soil

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v soil make soiled, filthy, or dirty "don't soil your clothes when you play outside!"
    • n soil the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state "American troops were stationed on Japanese soil"
    • n soil material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use) "the land had never been plowed","good agricultural soil"
    • n soil the state of being covered with unclean things
    • n soil the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Better wine can be produced by the soil being of poor quality. This is because the vines have to "work" harder
    • n Soil A marshy or miry place to which a hunted boar resorts for refuge; hence, a wet place, stream, or tract of water, sought for by other game, as deer. "As deer, being stuck, fly through many soils ,
      Yet still the shaft sticks fast."
      "O, sir, have you taken soil here? It is well a man may reach you after three hours' running."
    • Soil Dung; fæces; compost; manure; as, night soil . "Improve land by dung and other sort of soils ."
    • Soil Land; country. "Must I thus leave thee, Paradise? thus leave
      Thee, native soil ?"
    • n Soil That which soils or pollutes; a soiled place; spot; stain. "A lady's honor . . . will not bear a soil ."
    • Soil The upper stratum of the earth; the mold, or that compound substance which furnishes nutriment to plants, or which is particularly adapted to support and nourish them.
    • v. i Soil To become soiled; as, light colors soil sooner than dark ones.
    • v. t Soil To enrich with soil or muck; to manure. "Men . . . soil their ground, not that they love the dirt, but that they expect a crop."
    • v. t Soil soil To feed, as cattle or horses, in the barn or an inclosure, with fresh grass or green food cut for them, instead of sending them out to pasture; hence (such food having the effect of purging them), to purge by feeding on green food; as, to soil a horse.
    • Soil To make dirty or unclean on the surface; to foul; to dirty; to defile; as, to soil a garment with dust. "Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained."
    • Soil To stain or mar, as with infamy or disgrace; to tarnish; to sully.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In one gram of soil, about ten million bacteria live in it
    • n soil The ground; the earth.
    • n soil Land; country; native land.
    • n soil A mixture of fine earthy material with more or less organic matter resulting from the growth and decomposition of vegetation on the surface of the ground, or from the decay of animal matter (manure) artificially supplied. The existence of soil over any area implies a previous decomposition of the rocks, and climatic and other physical conditions favorable to the growth of vegetation. As these conditions vary, so varies the thickness of the soil. That which lies next beneath the soil and partakes of its qualities, but in a less degree, is called the subsoil.
    • n soil In soldering, a mixture of size and lampblack applied around the parts to be joined to prevent the adhesion of melted solder.
    • n soil A marshy or wet place to which a hunted boar resorts for reruge; hence, a wet place, stream, or water sought for by other game, as deer.
    • soil To make dirty on the surface; dirty; defile; tarnish; sully; smirch; contaminate.
    • soil To dung; manure.
    • soil To take on dirt; become soiled; take a soil or stain; tarnish: as, silver soils sooner than gold.
    • n soil Any foul matter upon another substance; foulness.
    • n soil Stain; tarnish; spot; defilement or taint.
    • n soil Manure; compost. Compare night-soil.
    • soil To stall-feed with green food; feed for the purpose of fattening.
    • soil To solve; resolve.
    • soil To absolve; assoil.
    • soil A dialectal variant of sile.
    • n soil Same as syle.
    • n soil A dialectal variant of sill.
    • n soil A young coal fish.
    • soil In plumbing, to paint (the ends of pipes about to be joined) by wiping (them) with soil. See soil, n., 4.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Soil that is heated by geysers are now making it possible to produce bananas in Iceland
    • n Soil soil the ground: the mould on the surface of the earth which nourishes plants: country
    • n Soil soil dirt: dung: foulness: a spot or stain: a marshy place in which a hunted boar finds refuge
    • v.t Soil to make dirty: to stain: to manure
    • v.i Soil to take a soil: to tarnish
    • v.t Soil soil to feed at the stall for the purpose of fattening.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Louis Bromfield
    Louis Bromfield
    “As soils are depleted, human health, vitality and intelligence go with them.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin%20D.%20Roosevelt
    “The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself.”
  • John Milton
    John%20Milton
    “Fame is no plant that grows on mortal soil.”
  • Eugene F. Ware
    Eugene F. Ware
    “The farmer works the soil. The agriculturalist works the farmer.”
  • Orison Swett Marden
    Orison%20Swett%20Marden
    “It is like the seed put in the soil -- the more one sows, the greater the harvest.”
  • John Dryden
    John%20Dryden
    “Woman's honor is nice as ermine; it will not bear a soil.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. soile, F. sol, fr. L. solum, bottom, soil; but the word has probably been influenced in form by soil, a miry place. Cf. Saloon Soil a miry place, Sole of the foot
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. saoulersaol, saoul—L. satullussatur, full.

Usage

In literature:

Their crumbled dust makes up the soil our life-fruit grows on.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
It is of the utmost importance, therefore, to distinguish between the natural fertility of the soil and the condition of the soil.
"The Young Farmer: Some Things He Should Know" by Thomas Forsyth Hunt
The bed is resoiled by placing about two inches of soil over the old soil.
"Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc." by George Francis Atkinson
Of such soils, the first to be considered are those of basaltic origin.
"Fruits of Queensland" by Albert Benson
In firm soil a simple trench will suffice.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
Roads lying on such a soil may be over-dusty in dry weather.
"Village Improvements and Farm Villages" by George E. Waring
But if we should take a piece of rock and crush it to a fine sand, that would not be soil, because soil cannot be made in that way.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
Speaking broadly, the soil and climate of one state are the soil and climate of another.
"Chapters in Rural Progress" by Kenyon L. Butterfield
It acts on the texture of the soil, rendering clay soils more friable, and exerting a certain binding effect on loose soils.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Of course, this is Aydelot soil.
"Winning the Wilderness" by Margaret Hill McCarter
Glacial soils are ordinarily rather poorly sorted, while wind and water-borne soils are more likely to show a high degree of sorting.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
The best soil is a sandy loam, though any cool, moist, strong, fertile soil will answer.
"The Cauliflower" by A. A. Crozier
I find them hidden in the soil, at a distance, almost on the surface.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
The organic constituents of the soil are the result of vegetable and animal growth and decomposition in the soil.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
Clothed with luxuriant foliage, they looked like another azure canopy extended over the soil.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
Was he not now a soldier, called to protect the soil of his beloved fatherland, if an enemy threatened it?
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
Thus, we speak of a sandy soil, a clay soil, etc.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
Then scatter fine soil amid them, shaking the trees occasionally, adding more soil until it stands erect.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
Insert as soon as possible and water with a fine rose to settle the soil around them.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Many centuries ago a tunnel was made to draw off this water, and millions of acres of soil are still enriched by its fertilizing flood.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 12 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
***

In poetry:

To fix her!—’twere a task as vain
To count the April drops of rain,
To sow in Afric’s barren soil,
Or tempests hold within a toil.
""To fix her!—’twere a task as vain"" by Tobias Smollett
See Afric's sons and daughters toil,
Day after day, year after year,
Upon this blood-bemoistened soil,
And to their cries turn a deaf ear?
"Prayer Of The Oppressed" by James Monroe Whitfield
Come with thy darkness to the healing light,
Come with thy bitter, which shall be made sweet,
And lay thy soil beside the lilies white,
At His dear feet!
"Easter Lilies" by Susan Coolidge
What though unmarked the happy workman toil,
And break unthanked of man the stubborn clod?
It is enough, for sacred is the soil,
Dear are the hills of God.
"Honours -- Part II." by Jean Ingelow
Back to Killarney whose soil seems a part of me,
Back to Killarney for me;
Back to Killarney to soothe the sad heart of me,
Back to Killarney, my own countrie!
"Back To Killarney" by Clinton Scollard
Thou springest here to man unknown,
Waked into life by God alone!
Sweet flower--thou tellest well thy birth,--
Thou cam'st from Heaven, though soiled in earth!
"To A Wild Violet, In March" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich

In news:

Curiosity preps for scoop of Mars soil.
Businesses got a boost when more than 9,000 members of the military came to Camp Atterbury this summer to train to respond to attacks on US soil.
BOMAG ECONOMIZER feature provides real-time soil stiffness results.
More than a ton of used marijuana grow soil illegally dumped on the bank of the Eel River near Ferndale was cleaned up and hauled away last week, a Humboldt County Division of Environmental Health press release said.
A climate threat, rising from the soil Article TARUNA JAYA, INDONESIA.
(AP) — The Environmental Protection Agency is collecting soil and water samples this month from industrial sites in Great Bend.
Photos by Soil Stabilization Products Co.
Eucalyptus is a strong, sustainable hardwood that grows fast, requires little water, and can be planted in the least fertile of soils where other crops would wither.
Spring is in the air and green-thumb enthusiasts are itching to get outdoors and toil in their soil.
Fall a great time to test your soil.
Men wrest the crops from the soil.
Do they need richer soil, less sun, or what.
Three "bite marks" made by the rover's scoop can be seen in the soil on Mars surface on October 15.
A plan that outlines future development in an area of Douglas County that has high-quality soil and is in a floodplain will come before the Douglas County Commission on Wednesday evening.
Be sure to grow it in well-draining soil.
***

In science:

Benches within Soils gives a source B[S] with 8 degrees of freedom.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
Similarly, the nesting of Altitudes within Soils, in this tier, gives sources A[S] and A # B[S] which are each the sum of two previous sources.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
The interaction Viruses # Soils has the same problem.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
The problem is that the design for the Viruses does not respect the factor relationships established in applying the Soils.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
What is needed is a design for a two-tiered experiment in which the twelve treatments (combinations of levels of Soils and Viruses) are randomized to leaves1 in such a way that there is a refinement of the natural decomposition of the treatments space which is structure balanced in relation to Altitudes # Benches.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
Soils whose two levels distinguish between the first two and the last two levels of Soils.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
The design is structure balanced: Viruses and Viruses # S1 have efficiency factor 1/2 in Altitudes # Benches, while the rest of the interaction Viruses # Soils is orthogonal to Altitudes # Benches.
Decomposition tables for experiments. II. Two--one randomizations
The first two variables “Label” and “Soil” are qualitative with respectively 3 and 4 categories.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
A close reading of the output for “cluster1” shows that the correlation ratio between the qualitative variable “Soil” and the synthetic variable of the cluster is about 0.78.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
Additionally, the monthly thermal expansion cycle of retroreflector array heights is 1-2 mm for the Apollo retroreflector arrays which sit on the soil, but is at least 5 mm for the Lunokhod reflector which is ∼1 m above the surface.
Improving LLR Tests of Gravitational Theory
However, one cannot rely on liquid hydrogen always being present in the beam in this facility.) The soil considered in the study is supposed to be compacted one with the density characteristic of the Fermilab site, i.e. 2.24 g/cm3 .
Radiation shielding calculations for MuCool Test Area at Fermilab
The differential flux of strangelets with baryon number 54 and charge 8 (within the range to be probed in an upcoming lunar soil search, as well as from AMS-02).
Cosmic ray strangelets
Pa every 100 cycles until the failure of soil.
Use of a differential pressure transducer for the monitoring of soil volume change in cyclic triaxial test on unsaturated soils
The European summer of 2003: sensitivity to soil water initial conditions. J.
Extreme Associated Functions: Optimally Linking Local Extremes to Large-scale Atmospheric Circulation Structures
Each sample of soil would have the components distributed within each cell or sample patch. A unit cell then would contain one of five possible soil types.
Generalized Entropy from Mixing: Thermodynamics, Mutual Information and Symmetry Breaking
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