shadow

Definitions

  • Shadows on the Wall
    Shadows on the Wall
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shadow follow, usually without the person's knowledge "The police are shadowing her"
    • v shadow make appear small by comparison "This year's debt dwarfs that of last year"
    • v shadow cast a shadow over
    • n shadow refuge from danger or observation "he felt secure in his father's shadow"
    • n shadow something existing in perception only "a ghostly apparition at midnight"
    • n shadow an indication that something has been present "there wasn't a trace of evidence for the claim","a tincture of condescension"
    • n shadow a premonition of something adverse "a shadow over his happiness"
    • n shadow an unilluminated area "he moved off into the darkness"
    • n shadow an inseparable companion "the poor child was his mother's shadow"
    • n shadow a spy employed to follow someone and report their movements
    • n shadow a dominating and pervasive presence "he received little recognition working in the shadow of his father"
    • n shadow shade within clear boundaries
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Dog and the Shadow The Dog and the Shadow
A kitten tries to play with its shadow A kitten tries to play with its shadow
The Valley of the Shadow The Valley of the Shadow
A PLACE WHERE YELLOW EYES GLARE OUT OF DEEP SHADOWS A PLACE WHERE YELLOW EYES GLARE OUT OF DEEP SHADOWS
SHADOW-CIRCLES INDICATING THE APPROACH TO THE POLE SHADOW-CIRCLES INDICATING THE APPROACH TO THE POLE
SHADOW DIAL AT THE POLE SHADOW DIAL AT THE POLE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "umbrella" is derived from the Latin root word "umbra", which means shade or shadow
    • Shadow A reflected image, as in a mirror or in water.
    • Shadow A shaded place; shelter; protection; security. "In secret shadow from the sunny ray,
      On a sweet bed of lilies softly laid."
    • Shadow A small degree; a shade. "No variableness, neither shadow of turning."
    • Shadow A spirit; a ghost; a shade; a phantom. "Hence, horrible shadow !"
    • Shadow An imperfect and faint representation; adumbration; indistinct image; dim bodying forth; hence, mystical representation; type. "The law having a shadow of good things to come.""Types] and shadows of that destined seed."
    • Shadow An uninvited guest coming with one who is invited. "I must not have my board pastered with shadows That under other men's protection break in
      Without invitement."
    • Shadow Darkness; shade; obscurity. "Night's sable shadows from the ocean rise."
    • Shadow Shade within defined limits; obscurity or deprivation of light, apparent on a surface, and representing the form of the body which intercepts the rays of light; as, the shadow of a man, of a tree, or of a tower. See the Note under Shade n., 1.
    • Shadow That which follows or attends a person or thing like a shadow; an inseparable companion; hence, an obsequious follower. "Sin and her shadow Death."
    • Shadow To attend as closely as a shadow; to follow and watch closely, especially in a secret or unobserved manner; as, a detective shadows a criminal.
    • Shadow To cloud; to darken; to cast a gloom over. "The shadowed livery of the burnished sun.""Why sad?
      I must not see the face O love thus shadowed ."
    • Shadow To conceal; to hide; to screen. "Let every soldier hew him down a bough.
      And bear't before him; thereby shall we shadow The numbers of our host."
    • Shadow To cut off light from; to put in shade; to shade; to throw a shadow upon; to overspead with obscurity. "The warlike elf much wondered at this tree,
      So fair and great, that shadowed all the ground."
    • Shadow To mark with gradations of light or color; to shade.
    • Shadow To protect; to shelter from danger; to shroud. "Shadowing their right under your wings of war."
    • Shadow To represent faintly or imperfectly; to adumbrate; hence, to represent typically. "Augustus is shadowed in the person of Æneas."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In the past 60 years, the groundhog has only predicted the weather correctly 28% of the time. The rushing back and forth from burrows is believed to indicate sexual activity, not shadow seeking
    • n shadow The fainter light and coolness caused by the interruption or interception of the rays of light and heat from the sun; shade.
    • n shadow plural Same as shade, 3.
    • n shadow Shade within defined limits; the dark figure or image projected by a body when it intercepts the light. In optics shadow may be defined as a portion of space from which light is shut off by an opaque body. Every opaque object on which light falls is accompanied with a shadow on the side opposite to the luminous body, and the shadow appears more intense in proportion as the illumination is stronger. An opaque object illuminated by the sun, or any other source of light which is not a single point, must have an infinite number of shadows, though these are not distinguishable from each other, and hence the shadow of such an opaque body received on a plane is always accompanied by a penumbra, or partial shadow, the complete shadow being called the umbra. See penumbra.
    • n shadow Anything which, follows or attends a person or thing like a shadow; an inseparable companion.
    • n shadow An uninvited guest introduced to a feast by one who is invited: a translation of the Latin umbra.
    • n shadow A reflected image, as in it mirror or in water; hence, any image or portrait.
    • n shadow The dark part of a picture; shade; representation of comparative deficiency or absence of light.
    • n shadow Type; mystical representation. Compare eidolon and paradigm.
    • n shadow An imperfect and faint representation; adumbration; a prefiguration; a foreshowing; a dim bodying forth.
    • n shadow The faintest trace; a slight or faint appearance: as, without a shadow of doubt.
    • n shadow Disguise; pretext; subterfuge.
    • n shadow Anything unsubstantial or unreal, though having the deceptive appearance of reality; an image produced by the imagination.
    • n shadow A phantom; a shade; a spirit; a ghost.
    • n shadow A shaded or shady spot or place; an obscure, secluded, or quiet retreat.
    • n shadow Shade; retirement; privacy; quiet; rest.
    • n shadow Shelter; cover; protection; security.
    • n shadow That which shades, shelters, or protects, as from light or heat; specifically, a sunshade, a parasol, or a wide-brimmed hat for women.
    • n shadow A light four-cornered sail used by yachts in fair winds. It has a special gaff, and is set on the foremast of schooners and on the mast of cutters and sloops.
    • n shadow In entomology, a very slight and undefined darker color on a light ground, as on the wings of Lepidoptera
    • n shadow Synonyms See shade.
    • shadow To cover or overspread with shade; throw into shade; cast a shadow over; shade.
    • shadow To darken; cloud; obscure; bedim; tarnish.
    • shadow To mark with or represent by shading; mark with slight gradations of color or light; shade; darken slightly.
    • shadow To represent in a shadowy or figurative way; hence, to betoken; typify; foreshow: sometimes with forth or out.
    • shadow To shelter; screen; hide; conceal; disguise.
    • shadow To attend closely, like a shadow; follow about closely in a secret or unobserved manner: watch secretly and continuously: as, to shadow a criminal.
    • n shadow In algebra, an umbral letter or symbol having no meaning apart from another sort of letter or symbol to which it assigns a property, and therefore not to be written alone.
    • n shadow Same as shadow corpuscle. See phantom corpuscle.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At one time, there was a law in India that forbade lower-caste people from casting their shadows on a member of the Brahman (the upper class).
    • n Shadow shad′ō shade caused by an object: darkness: shelter: security: favour: the dark part of a picture: an inseparable companion: a mystical representation: faint appearance: a ghost, spirit: something only in appearance
    • Shadow v.t to shade: to cloud or darken: to shade, as a painting: to represent faintly: to hide, conceal:
    • Shadow (coll.) to attend like a shadow, watch continuously and carefully
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Most of the shadows of this life are caused by standing in one's own sunshine”
  • Helen Keller
    Helen%20Keller
    “Keep your face to the sunshine and you cannot see the shadow.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “Death is a shadow that always follows the body.”
  • Marcus T. Cicero
    Marcus%20T.%20Cicero
    “Glory follows virtue as if it were its shadow.”
  • Latin Proverb
    Latin Proverb
    “Glory is the shadow of virtue.”
  • John Sterling
    John Sterling
    “Man is a substance clad in shadows.”

Idioms

Beyond a shadow of a doubt - If something's beyond a shadow of a doubt, then absolutely no doubts remain about it.
***
Cast a long shadow - Something or someone that casts a long shadow has considerable influence on other people or events.
***
Five o'clock shadow - A five o'clock shadow is the facial hair that a man gets if he doesn't shave for a day or two.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. shadowen, AS. sceadwian,. See adow (n.)

Usage

In literature:

Fortunate for him, that night-like shadow surrounding.
"The Death Shot" by Mayne Reid
It stood somewhat off the road, not near the stream, but back under the shadow of the bluff; in fact, almost built against the cliff.
"The White Chief" by Mayne Reid
They were shadowed as not even the parting had shadowed them.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
And out of the shadow it came from the lane To flit through the light into shadow again.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
She watched his retreating figure as he darted along through the shadow, and then she slowly turned and entered the sitting room.
"Stubble" by George Looms
The one is a passing into the shadow of the Earth, and the other is simply the emerging into the light.
"Pharaoh's Broker" by Ellsworth Douglass
Theresa turned her peasant face toward him without the shadow of a trace of fear.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
Because of him a shadow had rested upon his own life, a shadow which nothing had been able to lift.
"The Day of Judgment" by Joseph Hocking
There was one shadow over their content, and that was the ghost of a gleam of sunshine.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
He was in a mood to see the shadow of terror in the most far-fetched suggestion.
"The Kingdom Round the Corner" by Coningsby Dawson
From the unknown place beyond that sky there came to his eyes but moving shadows, arrangements of light and dark.
"The Watchers of the Trails" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Henry, with the shadow of great suffering and death over him, felt their thrill and excitement.
"The Riflemen of the Ohio" by Joseph A. Altsheler
While he spoke, Maria Addolorata drew back a little into the deeper shadow away from the loophole.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
The sunlight is casting fantastic shadows where her foot, but a moment since, rested.
"Madeline Payne, the Detective's Daughter" by Lawrence L. Lynch
The shadow was master now, and the master became the shadow.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
Great shadows balanced themselves on his eyes.
"Fantazius Mallare" by Ben Hecht
The evening was drawing in, and the soft shadows were creeping out of the corners of the little room.
"The One-Way Trail" by Ridgwell Cullum
It made shadows, and as the shadow of the sacred rock touched the blinded dancer, he sank to the earth.
"The Flute of the Gods" by Marah Ellis Ryan
But the hours crept on and no shadow came.
"The Pathless Trail" by Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
The face was turned in shadow.
"Unfinished Portraits" by Jennette Lee
***

In poetry:

How strangers by your hearth should sit
And close their eyes, and seem to view,
Through vistas dim, your shadow flit,
And William's shadow, too?
"Anne Hathaway" by Anna Johnston MacManus
"There he sees the kings among their headmen,
Women weaving, children playing games;
Yet they are but shadows ruling shadows,
Phantom folk with dim forgotten names.
"Srahmandazi" by Sir Henry Newbolt
I learned to catch the fleeting shadows,
The fleeting shadows of dimming day,
And I climbed ever higher and the staircase trembled,
The staircase trembled beneath my feet.
"" In my dreams I pursued the fleeting shadows..."" by Konstantin Dmitrievich Balmont
Over the glitter and gloom of the angry deep
Was it only a dream or a shadow that vanished away?
"Lullaby, little one, sleep, my little one, sleep."
She sang in a dream as the shadows covered the day.
"A Song Of Two Burdens" by Alfred Noyes
Follow a shadow, it still flies you;
Seem to fly it, it will pursue:
So court a mistress, she denies you;
Let her alone, she will court you.
Say, are not women truly then
Styled but the shadows of us men?
"That Women Are But Men's Shadows" by Ben Jonson
Where the shadows moan o'er the day's life done,
And the darkness is waiting for the light,
Ah, me! how the shadows ever seek and shun
The sacred, radiant faces of the bright --
(And the stars are the vestal virgins of the night);
"Sea Reverie" by Abram Joseph Ryan

In news:

Requiring just 9 watts to operate, the sleek aluminum fixture casts fewer shadows and has less glare than your average LED 877-835-6466.
The CIPR Health and Medical Group hosted an evening with shadow health minister Mark Simmonds to discuss communicating with patients under a new Government.
Colleen Atwood talks about designing costumes for Johnny Depp, Eva Green, Michelle Pfeiffer and other 'Dark Shadows' actors.
View full size Associated Press Decades after his death, country-rock legend Gram Parsons still casts a long shadow.
Last night I was emailing with a friend about the post-election shadow dancing going on within the Republican Party.
While undoubtedly shadowed by his father Jim's legacy, A.J.
Kansas State had labored in the shadows of Nebraska for many years.
Twin Shadow with Niki & the Dove 9 pm Tuesday Opolis 113 N Crawford, Norman opolis.org 820-0951 free.
"Dark Shadows" resurrects an old TV show into a visually stunning comic thriller.
Meet Damsel , a 23-year-old SuicideGirl from Ohio who calls Hostess cupcakes her vice and says she loves a good five o'clock shadow.
Phone-hacking charges darken shadow over Downing Street.
A famed Brazilian soccer teams plays in the darkening shadow of violent threats from fans.
There has been a lot of water under the bridge since The Shadow Box first opened to enormous acclaim in 1977.
If you don't own bronze eye shadow, I would highly encourage investing in one for spring (OK, I know it's only September, but planning ahead is never a bad thing.
Meghan Cox Gurdon reviews Margi Preus's "Shadow on the Mountain" and two other children's books.
***

In science:

If one applies the first step in Viennot’s construction and interprets the paths (shadow lines) as space-time paths one gets the polynuclear growth model (PNG) as introduced in by Pr¨ahofer and Spohn.
Non-intersecting Paths, Random Tilings and Random Matrices
This allows one to include more sophisticated correlations in the trial wave function as, for instance, in the recent Shadow Wave Function theory.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
Denote by S (x; y , R) the shadow cased from x of the metric sphere S (y , R) with center located at y and radius R, i.e. S (x; y , R) = {ξ ∈ S∞ |cξ x ∩ S (y , R) 6=
Quasiconformal Rigidity of Negatively Curved Three Manifolds
Therefore ηv and Kx are equivalent on all points in Sv,x , where Sv,x is the shadow of Hv,x cased from v (−∞).
Quasiconformal Rigidity of Negatively Curved Three Manifolds
S = 4.2. + and − mean the sign of δ , and δ ∼ 0 in the shadow area.
Segregation and Phase Inversion in a Simple Granular System
And also we have another important map o : ∗X lim −→ X which takes each point to its shadow.
Elements of Nonstandard Algebraic Geometry
If the shadow of A is not X there should be some point a ∈ X for which f (hX (a)) = 0.
Elements of Nonstandard Algebraic Geometry
Proof The shadow of f , ◦f , may be a constant i.e the coefficients of nonzero degree monomials in f are infinitesimal.
Elements of Nonstandard Algebraic Geometry
But the shadow of V (f ) is just a single point.
Elements of Nonstandard Algebraic Geometry
In many other universes, however, the laws of physics would be different, corresponding perhaps to different vacua of the ‘would be’ ultimate Theory of Everything, resulting probably in ‘shadow matter’ universes with respect to ours.
Brane Worlds, the Subanthropic Principle and the Undetectability Conjecture
In paper we suppose that ghost spinors are same to Deutsch shadow particles .
Certain conclusions of Gordon decomposition
In result the study of shadow particle current is interested.
Certain conclusions of Gordon decomposition
Deutsch assumes that shadow electrons act upon a real electron.
Certain conclusions of Gordon decomposition
Shadow particles are solutions of Dirac equation.
Certain conclusions of Gordon decomposition
In case of solutions of Dirac equation for shadow particles the stressenergy tensor equals to zero.
Certain conclusions of Gordon decomposition
***