soda

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n soda a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring "in New England they call sodas tonics"
    • n soda a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The citrus soda "7 UP" was created in 1929. The original name of the popular drink was "Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda", but it got changed to "7 UP."
    • Soda a non-alcoholic beverage, sweetened by various means, containing flavoring and supersaturated with carbon dioxide, so as to be effervescent when the container is opened; -- in different localities it is variously called also soda pop pop mineral water, and minerals. It has many variants. The sweetening agent may be natural, such as cane sugar or corn syrup, or artificial, such as saccharin or aspartame. The flavoring varies widely, popular variants being fruit or cola flavoring.
    • Soda (Chem) Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Sodium bicarbonate is also called baking soda
    • Soda same as soda water.
    • Soda same as sodium, used in terms such as bicarbonate of soda.
    • Soda (Chem) Sodium oxide or hydroxide.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Americans drink about five billion bottles and cans of soda, and about a billion and a half pounds of coffee every year.
    • n soda Sesquicarbonate or normal carbonate of sodium (Na2CO3); soda-ash: the latter being the common name of the commercial article, one of the most, if not the most, important of all the Products of chemical manufacture. Various hydrated carbonates of sodium occur in nature—the decahydrate or natron; the monohydrate, known as thermonatrite; and trona, a compound of the sesquicarbonate and the bicarbonate with three equivalents of water. These natural carbonates occur in solution in the water of various alkaline lakes, or as deposits at the bottoms of such as have become dried up, but usually mixed with more or less common salt, sodium sulphate, and other saline combinations. It was from these deposits, and from the incineration of various plants growing by the sea-shore (Salsola, Salicornia, Chenopodium, Statice, Reaumuria, Nitraria, Tetragonia, Mesembryanthemum), that soda was formerly obtained. These sources have become of little importance since artificial soda began to be made from common salt, a process invented by Leblanc, and put in operation near Paris toward the end of the eighteenth century. By this process common salt is decomposed by sulphuric acid, and the resulting sodium sulphate is mixed with limestone and coal, and heated in a reverberatory furnace, the product (technically known as black ash) consisting essentially of soluble sodium carbonate and insoluble calcium sulphid, which are easily separated from each other by lixiviation. By the Leblanc process the soda used in the arts was almost exclusively produced until about thirty years ago, when the so-called ammonia or Solvay process began to become of importance. This process had been patented in England as early as 1838, and tried there and near Paris, but without success. The difficulties were first overcome by E. Solvay, who in 1861 established a manufactory of soda by this process (since known by his name) near Brussels. By the ammonia or Solvay process a concentrated solution of common salt is saturated with ammonia, and then decomposed by carbonic acid, By this means sodium chlorid is converted into sodium carbonate, and the ammonia is afterward recovered by the aid of lime or magnesia. This process has within the past few years become of great importance, and at the present time about half the soda consumed in the world is made by it. Whether it will eventually entirely supplant the Leblanc process cannot yet be stated. The chief advantage which it presents is that the amount of coal consumed by it is much smaller than that required by the older process, so that countries where fuel is not very cheap and abundant can now make their own soda, being no longer dependent on England, as they were in large degree before the Solvay process became successful. For the properties of pure soda, see sodium carbonate, under sodium. Also called mineral alkali.
    • n soda Soda-water.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Americans drink over a billion pounds of coffee every year and around five million bottles of soda.
    • n Soda sō′da oxide of sodium, or its hydrate: the alkali obtained from the ashes of marine vegetables, or by decomposing sea-salt:
    • n Soda sō′da (coll.) soda-water
    • ***

Quotations

  • Lord Byron
    Lord%20Byron
    “Let us have wine and women, mirth and laughter. Sermons and soda water the day after.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It., soda, in OIt., ashes used in making glass, fr. L. solida, fem. of solidus, solid; solida, having probably been a name of glasswort. See Solid
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
It. soda—L. solida, firm.

Usage

In literature:

Subborate of soda, for borax.
"French Polishing and Enamelling" by Richard Bitmead
Crush the soda, add it and the salt to the buttermilk, add the flour gradually, beat until the batter is smooth, and bake on a hot griddle.
"Public School Domestic Science" by Mrs. J. Hoodless
The next day, quite accidentally, she met Mrs. Waldemar on the corner and they had a soda together at the drug store.
"Sunny Slopes" by Ethel Hueston
To Clean Tarnished Silver, use a piece of raw potato dipped in baking soda.
"Fowler's Household Helps" by A. L. Fowler
Tea, coffee, and bottled soda; nothing that ever touched the thirsty spots in her throat.
"Parrot & Co." by Harold MacGrath
THE ALKALINE BATH is prepared by dissolving half a pound of carbonate of soda in sixty gallons of water.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
Each narrator invariably returned to the subject of soda water.
"My Second Year of the War" by Frederick Palmer
He bought a soda and some magazines and asked the druggist an odd question.
"Green Valley" by Katharine Reynolds
Durrance ate his breakfast and drank his brandy-and-soda, and talked the while of his journey.
"The Four Feathers" by A. E. W. Mason
Hickory wood ashes was used fer soda.
"Slave Narratives Vol. XIV. South Carolina, Part 1" by Various
It is also found as 'washing soda.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
In this manner the quantity of all the substances contained in the water will be ascertained, except there be any soda.
"A Treatise on Adulterations of Food, and Culinary Poisons" by Fredrick Accum
Cigars and cigarettes, whisky and soda, appeared as though by magic.
"A Maker of History" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
Have a whisky and soda?
"Captain Jinks, Hero" by Ernest Crosby
Nitrate of soda is soluble in water and may therefore be washed away before being used by plants.
"Agriculture for Beginners" by Charles William Burkett
One-half teaspoon common baking soda.
"The Mother and Her Child" by William S. Sadler
How do you explain the foaming of soda water?
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
If this does not cure, do not take soda as a remedy.
"Papers on Health" by John Kirk
The carbonate of soda may be used in the form of "soda crystals," which, containing 62.9 per cent.
"The Handbook of Soap Manufacture" by W. H. Simmons
Mode of Soda Washing.
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
***

In poetry:

The record hops
And all the happy times we had
The soda shop
The walks to school now makes me sad
"What To Do" by Buddy Holly
The radiant soda of the seashore fashions
Fun, foam and freedom. The sea laves
The Shaven sand. And the light sways forward
On self-destroying waves.
"Far Rockaway" by Delmore Schwartz
Is your mouth parched, from an all-night spree?
Taking a pick-me-up, Paddy Magee?
Cocktail - or simple soda and b.? -
Which is the "antidote," Paddy Magee?
"Paddy McGee" by Harry Breaker Morant
Britannia needs no Cafes:
If Coffee needs must be,
Its place should be the Coffee-house
Where Johnson growled for Tea;
But who can hear that human mountain
Growl for an ice-cream soda-fountain?
"Americanisation" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
The grape is swart, the avenues dusky and tendrilled, subtly
prehensile.
But we, as we start awake, clutch at our vistas democratic,
boulevards, tram-cars, policemen.
Give us our own back
Let us go to the soda-fountain, to get sober.
"Grapes" by D H Lawrence
She's built of fibre-glass, of course. I call her 'Mandy Jane'
After a bird I used to know - No soda, please, just plain -
And how did I acquire her? Well, to tell you about that
And to put you in the picture, I must wear my other hat.
"Executive" by Sir John Betjeman

In news:

Time to cut down on soda.
I wonder how many supporters of the recently enacted soda ban in New York City describe themselves as pro choice.
Any way you look at it, soda bubbles are trouble.
Coke Wants to Double Revenues, Will Cumin -Flavored Soda Help.
That's a tall order, so will cumin -flavored soda help.
In a large bowl, sift together the flour, baking soda, cinnamon and salt.
With help from an adult, drill a hole in the center of the bottom of the soda bottle.
After tickets, popcorn, some candy and soda, I blew past 50 bucks.
Do you find yourself reaching for a can of soda or a cup of coffee during the day to banish fatigue.
Pour citrus soda over rolls and bake for 35 minutes.
In ten years, I've had maybe ten glasses of soda-pop, which is what some of my friends gulp down before breakfast.
Sodas and carbonated drink ideas play an integral part in everyday life in this country.
Primus Hamburger Train Pork Soda.
As any leprechaun will tell you, the key to good soda bread is to avoid overworking either yourself or the dough in the process.
A good splash of soda water.
***

In science:

Gamarnik, to appear in Random Structures and Algorithms, preliminary version in Proceedings of SODA 2006, math.
On the freezing of variables in random constraint satisfaction problems
Soda, “Chiral Primordial Gravitational Waves from a Lifshitz Point,” Phys.
On Horava-Lifshitz "Black Holes"
Molloy, The scaling window for a random graph with a given degree sequence, Proceedings of SODA 2010.
Component structure of the vacant set induced by a random walk on a random graph
Srinivasan, “Chernoff-hoeffding bounds applications with limited independence,” in ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), 1993. [Online].
Improved Adaptive Group Testing Algorithms with Applications to Multiple Access Channels and Dead Sensor Diagnosis
Soda gave a talk showing how 2-dimensional gravity (including constant curvature theories, the CGHS model, and spherically symmetric gravity) could be pressed into service to shed light on critical phenomena in gravitational collapse.
Summary of Session A6: Alternative Theories of Gravity
Soda, Evolution of cosmological perturbations in the brane world, Phys.
Gravitational Waves from Braneworld Inflation
Frieze, “The cover time of random geometric graphs”, Proceedings of SODA, p.
Random walks on networks: cumulative distribution of cover time
Fragouli, “Combinatorial algorithms for wireless information flow,” in ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), Philadelphia, PA, USA, January 2009, pp. 555 – 564.
Compress-and-Forward Scheme for Relay Networks: Backword Decoding and Connection to Bisubmodular Flows
Masuda T., Zheludev A., Bush A., Markina M., avd Vasiliev A. Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 177201 (2004). 209. Seki S., Yamasaki Y., Soda M., Matsuura M., Hirota K., and Tokura Y.
Ferroelectromagnets. Fifty years after discovery
Soda, Hawking radiation from rotating black holes and gravitational anomalies, Phys.
Hawking Radiation in a Plebanski-Demianski Black Hole
In the previous paper (Taruya, Koyama & Soda 1999), we have investigated the quasi non-linear evolution of the stochastic biasing.
Stochastic Biasing and Galaxy-Mass Density Relation in the Weakly Non-linear Regime
The time evolution of the galaxy biasing induced by the gravity has been studied by several authors (Fry 1996, Tegmark & Peebles 1998, Taruya, Koyama & Soda 1999).
Stochastic Biasing and Galaxy-Mass Density Relation in the Weakly Non-linear Regime
This asymptotic behavior can be ascribed to the attractivity of the gravitational force (Fry 1996, Tegmark & Peebles 1998, Taruya, Koyama & Soda 1999).
Stochastic Biasing and Galaxy-Mass Density Relation in the Weakly Non-linear Regime
If we identify the initial time a = 1 with the redshift parameter z = 3 assuming the Einstein-de Sitter universe, the skewness and the bi-spectrum at present time (which corresponds to a = 4 in our case) provide the consistent results with the observation of the Lick catalog (Taruya, Koyama & Soda 1999).
Stochastic Biasing and Galaxy-Mass Density Relation in the Weakly Non-linear Regime
Extension of our formalism to the redshift space is straightforward and the analysis is now going on (Taruya & Soda 1999).
Stochastic Biasing and Galaxy-Mass Density Relation in the Weakly Non-linear Regime
***