silicon

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n silicon a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1938, Hewlett-Packard became the first corporation to move to Silicon Valley.
    • n Silicon (Chem) A nonmetalic element analogous to carbon. It always occurs combined in nature, and is artificially obtained in the free state, usually as a dark brown amorphous powder, or as a dark crystalline substance with a meetallic luster. Its oxide is silica, or common quartz, and in this form, or as silicates, it is, next to oxygen, the most abundant element of the earth's crust. Silicon is characteristically the element of the mineral kingdom, as carbon is of the organic world. Symbol Si. Atomic weight 28. Called also silicium.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Timmie Jean Lindsey of Houston, TX became the first person to get silicone breast implants in 1962.
    • n silicon Chemical symbol, Si; atomic weight, 28. 19. A non-metallic element which is obtained in three allotropic forms—namely, amorphous, as a dull-brown powder soluble in alkali, which burns when ignited; graphitic, in crystalline leaves having a strong metallic luster and lead-gray color, insoluble in alkali and non-combustible; and crystalline, in octahedral needles having a red luster, and hardness a little less than that of the diamond. Next to oxygen, silicon is the most abundant element in nature. It is found only in combination, chiefly with oxygen, forming silicon dioxid, or silica, which combined with bases makes up the larger part of the rock-crust of the globe. Also called silicium.
    • n silicon Elementary silicon can now he prepared in large qnantity by electrolysis, and in a fused condition. Like its oxid, in cooling from a state of fusion it passes through a plastic stage in which it can be molded into special forms or drawn into threads.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A chip of silicon a quarter-inch square has the capacity of the original 1949 ENIAC computer, which occupied a city block.
    • n Silicon the base of silica, a non-metallic elementary substance, obtainable in three different forms, the amorphous, the graphitoid, and the crystalline
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Quotations

  • Bob Boschert
    Bob Boschert
    “Silicon Valley is like a person running around in front of a steamroller. You can outrun the steamroller on any given day. But if you ever sit down you get squashed.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Silicon Valley is a graveyard. Failure is Silicon Valley's greatest strength.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Silica
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. silex, silicis, flint.

Usage

In literature:

Glass and one of those silicon plastics?
"Question of Comfort" by Les Collins
There must have been pure silicon in the sand, and it lived on that.
"A Martian Odyssey" by Stanley Grauman Weinbaum
There was a smooth hull of silicon bronze out yonder.
"The Aliens" by Murray Leinster
Nobody'd yet found any silicon based life, although a good many organisms used the element.
"Cum Grano Salis" by Gordon Randall Garrett
He began: 'I am required to discuss the subject of silicon.
"The Greatest Highway in the World" by Anonymous
That is, it is oxide of silicon.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
Some were silicon bronze.
"The Trouble with Telstar" by John Berryman
About half of the rest of the atoms are of a kind called silicon.
"Letters of a Radio-Engineer to His Son" by John Mills
They're evidently a silicon rather than a carbon form of life.
"Jimsy and the Monsters" by Walt Sheldon
Of late years I have used with excellent results granite silicon plaster for ceilings and walls.
"Cottage Building in Cob, Pisé, Chalk and Clay" by Clough Williams-Ellis
It is oftenest found in combination with oxygen and silicon.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
The one passes into the other as seldom as silicon passes into the cells of a fallen tree.
"A Republic Without a President and Other Stories" by Herbert Ward
It was as sterile as a silicon chip factory.
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
He spent a lot of time trying to pick my brain about our specialized silicon-chip manufacturing here.
"The Samurai Strategy" by Thomas Hoover
Silica is the name given to oxide of silicon.
"The Romance of War Inventions" by Thomas W. Corbin
Sulphur, phosphorus and silicon, the other principal combustible elements, are only of limited application as fuels.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3" by Various
Meerschaum is a light, porous, clayey substance composed of magnesium, oxygen and silicon.
"Tobacco Leaves" by W. A. Brennan
The smaller Electro-Silicon boxes, measuring 2-3/4 inches in circumference and 1-1/3 inches in height, may be used in the same way.
"Home Occupations for Boys and Girls" by Bertha Johnston
Hence the importance of having the silicon-content constant.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 7" by Various
Silicon discovered by Berzelius.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
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In news:

There's a new buzzword in Silicon Valley: Big Data.
Heidi Roizen, Looking Outside Silicon Valley ' Cocoon ,' Joins Daily Mail's Board.
SILICON ALLEY in New York is known for many things, but not as a hotbed for advances in computer science.
Central Indiana is now part of conversations that include Silicon Valley and Austin, Texas—two hotbeds for tech companies.
Taiwanese solar wafer maker Sino-American Silicon Products Inc (SAS, ???
But tiny devices micromachined from silicon may one day slim the technology down so much that crucial parts could be placed inside the body.
The workmanship section of Specification D4806 contains language to address silicon contamination in spark-ignition engine fuels.
Till now, products for taming frizzy hair have relied on silicone, a water-resistant ingredient that blocks moisture.
SILICON VALLEY, Calif, Nov 14, 2012 (GlobeNewswire via COMTEX).
Tech's New ( Geographical ) Frontier: 'Silicon Prairie.
CHINACOAT's New Tech Corner Featured a Number of Exciting Presentations on Hygienic and Silicone Coatings.
The thing that stood out for me the most about Twilight of the Elites, Chris Hayes's brilliant new book about America's ongoing crisis of authority, is that he barely mentions Silicon Valley.
Smith is the System Applications program manager for thk Advanced Silicon Technoloev Organization at the IBM Thomas J Watson Laboratory, Yorktown Heights, New York.
As part of the deal, Microsoft gave Skype a longer leash than it grants most of its divisions, allowing Tony Bates, president of Skype, to work in Silicon Valley.
Triathlete investor earned his Silicon Valley chops as a Bain consultant and entrepreneur before becoming a venture capitalist.
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In science:

This principle is realized now in the silicon avalanche photodiodes (APD), where the gain of about (102 ÷ 104) is implemented by an avalanche multiplication of electrons in the electric field E ≥ (5 ÷ 6) · 105 V/cm.
Status of the Experiment on the Laboratory Search for the Electron Antineutrino Magnetic Moment at the Level mu_nu < 3 s 10^{-12}mu_B
The silicon pixel vertex detector is a key element of the BTeV spectrometer.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
In this paper we report the results of the 1999-2000 BTeV silicon pixel detector beam test and we compare them to Monte Carlo predictions.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
De is the electron diffusion coefficient and kT is the product of the Boltzmann constant and the absolute temperature of the silicon.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
Some electrons emitted a bremsstrahlung photon, which continued through the ACD, and into the silicon tracker.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
The tracker consisted of 6 planes of silicon strip detectors, for precision measurement of the e− e+ tracks.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
There are a number of potential improvements to the silicon tracker analysis.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
Y. Iwata, T. Ohsugi, K. Fujita, H. Kitabayashi, K. Yamamoto, K. Yamamura, et al., "Optimal p-stop pattern for the n-side strip isolation of silicon microstrip detectors," IEEE Trans.
Characterization of Prototype BTeV Silicon Pixel Sensors Before and After Irradiation
Descovich, A. Kaminski, et al., "Improvement in breakdown characteristics in the multiguard structures in microstrip silicon detectors for CMS," Nucl. Instr.
Characterization of Prototype BTeV Silicon Pixel Sensors Before and After Irradiation
Ta jima, et al., Low noise double-sided silicon strip detector for multipleCompton gamma-ray telescope, in: J. E.
Gamma-ray Polarimetry
We have considered both gas proportional counters and solid-state silicon detectors for the detection technology.
Relativistic Astrophysics Explorer
Silicon is, perhaps, the most widely used radiation detection medium today.
Relativistic Astrophysics Explorer
Furthermore, the technology for processing silicon is well understood and widely available.
Relativistic Astrophysics Explorer
To extend the reach of silicon-based detectors to higher energies, thick devices must be used to obtain sufficient stopping power.
Relativistic Astrophysics Explorer
The SP machine does not necessarily have to be developed in silicon.
Towards an Intelligent Database System Founded on the SP Theory of Computing and Cognition
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