slavery

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n slavery the practice of owning slaves
    • n slavery work done under harsh conditions for little or no pay
    • n slavery the state of being under the control of another person
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: An Athens legislator named Solon passed a law in the 6th century that let fathers sell their fornicating daughters into slavery.
    • Slavery A condition of subjection or submission characterized by lack of freedom of action or of will. "The vulgar slaveries rich men submit to.""There is a slavery that no legislation can abolish, -- the slavery of caste."
    • Slavery The condition of a slave; the state of entire subjection of one person to the will of another. "Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still, slavery , said I, still thou art a bitter draught!""I wish, from my soul, that the legislature of this state [Virginia] could see the policy of a gradual abolition of slavery . It might prevent much future mischief."
    • Slavery The holding of slaves.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: General Robert E. Lee was not a slaveholder and never believed in slavery. He never believed in secession from the United States and strongly condemned it. He decided to lead the armies of the South because he wanted nothing to happen to his beloved Virginia.
    • slavery Slabbery; wet with slaver.
    • n slavery A state of servitude; the condition of a slave; bondage; entire subjection to the will and commands of another; the obligation to labor for a master without the consent of the servant; the establishment of a right in law which makes one person absolute master of the body and the service of another.
    • n slavery The keeping or holding of slaves; the practice of keeping human beings in a state of servitude or bondage. Slavery seems to have existed everywhere from very early times. It is recognized in the Old Testament as a prevailing custom, and the Levitical laws contain many regulations in regard to slaves and their rights and duties. Serfdom died out gradually in England in the latter part of the middle ages, and slavery was abolished throughout the British empire in 1833, after long agitation, the sum of twenty million pounds sterling being paid as compensation to the slave-owners. Negro slavery was introduced into the present territory of the United States in 1620, and became recognized as an institution. The Northern States gradually got rid of their slaves by emancipation or transportation in the latter part of the eighteenth and the early part of the nineteenth century. Slavery became a leading and agitating question from the time of the Missouri Compromise (1820), and the number of slave States increased to fifteen.
    • n slavery Servitude; the continuous and exhausting labor of a slave; drudgery.
    • n slavery The act of enslaving.
    • n slavery Synonyms Bondage, etc. See servitude.
    • n slavery Vassalage, thraldom, serfdom, peonage.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1850, Michigan's state constitution included the following line: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in this state." This inadvertently legalized slavery as an appropriate punishment for crime. It wasn't until 1963 that the grammar was fixed to outlaw slavery. The change required shifting the comma following "servitude" to the position after "slavery."
    • Slavery the state of being a slave: serfdom: the state of being entirely under the will of another: bondage: drudgery
    • adj Slavery slabbery
    • ***

Quotations

  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “Freedom means you are unobstructed in living your life as you choose. Anything less is a form of slavery.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “A great fortune is a great slavery.”
  • George Eliot
    George%20Eliot
    “You may try but you can never imagine what it is to have a man's form of genius in you, and to suffer the slavery of being a girl.”
  • Edmund Burke
    Edmund%20Burke
    “Slavery is a weed that grows on every soil.”
  • Maria Weston Chapman
    Maria Weston Chapman
    “Slavery can only be abolished by raising the character of the people who compose the nation; and that can be done only by showing them a higher one.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “Slavery takes hold of few, but many take hold of slavery.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See 2d Slave
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Slabber.

Usage

In literature:

Within a few months the whole mistake of slavery seemed to have concentrated itself upon this household.
"The Future of the American Negro" by Booker T. Washington
The question now arose whether Congress should establish slavery anew in territory of the United States.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
When the whites first went to the Slave Coast there was comparatively little slavery among the natives.
"The American Empire" by Scott Nearing
This has been the battle of the ages, and will be until all forms of slavery are banished from the earth.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume I"
Slavery is an evil permitted by Providence for ends that time will reveal.
"The Relations of the Federal Government to Slavery" by Joseph Ketchum Edgerton
Slavery and caste are manifestly forms of accommodation.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
Slavery, Angelina Grimke's speech, i, 334 (see, also, Anti-Slavery).
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume III (of III)" by Various
They saw that if slavery came in, schools must go out.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
Germans are honest; they love the Union, hate slavery, and understand, to be sure, the question.
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
Some hoped, perhaps, rather than believed, that slavery was likely to disappear ere long at the South as it was disappearing at the North.
"James Madison" by Sydney Howard Gay
Southern Slavery in its Present Aspects: Containing a Reply to a Late Work of the Bishop of Vermont on Slavery.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 14, No. 86, December, 1864" by Various
Slavery proved profitable at the South; not so at the North, where it was soon abandoned.
"The Negro Farmer" by Carl Kelsey
As soon as white slavery began to be abolished, black slavery commenced.
"The Ghosts" by Robert G. Ingersoll
Marxian socialism will ring out the old era with its hell of human slavery and ring in the new era with its heaven of machine slavery.
"Communism and Christianism" by William Montgomery Brown
In slavery time dey's men like dat 'garded as bein' dangerous.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves." by Work Projects Administration
The second element is a fear of the ultimate consequences of a Union reconstructed without Slavery; for then Mr.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 15, No. 92, June, 1865" by Various
Who does not pray for deliverance from the evils of slavery?
"Thoughts on African Colonization" by William Lloyd Garrison
At the word slavery, Roland rose and asked Eric if he had forgotten his promise of telling him how different nations dealt with slavery.
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
Then, in 1747, the trustees yielded to the general demand and admitted slavery.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
For now slavery was also invented.
"The Origin of the Family Private Property and the State" by Frederick Engels
***

In poetry:

Until Slavery vanquished be,
Peace our land can never see,
Nor can we ourselves be free;
Down with Slavery!
"A Battle-Cry" by Alfred Gibbs Campbell
Sons of Freedom, rise once more
'Gainst a foe upon our shore,
Deadlier than all foes of yore;
Down with Slavery!
"A Battle-Cry" by Alfred Gibbs Campbell
Praying for liberty, dearer than life,
Torn from his little one, torn from his wife,
Flying from slavery, hear him and save,
Christian men! Christian men! help the poor slave.
"Rescue The Slave" by Anonymous Americas
O, gracious Lord? when shall it be,
That we poor souls shall all be free?
Lord, break them Slavery powers—will you go along with me?
Lord, break them Slavery powers, go sound the jubilee.
"Song of The Coffle Gang" by Anonymous Americas
Chorus—
Oh! it will be joyful, joyful, joyful;
Oh! it will be joyful, when slavery is no more,
When slavery is no more, when slavery is no more;
Then we'll sing, and offering bring, when slavery is no more.
"Be Joyful!" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Yea, Atherton, the upright firs
O'er thee exult, and taunt thee thus,—
"Though THOU art fallen, no feller stirs
His foot, or lifts his axe at us.
'Hell from beneath, is moved at thee,'
Since thou hast crouched to Slavery.
"The Gag" by John Pierpont

In news:

Arkansas Republican Uses the Bible to Defend Slavery.
Or for ways to recover from the overwhelming effects of slavery.
For the one fifth of the population that was African-American, freedom meant escape from slavery but not independence from Britain.
Lee's real feelings about the Confederacy and slavery.
Cardoso said he used his academic training as a sociologist to promote change in Brazil, first examining race and the legacy of slavery.
Steven Spielberg directs Daniel Day-Lewis in a revealing drama about the 16th President, slavery and war.
The war is over and a central element of the Southern economy -- slavery -- has been abolished.
Bill McGraw on The History of Slavery in Detroit.
Gumbel's slavery slam on Stern was out of bounds.
Filmmaker Katrina Browne discusses her family's role in American slavery.
Born into slavery in Ulster County, N.Y.
Tennessee House delays slavery resolution.
Statue Deepens Dispute Over Wartime Sexual Slavery.
Erasing Modern Slavery's Footprint .
They're heart-wrenching to hear -- but the stories unearth an ongoing epidemic into one of the largest injustices in the world: Slavery.
***

In science:

However, it exhibits poles of order greater than one at p2 = 0, a symptom of infrared slavery , what can mean that fermions are confined in this sector.
Exact Renormalization of Massless QED2
In the light of the previous discussion, we see that there are reasons to believe that there is fermion confinement (thanks to infrared slavery and violation of cluster property, both indicated by our results) when the parameter av lies in the range [−1, 1).
Exact Renormalization of Massless QED2
Moreover in these theories ultraviolet asymptotic freedom comes at the price of infrared slavery: non-perturbative long range effects such as quark confinement are not fully understood until now, even at a non-rigorous level.
Why Renormalizable NonCommutative Quantum Field Theories?
As discussed elsewhere in these volumes the proof of this confinement or infrared slavery is still one of the main open problems in the study of QCD.
QCD and Weak Interactions of Light Quarks
But in QCD, the gluon exhibits asymptotic freedom in the ultraviolet—again a logarithmic correction—which hints at infrared slavery (confinement of colour?) at low energies and a propagator which is possibly more singular that the undressed form (Alekseev 1998; Cahill and Gunner 1998).
A critique of the gauge technique
This phenomenon leads to two important features of QCD, viz., asymptotic freedom (Gross & Wilczek 1973a,b; Politzer 1973) and infrared slavery (Alabiso & Schierholz 1976; Chaichian et al. 1981).
The Genesis of the Big-Bang and Inflation
In other words, the gravitational energy released during the collapse liberated the quarks from the infrared slavery and delivered them asymptotic freedom.
The Genesis of the Big-Bang and Inflation
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