spirit

Definitions

  • A bear, killed; his spirit returns to the bear chief
    A bear, killed; his spirit returns to the bear chief
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v spirit infuse with spirit "The company spirited him up"
    • n spirit a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character
    • n spirit an inclination or tendency of a certain kind "he had a change of heart"
    • n spirit animation and energy in action or expression "it was a heavy play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it"
    • n spirit the intended meaning of a communication
    • n spirit any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings
    • n spirit the vital principle or animating force within living things
    • n spirit the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection) "his emotional state depended on her opinion","he was in good spirits","his spirit rose"
    • n spirit the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people "the feel of the city excited him","a clergyman improved the tone of the meeting","it had the smell of treason"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Methylated Spirit Burner Methylated Spirit Burner
Aeneas is visited by the spirit of his wife Aeneas is visited by the spirit of his wife
The Fire Spirit The Fire Spirit

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Native Indians have been known to paint their doors blue, which they believe keeps the bad spirits out
    • Spirit A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a mark to denote aspiration; a breathing. "Be it a letter or spirit , we have great use for it."
    • Spirit (Med) A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf. Tincture.
    • Spirit Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself. "All of spirit would deprive.""The mild air, with season moderate,
      Gently attempered, and disposed eo well,
      That still it breathed foorth sweet spirit ."
    • Spirit Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol, the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first distilled from wine): -- often in the plural.
    • Spirit (Alchemy) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment). "The four spirits and the bodies seven."
    • Spirit Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an elf. "Whilst young, preserve his tender mind from all impressions of spirits and goblins in the dark."
    • Spirit Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc. "“Write it then, quickly,” replied Bede; and summoning all his spirits together, like the last blaze of a candle going out, he indited it, and expired."
    • Spirit Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to formal statement; also, characteristic quality, especially such as is derived from the individual genius or the personal character; as, the spirit of an enterprise, of a document, or the like.
    • Spirit Life, or living substance, considered independently of corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart from any physical organization or embodiment; vital essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter.
    • Spirit One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper; as, a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit . "Such spirits as he desired to please, such would I choose for my judges."
    • Spirit Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt liquors.
    • Spirit Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it has left the body. "Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was, and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.""Ye gentle spirits far away,
      With whom we shared the cup of grace."
    • Spirit (Dyeing) Stannic chloride. See under Stannic.
    • Spirit Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the plural; as, to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be downhearted, or in bad spirits . "God has . . . made a spirit of building succeed a spirit of pulling down.""A perfect judge will read each work of wit
      With the same spirit that its author writ."
    • Spirit Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed of active qualities. "All bodies have spirits . . . within them."
    • Spirit The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides; the agent or subject of vital and spiritual functions, whether spiritual or material. "There is a spirit in man; and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.""As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.""Spirit is a substance wherein thinking, knowing, doubting, and a power of moving, do subsist."
    • Spirit To animate with vigor; to excite; to encourage; to inspirit; as, civil dissensions often spirit the ambition of private men; -- sometimes followed by up. "Many officers and private men spirit up and assist those obstinate people to continue in their rebellion."
    • Spirit To convey rapidly and secretly, or mysteriously, as if by the agency of a spirit; to kidnap; -- often with away, or off. "The ministry had him spirited away, and carried abroad as a dangerous person.""I felt as if I had been spirited into some castle of antiquity."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1978, the World Water Speed record was made by Ken Warby from Australia. His average speed was 317.6 mph, and his jet-powered hydroplane was 27 feet long called "Spirit of Australia." Warby built the boat himself in his back yard
    • n spirit According to old and primitive modes of thought, an invisible corporeal thing of an airy nature, scarcely material, the principle of life, mediating between soul and body. The primitive and natural notion of life was that it consisted of the breath, and in most languages words etymologically signifying ‘breath’ are used to mean the principle of life. Spirit is one of these, and translates the Greek πνευ%26μα. The ordinary notion of the Greek philosophers was that the soul is warm air. This was strengthened by the discovery, about the time of Aristotle (who, however, does not share the opinion), of the distinction between the veins and the arteries. It is found elaborately developed in the writings of the Stoics, and especially of Galen. The spirit in the body exists in various degrees of fineness. The coarser kinds confer only vegetative life, and betray themselves in eructations, etc.; there are, besides, a vital spirit (πνευ%26μα ζωοτικόν) and an animal or psychical spirit (πνευ%26μα ψυχικόν). At birth man was said to possess only vegetative spirit, but as soon as he draws breath this was thought to be carried through the left ventricle and the arteries to every part of the body, becoming triturated, and conveying animal life to the whole. The spirits were also said to be in different states of tension or tone, causing greater or less energy of body and mind. The vital spirits, being carried to the ventricles of the brain, were there further refined, and converted into spirits of sense, or animal spirits. In vision these spirits dart out from the eye to the object though this be the most distant star, and immediately return laden in some form with information. This doctrine, modified by the addition of an incorporeal soul, and confused with the Hebrew conception of a spirit, was generally believed down to and into the scientific era. Old writers, therefore, who use phrases which are still employed metaphorically must be understood as meaning them literally. See def. 3.
    • n spirit The principle of life conceived as a fragment of the divine essence breathed into man by God. This conception is developed in the Old and New Testaments, in the writings of the Neoplatonists, and by theologians. In Biblical and theological language the spirit is the highest part of human nature, as most akin to the divine, connected mediately with the body through the soul, and spoken of alone, or in contradistinction to the body, or as distinguished from both body and soul (see soul).
    • n spirit Metaphorically, animation; vivacity; exuberance of life; cheerfulness; courage; mettle; temper; humor; mood: usually in the plural. But in old writers this meaning is not figurative, since they conceived this quality to be due to the tension of animal spirits.
    • n spirit A peculiar animating and inspiring principle; dominant influence; genius; that which pervades and tempers the conduct and thought of men, either singly or (especially) in bodies, and characterizes them or their works.
    • n spirit The essence, real meaning, or intent of any statement, command, or contract: opposed to letter.
    • n spirit Incorporeal, immaterial being or principle; personality, or a personality, unconnected or only associated with a body: in Biblical use applied to God, and specifically to the third person of the Trinity (the Holy Spirit); also to supernatural good and evil beings (angels).
    • n spirit A person considered with respect to his peculiar characteristics of mind or temper, especially as shown in action; a man of life, fire, energy, enterprise, courage, or the like, who influences or dominates: as, the leading spirits of the movement were arrested.
    • n spirit A disembodied soul, or a soul naturally destitute of an ordinary solid body; an apparition of such a being; a specter; a ghost.
    • n spirit A supernatural being; an angel, fairy, elf, sprite, demon, or the like.
    • n spirit A subtle fluid contained in a particular substance, and conferring upon it its peculiar properties. In Bacon's philosophy, such a fluid for each kind of substance, living or dead.
    • n spirit In old chemistry, a liquor obtained by distillation; often in the plural.
    • n spirit A strong alcoholic liquor; in a restricted sense, such a liquor variously treated in the process of distillation, and used as a beverage or medicinally, as brandy, whisky, and gin; in the plural, any strong distilled liquor.
    • n spirit A solution of tin in an acid, used in dyeing.
    • n spirit An aspirate; a breathing, as the letter h.
    • n spirit The essence or active principle of anything.
    • n spirit In mod. German philos., the highest mode of existence; also, anything possessing such existence.
    • n spirit By inspiration; by or under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
    • n spirit Synonyms Life, Liveliness, etc. (see animation), force, resolution.
    • n spirit Drift, gist, sense, significance, nature.
    • n spirit Soul, Intellect, etc. (see mind); inner self, vital essence.
    • spirit To animate; inspire; inspirit; excite; encourage; enliven; cheer: sometimes with up.
    • spirit To convey away rapidly and secretly, as if by the agency of a spirit; kidnap: generally with off, away, or other adverb of direction.
    • spirit To treat with spirits.
    • n spirit One of an officially recognized class of pharmaceutical preparations, formerly made by distilling with alcohol a crude drug containing some volatile and medicinally useful ingredient, but now frequently by direct solution in alcohol of this ingredient, such as a volatile oil or essence, previously obtained in separate form. Spirit of cinnamon is an example.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ancient Egyptians believed that onions would keep evil spirits away
    • Spirit the third person of the Trinity, proceeding from the Father and the Son
    • n Spirit spir′it vital force: the soul: a ghost: mental disposition: enthusiasm, animation, courage, mettle: real meaning: essence, chief quality: a very lively person: any volatile, inflammable liquid obtained by distillation, as brandy:
    • v.t Spirit to inspirit, encourage, cheer: to convey away secretly, to kidnap
    • n Spirit spir′it (pl.) intellectual activity: liveliness: persons with particular qualities of mind: mental excitement: spirituous liquors
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Enthusiasm is the Spirit of God working with you.”
  • Florence Nightingale
    Florence Nightingale
    “How very little can be done under the spirit of fear.”
  • Oprah Winfrey
    Oprah%20Winfrey
    “If you want to accomplish the goals of your life, you have to begin with the Spirit.”
  • Jewish Proverb
    Jewish Proverb
    “Loneliness breaks the spirit.”
  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    Gilbert%20K.%20Chesterton
    “Facts as facts do not always create a spirit of reality, because reality is a spirit.”
  • Sholem Asch
    Sholem Asch
    “The sword conquered for a while, but the spirit conquers for ever!”

Idioms

Dunkirk spirit - (UK) Dunkirk spirit is when people pull together to get through a very difficult time.
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In high spirits - If someone is in high spirits, they are in a very good mood or feeling confident about something.
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Kindred spirit - A kindred spirit is someone who feels and thinks the way you do.
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Spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak - If the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak, someone lacks the willpower to change things they do because they derive too much pleasure from them.
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Spirit of the law - The spirit of the law is the idea or ideas that the people who made the law wanted to have effect.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. espirit, esperit, F. esprit, L. spiritus, from spirare, to breathe, to blow. Cf. Conspire Expire Esprit Sprite
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. spiritus, a breath—spirāre, to breathe.

Usage

In literature:

Let the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Thy Holiness, be to me Thy voice guiding me in the path of simple, childlike obedience.
"Holy in Christ" by Andrew Murray
Who give support and respectability to spirit-shops, and the whole spirit-trade?
"Select Temperance Tracts" by American Tract Society
He will enter into the spirit of the river.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
For when the spirit of knowledge is taken away, the spirit of prayer is also gone.
"Commentary on Genesis, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
To refuse allegiance to the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth, is the real sin, the only sin that cannot be forgiven.
"The Higher Powers of Mind and Spirit" by Ralph Waldo Trine
It certainly was; for they had been two kindred spirits.
"A Budget of Christmas Tales by Charles Dickens and Others" by Various
After my visit to London, the interview, and the examination, the whole spirit of the proceedings changed.
"A Padre in France" by George A. Birmingham
Many mistake the highly poetic enthusiasm which such scenes excite for the spirit of piety.
"Madame Roland, Makers of History" by John S. C. Abbott
For true spirituality, or a holy walk in the Spirit, means to be in heart and mind at one with the Spirit, through faith.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
It was evident, however, that a spirit of angry discontent was rife among them.
"The Bridge of the Gods" by Frederic Homer Balch
And he began calling up spirits.
"Eskimo Folktales" by Unknown
She was troubled in spirit.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
This Holy Spirit is, in the first place, a Spirit of prayer.
"The Ministry of Intercession" by Andrew Murray
She watches when the moon is bright and the shadow spirits are abroad.
"The Gaunt Gray Wolf" by Dillon Wallace
The aim of the Spirit of God dwelling in our hearts will always be to tell us more of Himself.
"The Lord of Glory" by Arno Gaebelein
Yet he believed above all in the Holy Spirit as the "Spirit of spirits," the true agent of God in the world.
"Hymns and Hymnwriters of Denmark" by Jens Christian Aaberg
Go, now, both of you, and be in good spirits: promise me to be in good spirits.
"Black Forest Village Stories" by Berthold Auerbach
In short, he showed, on all occasions, a munificent spirit worthy of his royal station.
"History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain." by William H. Prescott
He must yield his spirit to the divine Spirit, which is its natural master.
"St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, Vol. I" by Charles Gore
Do you not notice that Mrs. Nightingale, who sang so spiritedly a few moments since, is now suddenly dumb?
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
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In poetry:

'Tis thy Spirit calls thee—come away!
I have sought thee through the weary day,
I have dived in the glassy stream for thee—
I have gone wherever a spirit might be:
"Spirit's Song" by Louisa Stuart Costello
"Far Away!" there is no far!
Nor days nor distance e'er can bar
My spirit from your spirits -- nay,
Farewell may waft a face away,
But still with you my heart will stay.
""Far Away"" by Abram Joseph Ryan
I hope he knows not that his child
Hears not nor knows its father's name.
Keep its young spirit undefiled
And worthy of its father's fame,
O Thou, from whom its spirit came!
"A Sister's Thoughts Over A Brother's Grave" by John Pierpont
To the Spirit of her Lover. Wilt thou follow me into the wild?
Wilt thou follow me over the plain?
Art thou from earth or from heaven exil'd?
Or how comes thy spirit at large to remain?
"The Mistress - Versified" by Charlotte Dacre
THE THIRD SPIRIT
Nay, tax not me with passion's wasting fire;
When the swift message set my spirit free,
Blind, helpless, lone, I left my gray-haired sire;
My friends were many, he had none save me.
"Homesick In Heaven" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
From the bright stars, or from the viewless air,
Or from some world unreached by human thought,
Spirit, sweet spirit! if thy home be there,
And if thy visions with the past be fraught,
Answer me, answer me!
"To A Departed Spirit" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans

In news:

Two Shows Honor the City's Free Spirit and the Chat Noir.
Sometimes coincidences can really dampen your spirits.
The Team Spirit At Work (Rah, Rah).
Great accomplishments born of pioneer spirit.
G-Spirits launches liquor line poured over models' breasts before bottling .
Can you feel the holiday spirit.
At least one local business is tapping into the Christmas spirit to boost sales numbers.
Interment will take place at Lakeview Gardens Cemetery of Spirit Lake.
It was taken on June 30, Earth time, or 175 Martian days after Spirit landed.
Delta Spirit Hit SXSW at Breakneck Pace.
Delta Spirit performs during SXSW in Austin, Texas.
A big thanks to Holy Spirit School for also helping out.
The spirit of Christmas is starting to fill the air as Office for the Aging staff prepare for the annual Holiday Bags for Solitary Seniors project.
Holy Spirit's Flame Burns Brightly Within Former Firefighter.
Even still it looks like many of us aren't feeling the Christmas spirit.
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In science:

In the spirit of the invariant random matrix ensembles, we construct a model with eigenfunctions distributed uniformly over the unitary unit sphere.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Shenoy ( ) de(cid:12)nes a notion similar in spirit to noninteraction for random variables.
Conditional Plausibility Measures and Bayesian Networks
In the spirit of the SCF approach, this interaction gives rise to a segment potential.
Coil-Globule Transition for Regular, Random and Specially Designed Copolymers: Monte Carlo Simulation and Self-Consistent Field Theory
This view of the Y −dependence of < O >Y in terms of a change of the rapidity of the (rather simple) left-movers is in the spirit of work previously done by Balitsky, Kovchegov, and Weigert.
A Simple Derivation of the JIMWLK Equation
This view of the Y −dependence of < O >Y in terms of a change of rapidity of the (rather simple) left movers is in the spirit of work previously done by Balitsky, Kovchegov, and Weigert.
Parton Saturation-An Overview
It will be also interesting to try to extract complet subsystems of the C.S (21) in the spirit of what was done in .
On The Construction of Generalized Coherent States for Generalized Harmonic Oscillators
In the spirit of the methods discussed in the present section one can efficiently study Gaussian ensembles corresponding to the weakly non-Hermitian quaternion random matrices.
Random Matrices close to Hermitian or unitary: overview of methods and results
For other papers in this spirit see for example: K. S.
Product Groups, Discrete Symmetries, and Grand Unification
If an asymptotically exact RG treatment in the same spirit as the SDRG for the RTIM - can be constructed, should be clarified by future research.
Phase transition in the 2d random Potts model in the large-q limit
Using semigroup and integral convergence theorems in the same spirit as in the proof of [RS75, Thm. X.68], the validity of this formula can be extended to nonnegative, locally L1 potentials.
Integrated density of states for random metrics on manifolds
This theorem is very much in the spirit of the Belavin-Drinfeld result.
Constructing r-matrices on simple Lie superalgebras
In this paper, our main spirit is to study the symmetry of gravity.
Problems on Foundations of General Relativity
However, this is not in the spirit of the opetopic definition.
An alternative characterisation of universal cells in opetopic n-categories
The collisional methods are in the spirit of Boltzmann’s original derivation of his kinetic equation where, at each point of space, the effects of all sorts of possible binary collisions are added.
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
In the following subsections we then discuss, in less detail but in the same spirit, a few further examples of random matrix ensembles which we have selected for their widespread applications in various branches of physics.
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
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