shake up

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shake up make fuller by shaking "fluff up the pillows"
    • v shake up change the arrangement or position of
    • v shake up stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of "These stories shook the community","the civil war shook the country"
    • v shake up shock physically "Georgia was shaken up in the Tech game"
    • v shake up shake; especially (a patient to detect fluids or air in the body)
    • v shake up organize anew "We must reorganize the company if we don't want to go under"
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the 19th century, craftsmen who made hats were known to be excitable and irrational, as well as to tremble with palsy and mix up their words. Such behavior gave rise to the familiar expression "mad as a hatter". The disorder, called hatter's shakes, was caused by chronic mercury poisoning from the solution used to treat the felt. Attacking the central nervous system, the toxin led to behavioral symptoms.
    • Shake up to restore to shape by shaking:
    • Shake up (Shak.) to upbraid
    • ***

Quotations

  • Sir Alec Guiness
    Sir Alec Guiness
    “A person who is keen to shake your hand usually has something up his sleeve.”
  • Johnny Carson
    Johnny Carson
    “Your chances of getting hit by lightning go up if you stand under a tree, shake your fist at the sky and “Storms suck!"”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. sceacan, scacan.

Usage

In literature:

But I will make up a good fire, and shake out the bed.
"The Chaplet of Pearls" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Sackville came up to Bryce with a knowing shake of the hand.
"The Paradise Mystery" by J. S. Fletcher
For this would mean a disagreeable shaking up of their own lives.
"The Inside of the Cup, Complete" by Winston Churchill
No, Marian," she added, shaking her head, "I really cannot give him up.
"The Celebrity, Complete" by Winston Churchill
GEORGE (going up to TIMOTHY and shaking his hand warmly).
"Dr. Jonathan (A Play)" by Winston Churchill
We will shake the tree for you, if you will only hold out your hand to-morrow to pick up the fruit.
"Uarda, Complete A Romance Of Ancient Egypt" by Georg Ebers
Why, if you shake a rag the train will stop in the midst of the wilderness to pick you up.
"Following the Equator, Part 4" by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
One of the boys will go up the tree and shake the branch till the 'possum falls off, and when it falls the dogs will kill it.
"An Outback Marriage" by Andrew Barton Paterson
Iberville himself came up slowly, for he was stiff and his limbs were shaking.
"The Trail of the Sword, Complete" by Gilbert Parker
After that he get up, and pull himself together with a shake, and walk down the room.
"The Seats Of The Mighty, Complete" by Gilbert Parker
He walked up and down the room, muttering and shaking his head.
"Carnac's Folly, Complete" by Gilbert Parker
ILLO (goes up to OCTAVIO, and shakes him cordially by the hand, and then drinks).
"The Piccolomini A Play" by Friedrich Schiller
Betty gathered up her hair with shaking hands, which gleamed white in the firelight, and carelessly twisted it about her head.
"The Battle Ground" by Ellen Glasgow
First of all fall to work and get up the anchor, and then shake out the sails again.
"By England's Aid" by G. A. Henty
Then he pulls up his sleeve, looks at his scar again and shakes his head.
"Belinda" by A. A. Milne
This seemed to shake him up.
"Children of the Bush" by Henry Lawson
A woman was up and about, but the man was still asleep, on a straw shake-down, on the clay floor.
"A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, Part 6." by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
At last she gave a little shake, and her eyes lighted up.
"The History of Pendennis" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Our talk sounded just like two boys who had had a fight and who were forced to shake hands and make up.
"The Underdog" by F. Hopkinson Smith
They came up shaking the water from ears and eyes.
"The Cruise of the Dry Dock" by T. S. Stribling
***

In poetry:

Then I knew that, up a staircase
Which untrod will yet creak and shake,
Deep in a distant chamber
A ghost was coming awake—
"The Old Garden" by George MacDonald
There in the tomb stand the dead upright,
But winds come up from the shore:
They shake when the winds roar,
Old bones upon the mountain shake.
"The Black Tower" by William Butler Yeats
There in the tomb the dark grows blacker,
But wind comes up from the shore:
They shake when the winds roar,
Old bones upon the mountain shake.
"The Black Tower" by William Butler Yeats
There in the tomb drops the faint moonlight,
But wind comes up from the shore:
They shake when the winds roar,
Old bones upon the mountain shake.
"The Black Tower" by William Butler Yeats
Nor knew that millions would forsake
Ancestral shrines great with the glow of time,
And lifting up its token shake
Aeons with thrill of love or battle's crime.
"The Empty Cross" by Cale Young Rice
Little lame Katie, with her golden hair,
And her dead mother's eyes, comes in to me,
Lays with a smile her crutch beside my chair,
Then shakes her curls and climbs up to my knee;
"Lame Katie" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Shaking up Toronto's federal electoral map upsets communities.
Emphasis on nonfiction over fiction shaking up Illinois classrooms.
Local radio stations shake up their formats.
Shake-ups, surprises among 50 ' Essential ' Las Vegas restaurants.
SAN FRANCISCO Yahoo (YHOO) is adding a new director and parting ways with two other board members in the latest shake-up of the Internet company's hierarchy.
T-Mobile's plan to sell Apple's iPhone in 2013 without swallowing more than $400 in subsidies per customer is risky — but could shake up the wireless category.
The social network could seriously shake up these seven markets with its IPO.
Google shakes up management, co- founder takes reigns.
Google says co- founder Page will be CEO effective April 4 as part of a management shake-up.
End of Capital Nursery shakes up gardeners .
Middle East violence is shaking up a presidential race that otherwise looks stubbornly stable, and tight.
Lansing Gets a Shake-Up in General Election .
Cliff Lee's return to Philadelphia is shaking up all the national stereotypes.
But now – in an amazing shake-up – Jillian Barberie has left her position as co-anchor of Fox's Good Day LA.
Action apparently ends bid to shake up board.
***

In science:

This follows from a ‘shake-up’ effect which is absent in the GSs of non-interacting Hamiltonians.
On the Luttinger theorem concerning number of particles in the ground states of systems of interacting fermions
We present fully ab initio simulations of attosecond streaking for ionization of helium accompanied by shake-up of the second electron.
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
In this letter we present streaking simulations for single ionization in helium including shake-up by solving the full two-electron time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) in the presence of the laser field without further approximation.
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
In contrast to neon , where ionization from different atomic subshells was probed, shake-up ionization in helium relies strongly on electron-electron interactions.
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
Studying ionization with and without shake-up may serve as benchmark for the interplay between mean-field, correlation, and field dressing effects.
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
We show that for ionization without shake-up the streaking time shifts can be very well accounted for within the framework of Coulomb-laser coupling and the EisenbudWigner-Smith delay.
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
Fig. 1 shows the energy levels of helium and a corresponding single ionization spectrum including shake-up peaks (“correlation satellites”).
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
EWS to within less than one attosecond (not shown). A surprisingly different picture emerges for shake-up to
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
FIG. 3. (a) Illustration of shake-up ionization with the ion remaining in a Stark state and (b) the ionic energy in the laser field which leads to an additional momentum shift of the outgoing electron. (c) Streaking time shifts
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
Thus, for photoionization of two-electron systems with shake-up, the total streaking time shift (Eq. 5) contains an additional contribution due to simultaneous excitation of the second electron.
Attosecond streaking of correlated two-electron transitions in helium
When shake-up configurations are important, the basis set limit will not obey this relation.
Faddeev Random Phase Approximation applied to molecules
The one-to-one correspondence between the configurations of fig. 2 and the satellite structures allows us to interpret them as as shake-up processes occurring after the removal of either a minority or a ma jority-spin core electron.
On-site correlation in valence and core states of ferromagnetic nickel
And, reflecting on this domain, I completely share Penrose’s sentiments that “our present picture of physical reality, particularly in relation to the nature of time, is due for a grand shake up” (1989, 371) (similar sentiments, arrived at from quite a different direction, are also expressed by Shimony (1998)).
Why the Quantum Must Yield to Gravity
The departing photoelectron can interact with these relaxing electrons, and lose kinetic energy in the process, thus forcing the system into an excited state (a process called shake-up).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
The perturbation is called shake-up if they refer to an excitation in the final system, or shake-off if the result is the loss of one or more outer shell electrons from the ion.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
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