shoulder

Definitions

  • "All three set to work shoulder to shoulder."
    "All three set to work shoulder to shoulder."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shoulder push with the shoulders "He shouldered his way into the crowd"
    • v shoulder carry a burden, either real or metaphoric "shoulder the burden"
    • v shoulder lift onto one's shoulders
    • n shoulder a narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road "the car pulled off onto the shoulder"
    • n shoulder the part of a garment that covers or fits over the shoulder "an ornamental gold braid on the shoulder of his uniform"
    • n shoulder the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm
    • n shoulder a ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula
    • n shoulder a cut of meat including the upper joint of the foreleg
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A. Cross-Section Thru Back Left Leg and Adjoining Rails of Table. (Plan). B. Elevation, Showing Wide Shoulder on Tenon of Rail A. Cross-Section Thru Back Left Leg and Adjoining Rails of Table. (Plan). B. Elevation, Showing Wide Shoulder on...
When Dad Put his Hand on Her Shoulder and Petted It 276 When Dad Put his Hand on Her Shoulder and Petted It 276
right Shoulder Shift--arms!' 067 right Shoulder Shift--arms!' 067
An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or other ornamental device) stamped on the shoulders of the wine bottles which they ordered from England An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or...
A Jamestown sentry on duty shouldering his heavy matchlock musket. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) A Jamestown sentry on duty shouldering his heavy matchlock musket. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
A MAN CARRYING A SHEEP ON HIS SHOULDERS A MAN CARRYING A SHEEP ON HIS SHOULDERS
A man carries something on a shoulder and forms a letter F A man carries something on a shoulder and forms a letter F
An angel looks down, a smaller angel leans on her shoulder An angel looks down, a smaller angel leans on her shoulder

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Spanish, the word "hombre" means: 'shoulder', 'man', and 'hat' all at the same time.
    • Shoulder An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc., as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc.
    • Shoulder Fig.: That which supports or sustains; support. "In thy shoulder do I build my seat."
    • Shoulder (Anat) See under Pectoral, and Pelvic.
    • Shoulder That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing. "The north western shoulder of the mountain."
    • Shoulder (Fort) The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank. See Illust. of Bastion.
    • Shoulder The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often used in the plural. "Then by main force pulled up, and on his shoulders bore
      The gates of Azza."
      "Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair."
    • Shoulder (Anat) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint.
    • Shoulder The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton.
    • Shoulder To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle. "As they the earth would shoulder from her seat.""Around her numberless the rabble flowed, Shouldering each other, crowding for a view."
    • Shoulder To take upon the shoulder or shoulders; as, to shoulder a basket; hence, to assume the burden or responsibility of; as, to shoulder blame; to shoulder a debt. "As if Hercules
      Or burly Atlas shouldered up their state."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Spam stands for Shoulder Pork and hAM.
    • n shoulder A part of the body at the side and back of the bottom of the neck, and at the side and top of the chest; collectively, the parts about the scapula or blade-bone; the scapular region, including both bony and soft parts; especially, in man, the lateral prominence of these parts, where the upper arm-bone is articulated, having as its bony basis the united ends of the collar-bone and the blade-bone, overlaid by the mass of the deltoid muscle. See also cut under shoulder-blade.
    • n shoulder Figuratively, sustaining power; strength to support burdens: as, to take the work or the blame on one's own shoulders.
    • n shoulder The shoulder-joint.
    • n shoulder The parts of an animal corresponding to the shoulder of man, including some other parts, and sometimes the whole, fore quarter of an animal: thus, a shoulder of mutton includes parts of the neck, chest, and foreleg.
    • n shoulder In ornithology, the carpal joint, or wrist-joint, of a bird's wing; the bend of the wing, which, when the wing is folded, fits against the shoulder proper, and appears in the place of this. The distinctively shaded or white parts which show in the cuts under Agelæinæ and sea-eagle are the shoulders in this sense.
    • n shoulder Some part projecting like a shoulder; specifically, in anatomy, the tuberculum of a rib, separated from the head by the neck, and usually articulating with the transverse process of a vertebra. See tuberculum, and cut under rib.
    • n shoulder A prominent or projecting part below the top; a rounded projection: as, the shoulder of a hill: especially, a projection on an object to oppose or limit motion or form an abutment; a horizontal or rectangular projection from the body of a thing.
    • n shoulder Specifically— The butting-ring on the axle of a vehicle.
    • n shoulder The projection of a lamp-chimney just below the contraction or neck.
    • n shoulder In carpentry, the finished end of a tenoned rail or mullion; the part from which the tenon projects, and which fits close against the piece in which the mortise is cut. See cut under mortise.
    • n shoulder In printing, the projection at the top of the shank of a type beyond the face of the letter. See cut under type.
    • n shoulder In archery, the broadest part of a barbed arrow-head; the width across the barbs, or from the shaft to the extremity of one of the barbs.
    • n shoulder The upper part of the blade of a sword.
    • n shoulder In a vase, jug, bottle, etc., the projection below the neck.
    • n shoulder In a knife, the enlarged part between the tang and the blade.
    • n shoulder In angling, a feather to the body of an artificial fly.
    • n shoulder The back part of a sail.
    • n shoulder A projecting edge or ridge; a bur.
    • n shoulder In fortification, the angle of a bastion included between the face and the flank. Also called shoulder-angle. See cut under bastion.
    • n shoulder In the leather-trade, a name given to tanned or curried hides and kips.
    • n shoulder In entomology:
    • n shoulder One of the humeri or front upper corners of an insect's thorax: but in Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Orthoptera the term generally denotes the upper front angles of the wing-covers.
    • n shoulder A shoulder-moth.
    • shoulder To push or thrust with the shoulder energetically or with violence.
    • shoulder To take upon the shoulder or shoulders: as, to shoulder a basket; specifically (military), to carry vertically or nearly so, as a musket in one hand and resting against the arm and the hollow of the shoulder, the exact position varying in different countries and at different times.
    • shoulder To form a shoulder or abutment on, by cutting or casting, as in a shaft or a beam.
    • shoulder To push forward, as with the shoulder foremost; force one's way by or as if by using the shoulder, as through a crowd.
    • n shoulder In horticulture, the squared or expanded base of a bunch of grapes, usually produced by an extra branch in the cluster.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Nobel Peace Prize medal depicts 3 naked men with their hands on each others shoulders.
    • n Shoulder shōl′dėr the part of the trunk between the neck and the free portion of the arm or fore-limb, the region about the scapula: the upper joint of the foreleg of an animal cut for market: anything resembling the shoulder, a rising part, a prominence: that which sustains, support, the whole might or effort: the whole angle of a bastion between the face and flank
    • v.t Shoulder to push with the shoulder or violently: to take upon the shoulder: to fashion with a shoulder or abutment
    • v.i Shoulder to force one's way forward
    • ***

Quotations

  • Yiddish Proverb
    Yiddish Proverb
    “God gave burdens, also shoulders.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin%20D.%20Roosevelt
    “It is a terrible thing to look over your shoulder when you are trying to lead -- and find no one there.”
  • H. L. Mencken
    H.%20L.%20Mencken
    “Man is always looking for someone to boast to; woman is always looking for a shoulder to put her head on.”
  • Brigham Young
    Brigham%20Young
    “Remember, a chip on the shoulder is a sure sign of wood higher up.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “You must not expect old heads upon young shoulders.”
  • A. E. Housman
    A. E. Housman
    “The troubles of our proud and angry dust are from eternity, and shall not fail. Bear them we can, and if we can we must. Shoulder the sky, my lad, and drink your ale.”

Idioms

Chip on your shoulder - If someone has a chip on their shoulder, they are resentful about something and feel that they have been treated badly.
***
Cold shoulder - If you give or show someone the cold shoulder, you are deliberately unfriendly and unco-operative towards them.
***
Put your shoulder to the wheel - When you put your shoulder to the wheel, you contribute to an effort.
***
Rub shoulders - If you rub shoulders with people, you meet and spend time with them, especially when they are powerful or famous.
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Stand head and shoulders above - It means to stand apart from the rest (in a good way), or to be the best. For example, "With his amazing grasp on the subject, John stood head and shoulders above the rest".
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Straight from the shoulder - If someone talks straight from the shoulder, they talk honestly and plainly.
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Weight off your shoulders - If something is a weight off your shoulders, you have relieved yourself of a burden, normally a something that has been troubling you or worrying you.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS. sculdor,; akin to D. schoulder, G. schulter, OHG. scultarra, Dan. skulder, Sw. skuldra,

Usage

In literature:

Six years had fined her face into beauty, but there was tension in the set of her shoulders, and her gray eyes had looked on horrors.
"The Door Through Space" by Marion Zimmer Bradley
Here they saw Buck slapping the Shan boatman on the shoulder.
"Jack Haydon's Quest" by John Finnemore
He felt a hand on his shoulder.
"The Yotsuya Kwaidan or O'Iwa Inari" by James S. De Benneville
He was compelled to a coat which, light and thin as it was, cut off all the breeze from his muscular shoulders.
"Bakemono Yashiki (The Haunted House)" by James S. De Benneville
Father Anthony caught the shoulder of his friend.
"Riders of the Silences" by John Frederick
Monte threw back his shoulders.
"The Triflers" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
Tess gave an impatient twist of her shoulders.
"The Secret of the Storm Country" by Grace Miller White
Some of the figures were tall, broad-shouldered and heavy, others small and slight.
"The Black Cross" by Olive M. Briggs
Landless knelt down and examined the shoulder.
"Prisoners of Hope" by Mary Johnston
The ball went through Cleave's sleeve, grazing his arm and Dundee's shoulder.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
A suggestion of immense strength was in his broad shoulders and deep chest.
"The Grell Mystery" by Frank Froest
He had need to square his shoulders: a greater need than either he or his two devoted friends could dream.
"The Forbidden Trail" by Honoré Willsie
The Roman laid a hand on the shoulder of his bargain.
"Nicanor - Teller of Tales" by C. Bryson Taylor
Tears from her eyes fell like warm wax on his shoulder.
"Erik Dorn" by Ben Hecht
I shouldered my rifle, and was about to move forward, when to my astonishment, I found that I was caught by the feet.
"The Scalp Hunters" by Mayne Reid
Drew had forgotten the feel of linen next to his now seldom clean skin, the set of broadcloth across the shoulders.
"Ride Proud, Rebel!" by Andre Alice Norton
Jim touched his shoulder.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
The woman shrugged her shoulders.
"Anna the Adventuress" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
His shoulders shot forward to a rigid stoop of astonishment.
"The Trail of the Hawk" by Sinclair Lewis
He put his hands on Dick's shoulders.
"The Explorer" by W. Somerset Maugham
***

In poetry:

My mother smiled as those who understand souls
tend to do;
She placed two hands on my shoulders.
She's staring at me . . .
and tears spring from my eyes.
"They've Come" by Alfonsina Storni
The shoulder of the stone does not know you
nor the black silk, where you are shuttered.
Your silent memory does not know you
because you have died forever
"Lament For Ignacio Sanchez Mejias" by Federico Garcia Lorca
She's lookit oer her left shoulder
To hide the tears stood in her ee;
"Now fare thee well, Young Bicham," she says,
"I'll strive to think nae mair on thee."
"Young Bicham" by Andrew Lang
Sit by me comrade, thou and I have stood
Shoulder to shoulder on the battle-field,
And bore us there like men of British blood,
But comrade this is death, and I must yield.
"Orson's Farewell" by Nora Pembroke
Bluer your eye than the blaeberry kissed
On the high mountain's shoulder by sun and by mist;
Gentler your eyelids' soft motion, than where
The upland grass waves to the breezes of air.
"The Death Of The Boar" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
A man's brains splattered on
A stretcher-bearer's face;
His shook shoulders slipped their load,
But when they bent to look again
The drowning soul was sunk too deep
For human tenderness.
"Dead Man's Dump" by Isaac Rosenberg

In news:

Passersby discovered the Cupertino resident unconscious on the right shoulder of Highway 9, south of Redwood Gulch Road, around 3:50 p.m.
Paris Jackson, 14, Looks All Grown Up in One-Shoulder Dress.
Cold shoulder or heavy petting.
Heat's Allen gets cold shoulder from old friend Garnett.
With hockey's cold shoulder , a meltdown.
Powerful Democrats turn cold shoulder to Dorworth challenger.
Long given cold shoulder , lagers are getting bolder.
President can't cold shoulder anyone.
Obama's Pay Freeze Gets the Cold Shoulder .
San Antonio's cold shoulder worries UFL.
No cold shoulder for Northside's Philip Scott.
White House (AP) President Bush's new pronouncement on how to fight global warming is getting a cold shoulder from congressional democrats.
Feeling a cold shoulder .
40 m ago on the shoulder (tractor trailer).
Shoulder blocked on The Southern St Pkwy EB after Merrick Ave/X24.
***

In science:

However, further examination of the Dalitz plot for this reaction does not show any resonance structure, and so it is possible that this small shoulder in the mass distribution is just a statistical fluctuation.
Experimental Search for Pentaquarks
This is not warranted, however, as the sets are also consistent with alternative truths, such as that both shoulder and thigh are relevant variables.
Multiple Testing for Exploratory Research
There is, however, a large difference in the line profile of the H I lines between the UVES and STIS observations, with much stronger ’shoulders’ in the ground based observations.
Late Spectral Evolution of the Ejecta and Reverse Shock in SN1987A
Two ma jor lobes, which sprout upward from the “body”, are called the “platform” and the “shoulder”, respectively.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
For heavy hadrons such as protons, the radial flow generates a “shoulder” in the spectrum at low pT which is more pronounced at LHC than at RHIC energies.
Collective flow and viscosity in relativistic heavy-ion collisions
Note the peaks are offset from the inflationary prediction, and the first “peak” is more of a shoulder in this model.
A New Test of Inflation
As already mentioned in p ¯p reactions UA5 collaboration noticed that MD of the full sample of events at c.m. energy √s = 900 GeV in largest pseudorapidity intervals violates NB regularity and shows a characteristic shoulder structure.
Clan concept in multiparticle dynamics and the NB ``enigma''
At the same time more conservative people asked to look better at the data: shoulder effect might very well be due to the overlap of jets of different topologies i.e. the regularity should be tested at a more elementary level.
Clan concept in multiparticle dynamics and the NB ``enigma''
However, the more typical situation is that it produces only a shoulder or an enhancement over the prediction of a weak-coupling model.
Strong Coupling Electroweak Symmetry Breaking
The J/ψ was first seen as what we now know is a substantial shoulder above the Drell-Yan continuum.
QCD and Hadronic Interactions: Summary talk for Moriond 97
The shoulder was the narrow resonance smeared out by detector resolution.
QCD and Hadronic Interactions: Summary talk for Moriond 97
It has been suggested that abnormal nuclear matter, e.g. a QGP, may be observed via a secondary, high temperature component in the particle spectra or via a shoulder in the pion multiplicity distributions [164].
Signatures of Quark-Gluon-Plasma formation in high energy heavy-ion collisions: A critical review
For deuterons a shoulder is visible in the low mt range of the spectrum.
Signatures of Quark-Gluon-Plasma formation in high energy heavy-ion collisions: A critical review
It reminds of old conjecture of DPM (or QGSM) that the rescattering produces MD with several shoulders.
Multiparticle Dynamics 1998: Summary talk
The similar shoulder has been seen in e+e− processes.
Multiparticle Dynamics 1998: Summary talk
***