sirocco

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n sirocco a windstorm that lifts up clouds of dust or sand "it was the kind of duster not experienced in years"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sirocco An oppressive, relaxing wind from the Libyan deserts, chiefly experienced in Italy, Malta, and Sicily.
    • Sirocco In general, any hot dry wind of cyclonic origin, blowing from arid or heated regions, including the desert wind of Southern California, the harmattan of the west coasts of Africa, the hot winds of Kansas and Texas, the kamsin of Egypt, the leste of the Madeira Islands, and the leveche of Spain.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sirocco The Italian name for a southeast wind. Two distinct classes of Italian winds are included by the term. One is a warm, humid, sultry wind accompanied by rain. This is the characteristic wind on the east side of an area of low pressure, and prevails mainly during the winter season. The other type of sirocco—that to which the term is generally applied in English usage—is a hot, dry, dust-laden wind blowing from the high land of Africa to the coasts of Malta, Sicily, and Naples. During its prevalence the sky is covered with a dense haze, persons suffer from extreme lassitude, and vegetation is parched and burned. No month is free from it, but it is most frequent in the spring. Its direction varies from southeast to southwest.
    • n sirocco A name for a special drying apparatus using a heated blast of air derived from a fan, and blowing over the material to be dried, as fruit, or tea-leaves.
    • n sirocco A trade-name for a form of fan-blower.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sirocco si-rok′o a name given in Italy to a dust-laden dry wind coming over sea from Africa; but also applied to any south wind, often moist and warm, as opposed to the Tramontana or north wind, from the hills
    • Sirocco Also Sir′oc
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It. sirocco, scirocco, Ar. shorug, fr. sharq, the rising of the sun, the east, fr, sharaca, to rise as the sun. Cf. Saracen

Usage

In literature:

It is high time; already we have had a week of this work: snow and sirocco one day, ice and snow the other.
"My Recollections of Lord Byron" by Teresa Guiccioli
My rosy wreath is rent and faded By cruel Fate's sirocco-breath!
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 58, Number 358, August 1845" by Various
The sirocco was blowing, and a huge black wave rolled up before it from the south.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
For four days the sirocco blew across the island.
"The Island Mystery" by George A. Birmingham
Tramontana and sirocco alternate, and each is more unendurable than the other.
"Italy, the Magic Land" by Lilian Whiting
But to return to the sirocco.
"Notes in North Africa" by W. G. Windham
Frequent gale storms and hot winds resembling the African sirocco, however, have an adverse influence on crops.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
A military despotism is a national curse, a blighting sirocco, a foe to liberty.
"Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution" by L. Carroll Judson
The wind has changed and now a sirocco is blowing.
"The Dead Lake and Other Tales" by Paul Heyse
The action began on the left wing of the allies, which Mahomet Sirocco was desirous of turning.
"History of The Reign of Philip The Second King of Spain" by William H. Prescott
But here this sirocco blows flat to the ground full many an aspiring blade.
"Speeches, Addresses, and Occasional Sermons, Volume 3 (of 3)" by Theodore Parker
They tell me that these western siroccos are very freakish.
"The Ranch Girls at Home Again" by Margaret Vandercook
The town rarely feels the effect of the sirocco, or wind from the south, and never longer than for two or three days in succession.
"The World and Its People: Book VII" by Anna B. Badlam
A Roman sirocco evening, with an approaching thunderstorm that hung heavily around the horizon and would not lift.
"Asbeïn" by Ossip Schubin
Every one who has lived in Italy knows what the sirocco is like, and the dismal stickiness it brings.
"To Leeward" by F. Marion Crawford
The sirocco had blown a heavy mist in from the Adriatic.
"The Iron Ration" by George Abel Schreiner
Alone in my tent, I lay unable to sleep, for before the sirocco the heat always becomes unbearable.
"Zoraida" by William Le Queux
The Sirocco blew fresh against us, and gradually the sea became very rough.
"Three Months Abroad" by Anna Vivanti
But in autumn, when the birds of passage arrive for the winter, the land has been burnt into barrenness by the summer sun of the scorching sirocco.
"The Mediterranean" by T. G. (Thomas Gray) Bonney, E. A. R. Ball, H. D. Traill, Grant Allen, and Arthur Griffiths
In summer when a sirocco blows we have our hottest spells.
"Practical Exercises in Elementary Meteorology" by Robert DeCourcy Ward
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In poetry:

DAMOETAS
"Fell as the wolf is to the folded flock,
Rain to ripe corn, Sirocco to the trees,
The wrath of Amaryllis is to me."
"Eclogue 3: Menalcas Daemoetas Palaemon" by Publius Vergilius Maro
Damoetas.
"Fell as the wolf is to the folded flock,
Rain to ripe corn, Sirocco to the trees,
The wrath of Amaryllis is to me."
"Eclogue III " by Virgil
"Then I remember'd how I went,
In Joppa, through the public street,
One morn when the sirocco spent
Its storms of dust with burning heat;
"Saint Brandan" by Matthew Arnold
Beneath the hot Sirocco’s wings
We sat and told the withering hours,
Till Heaven unsealed its hoarded springs,
And bade them leap in flashing showers.
"The New Eden" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
In the sea's great deeps, where the mermaid sleeps,
In chambers of coral and gold—
Where the Sirocco sweeps and Loneliness weeps
O'er temples all silent, where dark ivy creeps,
And places that never were told—
"The Mighty One" by David James Scott

In news:

Windmills on salt flats north of Marsala are turned by the North African sirocco.
Sirocco is displayed in downtown Redmond at Sixth Street and Deschutes Avenue.
The digital model for Sirocco was created on a program called Solidworks, a program Arthurs says is used by professional engineers .
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In science:

The Test Beam stand for the ATLAS Pixel MCM-D modules is a Telescope setup, with 4 tracking elements (Sirocco strip Detectors) and two slots for Pixel Module evaluation.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
The Sirocco strips were mounted along ∆z = 1.4 m of beam-line with a tolerance of ±0.5 mm.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
Test Beam setup, where the tracks impact the Sirocco planes at almost normal incidence.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
With the existing Sirocco resolution (≃ 4 µm) the resolving power (per track) for ∆z would be on the order of 27 mm.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
The approach used in this paper was to tune the alignment5 by looping over the reconstruction of 2000 tracks, the alignment residuals of the Telescope Sirocco plane-1 being shown in figure 2 (top).
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
The Pixel Detectors under evaluation were to first order aligned analytically (exact solution), and subsequently tuned in a fashion similar to that of the Sirocco planes, in order to compensate for the effect of the low y -resolution on the better xresolution.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
The Pixel Modules were aligned with respect to the Telescope’s Sirocco planes.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
Telescope setup (the 4 Sirocco planes), and by reference, those of the Pixel Modules under evaluation.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
Final alignment residuals for the Telescope’s Sirocco Plane-1 (top), σx ≃ 3 µm, σy ≃ 4 µm, and for two Pixel Detectors under evaluation, cast in different technologies (middle and bottom).
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
The center “thinning” of the Sirocco x-residuals (from a gaussian) by ≃ 1 µm was due to the residual magnetic field of the Spectrometer Magnet, as Lorentz drift of the charge carriers in the strips.
Analytical and Numerical Flash-Algorithms for Track Fits
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