shamanism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n shamanism an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans
    • n shamanism any animistic religion similar to Asian shamanism (especially as practiced by certain Native American tribes)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Shamanism The type of religion which once prevalied among all the Ural-Altaic peoples (Tungusic, Mongol, and Turkish), and which still survives in various parts of Northern Asia. The Shaman, or wizard priest, deals with good as well as with evil spirits, especially the good spirits of ancestors.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n shamanism A general name applied to the idolatrous religions of a number of barbarous nations, comprehending those of the Finnish race, as the Ostiaks, Samoyeds, and other inhabitants of Siberia as far as the Pacific Ocean. These nations generally believe in a Supreme Being, but to this they add the belief that the government of the world is in the hands of a number of secondary gods both benevolent and malevolent toward man, and that it is absolutely necessary to propitiate them by magic rites and spells. The general belief respecting another life appears to be that the condition of man will be poorer and more wretched than the present; hence death is regarded with great dread.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Shamanism sham′an-izm a name applied loosely to the religion of the Turanian races of Siberia and north-eastern Asia, based essentially on magic and sorcery
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Perh. Hind. shaman, idolater.

Usage

In literature:

The belief that his Shamans or medicine-men practise this art is universal among savages.
"Myth, Ritual, and Religion, Vol. 1" by Andrew Lang
Not a single shaman or policeman had been left to keep it.
"Travels in Alaska" by John Muir
Each little tribe has its Shaman, or medicine man, who is historian, priest, and doctor.
"Canyons of the Colorado" by J. W. Powell
She was a Shaman in her heart and as a Shaman she appeared to them.
"The Trail Book" by Mary Austin
They've sent a dogteam to bring the Shaman down over the ice.
"The Magnetic North" by Elizabeth Robins (C. E. Raimond)
And this for thy shamans and thy shamans' devils!
"Children of the Frost" by Jack London
Shamanism is at the present time the popular religion, if indeed there is any that can be so designated.
"Corea or Cho-sen" by A (Arnold) Henry Savage-Landor
He is often concerned with healing and with prophecy, or with the inspiration of conjurers or shamans.
"The Homeric Hymns A New Prose Translation; and Essays, Literary and Mythological" by Andrew Lang
Does the ole shaman's squaw still live in his igloo?
"The Trail of a Sourdough" by May Kellogg Sullivan
It was the medicine lodge of the shaman.
"The Gaunt Gray Wolf" by Dillon Wallace
But the old Shaman of Ah-ko reached out his hand and touched her bent head.
"The Flute of the Gods" by Marah Ellis Ryan
There is no single item of native culture of Baja California so diagnostic or characteristic as mantles of human hair used by shamans.
"A Burial Cave in Baja California" by William C. Massey
My father him shaman.
"The Pony Rider Boys in Alaska" by Frank Gee Patchin
Thus they may be said to be a link between the barbarian shaman and the magus of medieval times.
"Legends & Romances of Brittany" by Lewis Spence
The shaman with a hammock in his catamaran dolefully accepts the waves as the skin must a tatoo.
"Coming to Grips with White Knuckles" by Paul Cameron Brown
Their religion is a hotchpotch of Shamanism, Mahommedanism and Christianity.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
But it is not with the shaman as with the warrior.
"The Ethnology of the British Colonies and Dependencies" by Robert Gordon Latham
Some of the shamans of the olden time acquired great influence and made life miserable for their fellow-citizens by the practice of witchcraft.
"The Story of Sitka" by C. L. Andrews
THE TREACHEROUS SHAMAN OF KLUKWAN.
"Harper's Round Table, July 9, 1895" by Various
The story in the present Runo seems to exhibit a veneer of Christianity over Shaman legends.
"Kalevala, Volume II (of 2)" by Anonymous
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In poetry:

Then the Shaman, having called one of the children from the throng,
placed it upon the breast of Anhelli,
who had lain down as if to sleep,
and said to that child
"Anhelli - Chapter 5" by Juliusz Slowacki
And the Shaman said : "Whither shall I lead you?
Lo, I go the road of death ;
do ye desire that I take you and hide you under my coat
and scatter you from my skirt before the Lord God?"
"Anhelli - Chapter 3" by Juliusz Slowacki
The Shaman seated himself on the ground,
therefore, and the women and children of the fishermen surrounded him
and put to him various questions,
to which the Shaman answered with a smile, for they were trivial.
"Anhelli - Chapter 5" by Juliusz Slowacki
And lo, those exiles in the snowy tabernacle,
in the absence of the Shaman, had begun to quarrel among themselves,
and had divided into three groups ;
but each of these groups thought of the deliverance of the fatherland.
"Anhelli - Chapter 10" by Juliusz Slowacki

In news:

Crickets / Music Are There Shaman Dudes In It.
Kronos on a Shaman 's Journey.
Today Paul Pepper chats with NANCY BECK (Nurse Nancy) and GARY LANGSTON about a five-part weekend intensive apprenticeship program called, " Learn Shamanic Healing.".
Janya Build on Traditional Korean Shamanic Music.
That's where the ancient practice of shamanism could help, said C. "The shaman will go into a journey and look for that part, bring it back and restore it to the patient's body.".
Michael Smith will speak on "Why Shamanism Now".
They're coming from a shaman 's temple, where a goot, a spiritual rite, is underway.
With the shake of a rattle and blast of cologne-scented breath, TallTrees honored the south: The way of the snake, a journey of personal healing where the shaman sheds her skin and transforms her wounds.
As a visionary, the shaman shifts her perceptions.
BELMOPAN, Belize — To enter Belize's caves under Mayan rule, you had to be a member of an elite family or a shaman ready to sacrifice humans.
Dana Claxton's current exhibition at Urban Shaman is unremarkable in some ways.
Along the way he encounters a flood, a shaman, several stupid tourist moves (never leave the bus), a couple dance parties, indie-rock cameos, a pick-up soccer game and a weird friendship that starts at knifepoint.
Friday November 16, 2012 by Shamane Mills.
Lizards, shamans and a little black dress in Costa Rica .
After developing their model, Karspeck and Columbia University colleague Jeffrey Shaman ran it for the 2003-2008 flu seasons in New York.
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In science:

The Shaman Sophie is a assistant professor of physics at a large American state university.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Sophie is on good terms with some of the more serious students in the class, and in conversation with them has found out that the odd student is attempting to start a new naturalistic religious movement and refers to himself as a “shaman”.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
One day while delivering a simple lecture on Newtonian mechanics, she is surprised when the shaman raises his hand and claims that physics is a propagandistic hoax designed by the elites as a way to control the population.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The shaman counters by claiming that the so-called “predictions” made by physics are in fact trivialities, and that he can obtain better forecasts by communing with the spirit world.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
She then asks the shaman for his prediction.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The shaman declares that he must consult with the wind spirits, and then spends a couple of minutes chanting and muttering.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The shaman gives a gleeful laugh, and the student holding his written prediction hands it to Sophie.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The shaman declares victory: his prediction turned out to be correct, while Sophie’s was incorrect (it was off by 0.134 seconds).
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
To counter the shaman’s claim and because it was on the syllabus anyway, in the next class Sophie begins a discussion of probability theory.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
The reason the shaman superficially seemed to win the contest is that he gave a probability distribution while Sophie gave a point prediction; these two types of forecast are not really comparable.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
In the light of probability theory, the reason to prefer the Newtonian prediction above the shamanic one, is that it assigns a higher probability to the outcome that actually occurred.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Sophie then shows how the Newtonian probability predictions are both more confident and more correct than the shamanic predictions.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
In contrast, the shamanic prediction assigns a relatively small amount of probability to the tf = 2 region, because he has predicted a very wide interval (1 < tf < 30).
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Thus while the shamanic prediction is correct, it is not very confident.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Therefore, given a large data file containing the results of many trials of the ballistic motion experiment, the two predictions (Newtonian and shamanic) can both be used to build specialized programs to compress the data file.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
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