shingle

Definitions

  • Hand Shingle-Machine
    Hand Shingle-Machine
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shingle cover with shingles "shingle a roof"
    • n shingle a small signboard outside the office of a lawyer or doctor, e.g.
    • n shingle coarse beach gravel of small waterworn stones and pebbles (or a stretch of shore covered with such gravel)
    • n shingle building material used as siding or roofing
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Ax.  Shingling Hatchet. , Carpenter's Adze Ax. Shingling Hatchet. , Carpenter's Adze
Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles
SHINGLING SHINGLING
Car loaded with 100,000 Shingles Car loaded with 100,000 Shingles
Shingle Oak Shingle Oak

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Shingle A piece of wood sawed or rived thin and small, with one end thinner than the other, -- used in covering buildings, especially roofs, the thick ends of one row overlapping the thin ends of the row below. "I reached St. Asaph, . . . where there is a very poor cathedral church covered with shingles or tiles."
    • Shingle A sign for an office or a shop; as, to hang out one's shingle .
    • n Shingle (Geol) Round, water-worn, and loose gravel and pebbles, or a collection of roundish stones, such as are common on the seashore and elsewhere.
    • Shingle To cover with shingles; as, to shingle a roof. "They shingle their houses with it."
    • Shingle To cut, as hair, so that the ends are evenly exposed all over the head, as shingles on a roof.
    • v. t Shingle To subject to the process of shindling, as a mass of iron from the pudding furnace.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n shingle A thin piece of wood having parallel sides and being thicker at one end than the other, used like a tile or a slate in covering the sides and roofs of houses; a wooden tile. In the United States shingles are usually about 6 inches in width and 18 inches long, and are laid with one third of their length to the weather—that is, with 12 inches of cover and 6 inches of lap.
    • n shingle A small sign-board, especially that of a professional man: as, to hang out one's shingle.
    • shingle To cover with shingles: as, to shingle a roof.
    • shingle To cut (the hair) so that streaks of it overlap like rows of shingles; hence, to cut (the hair, or the hair of) very close.
    • shingle In puddling iron, to hammer roughly or squeeze (the ball of metal). This is done after the ball is taken from the furnace, in order to press the slag out of it, and prepare it to be rolled into the desired shape.
    • n shingle A kind of water-worn detritus a little coarser than gravel: a term most generally used with reference to debris on the sea-shore, and much more commonly in the British Islands than in the United States.
    • n shingle Girth; hence, the waist; the middle.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Shingle shing′gl wood sawed or split thin, used instead of slates or tiles, for roofing houses:
    • v.t Shingle to cover with shingles: to crop the hair very close
    • n Shingle shing′gl the coarse gravel on the shores of rivers or of the sea
    • n Shingle shing′gl (U.S.) a small sign-board or plate
    • ***

Quotations

  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “Having each some shingles of thought well dried, we sat and whittled them.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. shingle, shindle, fr. L. scindula, scandula,; cf. scindere, to cleave, to split, E. shed, v. t., Gr. , , shingle, to slit
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. scindula, a wooden tile—L. scindĕre, to split.

Usage

In literature:

Below, on the piled shingle, a man stood alone, staring out over the darkness, motionless and absorbed.
"The Swindler and Other Stories" by Ethel M. Dell
Shingle the roof in the decrease of the moon, so the shingles will lie flat ("go down").
"Current Superstitions" by Various
There wasn't no such things as shingles.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
So they rode on down the hill and along the shingled beach that edged a lagoon.
"The Mermaid" by Lily Dougall
He advanced alone across the black shingle and she stood watching him and listening to the stones crunching beneath his feet.
"The Beach of Dreams" by H. De Vere Stacpoole
When noon came he was working away on the roof, tearing the old shingles off with a spade.
"Wayside Courtships" by Hamlin Garland
Now we were at the land and the keel of our boat grated on the shingle.
"Simon Dale" by Anthony Hope
He had a case of shingles.
"Torchy As A Pa" by Sewell Ford
Once again the beach was a wide expanse of shingle, drying fast under a sun hotter than any Shann had yet known on Warlock.
"Storm Over Warlock" by Andre Norton
Shingle-bolts are also made from crooked or otherwise imperfect logs.
"Handwork in Wood" by William Noyes
This was the Commandant's first question as he stepped out upon the shingle.
"Major Vigoureux" by A. T. Quiller-Couch
That part of it was very smooth and overhung a little between where he was and the steeply sloping strip of shingle on which the girl stood.
"The Gold Trail" by Harold Bindloss
Dad met her when he was ferryin' shingles, an' that's how it came around.
"Chums in Dixie" by St. George Rathborne
The house of Philip Bramble was situated on the farther side of a road which ran along the shore, just above the shingle beach.
"Poor Jack" by Frederick Marryat
When but ten years old he showed the material he was made of by a beautiful drawing on a shingle.
"Architects of Fate" by Orison Swett Marden
A few minutes sufficed to put the loose shingle to rights, and then Ian descended to the room below.
"The Red Man's Revenge" by R.M. Ballantyne
The worthy coast-guard-man scratched his nose and stared at the shingle for some minutes before venturing to reply.
"The Lifeboat" by R.M. Ballantyne
The occupation of its inhabitants was cutting down timber and making shingles.
"Reminiscences of Two Years in the United States Navy" by John M. Batten
Then the shores closed in ahead, and, landing on a shingle beach, they made camp in the mouth of a gap among the hills.
"The Long Portage" by Harold Bindloss
When they stood on the shingle he dropped her hand.
"Masters of the Wheat-Lands" by Harold Bindloss
***

In poetry:

She'll hear my boat on the shingles,
And she'll hear my step on the land,
And the corncrake deep in the meadow
Will tell her that I'm at hand!
"Girls Spinning" by Padraic Colum
At Dingle, upon sand and shingle,
Softly the ripples curve and creep;
Without the white-caps meet and mingle,
Without the breakers range and leap.
"At Dingle" by Clinton Scollard
Still, where the birches fingered their reflection,
The thrushes chanted to the evening sky;
Still the grey wagtails raced across the shingle
As they went by.
"The Ancient Gods" by Mary Webb
And, top this day, I fell a thrill
'Mid tins upon the shingle;
I seem to hear that chorus shrill:
"Young man, go forth and mingle!"
And yet, 'tis naught to what I feel
Whene'er I hear Belinda squeal.
"The Minglers" by C J Dennis
And now to you all--whether married or single--
Whether sheltered by slate, or by "shake," or by shingle--
God bless you with peace and with bountiful cheer,
Happy houses, happy hearts--and a happy New Year!
"New Year's Address-January 1, 1866" by Hanford Lennox Gordon
And when sawn-timber homes were built out in the West,
Then for walls and for ceilings its wood was the best;
And for shingles and palings to last while men be,
There was nothing on earth like the stringy-bark tree.
"The Stringy-Bark Tree" by Henry Lawson

In news:

Martha Garcia/Colfax RecordWorking under a clear, dry sky, a crew from Larry Logan Roofing hangs shingles at St Dominic 's Church last week.
Self- employed roofer Mark Blevins installs shingles May 16 on the roof of First Baptist Church on Winchester Street in Ashland, Ky. How Barack Obama won reelection.
Exploring beneath the shingles.
Girls living in El Dorado Hills up to Shingle Springs ages 5 to 15 interested in playing can register at fgsl.org.
Cannes laureates Michel Franco and Michael Rowe are teaming up to create "Hotel Garage" for the smallscreen in Mexico via Franco 's new shingle, Lucia Films.
Cannes laureates Michel Franco and Michael Rowe are teaming up to create "Hotel Garage" for the smallscreen in Mexico via Franco's new shingle, Lucia Films.
Warner Bros inks first-look deal with Gulfstream : New shingle launching with mix of US, Korean coin.
Replacement shingles, roofing cement and nails can cost $30.
El Dorado County sheriff's deputies responded to the Shingle Springs casino at 10:30 pm to a report of a stabbing.
Shingle nabs rights to book on fateful brush with famed illusionist.
Pic about mistaken identity put Brit doc shingle into plexes.
NBCUniversal International will take a majority investment in Oz shingle Matchbox Pictures for an undisclosed sum.
Texas-based shingle starts with a piece of 'Dallas Buyers Club'.
GAF Monaco lifetime designer shingles.
It's also the perfect opportunity for you to try your hand at shingling.
***

In science:

Ladders were formed from two CCDs placed end-to-end (with a small overlap in coverage) on opposite sides of a beryllium support beam, and arranged in 3 complete azimuthal layers, with a ‘shingled’ geometry to ensure no gaps in azimuth. 96 CCDS were used, giving a total count of 307M pixels.
R&D for a CCD Vertex Detector for the High Energy Linear e+e- Collider
The same paper needed a few tools for the similarity of documents such as shingles that we still use today.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
We actually use a signature of up to 1000 items (shingles), thus performing more a contents comparison than a probabilistic comparison, reducing to zero false positives.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
We kept a unique copy of any element in the final lists: the duplication test was done using the shingling technique [3, 15] over the landing page contents of the URLs (see § 5.3 for details).
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
In other words, in Eq. 3, the sets Uσ and Uπ contained shingles rather than terms.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
Consider a document as a sequence of letters σ = (a, b, c, a, b, c) and consider a window of size 3 letter (shingle).
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
In general, if the document has n words and the shingle window is of size m, we have up to n − m shingles.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
In practice, the shingles are encoded by a unique integer and we have a set of integers (letters if you will) and then we can apply the Jaccard ratio.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
We use the similarity function Jterm (, ) —shingle based comparison as in Equation 3— and δterm (, ) —Histogram– CDF based comparison as in Equation 9.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
Figure 3: Number of queries and equivalent number of common results expressed as the Jaccard ratio of the URLs JU RL,10 : left, duplicate using Jterm,1 (, ) only (shingles); right, using both Jterm,1 (, ) or δterm (, ) (loose comparison) for only US and JP where we have more intersection to start with.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
The duplicate detection is computed by using shingles or word histograms.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
For contents-based Jaccard ratio we take the shingles of all documents in a results list up to a specific rank and then we compute the intersection/union ratio of both lists.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
First, let us recall what Jterm,5 means: take an engine list and consider only the first 5 URLs, take the contents of the documents as shingles (10 words each shingle without repetition) and create a set, and now perform the Jaccard ratio of the sets so determined.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
They show content-based approaches (e.g. shingle overlap from the top n pages) provides a wider range of values, and again no correlation between overlap and quality.
On the Weakenesses of Correlation Measures used for Search Engines' Results (Unsupervised Comparison of Search Engine Rankings)
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