sole

Definitions

  • Sighting Along the Sole of Jack-Plane
    Sighting Along the Sole of Jack-Plane
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj sole not divided or shared with others "they have exclusive use of the machine","sole rights of publication"
    • adj sole being the only one; single and isolated from others "the lone doctor in the entire county","a lonesome pine","an only child","the sole heir","the sole example","a solitary instance of cowardice","a solitary speck in the sky"
    • v sole put a new sole on "sole the shoes"
    • n sole right-eyed flatfish; many are valued as food; most common in warm seas especially European
    • n sole the underside of footwear or a golf club
    • n sole the underside of the foot
    • n sole lean flesh of any of several flatfish
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A leather shoe and several leather shoe soles were uncovered in an early 17th-century well A leather shoe and several leather shoe soles were uncovered in an early 17th-century well
The inner sole pegged to the last The inner sole pegged to the last
Fastening the upper to the sole Fastening the upper to the sole
Pegging the sole Pegging the sole
Heel and sole nailed Heel and sole nailed

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The palms of your hands and the soles of your feet cannot tan, or grow hair
    • sole (Zoöl) a European species of sole (Solea pegusa).
    • n Sole (Chem) A fluid mixture of a colloid and a liquid; a liquid colloidal solution or suspension.
    • Sole A piece of timber attached to the lower part of the rudder, to make it even with the false keel.
    • n Sole (Zoöl) Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus Solea and allied genera of the family Soleidæ, especially the common European species (Solea vulgaris), which is a valuable food fish.
    • Sole Being or acting without another; single; individual; only. "The sole son of my queen.""He, be sure . . . first and last will reign Sole king."
    • Sole (Law) Single; unmarried; as, a feme sole .
    • Sole The bottom of a shoe or boot, or the piece of leather which constitutes the bottom. "The “caliga” was a military shoe, with a very thick sole , tied above the instep."
    • Sole The bottom of an embrasure.
    • Sole The bottom of the body of a plow; -- called also slade; also, the bottom of a furrow.
    • Sole The bottom of the foot; hence, also, rarely, the foot itself. "The dove found no rest for the sole of her foot.""Hast wandered through the world now long a day,
      Yet ceasest not thy weary soles to lead."
    • Sole The bottom or lower part of anything, or that on which anything rests in standing.
    • Sole The horny substance under a horse's foot, which protects the more tender parts.
    • Sole The seat or bottom of a mine; -- applied to horizontal veins or lodes.
    • v. t Sole To furnish with a sole; as, to sole a shoe.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first German car to be built solely outside of Germany is the BMW Z3.
    • n sole The bottom or under side of the foot; technically, the planta, corresponding to the palm of the hand. The sole of ordinary language does not correspond well with planta, except in the cases of plantigrades. In digitigrades sole usually means only that part of the planta which rests upon the ground in ordinary locomotion, or the balls of the toes collectively; it also applies to the fore as well as the hind feet of such quadrupeds, thus including the corresponding parts of the palma, or palm; while the planta may extend far up the hind leg (only), as to the hock of the horse. In the horse sole is restricted to the under side of the hoof of either fore or hind feet (see def 4 ). In birds the sole of the foot is the under side of the toes taken together. See planta, and cuts under plantigrade, digitigrade, scutelliplantar, and solidungulate.
    • n sole The foot.
    • n sole That part of a shoe or boot which comes under the sole of the foot, and upon which the wearer treads. In boots and shoes with heels, the term is usually limited to the part that is in front of the heel and of nearly uniform thickness throughout. See half-sole, and cuts under boots and poulaine.
    • n sole The part of anything that forms the bottom, and on which it stands upon the ground; the bottom or lower part of anything. In agriculture, the bottom part of a plow, to the fore part of which is attached the point or share.
    • n sole A flat surface like the sole of the foot.
    • sole To furnish with a sole, as a shoe or boot; put a new sole on. Compare half-sole, v. t.
    • n sole In ichthyology, a flatfish of the family Solcidæ, and especially of the genus Solea; a soleid or sole-fish. The common sole of Europe is S. vulgaris, formerly Pleuronectes solea. The body is elongate-oval, and has been compared to the form of a human sole; the dorsal and anal fins are very long, but free from the caudal, which has a rounded end, and pectorals are developed on both sides; the mouth is moderately decurved; the nostrils of the blind side are not dilated; and the height of the body is a little less than a third of the total length. The color is a dark brown, with a black spot at the end of the pectoral fin. This sole is common along the European coasts, and is one of the most esteemed of food-flshes. The flesh is white, firm, and of excellent flavor, especially when the fish has been taken in deep water. The average weight is about a pound, although the fish occasionally reaches a much larger size. It prefers sandy or gravelly shores, but retires into deep water when frost sets in, It feeds chiefly upon mollusks, but also on the eggs of fishes and other animals. It sometimes ascends into fresh water. There are other species, of several different genera, as Achirus lineatus, commonly called hog-choker. The name sole is also given to various species of the related family Pleuronectidæ. Along the Californian coast the common sole is a pleuronectoid, Lepidopsetto bilineata, which reaches a length of about 20 inches and a weight of five or six pounds, although its average weight as seen in the markets is about three pounds. In San Francisco only about two per cent. of the flatfishes caught belong to this species, but along Puget Sound it constitutes about thirty per cent, of the catch. It feeds chiefly on crustaceans and small fishes, and is regarded as an excellent food-fish. Other Pleuronectidæ called soles along the Pacific coast of North America are the Parophrys uetulus and Hippoglossoides jordani. See also cuts under Pleuronectidæ and Soleidæ.
    • sole Only; alone in its kind; being or acting without another; single; unique; individual: as, God is the sole creator and sovereign of the world.
    • sole Alone; unaccompanied; solitary.
    • sole Mere.
    • sole In law, single; unmarried; not having a spouse: as, a feme sole. See feme.
    • sole Alone; by itself; singly.
    • n sole A wooden band or yoke put around the neck of an ox or a cow in a stall.
    • n sole A pond.
    • sole To pull by the ears; pull about; haul; lug.
    • n sole Same as sol.
    • n sole In golf, the flat, bottom part of a club which rests on the ground.
    • n sole The inner cylindrical surface of a water-wheel which forms the bottoms of the buckets on the periphery. See sole-plate, 2.
    • sole In golf, to place the sole of (a club) on the ground immediately behind the ball in preparing for a shot.
    • n sole A name given to various Australian fishes: in Sydney to Synaptura nigra; in Melbourne to Rhombosolea bassensis; in New Zealand to Rhombosolea monopus (called the flounder in Tasmania) and Peltorhamphus novæ-zelandiæ; and in Tasmania to Ammotretis restrains, of the family Pleuronectidæ.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Between 1937 and 1945 Heinz produced a version of Alphabetti Spaghetti especially for the German market that consisted solely of little pasta swastikas.
    • n Sole sōl the lowest part or under-side of the foot: the foot: the bottom of a boot or shoe: the bottom of anything
    • v.t Sole to furnish with a sole
    • n Sole sōl a genus (Solea) of flat-fish, elongate-oval in form, with flesh firm, white, and excellently flavoured.
    • adj Sole sōl alone: only: being or acting without another: single:
    • adj Sole sōl (law) unmarried
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Love Peacock
    Thomas Love Peacock
    “Nothing can be more obvious than that all animals were created solely and exclusively for the use of man.”
  • Peter F. Drucker
    Peter%20F.%20Drucker
    “Education can no longer be the sole property of the state.”
  • Francis Keppel
    Francis Keppel
    “Education is too important to be left solely to the educators.”
  • Louis Pasteur
    Louis%20Pasteur
    “Let me tell you the secret that has led me to my goal, My strength lies solely in my tenacity.”
  • Dale Carnegie
    Dale%20Carnegie
    “Remember, happiness doesn't depend upon who you are or what you have, it depends solely upon what you think.”
  • Leon Blum
    Leon Blum
    “Morality may consist solely in the courage of making a choice.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. sole, fr. L. soolea,or rather an assumed L. sola,), akin to solum,round, soil, sole of the foot. Cf. Exile Saloon Soil earth, Sole the fish
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. solus, alone.

Usage

In literature:

But this was the sole instance of such a replacing.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 03" by Various
He studied the thick, heavy soles of the boots for a moment, then set to work polishing.
"The Judas Valley" by Gerald Vance
Under the sole of the weak foot he at times experienced a painful sensation, especially after long walks.
"My Recollections of Lord Byron" by Teresa Guiccioli
A name assigned to a kind of sole.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Nor is this the sole advantage she derives from her gentle fortitude.
"Sketches of the Fair Sex, in All Parts of the World" by Anonymous
True, his sole source of income had been temporarily suspended.
"The Loyalist" by James Francis Barrett
Antony was the sole exception to his rule.
"Antony Gray,--Gardener" by Leslie Moore
Judith's death, at the age of seventy-seven, left Lady Elizabeth Barnard the poet's sole survivor.
"Shakespeare's Family" by Mrs. C. C. Stopes
The King keeps me; I am at present his solely.
"Political Women, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by Sutherland Menzies
The sole of the iron must pass over the turf exactly parallel with it.
"The Complete Golfer [1905]" by Harry Vardon
If I do not, it is solely because I do not know how to state it more correctly.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Stonyhurst is solely remarkable for MSS.
"The Book-Collector" by William Carew Hazlitt
The talus is felt in front of the tibia, and the malleoli appear to be displaced backwards and to lie nearer the sole.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Indian women are the sole laborers employed in these cleaning houses.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
As he stepped forward, the soles of his boots slid a little.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
The same remark applies to soles.
"Nelson's Home Comforts" by Mary Hooper
The purpose before us is solely to inquire what part and lot woman had in the founding of the infant State.
"Roman Women" by Alfred Brittain
Civil war followed, in which Constantine was victorious, and through his victory he became sole emperor.
"Women of Early Christianity" by Alfred Brittain
Do you think that the cobbler alone puts trenchant points in your sole?
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 95, September 1865" by Various
All other business was thrown aside, and this became the sole subject of discussion.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
***

In poetry:

"Can it be his alone,
To find when all is known,
That what
He solely sought
"To The Dead Cardinal Of Westminster" by Francis Thompson
So, we leave the sweet face fondly there:
Be its beauty
Its sole duty!
Let all hope of grace beyond, lie there!
"A Pretty Woman" by Robert Browning
To God the Father glory be,
And to His sole begotten Son;
Glory, O Holy Ghost, to Thee
While everlasting ages run.
"The Dawn Is Sprinkling In the East" by Augusta Treverorum
'O Lord and Master, not ours the guilt,
We build but as our fathers built;
Behold thine images, how they stand,
Sovereign and sole, through all our land.
"A Parable - II" by James Russell Lowell
'And if it be a Lark whereto I speak,
She shall be ware of how my Love went up
Sole singing to the cloud; and evermore
I hear his song, but him I cannot see.
"Crazed" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
This I had hoped; but hope too dear, too great,
Go to thy grave! —I feel thee blasted, now.
Give me, fate's sovereign, well to bear the fate
Thy pleasure sends; this, my sole prayer, allow!
"The Obedient Love Of Woman Her Highest Bliss" by Maria Gowen Brooks

In news:

Bus operators should never drive solely for the moment, but also for what's ahead in their future.
Ounces fresh or frozen sole, cut into 2-inch pieces.
When they were the sole residents of the area, they used fire to maintain these fields.
Aramco Asia, a solely-owned subsidiary of Aramco, opened on Monday and will serve as the business and cultural exchange portal between Aramco.
The Toreadores toppled the Trojans in their home gym in three sets by the scores of 25-23, 25-18, 25-18 to take sole possession of first place in the Monterey Bay League Pacific Division.
In recent weeks, Congress has taken action on significant acquisition policy issues based solely on a sound-bite-quality debate.
This letter is not solely for the high maintenance guys.
Phoenix actor Luis Avila in 7 Soles.
A week after defeating Mundy's Mill to take sole possession of first place in Region 4-AAAAA, Div.
The 1,500-page political manifesto of the sole suspect in Norway's horrific massacre has set pundits off to hunt for larger implications in the crime's aftermath.
A 62-year-old man was referred to our outpatient clinic with the sole complaint of minor forgetfulness.
Oceana says red snapper, Dover sole, white tuna and other fish were often different species, according to DNA tests on seafood from 74 restaurants and grocery stores.
Shanley Farms is now shipping Morro Bay Avocados which are solely grown in San Luis Obispo County, the northernmost avocado growing region in California.
Aurora, CO (WIBX) – Police continue to search the home of 24-Year old James Holmes, identified as the sole shooter in this morning's movie theatre murders.
FDA Not Solely To Blame For Shortcomings.
***

In science:

The Lagrangian describing the dynamics of these modes can be obtained solely from the symmetries of the QCD partition function.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Let Fact 0.8, p′ (cid:13)Pβ ′ M be a countable elementary submodel of a large enough structure containing all the relevant information and find a condition q ′ ⊂ p′ in the poset Pβ ′−γ consisting solely of M -generic sequences of reals.
Countable Support Iteration Revisited
Laanait, L., Messager, A., Miracle-Sole, S., Ruiz, J., Shlosman, S.: Interfaces in the Potts model I: Pirogov–Sinai theory of the Fortuin–Kasteleyn representation.
Rigidity of the interface for percolation and random-cluster models
Thus the finite-time behaviour of this conditional is not probabilistic—its truth value depends solely on the age of the system.
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
It is important, however, that the low-energy properties of quantum gravity are universal whatever the ultimate theory, in that they are determined solely by the lowest order Einstein theory.
General Covariance in Quantum Gravity
The simplest function we can consider must use the sole information we have about the algebra that is m.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
Remark: Notice that the case of a commutative dendriform (or Zinbiel) algebra does not fit the hypothesis of this theorem since the sole product is by definition not associative.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
Notice that each system relies solely on structural, rather than semantic, information.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
Messager, A., Miracle-Sol´e, S., Ruiz, J., Shlosman, S., Interfaces in the Potts model.
The Random-Cluster Model
Sole, , ”Topology of technology graphs: small world patterns in electronic circuits”.
Subgraphs in random networks
In this limit local spectral characteristics are determined solely by the global symmetries of the random matrices.
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
For magnitudes V < 22 we rely solely on the colors of the sources to distinguish stars from globular clusters.
Optical Counterparts of X-Ray Point Sources Observed by CHANDRA in NGC5128: 20 New Globular Cluster X-Ray Sources
The information on the signal state |ψi is contained solely in the product ψn ψ∗ n′ , where ψn = hn|ψi.
Generalized Hypergeometric Coherent States
If these features are tidal, their alignment with the radio axis would be solely a result of enhanced emission within the quasar opening angle.
The Aligned z ~ 1 Radio Galaxy 3C 280
In this construction, no edge length differences are involved and, again, the randomness is solely encoded in the degree distribution P (q) of the vertices.
The Harris-Luck criterion for random lattices
***