spider

Definitions

  • Maia and the spiders in the evening
    Maia and the spiders in the evening
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n spider predatory arachnid with eight legs, two poison fangs, two feelers, and usually two silk-spinning organs at the back end of the body; they spin silk to make cocoons for eggs or traps for prey
    • n spider a skillet made of cast iron
    • n spider a computer program that prowls the internet looking for publicly accessible resources that can be added to a database; the database can then be searched with a search engine
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The spinnerets of a spider The spinnerets of a spider
A long-legged spider A long-legged spider
A running spider A running spider
A female running spider A female running spider
Spider and its web Spider and its web
The triangle spider The triangle spider

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On average people fear spiders more than they do death
    • Spider (Mach) A skeleton, or frame, having radiating arms or members, often connected by crosspieces; as, a casting forming the hub and spokes to which the rim of a fly wheel or large gear is bolted; the body of a piston head; a frame for strengthening a core or mold for a casting, etc.
    • Spider A trevet to support pans or pots over a fire.
    • Spider An iron pan with a long handle, used as a kitchen utensil in frying food. Originally, it had long legs, and was used over coals on the hearth.
    • Spider (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have the mandibles converted into poison fangs, or falcers. The abdomen is large and not segmented, with two or three pairs of spinnerets near the end, by means of which they spin threads of silk to form cocoons, or nests, to protect their eggs and young. Many species spin also complex webs to entrap the insects upon which they prey. The eyes are usually eight in number (rarely six), and are situated on the back of the cephalothorax. See Illust. under Araneina.
    • Spider (Zoöl) Any one of various other arachnids resembling the true spiders, especially certain mites, as the red spider (see under Red).
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There are about 34,000 species of spiders
    • n spider An arthropod of the order Araneæ, Araneina, or Araneida (the old Linnean genus Aranea), of the class Arachnida, of which there are many families, hundreds of genera, and thousands of species, found all over the world. Though popularly considered in sects, spiders are not true Insecta, since they have eight instead of only six legs, normally seven-jointed, and no wings are developed. They are dimerosomatous—that is, have the body divided into two principal regions, the cephalothorax, or head and chest together, and the abdomen, which is generally tumid or globose, whence the name Sphærogastra. No antennæ are developed as such, but there are raptorial organs called falces, which are subchelatc—that is, have a distal joint folding down on the next like the blade of a pocket-knife. (See cut under falx.) In those species which are poisonous the falces are traversed by the duct of a venom-gland. Some spiders are by far the most venomous animals in existence in proportion to their size: that the bite of a spider can be fatal to man (and there are authentic instances of this) implies a venom vastly more powerful than that of the most poisonous snakes. (See katipo and Latrodectus.) Spiders breathe by means of pulmonary sacs, or lung-sacs, nearly always in connection with tracheæ or spiracles, whence they are called pulmotracheal; these sacs are two or four in number, whence a division of spiders into dipneumonous and tetrapneumonous araneids, (See Dipneumones, 2, Tetrapneumones.) Most spiders belong to the former division. They have usually eight eyes, sometimes six, rarely four, in one genus (Nops) Only two. The abdomen is always distinct, ordinarily globose, never segmented, and provided with two or more pairs of spinnerets. (See cut under arachnidium.) The characteristic habit of spiders is to spin webs to catch their prey, or to make a nest for themselves, or for both these purposes. Cobweb is a fine silky substance secreted by the arachnidium, or arachnidial glands, and conducted by ducts to the several, usually six, arachnidial mammillæ, which open on papillæ at or near the end of the abdomen, and through which the viscid material is spun out in fine gossamer threads. Gossamer or spider-silk serves not only to construct the webs, but also to let the spider drop speedily from one place to another, to throw a “flying bridge” across an interval, or even to enable some species to “fly”—that is, be buoyed up in the air and wafted a great distance. It has occasionally been woven artificially into a textile fabric, and is a well-known domestic application for stanching blood. (See cut under silk spider.) Some spiders are sedentary, others vagabond; the former are called orbitelarian, retitelarian, tubitelarian, etc., according to the character of their webs. Spiders move by running in various directions, or by leaping; whence the vagabond species have been described as rectigrade, laterigrade, citigrade, saltigrade, etc. They lay numerous eggs, usually inclosed in a case or cocoon. The male is commonly much smaller than the female, and in impregnating the female runs great risk of being devoured, The difference in size is as if the human female should be some 60 or 70 feet tall. (See cut under silk-spider.) Spiders are carnivorous and highly predatory. Some of the largest kinds are able to kill small birds, whence the name bird-spiders of some of the great hairy mygalids, (See cut under bird-spider.) A few are aquatic, as the water-spiders of the genus Argyroneta (which see, with cut). Wolf-spiders or tarantulas belong to the family Lycosidæ; but the name tarantula is more frequently applied to the Mygalidæ (or Theraphosidæ). The common garden-spider or diadem-spider of Europe is Epeira diademata; that of the United States is E. cophinaria (or riparia). See Araneida, and cuts under chelicera. cross-spider, pulmonary, and tarantula.
    • n spider Some other arachnidan, resembling or mistaken for a spider; a spider-mite. See red-spider.
    • n spider A spider-crab; a sea-spider.
    • n spider A cooking-utensil having legs or feet to keep it from contact with the coals: named from a fancied resemblance to the insect—the ordinary frying-pan is, however, sometimes erroneously termed a spider. A kind of deep frying-pan, commonly with three feet.
    • n spider A trivet; a low tripod used to support a dish, or the like, in front of a fire.
    • n spider In machinery:
    • n spider A skeleton of radiating spokes, as a rag-wheel.
    • n spider The internal frame or skeleton of a gear-wheel, for instance, on which a cogged rim may be bolted, shrunk, or cast.
    • n spider The solid interior part of a piston, to which the packing is attached, and to whose axis the piston-rod is secured.
    • n spider Nautical, an iron outrigger to keep a block clear of the ship's side.
    • n spider In the English form of pyramid-pool billiards, a skeleton rest, or bridge, designed for certain exigencies.
    • n spider In archery, a prize for the best gold, awarded at the Grand National Archery meeting in England.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On average, more people fear spiders than death.
    • n Spider spī′dėr an arachnid of the order Araneida, the body divided into two distinct parts—an unsegmented cephalo-thorax, bearing six pairs of appendages, and a soft unsegmented abdomen, at the end of which are the spinnerets from each of which numerous 'spinning-spools' ooze forth the viscid fluid which hardens into the silken thread: a frying-pan with feet, a trivet
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edwin Way Teale
    Edwin Way Teale
    “The difference between utility and utility plus beauty is the difference between telephone wires and the spider web.”
  • Charles Churchill
    Charles Churchill
    “Half-starved spiders prey'd on half-starved flies.”
  • Virginia Woolf
    Virginia%20Woolf
    “Fiction is like a spider's web, attached ever so lightly perhaps, but still attached to life at all four corners. Often the attachment is scarcely perceptible.”
  • John Keats
    John%20Keats
    “It appears to me that almost any man may like the spider spin from his own inwards his own airy citadel.”
  • Anacharsis
    Anacharsis
    “Written laws are like spider's webs; they will catch, it is true, the weak and the poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful.”
  • Sidonie Gabrielle Colette
    Sidonie%20Gabrielle%20Colette
    “A pretty little collection of weaknesses and a terror of spiders are our indispensable stock-in-trade with the men.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. spiþre, fr. AS. spinnan, to spin; -- so named from spinning its web; cf. D. spin, a spider, G. spinne, Sw. spindel,. See Spin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M. E. spither—A.S. spinnan, to spin; cf. Dan. spinder, Ger. spinne.

Usage

In literature:

Of course if Miss Muffet had been just an ordinary little girl, she would not have been afraid of spiders!
"More Tales in the Land of Nursery Rhyme" by Ada M. Marzials
In the doily illustrated "spiders" and point de Venise stitches are used for filling in the spaces.
"The Art of Modern Lace Making" by The Butterick Publishing Co.
She was in a spider's web.
"The Adventures of Maya the Bee" by Waldemar Bonsels
A ghastly Gadfly, coming that way, stumbled straight into the Spider's snare.
"Russian Fairy Tales" by W. R. S. Ralston
Since the time of Darwin, the classic explanation has been that all silky substances that fall from the sky are spider webs.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
The spider was already sitting in its web.
"Debts of Honor" by Maurus Jókai
I was in the arms Of the strong spider.
"Stories in Verse" by Henry Abbey
Pleasant, I again made raids for spiders.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 18, No. 106, August, 1866" by Various
Let me see, she hasn't yet noticed the spider.
"Uncle Wiggily and Old Mother Hubbard" by Howard R. Garis
I observed a large reddish spider running in and out with wonderful rapidity among the uneven parts of the wood.
"In the Wilds of Africa" by W.H.G. Kingston
Then he eats the next spider, and the next, growing as he eats, until he nearly fills the cell, and the spiders are all eaten up.
"Woodland Tales" by Ernest Seton-Thompson
Oh, my cousin, spider-hearted!
"The Book of Humorous Verse" by Various
Spiders are spiders there, too, not animated penny buns, and our cows don't want to eat us.
"Queensland Cousins" by Eleanor Luisa Haverfield
There was also a glass box which contained an enormous spider.
"Betty Vivian" by L. T. Meade
I suppose you will be very surprised when I tell you that they are allied to the spider tribe.
"Adventures of a Young Naturalist" by Lucien Biart
Search under the webs of spiders in attics and sheds and learn, from the skeletons found there, what the spider feeds upon.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
To pass the time the Wildcat got fraternal with a languid brunet known as the Spindlin' Spider.
"Lady Luck" by Hugh Wiley
He saw me go up the spider-stairs.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Spiders are specially liable to this danger, because their victims are noisy when caught.
"The Industries of Animals" by Frédéric Houssay
The spider is a student of winged insect nature, and he lays his plans accordingly.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
***

In poetry:

See, the autumn cometh!
The caterpillar
Sighs to the crafty spider,—
Sighs that the tree will not fade.
"To My Friend - Ode I" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
A bauble in the light of day,
New gilded by the sun,
It seemed like some great, golden web
By giant spider spun!
"The Bridge Builder" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
His arm fell o'er a triantula's hole
Which made the spider mad;
He sank his fangs into the arm
And gave it all he had.
"The Cowboy's Prayer" by Curley Fletcher
Look up, else your feet will stray
Towards that dim ambuscade,
Where spider-like they catch their prey
In nets of shade.
"Outlaws" by Robert Graves
Two suicides, the family wolves,
Hours of blankness. Some hard stars
Already yellow the heavens.
The spider on its own string
"The Manor Garden" by Sylvia Plath
But gates if ope'd by melody, are closed by grief as fast,
And sorrow o'er that once bright hall its silent spell had cast;
All undisturb'd the spider there his web might safely spin,
For many a day no festive lay—no harper was let in.
"The Pilgrim Harper" by Samuel Lover

In news:

Q While washing my six-year old Victory Lane fifth-wheel toy hauler I noticed that the fiberglass front cap has some spider lines beginning to appear in it, but they don't appear to be separated all the way through the material yet.
Smokies biologist surveying spruce- fir moss spider.
A picture of an over 100 million-year-old fossil , discovered by experts at Oregon State University, that shows an attack between a spider and a wasp.
'The Amazing Spider-Man' review: a tale repeated, with less freshness .
Andrew Garfield in "The Amazing Spider-Man".
Pete Gallego 's got an eight-legged problem: return of the spider.
A Matinee Morning with Spider-Man 's Matthew James Thomas.
Spider web so high in the sky.
It occurred to me the other day that I have not seen as many intricate spider webs this all at the farm.
Spiders' kickers hit and miss.
'The Amazing Spider-Man' is hit or miss for viewers.
This June 20, 2012 file photo shows actress Emma Stone at the German premiere of the movie "The Amazing Spider- Man," in Berlin.
Andrew Garfield poses at the German premiere of "The Amazing Spider-Man" on June 20th, at Cinestar Sony Center movie theater at Potsdamer Platz square in Mitte.
Rebooting 'Spider-Man,' in a flash .
Spider bite is a waking nightmare at Dylan Baumann's place.
***

In science:

By Dec. 2009, the funding for SPiDER had still not been issued and STFC informed the Collaboration that they would not do so.
CALICE Report to the DESY Physics Research Committee, April 2011
Combinatorial spiders, formally def ined in the last reference, provide a precise terminology and nice graphical models for the study of fusion categories Ak (G) associated with pairs (G, k).
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
In wire models, diagrams are often read from top to bottom (think of this as time f low) but this is just conventional because of the existence of Frobenius maps; spiders diagrams (webs) can also be cut and read in one way or another.
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
The same is true, in the case of spiders, for vertices belonging to a boundary circle.
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
It is generated by linear combination of diagrams representing crossingless matching of the 2n points (n points “in” and n points “out” in the wire model, or 2n points along a circle, in the spider model), and generated, as a unital algebra, by cup-cap elements Ui (pairs of U-turns in position (i, i + 1)).
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
Although belonging to the folklore (we already mentioned the fact that they were explicitly used by ) these two relations are often called “quadratic and quartic equations for the Kuperberg SU (3) spider”.
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
Kuperberg G., Spiders for rank 2 Lie algebras, Comm.
Notes on TQFT Wire Models and Coherence Equations for SU(3) Triangular Cells
The structure of the spider arm supporting the ASM is also shown.
Design of the wavefront sensor unit of ARGOS, the LBT laser guide star system
Obviously, all (k , l)-spiders are equivalent.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
We shall use the notation S pl k when referring to a (k , l)-spider.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
Diagrams of doubles, rotators and spiders are illustrated in Fig. 6.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
If the center of a (2, 1)-spider Σ ⊂ Φ1 is not a d-center vertex of Φ, then Σ belongs to an unique d-bridge contained in Φ.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
By adding to Φ ∪ ¯⌢ new connectives and all dees {⌊E2 |C ⌉ with C running through d-center vertices of Φ, we get a cluster Joining a spider.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
Add a new vertex C to S (Φ) and consider the spider S composed of all dees {⌊E |C ⌉ with E running through end vertices of Φ.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
Then Φ is obtained from the framed tee-cluster ¯Φ0 by applying to it rotator, d-bidge and spider join operations.
Assembling Lie Algebras from Lieons
***