specie

Definitions

  • DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIES UNDER CIVILISATION
    DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIES UNDER CIVILISATION
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n specie coins collectively
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: From all the states, Montana has the most different species of animals
    • Specie abl. of L. species sort, kind. Used in the phrase in specie, that is, in sort, in kind, in (its own) form. "“[The king] expects a return in specie from them” [i. e., kindness for kindness]."
    • n Specie Coin; hard money.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There are more than 2,400 flea species in the world
    • n specie As a Latin noun, used in the phrase in specie: In kind.
    • n specie In coin. See def. 2. Hence, as an English noun
    • n specie Coin; metallic money; a medium of exchange consisting of gold or silver (the precious metals) coined by sovereign authority in pieces of various standard weights and values, and of minor coins of copper, bronze, or some other cheap or base metal: often used attributively. The earliest coinage of specie is attributed to the Lydians, about the eighth century b. c. Previously, and long afterward in many countries, pieces of silver and gold (the latter only to a small extent) were passed by weight in payments, as lumps of silver are still in China. The use of specie as a measure of price is based upon the intrinsic value of the precious metals as commodities, which has diminished immensely since ancient times, but is comparatively stable for long periods under normal circumstances. In modern civilized communities specie or bullion is largely used by banks as a basis or security for circulating notes (bank-notes) representing it. In times of great financial disturbance this security sometimes becomes inadequate from depletion or through excessive issues of notes, and a general suspension of specie payments takes place, followed by great depreciation of the paper money. General suspensions of specie payments occurred in the United States in 1837, 1857, and 1861, the last, due to the civil war, continuing till 1879. Specie payments by British banks were suspended by law, in consequence of the French wars, from 1797 to 1823, but were actually resumed by the Bank of England in 1821. Similar interruptions of solvency have occurred in the other European countries, resulting in Austria and Russia in an apparently permanent substitution of depreciated paper money for specie in ordinary use and reckoning.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are about 34,000 species of spiders
    • Specie (spē′shi) gold and silver coin, metallic money (abl. of L. species, kind)
    • ***

Quotations

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Samuel%20Taylor%20Coleridge
    “My case is a species of madness, only that it is a derangement of the Volition, and not of the intellectual faculties.”
  • Clarence Darrow
    Clarence%20Darrow
    “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.”
  • Voltaire
    Voltaire
    “Our wretched species is so made that those who walk on the well-trodden path always throw stones at those who are showing a new road.”
  • Charles Caleb Colton
    Charles%20Caleb%20Colton
    “To despise our own species is the price we must often pay for knowledge of it.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “Let us beware of saying that death is the opposite of life. The living being is only a species of the dead, and a very rare species.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “There exists a species of transcendental ventriloquism by means of which men can be made to believe that something said on earth comes from Heaven.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Formed as a singular from species, in sense 5

Usage

In literature:

While the number of organisms here introduced is at all times large, the character of the species is of even greater import.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
I think we shall find two species in South America, though that is also a disputed point.
"Bruin" by Mayne Reid
Many other species of animals are infested with their own particular species of bots.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
Of these extinct species our knowledge is even more incomplete than that of the existing species.
"The Beauties of Nature" by Sir John Lubbock
Firstly, the manner in which closely-allied species replace species in going southward.
"Life of Charles Darwin" by G. T. (George Thomas) Bettany
There are about a hundred different species of Violets, of which there are five species in England, and a few sub-species.
"The plant-lore and garden-craft of Shakespeare" by Henry Nicholson Ellacombe
It has been a frequently debated question whether man comprises a single species or two or more species of animal descent.
"Man And His Ancestor" by Charles Morris
And these beings with like or corresponding organs are either of the same species or of very nearly the same species.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
A species of water gruel, made in the following manner, is strongly recommended.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It is certain that wine was made from this species by the English settlers at Jamestown.
"Manual of American Grape-Growing" by U. P. Hedrick
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In poetry:

The species Man and Marmozet
Are intimately linked;
The Marmozet survives as yet,
But Men are all extinct.
"The Marmozet" by Hilaire Belloc
And why not? All weaker species
To the stronger yield their place;
May the same law not be needed
Through the boundless realms of space?
"Discouragement" by John Lawson Stoddard
"No more such! . . . My species are dwindling,
My forests grow barren,
My popinjays fail from their tappings,
My larks from their strain.
"The Mother Mourns." by Thomas Hardy
Confusedly. The leaves of a single tree
May differ among themselves more than they do
From other species, so you have to find,
All blandly says the book, "an average leaf."
"Learning the Trees" by Howard Nemerov
When thus the Fiend our Parents overcame,
And taught them God's commandment to transgress;
Subject to death, both they and we, became,
And to each form and species of distress.
"Adam's Race" by Rees Prichard
How, the Fourth of last July,
When you got a little high,
You went back to Wilson's counter when you thought he wasn't nigh?
How he heard some specie chink,
And was on you in a wink,
And you promised if he'd hush it that you never more would drink?
"Johnny Rich" by William McKendree Carleton

In news:

Sex is the usual way to reproduction of a species.
Assuming We Develop the Capability, Should We Bring Back Extinct Species.
The would-be Eden became a nightmare, its atmosphere gone sour, its sea acidic, its crops failing, and many of its species dying off.
Ballast Water Bill A Step Backwards for Fight Against Invasive Species.
Bluegills are one of our most com­mon lake and pond species found in Ohio and you couldn't ask for a bet­ter fish for kids to chase after.
Madidi holds 1,088 bird species, 200 species of mammals, 300 types of fish and 12,000 plant varieties.
A parrot snake, one of at least 50 species of snakes in Madidi National Park.
The Northern Boreal Forest is the Canadian stronghold for several charismatic species that have disappeared from southern Canada, including the caribou.
Expedition finds 1,400 species of plants, fungi and animals — 160 unknown to science.
New leopard species found in Borneo .
While many aquariums mix a variety of species coming from different oceans and ecosystems, a biotope aquarium is designed to replicate a specific slice of nature.
Michigan's coastal business community is worried about a new family of invasive species that could be moving into the neighborhood: Asian carp .
Doubt Cast on Depletion of Big Ocean Species.
Officials consider pesticides to fight invasive species.
Some species will profit from a warmer Arctic.
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In science:

Since we now know that CO is an abundant species as a gas phase molecule, we expect to find it accreted along with these reduced species — at least initially.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
If we apply this train of thought to all n species of birds, there is no typical bird left, as for each species there is always at least one aspect in which it is atypical. A parallel scenario is formulated below.
Evaluating Defaults
The complete specification of the generalized discrete trigonometric functions above depends on the specification of the DHO model.
Discrete-to-continuum transitions and mathematical generalizations in the classical harmonic oscillator
His argument for this identification is that “since the right side of this equation [eq. (2)] is proportional to the charge q , if at some location energy is lost by one species, it is gained by the oppositely charged species.
On the Viability of Two-temperature Accretion Flows
Similarly, two-species QCA implementations of pseudo-random symplectic operators can be achieved if one of the species consists an odd number of qubits.
Pseudo-random operators of the circular ensembles
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