spade

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v spade dig (up) with a spade "I spade compost into the flower beds"
    • n spade a sturdy hand shovel that can be pushed into the earth with the foot
    • n spade a playing card in the major suit that has one or more black figures on it "she led a low spade","spades were trumps"
    • n spade (ethnic slur) extremely offensive name for a Black person "only a Black can call another Black a nigga"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from history. Spades - King David, Clubs - Alexander the Great, Hearts - Charlemagne, Diamonds - Julius Caesar
    • Spade A castrated man or beast.
    • Spade A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale.
    • Spade (Zoöl) A hart or stag three years old.
    • Spade An implement for digging or cutting the ground, consisting usually of an oblong and nearly rectangular blade of iron, with a handle like that of a shovel. "With spade and pickax armed."
    • Spade One of that suit of cards each of which bears one or more figures resembling a spade. "“Let spades be trumps!” she said."
    • v. t Spade spād To dig with a spade; to pare off the sward of, as land, with a spade.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The symbols used on playing cards were supposed to represent the four classes of men: hearts represented the clergy; spades (from the Spanish word espada, or sword) represented the warriors; clubs were originally leaves and represented the peasants; and citizens and merchants were recognized in the diamonds.
    • n spade A tool for digging and cutting the ground, having a rather thick iron blade, usually flat, so formed that its terminal edge (either straight or curved) may be pressed into the ground or other resisting substance with one foot, and a handle, usually with a crosspiece at the top, to be grasped by both hands. A spade differs from a two-handed shovel chiefly in the form and thickness of the blade.
    • n spade A tool of soft iron used with diamond-powder by cameo-cutters in finishing.
    • n spade In whaling, a large chisel-like implement used on blubber or bone in cutting-in. See phrases following.
    • n spade In herpetology, a formation on the foot of some toads with which they dig. See spade-fool.
    • spade To dig or cut with a spade; dig up (the ground) by menns of a spade.
    • spade In whaling, to use the boat-spade on, as a whale; cut the tendons of the flukes of; hamstring.
    • n spade A playing-card of one of the two black suits of a pack, the other being clubs.
    • n spade An emasculated person; a eunuch.
    • n spade An emasculated animal; a gelding.
    • n spade In artillery, a thick metal projection at the end of the trail of a field-gun carriage, which is forced into the ground by the recoil and tends to keep the carriage in the same position for subsequent rounds.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Each of the suits on a deck of cards represents the four major pillars of the economy in the middle ages: heart represented the Church, spades represented the military, clubs represented agriculture, and diamonds represented the merchant class.
    • n Spade spād a broad blade of iron with a handle, used for digging: a playing-card of one of the two black suits, shaped like a heart with a triangular handle
    • v.t Spade to dig with a spade
    • n Spade spād a eunuch: a gelding
    • Spade Also Spā′do
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “To watch the corn grow, or the blossoms set; to draw hard breath over the plough or spade; to read, to think, to love, to pray, are the things that make men happy.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “I hate vulgar realism in literature. The man who could call a spade a spade should be compelled to use one. It is the only thing he is fit for.”

Idioms

Call a spade a spade - A person who calls a spade a spade is one speaks frankly and makes little or no attempt to conceal their opinions or to spare the feelings of their audience.
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In spades - (UK) If you have something in spades, you have a lot of it.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. spæd,; spada,; akin to D. spade, G. spaten, Icel. spaði, Dan. & Sw. spade, L. spatha, a spatula, a broad two-edged sword, a spathe, Gr. spa`qh. Cf. Epaulet Spade at cards, Spathe Spatula

Usage

In literature:

With Yeager I led the way to the clump, followed by my men carrying spades and shovels.
"The Pirate of Panama" by William MacLeod Raine
After walking for some time Daimur, who was carrying the old spade, set it down suddenly.
"The Enchanted Island" by Fannie Louise Apjohn
The bid of two Spades shows exactly four Spades and the same high-card holding which justifies doubling one Spade.
"Auction of To-day" by Milton C. Work
That weapon is the spade.
"To My Younger Brethren" by Handley C. G. Moule
The last spade used is very narrow, and tapers rapidly, so as to form a narrow wedge-shaped cavity for the bottom of the trench.
"Farm drainage" by Henry Flagg French
It was moonlight, so they all three went out with spades and picks to the road.
"Taking Tales" by W.H.G. Kingston
We pried the door open far enough to hand out the spade.
"The Blue Birds' Winter Nest" by Lillian Elizabeth Roy
An' ev'y las' one got a lil fahm so lil you can't plow her; got dig her up wid a spade.
"Bonaventure" by George Washington Cable
He snatched the loaded rifle which one of the soldiers had exchanged for a spade and fired.
"The Hour and the Man" by Harriet Martineau
You saw him get a spade and take the pot.
"Card Trick" by Walter Bupp AKA Randall Garrett
I grabbed up a spade and dug my way through to the middle.
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
The object of search was soon discovered; for, the moment after, he came towards them carrying a long Moorish spade.
"The Boy Slaves" by Mayne Reid
The seniors get all that kind of fun, and we poor intermediates only get the spade work.
"A harum-scarum schoolgirl" by Angela Brazil
But as they had only wooden spades to work with, some time was occupied in digging the hole in which to plant the flagstaff.
"The Voyages of the Ranger and Crusader" by W.H.G. Kingston
Now what did Guapo mean to do with the spade?
"The Forest Exiles" by Mayne Reid
And seizing a spade he began to hurl the sand out furiously.
"The Golden Magnet" by George Manville Fenn
She sank deeper than the spade of the sexton could penetrate, till the churchyard became a roof above her.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
This hand-forged steel spade has a bit with three tines.
"Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology" by John T. Schlebecker
In the hall was the rusting spade.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
Turnbull laid aside his spade, wiped the perspiration from his brow, and took up his altar again reverently.
"Border Ghost Stories" by Howard Pease
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In poetry:

Father, the coals are dying,
See! I have heated the spade,
Let me throw the door wide open,
I will not be afraid.
"A Mystery Play" by Duncan Campbell Scott
The sympathetic pair agreed,
To form a grave without a spade;
Bury their fawn beneath a tree,
And chaunt a requiem to his shade.
"The Stag" by William Hayley
The earth shook with laughter
as the spades tickled its side
and gleamed so pretty with
so many forgotten flowers
from those final cadillac brides
"On The Day They Birthed My Mother..." by Miguel Pinero
Girt with a boyish garb for boyish task,
Eager she wields her spade: yet loves as well
Rest on a friendly knee, intent to ask
The tale he loves to tell.
"Dedication for The Hunting Of The Snark" by Lewis Carroll
There was a Young Lady of Hull,
Who was chased by a virulent bull;
But she seized on a spade,
And called out, 'Who's afraid?'
Which distracted that virulent bull.
"Limerick: There was a Young Lady of Hull" by Edward Lear
"Oh; love, if e'er this desert plain,
Where I must sweat with axe and spade,
Shall hold a people sprung from twain,
Or better made by Him, who made
That pair in vain.
"Mount Arafa" by Richard Doddridge Blackmore

In news:

Friday November 9, 2012 Posted 2 weeks, 3 days ago by Jack Spade.
Kate Spade, Little Richard, Ralph Fiennes and other celebrities will light the candles as they turn the big 5-0, 60, 70 or 80.
Jack Spade Launches Men's Apparel.
Kate Spade's Husband Cuts Her Hair While She Sleeps.
Sharpen Spade Bits and More.
My first stop for NYFW was backstage at Kate Spade .
While the acting of most daytime TV performers is mildly painful, Spade 's humor fits him like a second skin.
Love the Saturday morning Show Spade Cooley and Bob Wills music are the best.
Brad Goreski has been named Kate Spade 's new exclusive brand stylist, indicating that it may actually be a "Brad, Brad World".
But now stylist-designers Emily Current and Meritt Elliott are teaming up with Kate Spade 's Deborah Lloyd for a capsule collection of handbags and leather goods.
David Spade has reached into his pocket to make a charitable donation of $200,000 to the American Red Cross for disaster relief.
Handbag designer Kate Spade is accessorizing the dining room.
Watch David Spade on TV.
Talk about David Spade .
How to tie the Fancy Spade (the Jackson Hybrid) Fish: Steelhead Flypattern(s): Fancy Spade (Jackson Hybrid).
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In science:

For convenience, we use a slightly modified tree Tn which has spades attached to the leaves of the original tree (see Figure 3).
Sampling of min-entropy relative to quantum knowledge
For a path αn ∈ [m]n from the root to a spade (i.e., leaf ), we define the weight vρ (αn ) of the path αn as the sum of the values on the edges along this path.
Sampling of min-entropy relative to quantum knowledge
The tree Tj has depth j + 1, with spades sitting on the j + 1-st level.
Sampling of min-entropy relative to quantum knowledge
The SPADE programming language for stream processing is based on this principle .
Open Data: Reverse Engineering and Maintenance Perspective
Suppose the ace of spades is on the bottom of a deck of n cards.
Riffle shuffles of a deck with repeated cards
Consider a deck of n cards with the ace of spades starting at the bottom.
Riffle shuffles of a deck with repeated cards
Consider a deck of n cards with the ace of spades at the bottom.
Riffle shuffles of a deck with repeated cards
Similar, but more demanding, calculations show that if the ace of spades starts at position i, and max(i/n, (n − i)/n) ≥ A > 0 for some fixed positive A, then 1 2 log2 n shuffles suffice for convergence in any of the metrics.
Riffle shuffles of a deck with repeated cards
Suppose one notices that the ace of spades is on the bottom of a deck of n cards.
A rule of thumb for riffle shuffling
Consider a deck of n cards with the ace of spades starting at the bottom.
A rule of thumb for riffle shuffling
Consider a deck of n cards with the ace of spades at the bottom.
A rule of thumb for riffle shuffling
Let Qa (i) denote the probability that the ace of spades is at position i from the top after an a shuffle.
A rule of thumb for riffle shuffling
From Proposition 4.1, the l∞ distance is achieved for configurations with the ace of spades back on the bottom.
A rule of thumb for riffle shuffling
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