soma

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n soma alternative names for the body of a human being "Leonardo studied the human body","he has a strong physique","the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak"
    • n Soma personification of a sacred intoxicating drink used in Vedic ritual
    • n soma leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Soma sō"mȧ (Anat) The whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n soma Body. specifically— In anatomy and zoöl, the entire axial part of the body of an animal; the corpus, minus the membra; the head, neck, trunk, and tail, without the limbs.
    • n soma In ancient India, a drink having intoxicating properties, expressed from the stems of a certain plant, and playing an important part in sacrifices, being offered especially to the god Indra. It was personified and deified, and worshiped as a god.
    • n soma An East Indian plant, the probable source of the beverage soma. It is believed to be of the milkweed family and of the species now classed as Sarcostemma brevistigma (the Asclepias acida of Roxburgh). This is a twining plant, with jointed woody stems of the size of a quill, and numerous succulent branches which are pendulous when unsupported. The flowers are small, greenishwhite, and fragrant, in elegant small umbel-like cymes at the ends of the branchlets. The plant yields a mild acidulous milky juice, which appears to have formed the basis of the drink called soma (see def. 1). The juice of more than one species may have been thus used. The plant grows in dry rocky places in India and Burma. Also called moon-plant (from mythological associations) and swallowwort.
    • n soma In later Hind. myth., the moon, or the deity of the moon.
    • n soma The body of a multicellular organism as contrasted with its germ-cells.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Soma sō′ma a certain plant, most prob. of the milkweed family, and its juice used for the preparation of an intoxicating drink—personified and worshipped, esp. in connection with the god Indra, the Jupiter pluvius of the Vedic pantheon.
    • n Soma the trunk of an animal: the body as distinguished from the psyche or soul and the pneuma or spirit
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. Gr. sw^ma sw`matos, the body
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. sōma, the body.

Usage

In literature:

We have already spoken of Agni, Varuna, and Indra, as well as Soma.
"Two Old Faiths" by J. Murray Mitchell and William Muir
You believe that soma memorial to the memory of some person should be established in your school, lodge, church, club.
"Public Speaking" by Clarence Stratton
SOMA (body), the body as distinguished from the germ-plasm.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
Like the Hindus, the Iranian ancestors of the Parsis revered the sacred liquor made from the Soma or Homa plant.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India--Volume I (of IV)" by R.V. Russell
The cakes were called Soul-mass or "somas" cakes.
"The Book of Hallowe'en" by Ruth Edna Kelley
On the Vedic falcon which brings the Soma down to earth, see Kuhn's "Herabkunft des Feuers," pp.
"Russian Fairy Tales" by W. R. S. Ralston
Pannychios goun ekeito, mukna men pros ekateran pleyran to soma diastrephousa].
"The Iliad of Homer (1873)" by Homer
The priests have another pet deity, Soma.
"Hindu Gods And Heroes" by Lionel D. Barnett
Soma has been half the day gambling with me.
"Captain Canot" by Brantz Mayer
Clear minds, clean bodies, need no Soma juice.
"East of Suez" by Frederic Courtland Penfield
They drank Sura, a kind of brandy, and Soma, a kind of strong ale, of which we shall hear more.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
In the same way sun, dawn, heaven, soma, and earth are implored to pardon sin.
"Myth, Ritual And Religion, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by Andrew Lang
For this among the Hindoos the juice of the soma plant was mixed with pure milk.
"Creed And Deed" by Felix Adler
The great heroes Yima, Thraetaona, Kerecacpa and Zarathrustra were born to their fathers as a reward for offering the libation of Soma.
"The History of Antiquity" by Max Duncker
Indras, in the cloud, drinks the somas.
"Zoological Mythology (Volume II)" by Angelo de Gubernatis
On reaching Terni, I wrote a letter of apology to our beautiful hostess of Soma, and sent back the truffles.
"The Memoirs of Jacques Casanova de Seingalt, Vol. I (of VI), "Venetian Years" The First Complete and Unabridged English Translation, Illustrated with Old Engravings" by Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
The Brahmans used the intoxicating Soma.
"Bible Studies" by Joseph M. Wheeler
The drink of the soma inspires the songs of the poet, heals the sick, prolongs life, and makes the poor believe themselves rich.
"The History of Antiquity, Volume IV (of 6)" by Max Duncker
He was son of Don Fernando de Cordova y Requesens, second Duke of Soma, by Dona Beatriz de Figueroa.
"The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros" by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros
From this mountain, or from the sky, accounts differ, Soma was brought by a hawk.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India" by R. V. Russell
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In poetry:

I shine as bright from Nietzsche's eyes
And grave Salvationist's,
As once in Soma sacrifice
Or through Thessalian mists.
"Bacchus [Excerpt]" by Bernard O Dowd
Te nudrice alle muse, ospite e Dea
Le barbariche genti che ti han doma
Nomavan tutte; e questo a noi pur fea
Lieve la varia, antiqua, infame soma.
"Per La Sentenza Capitale Proposta Nel Gran-Consiglio Cisalpino" by Ugo Foscolo
The land with Soma's praises rang;
On Gihon's banks of shade
Its hymns the dusky maidens sang;
In joy of life or mortal pang
All men to Soma prayed.
"The Brewing Of Soma" by John Greenleaf Whittier
And yet the past comes round again,
And new doth old fulfil;
In sensual transports wild as vain
We brew in many a Christian fane
The heathen Soma still!
"The Brewing Of Soma" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"Drink, mortals, what the gods have sent,
Forget your long annoy."
So sang the priests. From tent to tent
The Soma's sacred madness went,
A storm of drunken joy.
"The Brewing Of Soma" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The morning twilight of the race
Sends down these matin psalms;
And still with wondering eyes we trace
The simple prayers to Soma's grace,
That Vedic verse embalms.
"The Brewing Of Soma" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

To celebrate its 20th anniversary, Scottish label Soma is releasing a retrospective album, due out September 19.
Start-Up Village Emerges in SoMA 's 410 Townsend.
SoMa 's energy rekindles a sense of discovery.
SoMa 's Cafe V brings cheese steak to S.F.
Go see for yourself as SOMA breaks into the Springfield scene with its first full-on public display of live music.
Updated Wednesday, Oct 3, 2012, at 11:21 a.m. WICHITA — As scheduled, Soma Intimates is opening Oct 6 at Bradley Fair.
New clubs come and go, but there's really no challenging the staying power or superiority of Boulder's Soma.
SOMA and Nadge experience the busiest time during the holidays.
The Creamery , a coffee shop set amid the SoMa startups, is a magnet for tech elite and those wanting to be near them.
This summer, location-based social network Foursquare moved its San Francisco office from a small space it shared with The Chronicle to a big new office in SoMa.
Everything you need to know about why we suck can be found in "Nasty problem in some SoMa alleys," an SFGate story that outlines the struggles of one average little businessman dealing with problems related to homeless people in the area.
Jive 's new location will be on 501 2nd Street in the South of Market (SoMa) neighborhood.
Chef-owner Loretta Keller refreshed and rejuvenated her popular SOMA spot, Bizou, without changing her interesting and personal pan-European style of cooking.
SEE ALL 11 RESTAURANTS IN SOMA.
Melissa Emmal and Soma Kliemann of AWAIC release a sky lantern after a service at First United Methodist Church on Wednesday, Oct 24, 2012.
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In science:

The human brain has approximately 1010 “neurons”. A neuron is a cell with a central body (the “soma”) and up to ≈ 105 ramifications.
A model of memory, learning and recognition
The internal potential and current are assumed to be continuous at all dendritic branch points and at the soma-dendritic junction .
A Graphical Approach to a Model of Neuronal Tree with Variable Diameter
Evaluate constants B (xα ) for all branching points of the tree: (a) first apply formula (4.5) for all open notes; (b) remove the above nodes from the tree and keep repeating the previous step until you reach the root of tree (soma).
A Graphical Approach to a Model of Neuronal Tree with Variable Diameter
On the structure and classification of SOMAs: generalizations of mutually orthogonal Latin squares.
Generalized packing designs
Mode locking in a spatially extended neuron model: active soma and compartmental tree.
Is the astronomical forcing a reliable and unique pacemaker for Climate?
Soma 2004) are not precise enough to distinguish central from surface rotation.
Astrophysics in 2005
Thus, it is possible that new functional AMPARs in the dendrites come from receptors that are exocytosed at the soma and travel down dendrites by lateral diffusion.
Multiple Routes for Glutamate Receptor Trafficking: Surface Diffusion and Membrane Traffic Cooperate to Bring Receptors to Synapses
A typical neuron, e.g. a pyramidal cell (see Fig. 1 next page), consists of the cell body or soma; extending from it there is a branched structure of about 2 mm diameter, called dendrite, and the nerve fiber or axon, which again branches and can have extensions reaching distant parts of the brain.
Neural Networks
This seems to be supported by the findings that the connections with inhibitory neurons are short and their synapses are typically attached to the soma or the innermost parts of the dendrites of the excitatory pyramidal cells.
Neural Networks
These detect electric potentials generated by the flow of ions in neural cells that set up electric dipoles between the body of the neuron (soma) and the neural branches (apical dendrites).
Techniques for noise removal from EEG, EOG and air flow signals in sleep patients
In , Soma proved the splitting theorem for the Gromov norm for compact orientable 3-manifolds whose boundary consists of tori.
Entropy, Weil-Petersson translation distance and Gromov norm for surface automorphisms
Y. S¯oma, Hilbert scheme of r-points for the simple plane curve singularities, (in Japanese) Master Thesis, Saitama university, (2010).
Punctual Hilbert schemes for irreducible curve singularities of $E_6$ and $E_8$ types
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