sodium hydroxide

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n sodium hydroxide a strongly alkaline caustic used in manufacturing soap and paper and aluminum and various sodium compounds
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sodium hydroxide a white opaque brittle solid, NaOH, having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc. Called also sodium hydrate, and caustic soda. By extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide.
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Usage

In literature:

The ferrous solution, used for reducing the silver citrate, had been brought to exact neutrality with sodium hydroxide.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 711, August 17, 1889" by Various
The caustic alkalies; sodium hydroxide, NaOH, or potassium hydroxide KOH, have a most deleterious action on wool.
"The Dyeing of Woollen Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
Write the equations representing the reaction between hydrosulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide and ammonium hydroxide respectively.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
Cool, nearly neutralize with sodium hydroxid solution, and make up to 500 cc.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
It is prepared from nitrobenzene by reducing it with stannous chloride and sodium hydroxide.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
N/10 hydrochloric acid to standardize N/10 alcoholic sodium hydroxide.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
In quantities up to approximately 5 p.p.m., sodium hydroxide has but little influence; 5-10 p.p.m.
"Chlorination of Water" by Joseph Race
After being weighed, it can be dissolved in a little sodium hydroxide and poured into the bottle.
"The Book of Cheese" by Charles Thom and Walter Warner Fisk
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In news:

When you soap up, foam made up of fatty acids and sodium hydroxide sticks to dirt, oil and bacteria, allowing them to be rinsed away.
As the filtered water flows through the cell, a small amount of DC current is applied to the cell blades, which under electrolysis , produces hypochlorous acid, hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.
Authorities are investigating a train derailment in Wetzel County that spilled about 3 tons of sodium hydroxide pellets.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye , is a chemical used in the production of paper, soap, detergent and drain cleaner.
To the other sample add 2 mL 0.1N sodium hydroxide (will be applied to Plexa PAX cartridge ).
Most teak cleaners are not detergents - many contain strong acids or alkalis such as oxalic acid, potassium or sodium hydroxide, or hydrogen chloride in varying strengths designed to do the tough job of cleaning worn and weathered teak .
Hazardous materials spill in industrial Menlo Park Firefighters respond to reported spill of hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide.
In theory, you can make soap by treating almost any fat or oil with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide (for a 'soft' soap ).
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In science:

Sodium hydroxide solution: 1 N sodium hydroxide (Fluka). Ammonium hydroxide solution: 5 N ammonium hydroxide (Aldrich). Ammonium hydroxide is kept in the fridge.
Silver Staining of Proteins in 2DE Gels
Add successively 7.5 ml of 1N sodium hydroxide, 7.5 ml of 5N ammonium hydroxide and 12 ml of 1N silver nitrate. Upon addition of silver nitrate, a transient brown precipitate forms, which should redissolve within a few seconds (see Note 3).
Silver Staining of Proteins in 2DE Gels
Add successively 7.5 ml of 1N sodium hydroxide, 7.5 ml of 5N ammonium hydroxide and 12 ml of 1N silver nitrate. Upon addition of silver nitrate, a transient brown precipitate forms, which should redissolve within a few seconds (see Note 3).
Silver Staining of Proteins in 2DE Gels
For NEMO-3, the holes have been produced by irradiating the Mylar at JINR with an ion beam and then by etching the Mylar in a Sodium hydroxide solution.
Review of double beta experiments
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