spandrel

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n spandrel an approximately triangular surface area between two adjacent arches and the horizontal plane above them
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Spandrel A narrow mat or passe partout for a picture.
    • Spandrel (Arch) The irregular triangular space between the curve of an arch and the inclosing right angle; or the space between the outer moldings of two contiguous arches and a horizontal line above them, or another arch above and inclosing them.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n spandrel In architecture, the triangular space comprehended between the outer curve or extrados of an arch, a horizontal line drawn through its apex, and a vertical line through its springing; also, the wall-space between the outer moldings of two arches and a horizontal line or string-course above them, or between these outer moldings and the intrados of another arch rising above and inclosing the two. In medieval architecture the spandrels are often ornamented with tracery, sculptured foliage, and the like. See cut on following page.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Spandrel span′drel the irregular triangular space between the curve of an arch and the enclosing right angle
    • Spandrel Also Span′dril
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Span

Usage

In literature:

Four spandrels from the corners ran up to join a sharp, cup-shaped roof.
"Tales of Terror and Mystery" by Arthur Conan Doyle
In the spandrels by the side of the house are laburnums and lilacs and laurels.
"The Red Planet" by William J. Locke
The spandrels are curiously adorned with rich circular stucco figures.
"Castilian Days" by John Hay
Each spandrel is sculptured with their crest, a squirrel holding a hazel branch.
"Devon, Its Moorlands, Streams and Coasts" by Rosalind Northcote
Before entering the Lady Chapel, a Perpendicular arch will be noticed, with two eye-shaped openings in the spandrels.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Gloucester [2nd ed.]" by H. J. L. J. Massé
Spandrels; the falls or descents of fife-rails.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
All the angles and spandrels of the building are inlaid with precious stones as well as with texts from the Koran.
"The Critic in the Orient" by George Hamlin Fitch
It is divided in the middle by an arch, thus having two complete vaultings, each with four spandrels.
"Luca Signorelli" by Maud Cruttwell
Like the nave arch, on their spandrels heads are carved looking out of circles.
"Portuguese Architecture" by Walter Crum Watson
Two out of the eight large spandrel pictures round the dome are already executed.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Above and around, the spandrels are filled with beautiful foliage most boldly undercut.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Wells" by Percy Dearmer
The flat ceiling of the aisles, with rich traceried bosses and spandrels, is very effective.
"The Religious Life of London" by J. Ewing Ritchie
In the upper spandrels of the dial are two more cherubs bearing ribands with inscriptions.
"The Borghesi Astronomical Clock in the Museum of History and Technology" by Silvio A. Bedini
Doors generally with square label over arch, the spandrels filled with ornament.
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
The dial is not over-ornamental and has suitable spandrels in the corners.
"Colonial Homes and Their Furnishings" by Mary H. Northend
In the spandrels are the orders of angels with their names in Italian.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
Spandrels checkered and bordered by colorless lines.
"History of the Postage Stamps of the United States of America" by John Kerr Tiffany
The arcading in the remaining bay is similar, but angels' heads with wings take up the whole spandrel.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Lichfield" by A. B. Clifton
In the spandrels of the archway of the main recess are carved, winged female figures.
"Journeys in Persia and Kurdistan, Volume I (of 2)" by Isabella L. Bird
In the upper spandrels of the dial are two more cherubs bearing ribands with inscriptions.
"Smithsonian Institution - United States National Museum - Bulletin 240" by Anonymous
***

In news:

The exchange between Stephen Jay Gould and Steven Pinker regarding the nature of evolutionary psychology and more specifically the notion of cognitive spandrels was entertaining and informative.
The final phase consisted of two 10-in.-wide x 46-in.-deep x 45-ft-long prestressed L- spandrels .
The results of the tests to failure were similar to those of similar specimens among the first 10 deeper spandrels .
Greenpoint Gets Twin Condos, Complete With Pool, Trees, Spandrel Glass.
PPG Industries introduced a color sample palette of spandrel harmonies for PPG glass products and Duramar fluoropolymer coatings.
Introduced the glass Tri-Coater for spandrel glass or transparent glass production that offers controllable, high-quality coat thickness.
***

In science:

In the dark-gray spandrel between the dashed MP line, the thick black curve, and the axis p27/32 < j1 < 1, there exist thin and fat black rings, and MP black holes: there is discrete three-fold non-uniqueness. 2.
Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
Two kinds of black rings (thin and fat) and one MP black hole, the three of them with the same values of (M , J1 , J2 ), exist in small spandrels near the corners of the MP phase space square.
Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
At each point in the dark-gray spandrels near the corners of the square there exist one thin and one fat black ring, and one MP black hole.
Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
Instead of adaptionism there might be indirect and implicit natural selection through exaption and spandrelization.
Does Meaning Evolve?
The idea of spandrels has been sub jected to considerable criticism.
Does Meaning Evolve?
Ephenomenal spandrels in which the structure is simply a by-product, examples are: the redness of blood, the hollow at the back of the knee.
Does Meaning Evolve?
Spandrels which have since been changed by direct natural selection are modified spandrels, examples of these are chins and hexagonal honeycombs.
Does Meaning Evolve?
Letting their counterpart of the spandrelized parts be words is again an option, but a preferable one is to let the counterparts be phrases.
Does Meaning Evolve?
Spandrels, homologues, analogues, and convergence also occur.
Does Meaning Evolve?
***