converting mRNA in the sample to cDNA, labelling the target mRNA via an in vitro transcription step, fragmenting and then hybridizing the resulting cRNA to the chip, washing and staining, and finally scanning the resulting array.
Quality assessment for short oligonucleotide microarray data
Let us note that the interpretation of the observations is stained with some theoretical uncertainties. A good example is the way the deduced velocities are affected by the fact that for a fast rotating star most of the radiative flux originates from the polar regi ons (von Zeipel 1924).
Evolution towards the critical limit and the origin of Be stars
Advances in visualization techniques, such as the fluorescent staining of flagella in living, swimming bacteria, continue to elucidate the mechanics of motility. A powerful new contribution is the ability to measure forces at the scale of single organisms and single motors.
The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms
The latter are less expensive, have a cover and can be easily piled up for multiple staining.
Silver Staining of Proteins in 2DE Gels
Only a few comparisons of silver staining protocols have been published [12, 15].
Silver Staining of Proteins in 2DE Gels
Switzer,R.C., Merril,C.R., and Shifrin,S. (1979) A highly sensitive silver stain for detecting proteins and peptides in polyacrylamide gels Anal.
Silver Staining of Proteins in 2DE Gels
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