sibyl

Definitions

  • The Sibyl gives Cerberus a cake to make him sleep
    The Sibyl gives Cerberus a cake to make him sleep
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n sibyl (ancient Rome) a woman who was regarded as an oracle or prophet
    • n sibyl a woman who tells fortunes
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sibyl A female fortune teller; a pythoness; a prophetess. "An old highland sibyl ."
    • Sibyl (Class. Antiq) A woman supposed to be endowed with a spirit of prophecy.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sibyl In anc. myth., one of certain women reputed to possess special powers of prophecy or divination and intercession with the gods in behalf of those who resorted to them. Different writers mention from one to twelve sibyls, but the number commonly reckoned is ten, enumerated as the Persian or Babylonian, Libyan, Delphian, Cimmerian, Erythræan, Samian, Cumæan, Hellespontine or Trojan, Phrygian, and Tiburtine. Of these the most celebrated was the Cumæan sibyl (of Cumæ in Italy), who, according to the story, appeared before Tarquin the Proud and offered him nine books for sale. He refused to buy them, whereupon she burned three, and offered the remaining six at the original price. On being again refused, she destroyed three more, and offered the remaining three at the price she had asked for the nine. Tarquin, astonished at this conduct, bought the books, which were found to contain directions as to the worship of the gods and the policy of the Romans. These sibylline books, or books professing to have this origin, written in Greek hexameters, were kept with great care at Rome, and consulted from time to time by oracle-keepers under the direction of the senate. They were destroyed at the burning of the temple of Jupiter in 83 b. c. Fresh collections were made, which were finally destroyed soon after a. d. 400. The Sibylline Oracles referred to by the Christian fathers belong to early ecclesiastical literature, and are a curious mixture of Jewish and Christian material, with probably here and there a snatch from the older pagan source. In composition they seem to be of various dates, from the second century before to the third century after Christ.
    • n sibyl Hence An old woman professing to be a prophetess or fortune-teller; a sorceress.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sibyl sib′il in ancient mythology, one of certain women possessing powers of divination and prophecy: a prophetess, an old sorceress
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. sibylla, Gr.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. sibylla, not 'she who reveals the will of Zeus,' Dios boulē. The root is sib-, as in L. per-sibus, acute, Gr. sophos, wise.

Usage

In literature:

Your voice and the voice of Sibyl Vane are two things that I shall never forget.
"The Picture of Dorian Gray" by Oscar Wilde
And though she reach the countless years of the Cumaean Sibyl, May never, never Age at those delightful features nibble!
"Something Else Again" by Franklin P. Adams
It was in this neighborhood that they found the Grotto of the Cumaean Sibyl.
"The Dodge Club" by James De Mille
But Columbus was as inexorable as the Sibyl with her books, and would hear of no abatement in his price.
"The Discovery of America Vol. 1 (of 2)" by John Fiske
Nor can I assume myself, still less you, that all these prophets and sibyls are Botticelli's.
"Ariadne Florentina" by John Ruskin
No one was left to care for them but their old nurse, named Sibyl.
"Fairy Book" by Sophie May
Anything less like a sibyl could not be easily imagined.
"The Twelfth Hour" by Ada Leverson
At a later time many sibyls came into being; Varro reckons ten and other authors give other numbers.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
Sojourner Truth, Mrs. Stowe's "Lybian Sibyl," was present at this Convention.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume I"
There dwelt one of the Sibyls.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 5 of 8" by Various
He was aware, however, that in sibyls he had a preference.
"The Dust Flower" by Basil King
HASTINGS LEARNS WHAT HAS BEFALLEN SIBYLL, REPAIRS TO THE KING, AND ENCOUNTERS AN OLD RIVAL CHAPTER VII.
"The Works Of Edward Bulwer-Lytton A Linked Index to the Project Gutenberg Editions" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
One was dressed as a sibyl, another like an American savage, and a third, who was concealed, represented an echo.
"Queen Elizabeth" by Jacob Abbott
I should be very curious to know what the sibyl will make of such a problem.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 25 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Even the predictions of my sibyl failed to allure me, nor could life's prospect charm and detain my attention like its retrospect.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. XXII (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
The Sibyl was musing over her master's words, when a very light step became audible.
"La Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages" by Jules Michelet
She stood, with one hand upraised, like a sibyl inspired.
"A Mad Love" by Bertha M. Clay
Was she not a sort of priestess and sibyl in all the most awful straits and mysteries of life?
"The Pearl of Orr's Island" by Harriet Beecher Stowe
He remembered the voice of the sibyl.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Volume III" by Various
An' ole Sibyl, she's done crazy too, and dey'll be mischievous together.
"Strangers and Wayfarers" by Sarah Orne Jewett
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In poetry:

Who can thy unborn meaning scan?
Can Seer or Sibyl read thee now?
No,--seek to trace the fate of man
Writ on his infant brow.
"To A Blank Sheet Of Paper" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
The subtle power in perfume found
Nor priest nor sibyl vainly learned;
On Grecian shrine or Aztec mound
No censer idly burned.
"Sweet Fern" by John Greenleaf Whittier
And here, to-day, the dead look down,
The kings of mind again we crown;
We hear the voices lost so long,
The sage's word, the sibyl's song.
"The Library" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Therefore art thou ever dlearer,
O my Sibyl, my deceiver!
For thou makest each mystery clearer,
And the unattained seems nearer,
When thou fillest my heart with fever!
"Epimetheus, or the Poet's Afterthought. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
In him of whom the sibyl told,
For whom the prophet's harp was toned,
Whose need the sage and magian owned,
The loving heart of God behold,
The hope for which the ages groaned!
"The Over-Heart" by John Greenleaf Whittier
E'en as the Sibyl in Northland-dawn drew
Forth from the myth-billows gliding,
Told all the past, all the future so true,
Sank with the lands' last subsiding,—
Prophecies leaving, eternally new,
Still abiding
"On The Death Of N. F. S. Grundtvig" by Bjornstjerne Bjornson

In news:

Sojourner Truth, The Libyan Sibyl.
If any local pumpkin patches have reported thefts in recent weeks, you will be tempted to blame Ich , Kürbisgeist, playwright Sibyl Kempson's collaboration with Big Dance Theater, now running at the Chocolate Factory.
Durrell's muses: Pomposity, Meretricia, and Sibyl.
Sojourner Truth, The Libyan Sibyl .
The Peterson Family Band will perform country and gospel bluegrass at the Sibyl Center in Stanley at 3 pm on Sunday.
Cotton Wood, a bluegrass band from North Dakota, will appear Sunday, July 22, at the Sibyl Center in Stanley.
Yoshi Sodeoka, Sibyl , 2011.
Sibyl -Anne vs Ratticus.
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In science:

In the case discussed here, the muon production in SIBYLL seems to underestimate muon production, the hadronic part, on the other hand, looks reasonable.
High-Energy Interactions and Extensive Air Showers
Fig. 7 : Comparison of the AKENO A1 data with simulations using MOCCA/SIBYLL for p and Fe (left) and the resulting fraction of Fe (right) as a function of primary energy .
High-Energy Interactions and Extensive Air Showers
The hadronic models considered are those implemented in the well-known QGSJET and SIBYLL event generators.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
Two codes of hadronic interactions with similar underlying physical assumptions and algorithms tailored for efficient operation to the highest cosmic ray energies are SIBYLL and QGSJET .
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
The underlying idea behind SIBYLL is that the increase in the cross section is driven by the production of minijets .
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
Both, SIBYLL and QGSJET describe particle production in hadronnucleus collisions in a quite similar fashion.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
For each hadronic code we generate sets of 105 collisions in order to analyze the secondaries produced by SIBYLL and QGSJET in ¯pp and ¯pA (A represents a nucleus target of mass number A = 10) at different pro jectile energies.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
In all the considered cases we found that the number of secondaries coming from QGSJET collisions is larger than the ones corresponding to the SIBYLL case.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
In the left hand side we present the results of QGSJET while the right hand side corresponds to the ones of SIBYLL.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
In Fig. 13, hXmaxi is plotted versus the logarithm of the primary energy for both, the SIBYLL and QGSJET cases.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
It shows up clearly that SIBYLL showers present higher values for the depth of the maximum, and that the differences between the SIBYLL and QGSJET cases increase with the primary energy.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
This is consistent with the fact that SIBYLL produces less secondaries than QGSJET –as discussed before– and as a result, there is a delay in the electromagnetic shower development which is strongly correlated with π 0 decays.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
AIRES is a realistic air shower simulation system which includes electromagnetic interactions algorithms and links to the mentioned SIBYLL and QGSJET models.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
The behaviour can be explained taking into account the differences between the number of SIBYLL and QGSJET secondaries previously reported.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
Figure 14: Comparison between the recorded muon lateral distributions displayed by SIBYLL and QGSJET at different atmospheric altitudes.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
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