shunt

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shunt transfer to another track, of trains
    • v shunt provide with or divert by means of an electrical shunt
    • n shunt implant consisting of a tube made of plastic or rubber; for draining fluids within the body
    • n shunt a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current
    • n shunt a passage by which a bodily fluid (especially blood) is diverted from one channel to another "an arteriovenus shunt"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Shunt (Elec) A conducting circuit joining two points in a conductor, or the terminals of a galvanometer or dynamo, so as to form a parallel or derived circuit through which a portion of the current may pass, for the purpose of regulating the amount passing in the main circuit.
    • Shunt (Railroad) A turning off to a side or short track, that the principal track may be left free.
    • Shunt (Gunnery) The shifting of the studs on a projectile from the deep to the shallow sides of the grooves in its discharge from a shunt gun.
    • Shunt To cause to move suddenly; to give a sudden start to; to shove.
    • v. i Shunt To go aside; to turn off.
    • Shunt (Elec) To provide with a shunt; as, to shunt a galvanometer.
    • Shunt To shun; to move from.
    • Shunt To turn off to one side; especially, to turn off, as a grain or a car upon a side track; to switch off; to shift. "For shunting your late partner on to me."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • shunt To start aside or back; shrink back; flinch; of a horse, to shy.
    • shunt To turn back or away; turn aside.
    • shunt Specifically— In railroading, to turn from one line of rails to another; switch.
    • shunt In electricity, to use a shunt. See shunt, n., 3.
    • shunt To escape.
    • shunt To turn aside from a topic, purpose, line of thought, course of action, etc.; shift one's thoughts, conversation, proceedings, etc., into a different direction.
    • shunt To hold back; delay.
    • shunt To slip down, as earth.
    • shunt To shun; move from.
    • shunt To move or turn aside. Specifically
    • shunt To give a start to; shove.
    • shunt Hence To shove off; put out of one's way; free one's self of, as of anything disagreeable, by putting it upon another.
    • shunt To ward off injury, trouble, or danger from; remove from a position of trouble or danger.
    • n shunt A drawing or turning back.
    • n shunt A turning aside; specifically, in railroading, a turning off to a siding, or short line of rails, that the main line may be left clear.
    • n shunt In electricity, a conductor, usually of relatively low resistance, joining two points in an electric circuit, and forming a desired circuit or path through which a part of the current will pass, the amount depending on the relative resistance of the shunt and that part of the principal circuit whose extremities it connects. Any number of shunts may be applied to a conductor, and the current distributed among them in any desired manner. The current passing through a galvanometer or other measuring-instrument may be reduced in any desired degree by the introduction of a shunt; and the factor by which the current indicated by the instrument must be multiplied in order to give the total current is called the shunt-multiplier. See field shunt, under field.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Shunt shunt to turn aside, to turn off upon a side-rail: to shove off, free one's self from
    • v.i Shunt to turn aside: to use a switch or shunt in railways and electrics
    • n Shunt a short side-rail for allowing the main-line to be kept free:
    • n Shunt (electr.) a conductor joining two points of a circuit, through which a part of the current is diverted
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Prov. E., to move from, to put off, fr. OE. shunten, schunten, schounten,; cf. D. schuinte, a slant, slope, Icel. skunda, to hasten. Cf. Shun

Usage

In literature:

There are in everyone potential forms of activity that actually are shunted out from use.
"How to Add Ten Years to your Life and to Double Its Satisfactions" by S. S. Curry
They had been locked within a force shell and shunted through millions of miles of space.
"Empire" by Clifford Donald Simak
This shunt is shown in diagram in fig.
"Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man" by Francis Gano Benedict
Have the carriage shunted, and keep close guard over it until Mr. Narkom and I arrive.
"Cleek, the Master Detective" by Thomas W. Hanshew
I'll show the dreadful little wretch that she can't shunt her child off on me for support.
"What's-His-Name" by George Barr McCutcheon
If he were he would have absolutely at the first idea shunted off the evil proposal which I happened to make to you.
"A Bunch of Cherries" by L. T. Meade
Don't they often shunt you on to the First or Second West Indians?
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science Volume 15, No. 89, May, 1875" by Various
He was completely shunted off his original track of thought and anticipation.
"The Valley of Silent Men" by James Oliver Curwood
I got out when night came and slipped under an empty fruit car which was being shunted on the siding.
"The Spoilers of the Valley" by Robert Watson
Train shunted into siding.
"The Last Voyage" by Lady (Annie Allnutt) Brassey
D. (P.) on the word Shunt, 450.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
So Sharrow shunted him to Mr. Brooke, that sort of property being his specialty; and Brooke called in Shotwell.
"The Crimson Tide" by Robert W. Chambers
Light rays passing through the Tube can be shunted off and on.
"Gone Fishing" by James H. Schmitz
It was like shunting a burden off his shoulders.
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
The latter will be shunted on to a loopline.
"Twentieth Century Inventions" by George Sutherland
In the same way, sex appetite is shunted out by anger.
"Psychology" by Robert S. Woodworth
Aunty won't take half the satisfaction in shunting you off to the monkey woods if she thinks you want to go.
"Side-stepping with Shorty" by Sewell Ford
The special car had to be shunted onto the siding before Captain Rugley could go aboard.
"Frances of the Ranges" by Amy Bell Marlowe
But this time men shunted aside the automatic controls.
"The First Day of Spring" by Mari Wolf
The bells of half a dozen shunting engines are tolling suggestively in his ears.
"From Sea to Sea" by Rudyard Kipling
***

In poetry:

In it there is no Heart--no Soul--
No illimitable Goal--
Only wild happenings, by wont
Made into laws no might can shunt
From the deep grooves in which they hunt.
"The Athiest" by Cale Young Rice
Nottman himself is a devil to drive,
But cool and steady, and ever alive
To whatever danger is looming in front,
When a train has run hard to gain time for a shunt.
"Nottman" by Alexander Anderson
When, just as I lifted up my head
From the furnace-door, there right in front
(I had miss'd the signal standing red),
Was a mineral train that had stopp'd to shunt.
"Rid of His Engine" by Alexander Anderson
We had just two shunts; the last for the mail—
She was late, for already upon the rail
The snow lay thick, but she thunder'd past
Like a great, red, smoky ghost in the blast.
"Jim Dalley" by Alexander Anderson
Long since, I lived in lordly porches fronting
With thronged, enormous pillars to the tide,
Where day as in basaltic caverns died
With seaward gleams along the columns shunting.
"Anterior Life (La Vie Anterieure)" by Clark Ashton Smith
“Next mom rose Johnnie’s mates to pack
And make an early shunt,
But all they could get out of Jack
Was ‘All right,’ or a grunt,
By pourin’ water down his back
And—when he turned—his front.
"The Sleeping Beauty" by Henry Lawson

In news:

A 27-year-old woman presented with an ostium secundum atrial septal defect (left-to-right shunt 60.7.
Bruno Junqueira tweeted this photo of the shunted Nissan DeltaWing .
As a result, the researchers used a balanced topology with two Schottky shunt-barrier diodes with grounded cathodes, which can increase the output power used for the CMOS implementation.
Under the just-signed AB 1964, California employers face new restrictions against shunting Sikh and Muslim workers out of public view for wearing turbans, beards and hijabs, the Los Angeles Times reports.
Under AB 1964 signed by Gov Brown, California employers face new restrictions against shunting Sikh and Muslim workers out of public view for wearing turbans, beards and hijabs.
Woman with failing shunt cheers on Cardinals 2 weeks after major surgery .
A booster battery with a 12-volt port and a memory saver connected to the OBD II connector will preserve memory and security settings while you connect the shunt.
Radioisotopes injected into the shunt reservoir should normally distribute freely through the abdomen.
Fifty years ago she would have been labelled as "mentally retarded " and my husband and I would have been told to shunt her off to an institution.
Shunted to the back of tomorrow's St Patrick 's Day Parade, New York City firefighters aren't the only ones who are angry with parade chair John Dunleavy.
Family hopeful Bryan Stow can receive brain shunt .
Centennial's Zach Lederer plays football despite a brain tumor and a ventricular shunt in his skull.
Just prior to Zander 's second birthday, doctors discovered his shunt had malfunctioned.
The treatment uses a shunt to drain fluid from the brain.
A shunt is inserted in the head and a tube leads to the abdomen.
***

In science:

This shunting of various observer’s predictability (and perhaps only this shunting ) is the subtle manner in which the quantum world is sensitive to our experimental interventions.
Information Tradeoff Relations for Finite-Strength Quantum Measurements
Neglecting the ≪local ≫ charging energy and normal current (ie between a given site and the ground) yields the so-called ≪ Resistively and capacitively shunted junction (RC S J ) model ≫.
Dynamics of two-dimensional Josephson junction arrays
Indeed, already a single, capacitively and resistively shunted junction with an applied voltage or current corresponds to a damped driven pendulum, which is known to show very rich structures in its dynamic phase diagram.
Dynamics of two-dimensional Josephson junction arrays
The large shunt capacitance Csh transforms at finite frequencies the current bias into the voltage bias.
Tunnel junction as a noise probe
The Josephson tunnel junction with capacitance CJ is voltage-biased via the shunt resistor R.
Tunnel junction as a noise probe
Important is that the current I should be the total current of the part of the circuit, which describes the Josephson junction in the RCSJ model (inductance + capacitance + shunt resistance).
Tunnel junction as a noise probe
Whether the dissipative quantum theory underlying resistivity shunted Josephson junctions can be renormalized is presently unclear.
Josephson junctions and dark energy
The shunt(bias) resistors are fabricated on the NYQ chips.
Antenna-coupled TES bolometer arrays for CMB polarimetry
Indeed, real bipolar cells conductance is time varying, resulting in a phenomenon termed as shunting inhibition.
Streaming an image through the eye: The retina seen as a dithered scalable image coder
This shunting avoids the system saturation by reducing high magnitudes.
Streaming an image through the eye: The retina seen as a dithered scalable image coder
J (φ) is the Josephson current, φ is the superconducting phase difference across the junction, V = dφ/dt is the voltage, and G(φ) is the shunt conductance (I , φ and V are time dependent quantities; we have set ¯h/2e = 1).
On the absence of Shapiro-like steps in certain mesoscopic S-N-S junctions
In the standard resistively-shunted-junction (RSJ) model, the conductance G is taken to be independent of φ.
On the absence of Shapiro-like steps in certain mesoscopic S-N-S junctions
To verify whether or not the Hall conductivity is quantized, direct measurements of σxy were necessary excluding a possible shunting effect of the edge currents.
Metal-insulator transitions and the effects of electron-electron interactions in two-dimensional electron systems
The induced voltage, V = Q/C , which is restricted due to a large shunting capacitance, C , changes linearly with magnetic field with a slope determined by σxy in the quantum Hall states until the dissipationless quantum Hall state breaks down (see Fig. 10).
Metal-insulator transitions and the effects of electron-electron interactions in two-dimensional electron systems
The geometry of Josephson tunnel junctions implies a shunt capacitance.
Quantum phase slip junctions
***