• WordNet 3.6
    • v sophisticate make more complex or refined "a sophisticated design"
    • v sophisticate alter and make impure, as with the intention to deceive "Sophisticate rose water with geraniol"
    • v sophisticate practice sophistry; change the meaning of or be vague about in order to mislead or deceive "Don't twist my words"
    • v sophisticate make less natural or innocent "Their manners had sophisticated the young girls"
    • n sophisticate a worldly-wise person
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A species of dolphin is born naturally blind in the Indus and Ganges rivers in South Asia. These dolphins have a highly sophisticated sonar system and swim on only one side of their body
    • a Sophisticate Adulterated; not pure; not genuine. "So truth, while only one supplied the state,
      Grew scare and dear, and yet sophisticate ."
    • v. t Sophisticate To render worthless by admixture; to adulterate; to damage; to pervert; as, to sophisticate wine. "To sophisticate the understanding.""Yet Butler professes to stick to plain facts, not to sophisticate , not to refine.""They purchase but sophisticated ware."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The word "sophomore" means "sophisticated moron."
    • sophisticate To make sophistical; involve in sophistry; clothe or obscure with fallacies; falsify.
    • sophisticate To overcome or delude by sophistry; hence, to pervert; mislead.
    • sophisticate To adulterate; render impure by admixture.
    • sophisticate To deprive of simplicity; subject to the methods or influence of art.
    • sophisticate To alter without authority and without notice, whether to deceive the reader or hearer, or to make a fancied improvement or correction; alter, as a text or the spelling of a word, in order to support a preconceived opinion of what it was or should be.
    • sophisticate To use sophistry; deal sophistically.
    • sophisticate Perverted; corrupt.
    • sophisticate Adulterated; impure; hence, not genuine; spurious.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Those British are sophisticated people, in almost everything except their choice of coffee. They still drink instant ten-to-one over fresh brewed.
    • v.t Sophisticate to render sophistical or unsound: to corrupt by mixture
    • ***


  • Don Herold
    Don Herold
    “There is more sophistication and less sense in New York than anywhere else on the globe.”
  • Christopher Hampton
    Christopher Hampton
    “I have always thought of sophistication as rather a feeble substitute for decadence.”
  • Norman Mailer
    “Hip is the sophistication of the wise primitive in a giant jungle.”
  • George Santayana
    “The spirit's foe in man has not been simplicity, but sophistication.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. sophisticatus, p. p. of sophisticare, to sophisticate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. sophisme—Gr. sophismasophizein, to make wise—sophos, wise.


In literature:

The gift of tongues was reserved for rhetoricians, politicians, lawyers, and Sophists.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume IV" by John Lord
And it was taken under the sophistical plea that it belonged to the nation.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume IX" by John Lord
His premises were wrong, and his arguments would necessarily be sophistical and fall to the ground.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume XII" by John Lord
His writings are sophistical.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume XIII" by John Lord
The sophistication which embroiders the will-to-live had been stripped clean off.
"Hilda Lessways" by Arnold Bennett
Syllogisms and sophistical propositions?
"A Selection from the Discourses of Epictetus With the Encheiridion" by Epictetus
A very sound argument is here disguised in a false analogy, an inapplicable precedent, and a sophistical form.
"Coleridge's Literary Remains, Volume 4." by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The second argument was even worse, as being still more sophistical.
"The Constitutional History of England From 1760 to 1860" by Charles Duke Yonge
The less sophisticated Henri, however, feeling a boyish interest in the little comedy, could not resist a curious glance in Madame's direction.
"A Versailles Christmas-Tide" by Mary Stuart Boyd
On seeing her for the first time, one sophisticated would have expected a deluge of questions.
"The Claim Jumpers" by Stewart Edward White
All else is sophisticated; here is the thing itself.
"Essays in Rebellion" by Henry W. Nevinson
That of sophisters, economists, and calculators has succeeded; and the glory of Europe is extinguished forever.
"From Chaucer to Tennyson" by Henry A. Beers
Even a more sophisticated observer would have been impressed with Miss Mead's arrangements.
"Comrade Yetta" by Albert Edwards
But it is now generally agreed that the real author was a sophist of the 3rd century A.D.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 2" by Various
The sophists and monks are running daily, and making every effort to excite the Emperor against us.
"The Life of Philip Melanchthon" by Karl Friedrich Ledderhose
On the contrary, the sophists confused and disputed everything.
"The Positive Outcome of Philosophy" by Joseph Dietzgen
Theages (the son), eager to acquire knowledge, desires to be placed under the teaching of a Sophist.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume II (of 4)" by George Grote
The Athenian Polykrates had been forced, by loss of property, to quit Athens and undertake the work of a Sophist in Cyprus.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume III (of 4)" by George Grote
Neither Sophists nor other private individuals produce mischief worth mentioning.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume IV (of 4)" by George Grote
The most simple of all sophistications, and that which is most harmless, is the mixture of inferior qualities of the same substance.
"Curiosities of Civilization" by Andrew Wynter

In poetry:

``But when Faith grows a sophist's theme,
And chancels ring with doubt and din,
I sometimes think that they who seem
The most without, are most within.
"Outside The Village Church" by Alfred Austin
Late, too, when France, with sophist cunning fraught,
Essay'd that field which force had fail'd to gain,
And proudly question'd, by success untaught,
Britannia's lineal right—her watery reign!
"Sheridan" by Thomas Gent
Huffer! quoth HUDIBRAS: this sword Shall down thy false throat craw that word.
RALPHO, make haste, and call an officer,
To apprehend this Stygian sophister,
Meanwhile I'll hold 'em at a bay,
Lest he and WHACHUM run away.
"Hudibras: Part 2 - Canto III" by Samuel Butler
His looks would last
at least another ten years. And after that?
Maybe he’ll go back to Sakkas.
Or if the old man has died meanwhile,
he’ll go to another philosopher or sophist:
there’s always someone suitable around.
"From The School Of The Renowned Philosopher" by Constantine P Cavafy
'Perspective betrays with its dichotomy:
train tracks always meet, not here, but only
in the impossible mind's eye;
horizons beat a retreat as we embark
on sophist seas to overtake that mark
where wave pretends to drench real sky.'
"Love Is A Parallax" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

A team of technicians is monitoring the position of a large space telescope in a busy control room filled with blinking lights, computer stations, sophisticated equipment, and a large wall-sized display screen.
On a Syrian, pro-Assad Facebook page, someone boasted that the storm had been engineered by the Syrian and Iranian governments using "highly sophisticated machines," according to "source.
From the bounty of local farms comes sophisticated and superb New American fare at a colonial stagecoach tavern in Bethlehem.
GARY HAMEL is a sophisticated business thinker, the co-author of one of the finest business books ever written.
For a more sophisticated look, try looser braids .
While from the front the style looked totally sleek and sophisticated, it was the back view that had everyone buzzing: a French braid that wrapped into the ponytail.
A sophisticated system of cameras, radar, and video monitors designed by Boeing Co.
Despite access to a sophisticated ERP system, this company still used manual methods for managing critical resources.
Click on the image for a closer look at the sophisticated doorbell technology of 2021.
"The President is among the most sophisticated consumers of intelligence on the planet".
Turkish monuments constructed centuries ago have been found to include surprisingly sophisticated designs for controlling sound and light.
Only sophisticated outboard mechanics can save the day.
When Google announced last week that it would censor its new search service in China, the company became, to many, the latest component in that country's sophisticated system of information control.
SWFL restaurants paring down to healthier, more sophisticated portions.
The cold weather doesn't stop chef Champe Speidel from preparing sophisticated, French-inspired dishes using local ingredients – Best Restaurant Dishes of 2006.

In science:

The limiting infinite discrete tree is a more sophisticated ob ject than a classical Galton–Watson tree.
Thermodynamic Limit for Large Random Trees
Phase transition temperatures, thermal and magnetic critical exponents are determined for lattice sizes in the range L = 20 − 100 via a sophisticated two-stage numerical strategy of entropic sampling in dominant energy subspaces, using mainly the Wang-Landau algorithm.
Strong Violation of Critical Phenomena Universality: Wang-Landau Study of the 2d Blume-Capel Model under Bond Randomness
In contrast, the treatment of the problem given here requires a detailed analysis with a sophisticated stellar evolution code.
The Impact of Neutrino Magnetic Moments on the Evolution of Massive Stars
Alternatively, its properties can be studied using sophisticated computer simulations.
Dynamical Centers and Non-Circular Motions in THINGS Galaxies: Implications for Dark Matter Halos
For studies of the Galactic disc at low latitudes, a more sophisticated treatment of extinction is required.
High Spatial Resolution Galactic 3D Extinction Mapping with IPHAS
In fact the necessary and sufficient condition we will obtain in the next section requires more sophisticated tools.
Excited Brownian Motions
In dimension 3 I expect that a more sophisticated version of the arguments in this paper should be able to work.
Slowdown estimates for ballistic random walk in random environment
In recent years, they have increased in volume, sophistication, and automation, largely enabled by botnets that are used as the platform for launching these attacks.
Optimal Filtering of Malicious IP Sources
Subsequent investigations seem to have decreased these discrepancies through more sophisticated techniques of measuring the bulge luminosity such as 2dimensional image decompositions (e.g., McLure & Dunlop 2001; Wandel 2002 [hereafter W02]) or dynamical modeling of the host galaxy (e.g., H äring & Rix 2004).
The Black Hole Mass-Bulge Luminosity Relationship for Active Galactic Nuclei from Reverberation Mapping and Hubble Space Telescope Imaging
Also, more sophisticated such as two-parameter and three-parameter generalizations have been proposed, each one including previous situations as particular cases.
Generalized Exponential Function and some of its Applications to Complex Systems
We will now try a more sophisticated ansatz where the brane has in addition some profile φ(w) where φ is the angle on which they spin (ie φ = µt + φ(w)).
Chemical Potential in the Gravity Dual of a 2+1 Dimensional System
The system uses time and polarization multiplexing for optimal transmission and detection of the signal and phase reference, and employs sophisticated error-correction codes for reconciliation.
Field test of a continuous-variable quantum key distribution prototype
Unfortunately, with current computational resources, it is difficult to explore a wide range of parameter space with 3D models, even when using sophisticated grid or particle based hydrodynamic codes.
3D modelling of the colliding winds in Eta Carinae - evidence for radiative inhibition
More interestingly, we show that the simple timesharing technique that gives the entire capacity region for multiple-access channels is not enough to get the largest capacity region, a more sophisticated time-sharing scheme is needed.
Interference channel capacity region for randomized fixed-composition codes
Finally in Section IV, we argue that due to the non-convexity of the randomized fixed-c omposition coding, a more sophisticated time-sharing scheme is needed.
Interference channel capacity region for randomized fixed-composition codes