splay

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj splay turned outward in an ungainly manner "splay knees"
    • v splay move out of position "dislocate joints","the artificial hip joint luxated and had to be put back surgically"
    • v splay turn outward "These birds can splay out their toes","ballet dancers can rotate their legs out by 90 degrees"
    • v splay spread open or apart "He splayed his huge hands over the table"
    • n splay an outward bevel around a door or window that makes it seem larger
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Splay (Arch) A slope or bevel, especially of the sides of a door or window, by which the opening is made larged at one face of the wall than at the other, or larger at each of the faces than it is between them.
    • a Splay Displayed; spread out; turned outward; hence, flat; ungainly; as, splay shoulders. "Sonwthing splay , something blunt-edged, unhandy, and infelicitous."
    • Splay To dislocate, as a shoulder bone.
    • Splay To display; to spread. "Our ensigns splayed ."
    • Splay To spay; to castrate.
    • Splay To turn on one side; to render oblique; to slope or slant, as the side of a door, window, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • splay To display; unfold; spread out; hence, to cut up; carve: as, to splay a fish.
    • splay To dislocate, as a horse's shoulder.
    • splay In architecture, to slope; form with an oblique angle, as the jambs or sides of a window. See the noun.
    • n splay Spread; flare.
    • n splay In architecture, a sloped surface, or a surface which makes an oblique angle with another, as when the opening through a wall for a door or window widens from the position of the door or window proper toward the face of the wall. A large chamfer is called a splay.
    • n splay In fortification, the outward widening of an embrasure from the mouth toward the exterior of the parapet. See embrasure.
    • splay Spread or spreading out; wide and flat; turned outward; hence, clumsy; awkward. See splay-foot, splay-mouth.
    • splay Same as spay.
    • splay In cooperage, to form (a barrel) by drawing it together at the ends.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Splay splā (archit.) to slope or slant: to dislocate, as the shoulder-bone
    • adj Splay turned outward, as in splay-foot, awkward
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Abbrev. of display,

Usage

In literature:

Their arches are moulded, but the splay is left plain.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ripon" by Cecil Walter Charles Hallett
The simplest form would consist of two sandbags placed on the parapet and splayed so as to give the required view, and carefully concealed.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
But there is also a splaying outward.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
And to the mansion house, or council hall, Still on her black splay feet may the huge tortoise crawl.
"The Minstrel; or the Progress of Genius" by James Beattie
He looked him over, with open contempt, from bald head to splayed feet.
"Eight Keys to Eden" by Mark Irvin Clifton
The hoop on which he was splayed turned slowly one way and then back the other.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Neither it ain't your splay feet.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
She was born splay-footed, and I suppose she'll die so.
"Mrs. Tree" by Laura E. Richards
Your great clumsy splay feet are bruising to death a batch of beetles.
"Recreations of Christopher North, Volume I (of 2)" by John Wilson
In the undercroft itself the walls are impregnably thick, the windows narrow, with wide splays.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Wells" by Percy Dearmer
If so, my dear Madam, I wouldn't exchange my old splay slippers for those No.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 95, September 1865" by Various
They are relatively large dogs, with broad splay feet, and silky oily coats.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
They came at him on splay feet, their clubs raised high, their mouths opened and their eyes slitted in rage.
"Castle of Terror" by E.J. Liston
Had it been lighter one would have seen a heavy, ugly face, with thick lips and splayed-out nose, telling unmistakably of his negro origin.
"With Wolseley to Kumasi" by F.S. Brereton
Ain't I seen 'em, the splay-footed, stinking devils!
"The Shadow" by Mary White Ovington
They started at a splaying trot towards Ghiffa.
"Shadows of Flames" by Amelie Rives
An' now yo' gwine open a boof an' 'splay 'em fer sale?
"Three Little Women" by Gabrielle E. Jackson
The defences of the towns had thicker and loftier parapets; in some cases there were three tiers of loop-holes properly splayed.
"The Inhabitants of the Philippines" by Frederic H. Sawyer
Or you may drop on the splayed-out markings of a moose.
"A Boy of the Dominion" by F. S. Brereton
Two thumb-impressed reinforcements, splayed at each end, secure the handle to the body wall.
"The Cultural History of Marlborough, Virginia" by C. Malcolm Watkins
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In poetry:

Poor darling, biting at her feet,
Running beside her like a dog, biting her earthy, splay feet,
Nipping her ankles,
Which she drags apathetic away, though without retreating into her shell.
"Lui Et Elle" by D H Lawrence

In news:

Rapid Repair has, as expected, descended on the new iPhone 3G S, bristling with sharp tools like some SciFi torture-bot, and splayed its remains on the cold slab of the teardown lab.
TA RAE, Thailand — Behind this dirt-floor stall, beyond the tables splayed with ropes of jerky, a butcher prepares the day's catch.
Trout splayed over amaranth with the consistency of porridge tastes as beige as it looks, despite the inclusion of a few green beans.
In the beginning of "Panorama City," narrator Oppen Porter comes home to find his father splayed on the carpet, dead.
Lynda Walker lay splayed on her back in the bed she once shared with her husband, clad in a bra and blue jeans.
Splayed out on an operating table with its innards on full display, Nexus Q loses all of it pop-art panache.
Splayed across southern Illinois, Missouri, and eastern Kansas are eight large, gently sloping depressions, 2 to 10 miles wide and an average of 60 miles apart.
Splayed Roast Chicken With Ramps.
No more splayed legs around a dancing partner's neck.
It's important for a city to have a place with towering splays of flowers, high ceilings, plate glass windows, and sweetbread agnolotti bathed in golden veal broth.
Shoelaces dampen from the morning dew splayed across the grass.
Lucian Freud , whose stark and revealing paintings of friends and intimates, splayed nude in his studio, recast the art of portraiture and offered a new approach to figurative art, died on Wednesday night at his home in London.
NASCAR is reviewing a postrace scuffle between the crews of Ryan Newman and Kurt Busch that left a Sprint Cup official splayed across the hood of Busch's Chevrolet.
Probably because we're more used to seeing their guts splayed across the ground after being smashed on the road by a speeding driver.
His question was rather specific, regarding the correct splay of the legs to maximize stability and strength.
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In science:

With a splay deformation (∇ · n 6= 0) wedge-shaped molecules with longitudinal dipole moments pack most efficiently when the dipoles are aligned.
Dipolar interactions, molecular flexibility, and flexoelectricity in bent-core liquid crystals
Finally, the flexoelectric properties of non-polar sevensphere bent-core molecules - with and without attractive interactions - have been studied by calculating the splay and bend coefficients in the nematic phase using fluctuation relations derived from linear-response theory42,43 .
Dipolar interactions, molecular flexibility, and flexoelectricity in bent-core liquid crystals
Schöll: Control ling synchrony by delay coupling in networks: from in-phase to splay and cluster states , Phys.
Synchronizability of networks with strongly delayed links: A universal classification
The physical properties from the five different model sets di splay a comparatively poor agreement.
Homogeneous studies of transiting extrasolar planets. V. New results for 38 planets
The microscopic parameters κ and ¯κ are respectively the bending and saddle splay modulus, with units of energy.
Force dipoles and local defects on flat fluid membranes
This spectrum di splays a broad absorption (characteristic of SNe) around 3800
The expansion of the universe observed with supernovae
The strict gauge invariance of HdG is already explicitly broken by the splay term Ks (∇ · ˆn)2 of the Frank Hamiltonian.
Smectic Liquid Crystals in Random Environments
According to the continuum theory , the bulk elastic properties of nematics can be described by three elastic constants, associated with the restoring forces opposing splay (K1 ), twist (K2) and bend (K3 ) distortions.
Elastic constants of nematic liquid crystals of uniaxial symmetry
Interestingly, under the same conditions the saddle splay modulus, ¯κ, progressively becomes less negative and eventually adopts positive values.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
The coefficient γ is the lateral membrane tension, κb and ¯κ are the bending rigidity and saddle-splay modulus.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
The saddle-splay modulus is, however, important if the membrane topology changes, e.g., pore formation, fusion or fission.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
Insights into the molecular mechanism of membrane fusion from simulation: evidence for the association of splayed tails.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
The approach of the “splay” Frank constant K1 to equality with the “bend” and “twist” constants K2 and K3 , however, is very slow.
Topology and Nematic Ordering II: Observable Critical Behavior
Very similar arguments that use boundary conditions which impose a bend or splay distortion imply K1 , K3 ∝ |t|ν as well.
Topology and Nematic Ordering II: Observable Critical Behavior
Binder ratio cannot exceed unity,1 thus the splaying of the curves is small and Tc is difficult to establish.
Numerical studies of the two- and three-dimensional gauge glass at low temperature
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