• WordNet 3.6
    • n shifter a mechanical device for engaging and disengaging gears "in Britain they call a gearshift a gear lever"
    • n shifter a stagehand responsible for moving scenery
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Shifter (construction, tunneling) A foreman responsible for the work on one shift in one area, as in one heading{4}.
    • Shifter (Mach) A wire for changing a loop from one needle to another, as in narrowing, etc.
    • Shifter (Mach) An arrangement for shifting a belt sidewise from one pulley to another.
    • Shifter (Naut) An assistant to the ship's cook in washing, steeping, and shifting the salt provisions.
    • Shifter One who, or that which, shifts; one who plays tricks or practices artifice; a cozener. "'T was such a shifter that, if truth were known,
      Death was half glad when he had got him down."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n shifter One who shifts or changes: as, a scene -shifter.
    • n shifter Nautical, a person employed to assist the ship's cook in washing, steeping, and shifting the salt provisions.
    • n shifter A contrivance used in shifting. A kind of clutch used in shifting a belt from a loose to a fixed pulley.
    • n shifter One who is given to change; a fickle person; also, one who resorts to petty shifts or expedients; one who practises artifice; a dodger; a trickster; a cozener.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Shifter one who shifts: a trickster
    • ***


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. sciftan, to divide, Ice. skipta.


In literature:

Mildred felt no bitterness; ever since she could remember her mother had been a shifter of responsibility.
"The Price She Paid" by David Graham Phillips
He is no great shifter; once a year his apparel is ready to revolt.
"Cynthia's Revels" by Ben Jonson
I have been a hard-working man, and served all offices on board from cook's shifter to the command of a vessel.
"The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, Volume I" by Tobias Smollett
The scene shifters are off.
"The Eyes of the World" by Harold Bell Wright
The stage was invaded by scene-shifters before the curtain could descend again.
"The Regent" by E. Arnold Bennett
Scene-shifters could not have been quicker with the three-piece rostrum, nor stewards with the harmonium.
"A Diversity of Creatures" by Rudyard Kipling
With a Description of the Crafty Company of Cousoners and Shifters.
"Notes & Queries, No. 14. Saturday, February 2, 1850" by Various
Death was always the scene-shifter of the play, and destiny the stage-manager.
"Plays, Acting and Music" by Arthur Symons
The Czar gave the word, and Talleyrand acted as scene-shifter.
"The Life of Napoleon I (Volumes, 1 and 2)" by John Holland Rose
But Mary Anderson won the hearts of every one on the boards, from actors to scene-shifters.
"Mary Anderson" by J. M. Farrar
And if I make the tiniest little slip, the head scene-shifter is down on me like a ton of bricks.
"A Book for Kids" by C. J. (Clarence Michael James) Dennis
My brother's one of the shifters; and the things he cud tell yer about 'er, and 'er temper, 'ud make yer 'air stand on end.
"Adrien Leroy" by Charles Garvice
Raise elevator pawl shifter 26 on top of the vertical shaft to upper position.
"The Traveling Engineers' Association" by Anonymous
While I was on the stage getting the altar ready the scene shifters were hard at work behind me.
"The Great War As I Saw It" by Frederick George Scott
Will you use the gravity shifters?
"Wandl the Invader" by Raymond King Cummings
With a description of the crafty company of Cousoners and Shifters.
"Microcosmography" by John Earle
He was also, like Odin, a "shape-shifter," and he died several times and came to life again.
"Myth, Ritual And Religion, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by Andrew Lang
Another important piece of machinery is the track-shifter, which picks up and relays the railway lines of the ever-shifting spoil-tracks.
"The Panama Canal and its Makers" by Vaughan Cornish
He tells about the "flappers," and then about the "shifters.
"The Book of Life: Vol. I Mind and Body; Vol. II Love and Society" by Upton Sinclair
The irresponsible scene-shifter begins to see a more excellent way.
"The Rubicon" by E. F. Benson

In news:

Most of you had no trouble determining that the shifter belongs to a 1960s C2 Chevrolet Corvette, but Jason Norris was the first to do so.
Many of you guessed that the shifter belonged to a Ford Probe or a Geo Metro, which was close.
It's Monday, and that means it's time to present this week's shifter.
Drift Shifters goes global after CBD skidfest.
Ground Shifters': Collective healing brings hope to Ciudad Juárez .
I don't know whether he would have won," Shifter said, "but I think people remembered the way he acted in 2006, and that was a real liability for him.
View this Paddle Based Manual Shifter Photo 1.
Road racers will appreciate the MasterShift Manual Shifter.
Jay Rohrback of Powertrain Control Solutions explains the operation of their new GSM Pushbutton/Paddle Shifter system at the SEMA Show in Las Vegas.
The Shifters car club organizes that.
Every year fewer cars are offered with a clutch and a shifter.
For one thing, it's simply easier for drivers to let an automatic or an automated manual with paddle shifters do the work for them.
The Utah daily paper says Mormon Mitt Romney is a 'shape-shifter'.
Even sports-car stalwart Ferrari, of gated-shifter fame, isn't providing a three-pedal option on the new 458 Italia.
Name That Shifter, No 102: 1996 MGF.

In science:

We could change the amount of relative phase shift as well as the placement of these phase shifters.
Quantum random walks with multiphoton interference and high order correlation functions
If placed properly, these phase shifters may effectively steer photons to a desired port with constructive interference or create a dark port by canceling out all phases at that detector.
Quantum random walks with multiphoton interference and high order correlation functions
The adapter card provides all signals to the chip using LVDS transmitters or CMOS level shifters.
Prototype ATLAS IBL Modules using the FE-I4A Front-End Readout Chip
One can introduce a π phase shifter in the path b to get the state |Φ− (cid:105).
Novel States of Classical Light and Noncontextuality
Also, let a phase shifter P Sb and a polarization rotator P Rb be inserted in path b as shown in Fig. 1.
Novel States of Classical Light and Noncontextuality
Recently, the reflector panels of the prototype have been coated with a wavelength shifter (TPB), in order to improve light collection.
NEXT-DEMO: a prototype for the NEXT experiment
Recent quantum optics experiments studying the propagation of polarized photons in networks of three dimensional waveguides acting as beam splitters and random phase shifters provide another implementation of random quantum walks on certain graphs [S et al].
Spectral Transition for Random Quantum Walks on Trees
The Bell inequality test is performed, first by producing the photon pairs via PDC, and then directing the photons through passive optical elements (beam splitters, phase shifters, polarizer rotators).
Unitary transformations for testing Bell inequalities
The result of this procedure, known as phase-ramping [Pat91], is that the frequency of the output signal of the phase shifter is δφ/δ t higher than ωrf , the frequency at the input of the phase shifter.
Experimental Quantum Computation with Nuclear Spins in Liquid Solution
This is implemented in two stages: a 90◦ step coarse phase shifter is complemented by a fine phase shifter which achieves a resolution of 0.5◦ by mixing two quadratures with adjustable amplitudes.
Experimental Quantum Computation with Nuclear Spins in Liquid Solution
The shifter can try to answer questions that are sent to the list, or forward them to the relevant system expert.
Commissioning the CDF Offline Software
The phase shifter (PS) induces a state dependent shift ±φ/2.
Duality in asymmetric Quantum optical Ramsey interferometers
Next is the turn of the phase shifter (PS)—in the guise, for example, of an external electrostatic dc field applied at the central stage of the interferometer8 .
Duality in asymmetric Quantum optical Ramsey interferometers
In the dialogue, the factist and the fictionist both described the phase shifter as a transformation of the intrinsic properties of the system.
Dialogue Concerning Two Views on Quantum Coherence: Factist and Fictionist
As described in more detail in and shown schematically in figure 5, the frequency modulation is applied via a frequency shifter that is embedded in the frequency stabilization servo that is used to lock the laser frequency to a reference cavity.
Accurate calibration of test mass displacement in the LIGO interferometers