sentence

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sentence pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law "He was condemned to ten years in prison"
    • n sentence (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed "the conviction came as no surprise"
    • n sentence a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"
    • n sentence the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned "he served a prison term of 15 months","his sentence was 5 to 10 years","he is doing time in the county jail"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: "I am." is the second shortest complete sentence in the English language
    • Sentence (Gram) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4. "He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all.""A king . . . understanding dark sentences ."
    • Sentence A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences .
    • Sentence A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw.
    • Sentence An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature.
    • Sentence (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judicial tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases. "Received the sentence of the law."
    • Sentence Sense; meaning; significance. "Tales of best sentence and most solace.""The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence ."
    • Sentence To decree or announce as a sentence.
    • Sentence To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of. "Nature herself is sentenced in your doom."
    • Sentence To utter sententiously.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Back in 1924, a monkey was convicted in South Bend of the crime of smoking a cigarette and sentenced to pay a 25 dollar fine and the trial costs.
    • n sentence Way of thinking; opinion; sentiment; judgment; decision.
    • n sentence A saying; a maxim; an axiom.
    • n sentence A verdict, judgment, decision, or decree; specifically, in law, a definitive judgment pronounced by a court or judge upon a criminal; a judicial decision publicly and officially declared in a criminal prosecution. In technical language sentence is used only for the declaration of judgment against one convicted of a crime or in maritime causes. In civil cases the decision of a court is called a judgment or a decree. In criminal cases sentence is a judgment pronounced; doom.
    • n sentence In grammar, a form of words having grammatical completeness; a number of words constituting a whole, as the expression of a statement, inquiry, or command; a combination of subject and predicate. A sentence is either assertive, as he is good; or interrogative, as is he good ? or imperative, as be good ! Sentences are also classed as simple, compound, or complex; simple, if divisible into a single subject and a single predicate; compound, if containing more than one subject or predicate or both; and complex, if including a subordinate sentence or clause: as, he who is good is happy; I like what you like; he goes when I come. Sentences are further classed as independent and as dependent or subordinate (the latter being more often called a clause than a sentence); a dependent sentence is one which enters with the value of a single part of speech—either noun or adjective or adverb—into the structure of another sentence.
    • n sentence Sense; meaning.
    • n sentence Substance; matter; contents.
    • n sentence In music, a complete idea, usually consisting of two or four phrases. The term is used somewhat variously as to length, but it always applies to a division that is complete and satisfactory in itself.
    • sentence To pass or pronounce sentence or judgment on; condemn; doom to punishment.
    • sentence To pronounce as judgment; express as a decision or determination; decree.
    • sentence To express in a short, energetic, sententious manner.
    • n sentence A brief response or antiphon sung by the choir in a church service.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1863, Paul Hubert of Bordeaux, France, was sentenced to life in jail for murder. After 21 years, it was discovered that he was convicted of murdering himself.
    • n Sentence sen′tens opinion: a judgment pronounced on a criminal by a court or judge: a maxim:
    • v.t Sentence to pronounce judgment on: to condemn
    • n Sentence sen′tens (gram.) a number of words containing a complete thought: sense: meaning: matter
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Quotations

  • Jeff Zaslow
    Jeff Zaslow
    “Some of these people need ten years of therapy --ten sentences of mine do not equal ten years of therapy.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “It is my ambition to say in ten sentences; what others say in a whole book.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “He cannot complain of a hard sentence, who is made master of his own fate.”
  • Denis Diderot
    Denis%20Diderot
    “Sentences are like sharp nails, which force truth upon our memories.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Marriage isn't a word... it's a sentence.”
  • Miguel De Cervantes
    Miguel%20De%20Cervantes
    “Proverbs are short sentences drawn from long experience.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., from L. sententia, for sentientia, from sentire, to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See Sense (n.), and cf. Sentiensi
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. sententiasentīre, to feel.

Usage

In literature:

Do you find the sentences natural and easy, or formal and hard to read?
"Teachers' Outlines for Studies in English" by Gilbert Sykes Blakely
It proved, indeed, that the sentence was to be considered as the joint sentence of the two Judges.
"The Story of the Upper Canada Rebellion, Volume 1" by John Charles Dent
His first sentence added to the already intense anger of the Jews.
"Jesus the Christ" by James Edward Talmage
SENTENCES, PARTS OF SPEECH, AND SENTENCE ELEMENTS.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
The connection between two long sentences sometimes requires a short intervening sentence, showing the transition of thought.
"How to Write Clearly" by Edwin A. Abbott
Compare the Grouping in the preceding sentence, in the last sentence of Par.
"The Ontario High School Reader" by A.E. Marty
I would not treat of it as if the question could be swept away in a sentence.
"To My Younger Brethren" by Handley C. G. Moule
She knew it was equivalent to a sentence of death.
"The King's Daughters" by Emily Sarah Holt
This was carried on through the whole sentence, and then she retreated from the board that her work might be examined.
"Diary in America, Series One" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
Frequently he would start and cry aloud as if in agony, or utter broken unintelligible half sentences and groan horribly.
"The Day of Wrath" by Maurus Jókai
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In poetry:

Lead gently, Lord, and slow,
For oh, my steps are weak,
And ever as I go,
Some soothing sentence speak;
"A Hymn" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Ranged themselves in winsome words;
Then in sentences. Indeed,
Quite before she knew the fact,
Margery had learned to read.
"Goody Two-Shoes" by Clara Doty Bates
On which the understanding still
Will judge, and sentence pass,
This kills the mind, and wounds the will,
Alas, alas, alas!
"Of Hell And The Estate of Those Who Perish" by John Bunyan
How il doth majesty injoy
The bow and gaity oth' boy,
As if the purple-roabe should sit,
And sentence give ith' chayr of wit.
"Against The Love Of Great Ones" by Richard Lovelace
An when called on, they, tremblin wi fear,
Say "The hungry an nak'd we ne'er knew,"
That sentence shall fall o' ther ear--
"Depart from me; I never knew you."
"Ther's Much Expected" by John Hartley
Although the greatest Judge, that ever was,
Shou'd clear each perj'rer that before him came;
Yet God himself will sentence on them pass,
Because they vilify'd his holy name.
"Against Swearing" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Bookkeeper Sentenced to Prison for Embezzlement.
Salander was sentenced to six to 18 years in prison for grand larceny and fraud.
In 1986, I learned that I was the only middle-schooler alive who thought diagramming sentences was fun.
Former Israeli Premier Gets Suspended Sentence.
Ehud Olmert was given a one-year suspended sentence and was cleared to run for political office.
A 19-year-old Wilmot man was sentenced to 11 months in prison for his role in a March 2011 break-in.
PHOENIX — A Phoenix woman who pretended to have cancer in order to raise money for breast implant s has been sentenced to a year in jail and three years of probation.
Sentenced to 5 years probation & drug court.
Beshara also sentenced to two years of supervised release.
Ohio teen Brogan Rafferty's sentencing delayed.
A Dallas judge fought back tears on Thursday as he handed down a 22-year sentence to the last of four teens sentenced in the killing of a man pushed into a South Dallas DART train last year.
A former gynecologist who is also serving a sentence for insurance fraud has been sentenced again on a grand larceny charge from Saratoga County.
A woman who attacked a Walmart greeter in Batavia, N.Y. Was sentenced to a five year prison sentence for punching the 70-year-old employee.
Tarsa Ray Cooley has been sentenced to mandatory life in prison at hard labor — without benefit of parole, probation or suspension of sentence for the 2008 shooting death of a pawn shop employee.
Jigsaw Sentences helps students learn to use semantic and syntactic clues to make sense of words and sentences.
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In science:

The grammar for the summary sentence is written in a way to produce sentences having general structure shown in Figure 2.
Modeling informational novelty in a conversational system with a hybrid statistical and grammar-based approach to natural language generation
Let Snt(v0 ) and Neg(v0 , v1 ) denote ∆ formulas defining, respectively, the set of G¨odel numbers of sentences and the relation that holds between the G¨odel number of a sentence and that of its negation.
Boolos-style proofs of limitative theorems
This is essentially a consequence of Gaifman’s theorem (Ebbinghaus and Flum (1995) p. 31), which states that every first-order sentence is equivalent to a boolean combination of basic local sentences.
Zero-one laws for binary random fields
Obviously, pattern sentences are particular cases of basic local sentences.
Zero-one laws for binary random fields
We shall prove now that every basic local sentence is either unsatisfiable or a finite Boolean combination of pattern sentences.
Zero-one laws for binary random fields
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