sovereign

Definitions

  • 2. Sovereigns
    2. Sovereigns
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj sovereign greatest in status or authority or power "a supreme tribunal"
    • adj sovereign (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces "an autonomous judiciary","a sovereign state"
    • n sovereign a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Sovereign of the Seas. 1637 The Sovereign of the Seas. 1637

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The actual smallest sovereign entity in the world is the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (S.M.O.M.). It is located in the city of Rome, Italy, has an area of two tennis courts, and as of 2001 has a population of 80, 20 less people than the Vatican. It is a sovereign entity under international law, just as the Vatican is
    • Sovereign A gold coin of Great Britain, on which an effigy of the head of the reigning king or queen is stamped, valued at one pound sterling, or about $4.86.
    • Sovereign (Zoöl) Any butterfly of the tribe Nymphalidi, or genus Basilarchia, as the ursula and the viceroy.
    • Sovereign Efficacious in the highest degree; effectual; controlling; as, a sovereign remedy. "Such a sovereign influence has this passion upon the regulation of the lives and actions of men."
    • Sovereign Independent of, and unlimited by, any other; possessing, or entitled to, original authority or jurisdiction; as, a sovereign state; a sovereign discretion.
    • Sovereign Predominant; greatest; utmost; paramount. "We acknowledge him [God] our sovereign good."
    • Sovereign Princely; royal. "Most sovereign name.""At Babylon was his sovereign see."
    • Sovereign Supreme or highest in power; superior to all others; chief; as, our sovereign prince.
    • Sovereign The person, body, or state in which independent and supreme authority is vested; especially, in a monarchy, a king, queen, or emperor. "No question is to be made but that the bed of the Mississippi belongs to the sovereign , that is, to the nation."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There have been 191 coops in Bolivia since it became a sovereign country in 1825
    • sovereign Supreme; paramount; commanding; excellent.
    • sovereign Supreme in power; possessing supreme dominion; not subject to any other; hence, royal; princely.
    • sovereign Efficacious in the highest degree; potent: said especially of medicines.
    • n sovereign One who exercises supreme control or dominion; a ruler, governor, chief, or master; one to whom allegiance is due.
    • n sovereign Specifically—(a ) A husband; a lord and master.
    • n sovereign (b ) A provost or mayor.
    • n sovereign A monarch; an emperor or empress; a king or queen.
    • n sovereign A current English gold coin, the standard of the coinage, worth £1 or 20 shillings ($4.84), and weighing grains troy. The first English coin bearing this name was issued by Henry VII., was current for £1, and weighed 240 grains. Sovereigns continued to be issued till the time of James I. The original sovereign bore the type of a seated figure of the king, Henry VII. George III. revived the issue of the sovereign in 1817, and the coin was then of the same weight as the present sovereign of Queen Victoria. Double sovereigns have been struck at various times, and half-sovereigns are current coins. Abbreviated sov.
    • n sovereign Synonyms King, etc. (see prince), potentate.
    • sovereign To rule over as a sovereign; exercise sovereign authority over.
    • n sovereign An Austrian gold coin of the value of three ducats. The sovereign of Ferdinand I. was worth $6.76.
    • n sovereign Any one of several nymphalid butterflies of the genus Basilarchia, as the banded purple, the hybrid purple, the red-spotted purple, the viceroy and the vicereine.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If Monaco's ruling house of Grimaldi should ever be without an heir (male or female), the country will cease to be a sovereign state.
    • adj Sovereign suv′rān or sov′e-rān supreme: possessing supreme power or dominion: superior to all others: utmost: most efficacious—(Milt.) Sov′ran
    • n Sovereign a supreme ruler: a monarch: a gold coin=20s
    • v.t Sovereign to rule over as a sovereign
    • ***

Quotations

  • William James
    William%20James
    “Thus the sovereign voluntary path to cheerfulness, if cheerfulness be lost, is to sit up cheerfully and to act and speak as if cheerfulness were already there.”
  • Kwame Nkrumah
    Kwame Nkrumah
    “The best way of learning to be an independent sovereign state is to be an independent sovereign state.”
  • Victor Hugo
    Victor%20Hugo
    “There is no more sovereign eloquence than the truth in indignation.”
  • Benjamin B. Warfield
    Benjamin B. Warfield
    “Grace is free sovereign favor to the ill-deserving.”
  • Charles De Montesquieu
    Charles%20De%20Montesquieu
    “It is always the adventurers who do great things, not the sovereigns of great empires.”
  • Louis XIV
    Louis XIV
    “Laws are the sovereigns of sovereigns.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. soverain, sovereyn, OF. soverain, suvrain, F. souverain, LL. superanus, fr. L. superus, that is above, upper, higher, fr. super, above. See Over Super, and cf. Soprano. The modern spelling is due to a supposed connection with reign,

Usage

In literature:

Perhaps he will have mercy on his sovereign!
"Napoleon and the Queen of Prussia" by L. Mühlbach,
I have habitually spoken of the Federal Constitution as a compact, and of the parties to it as sovereign States.
"The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by Jefferson Davis
The English people had grown greater than their sovereign, and upon them the influences of their Spanish victory continued.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1-20" by Various
When New France becomes a Crown Colony, the government consists solely and only of the Sovereign Council, to whom the King transmits his will.
"Canada: the Empire of the North" by Agnes C. Laut
That will make a sovereign altogether, and you can pay me back when you've had your Christmas presents.
"The Youngest Girl in the Fifth" by Angela Brazil
Five sovereigns fetched a stick of tobacco; a hundred sovereigns, twenty sticks.
"A Son Of The Sun" by Jack London
Maria said that the coins were sovereigns and half sovereigns.
"Rollo on the Atlantic" by Jacob Abbott
Love the sovereign good, hate all evil, and ye will be truly wise.
"The Autobiography of Madame Guyon" by Jeanne Marie Bouvier de La Motte Guyon
He soon employed it in his intercourse with foreign ambassadors, with foreign sovereigns.
"Memoirs of the Private Life, Return, and Reign of Napoleon in 1815, Vol. I" by Pierre Antoine Edouard Fleury de Chaboulon
In every yard of a faithful pilgrimage we shall find the decrees of sovereign love.
"My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year" by John Henry Jowett
Thus to forget a Sovereign's invitation?
"The Works of Lord Byron" by Lord Byron
Here's a sovereign for you.
"The Man Who Lost Himself" by H. De Vere Stacpoole
I've brought you the sovereign!
"The New Girl at St. Chad's" by Angela Brazil
The Speaker of the Council was to be appointed by the Sovereign or his representative.
"The Rise of Canada, from Barbarism to Wealth and Civilisation" by Charles Roger
Probably there never was actually such a universal condition; but we see it now among savage races and in the mutual relations of sovereigns.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
His own bigotry understood the bigotry of the new sovereign.
"History of the English People, Volume VII (of 8)" by John Richard Green
The result was that Yaroslof, like his father, became sovereign of all Russia.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 8 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
I cannot draw upon a reigning sovereign.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 7 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
To Europe at large this embodiment of the Revolution in the new sovereign was soon made equally evident.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
Never, perhaps, in the history of the world was a sovereign delivered from more conspiracies than Queen Elizabeth.
"Guy Fawkes" by Thomas Lathbury
***

In poetry:

With early feet I love t' appear
Among thy saints, and seek thy face;
Oft have I seen thy glory there,
And felt the power of sovereign grace.
"Psalm 63" by Isaac Watts
HIM all the hours attend,
With a new hope like morning in their eyes;
Him the fair earth and him these radiant skies
Hail as their sovereign, welcome as their friend.
"1866 -- Addressed To The Old Year" by Henry Timrod
OUR Sovereign King has left the throne
Of Britain, which he long reign'd on;
Unto the silent grave is gone,
Among the dead,
And left the kingdom to his son,
Him to succeed.
"The Death Of Our Late King" by Susannah Hawkins
Adieu, white brows of Europe! sovereign brows,
That wear the sunset for a golden tiar.
With me in memory shall your phantoms house
For ever, whiter than yourselves, and higher.
"Epigrams" by William Watson
All old grey histories hiding thy clear features,
O secret spirit and sovereign, all men's tales,
Creeds woven of men thy children and thy creatures,
They have woven for vestures of thee and for veils.
"Mater Triumphalis" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
And thus Matthew said, look you here my friend John,
I fairly have travell'd years thirty and one,
And though I still carried my Sovereign's warrants,
I only have gone upon other folks errands.
Derry down, down, hey derry down.
"Down-Hall. A Ballad." by Matthew Prior

In news:

How can we preserve the integrity of sovereign borders while also respecting the dignity of human begins.
Once upon a time, a breakaway republic sought to establish itself as a sovereign nation.
Three Stallions for Sovereign Farm of Ocala.
Area farm named Sovereign Farm of Ocala will stand three stallions in 2013 in graded stakes winners.
Besides, look at Europe: Bravely tackle a sovereign deficit during hard times and even success is greeted with a resounding, "So what".
No Plans to Buy Euro Zone Sovereign Debt.
Intercontinental Asks SEC to Clear European Sovereign Swaps.
CLINTON — A woman accused of robbing the Sovereign Bank, at 79 High St, was arrested Thursday at 9 pm, after The Item went to press.
China lets foreign sovereigns, central banks exceed $1 billion investment limit .
Girl or boy, it means a future sovereign for the British throne is on the way.
MILAN – Moody 's said on Thursday political turmoil stemming from the announced early departure of Prime Minister Mario Monti would have limited impact on Italy's sovereign credit rating.
Moody 's Lowers France's Sovereign Debt Rating.
Silver Star/Sovereign Lakes opens for Nordic .
"We are attempting to make the transition as smooth as possible for affected team members," Sovereign 's statement said.
Stone Sour have just released the official music video for "Gone Sovereign " off their new album, House of Gold and Bones, Part 1.
***

In science:

Brugui`eres: Sliding property in sovereign categories.
From Subfactors to Categories and Topology II. The quantum double of tensor categories and subfactors
In Section 4, we derive the price process of a defaultable discount bond and compute the yield spreads between digital bonds and sovereign bonds.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
This is relevant in light of events occurring in financial markets where defaults by big companies can affect interest rates and the market price of risk. A measure for the excess return provided by a defaultable bond over the return on a sovereign bond with the same maturity, is the bond yield spread.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
T , where ytT and yd tT are the yields associated with the sovereign bond and the credit-risky bond, respectively.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
In this case, the bond yield spread between the defaultable discount bond and the sovereign bond with stochastic interest rates is of the form of that in the deterministic interest rate setting treated in Brody et al. (2007).
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
Figure 1 shows the bond yield spreads between a digital bond, with all tra jectories conditional on the outcome that the bond does not default, and a sovereign bond.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
Furthermore, if the bondholders in the market were well-informed, they would require a smaller premium for buying the credit-risky bond since its behaviour would be similar to that of the sovereign bond; this is illustrated in Figure 1.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
Figure 1: Bond yield spread between a digital bond (with all tra jectories conditional on no default) and a sovereign bond.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
We now work out the price of a sovereign bond for which the price process reacts both to Brownian and gamma information.
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
Time T is the maturity date of a sovereign bond with unit payoff and price process {PtT }0≤t≤T .
Security Pricing with Information-Sensitive Discounting
FIG. 6: Default probability - Dynamics of the probability of sovereign default as a function of the country’s debt ratio, assuming no recovery.
The European debt crisis: Defaults and market equilibrium
Wright, The theory of sovereign debt and default, UCLA Working Papers (2011).
The European debt crisis: Defaults and market equilibrium
***