second

Definitions

  • the Second Fortress of Abydos--the ShÛnet-ez-zebÎb--as Seen from the East
    the Second Fortress of Abydos--the ShÛnet-ez-zebÎb--as Seen from the East
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj second a part or voice or instrument or orchestra section lower in pitch than or subordinate to the first "second flute","the second violins"
    • adj second coming next after the first in position in space or time or degree or magnitude
    • adv second in the second place "second, we must consider the economy"
    • v second transfer an employee to a different, temporary assignment "The officer was seconded for duty overseas"
    • v second give support or one's approval to "I'll second that motion","I can't back this plan","endorse a new project"
    • n second the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed near the second of the bases in the infield
    • n second merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name
    • n second the gear that has the second lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle "he had to shift down into second to make the hill"
    • n second a speech seconding a motion "do I hear a second?"
    • n second the official attendant of a contestant in a duel or boxing match
    • n second a 60th part of a minute of arc "the treasure is 2 minutes and 45 seconds south of here"
    • n second following the first in an ordering or series "he came in a close second"
    • n second 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
    • n second a particular point in time "the moment he arrived the party began"
    • n second an indefinitely short time "wait just a moment","in a mo","it only takes a minute","in just a bit"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

the Second Cataract Between Hamkeh and Wady Halfa the Second Cataract Between Hamkeh and Wady Halfa
the Second Cataract at Low Nile the Second Cataract at Low Nile
"The second lion seized him." "The second lion seized him."
A second floor billet A second floor billet
THE SECOND SUBSIDENCE ON THE SITE OF CASTLE CHAMBERS THE SECOND SUBSIDENCE ON THE SITE OF CASTLE CHAMBERS
A mansion structure or public building dating from the second quarter of the 17th century. Rebuilt once and burned about the time of Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676 A mansion structure or public building dating from the second quarter of the 17th century. Rebuilt once and burned...
SECOND UNIVERSALIST CHURCH, SHATTUCK STREET SECOND UNIVERSALIST CHURCH, SHATTUCK STREET
WORTHEN-STREET OR SECOND BAPTIST CHURCH WORTHEN-STREET OR SECOND BAPTIST CHURCH

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: 2.5 cans of Spam are consumed every second in the United States
    • Second (Parliamentary Procedure) A motion in support of another motion which has been moved in a deliberative body; a motion without a second dies without discussion.
    • Second Aid; assistance; help. "Give second , and my love
      Is everlasting thine."
    • Second An article of merchandise of a grade inferior to the best; esp., a coarse or inferior kind of flour.
    • Second Being of the same kind as another that has preceded; another, like a prototype; as, a second Cato; a second Troy; a second deluge. "A Daniel, still say I, a second Daniel!"
    • Second Immediately following the first; next to the first in order of place or time; hence, occurring again; another; other. "And he slept and dreamed the second time."
    • Second In the duodecimal system of mensuration, the twelfth part of an inch or prime; a line. See Inch, and Prime n., 8.
    • Second Next to the first in value, power, excellence, dignity, or rank; secondary; subordinate; inferior. "May the day when we become the second people upon earth . . . be the day of our utter extirpation."
    • Second One who follows or attends another for his support and aid; a backer; an assistant; specifically, one who acts as another's aid in a duel. "Being sure enough of seconds after the first onset."
    • Second One who, or that which, follows, or comes after; one next and inferior in place, time, rank, importance, excellence, or power. "Man
      An angel's second , nor his second long."
    • Second (Mus) The interval between any tone and the tone which is represented on the degree of the staff next above it.
    • Second (Mus) The second part in a concerted piece; -- often popularly applied to the alto.
    • Second The sixtieth part of a minute of time or of a minute of space, that is, the second regular subdivision of the degree; as, sound moves about 1,140 English feet in a second; five minutes and ten seconds north of this place.
    • Second To follow in the next place; to succeed; to alternate. "In the method of nature, a low valley is immediately seconded with an ambitious hill.""Sin is seconded with sin."
    • Second To follow or attend for the purpose of assisting; to support; to back; to act as the second of; to assist; to forward; to encourage. "We have supplies to second our attempt.""In human works though labored on with pain,
      A thousand movements scarce one purpose gain;
      In God's, one single can its end produce,
      Yet serves to second too some other use."
    • Second (Parliamentary Procedure) to support, as a motion{6} or proposal, by adding one's voice to that of the mover or proposer.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Teenage suicide is the second cause of death in the state of Wisconsin
    • second Next after the first in order, place, time, rank, value, quality, etc.: an ordinal numeral: as, the second day of the month; the second volume of a book; the second auditor of the treasury; the second table of the law.
    • second Secondary; not primary; subordinate; in music, lower in pitch, or rendering a part lower in pitch: as, second fiddle; second soprano.
    • second Other; another: as, a second Daniel; his second self.
    • second Favorable; helpful; aiding or disposed to aid.
    • second In mathematics, noting a function derived from the performance of the same operation twice in succession: thus, the second difference is the difference of the difference; so second differentials, derivatives, differential coefficients, etc.
    • second In the two-handed sword, or spadone, a pair of hooks or projections slightly curved toward the point. forged with the blade itself, and separating the heel from the sharpened part of the blade. See spadone.
    • second In rapiers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the outer defense beyond the Cross-guard, formed of a ring surrounding the blade, a cross, pair of shells, or the like.
    • n second The one next after the first in order, place, time, rank, value, quality, or importance; that one of any two considered relatively which follows or comes immediately after the other.
    • n second In music:
    • n second A tone on the next or second diatonic degree above or below a given tone; the next tone in a diatonic series.
    • n second The interval between any tone and a tone on the next degree above or below.
    • n second The harmonic combination of two tones at the interval thus described.
    • n second In a scale, the second tone from the bottom: solmizated re. The typical interval of the second is that between the first and second tones of the major scale, which is acoustically represented by the ratio 8:9. Such a second is called major, and also the greater or acute major second, to distinguish it from the second between the second and third tones of the scale, whose ratio is 9:10, and which is called the less or grave major second. Both of these contain two half-steps. A second a half-step shorter than the above is called minor; and one a half-step longer is called augmented. All kinds of seconds are classed as dissonances. Both varieties of major second are also called whole steps, whole tones, or simply tones; and a minor second is also called a half-step or semitone. See interval.
    • n second A second voice or instrument—that is, one whose part is subordinate to or lower than another of the same kind; specifically, a second violin or second soprano; popularly, an alto.
    • n second Same as secondo.
    • n second pl, That which is of second grade or quality; hence, any inferior or baser matter.
    • n second Specifically.
    • n second A coarse kind of fiour, or the bread made from it.
    • n second Acetic acid made from acetate of lime.
    • n second In base-ball, same as second base. See baseball.
    • n second Another; another person; an inferior.
    • n second One who assists and supports another; specifically, one who attends a principal in a duel or a pugilistic encounter, to advise or aid him, and see that all proceedings between the combatants are fair, and in accordance with the rules laid down for the duel or the prizering.
    • n second Aid; help; assistance.
    • second To follow up; supplement.
    • second To support; aid; forward; promote; back, or back up; specifically, to assist in a duel.
    • second In music, to sing second to.
    • second In legislative and deliberative bodies, public meetings, etc., formally to express approval and support of (a motion, amendment, or proposal), as a preliminary to further discussion or to formal adoption.
    • second In the British Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers, to put into temporary retirement, as an officer when he accepts civil employment under the crown. He is seconded after six months of such employment—that is, he loses military pay, but retains his rank, seniority, etc., in his corps. After being seconded for ten years, he must elect to return to military duty or to retire altogether.
    • n second The sixtieth part of a minute. The sixtieth part of a minute of time—that is, the second division, next to the hour; hence, loosely, a very short time.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Every second, two Barbie dolls are sold somewhere in the world
    • adj Second sek′und immediately following the first: the ordinal of two: next in position: inferior: other: another: favourable
    • n Second one who, or that which, follows or is second: one who attends another in a duel or a prize-fight: a supporter: the 60th part of a minute of time, or of a degree
    • v.t Second to follow: to act as second: to assist: to encourage: to support the mover of a question or resolution:
    • n Second a subordinate: a delegate or deputy
    • n Second a hand for marking seconds on a clock or watch
    • v.t Second (mus.) to sing second to: to put into temporary retirement in the army, as an officer when holding civil office (usually sēcond′)
    • ***

Quotations

  • H. G. Bohn
    H. G. Bohn
    “Boldness is business is the first, second, and third thing.”
  • Baltasar Gracian
    Baltasar%20Gracian
    “Have friends. 'Tis a second existence.”
  • Isabelle Norton
    Isabelle Norton
    “In a friend you find a second self.”
  • Viktor E. Frankl
    Viktor E. Frankl
    “Live as if you were living a second time, and as though you had acted wrongly the first time.”
  • Elizabeth Gaskell
    Elizabeth Gaskell
    “To be sure a stepmother to a girl is a different thing to a second wife to a man!”
  • Hilaire Belloc
    Hilaire%20Belloc
    “It is the best of all trades, to make songs, and the second best to sing them.”

Idioms

Play second fiddle - If you play second fiddle, you take a subordinate role behind someone more important.
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Second thoughts - If some has second thoughts, they start to think that an idea, etc, is not as good as it sounded at first and are starting to have doubts.
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Second wind - If you overcome tiredness and find new energy and enthusiasm, you have second wind.
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Second-guess - If you second-guess someone, you try to predict what they will do.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. secundus, second, properly, following, fr. sequi, to follow. See Sue to follow, and cf. Secund

Usage

In literature:

The second of the youths whom we shall describe is very different in appearance.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
SECOND IMPRESSIONS OF AMERICA.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
The second portion of this second half of the poem, consisting of eight Books, we are next to consider.
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
A second time he laughed, harshly.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
The terrible situation on the second day after the great disaster only intensifies the horror.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
Kill the second guinea-pig at the end of the second week and examine carefully.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Trace the relation between the first and second sentences; between the second and the third.
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
My regiment was the second from the left in the second line.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
In a few seconds we were far from the scene.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
From August 26 till September 2, 1914, the Second Army continued its attacks.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
For the second row you put the silk once round the mesh and net the second loop, having previously half twisted it.
"The Ladies' Work-Table Book" by Anonymous
Beethoven's Second Symphony (D) given at the Academy of Music, Boston.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
A second great suffrage meeting assembled there again, at which Mme.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
Seconds later he was lost in the sleep that comes to the physically exhausted.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
But in his deferential manner she could detect no hint of a second meaning.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
SECOND MAN: I'm telling you, there was a mistake in the records.
"Voyage To Eternity" by Milton Lesser
He accordingly, on the second of June, made that motion, which was seconded by John Adams.
"History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia" by Charles Campbell
Count Stefan, however, drew away the better portion of the men to his quarters, which were on the second story of the countess's house.
"Black Diamonds" by Mór Jókai
And he began to build in the second day of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
I stepped down at the word, and had the pleasure of receiving her hand the second time.
"A Volunteer with Pike" by Robert Ames Bennet
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In poetry:

Another Time, all dalliant and slow,
To those deluscious Lips I bended low,
And at the Second Kiss she only said,
"Do you do This to Every Girl you Know?"
"The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám Jr." by Wallace Irwin
He shows great favour to our land,
He all our armies did command,
By means he made them understand,
A second cause;
He gave our foes into our hand,
Under our laws.
"The Praise Of B----" by Susannah Hawkins
Then, when the battle is won,
And the land from traitors free,
Our children shall tell of the strife begun
When Liberty's second April sun
Was bright on our brave old tree!
"Under The Washington Elm, Cambridge" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
THE SECOND SPIRIT
I was a fair and youthful bride,
The kiss of love still burns upon my cheek,
He whom I worshipped, ever at my side,--
Him through the spirit realm in vain I seek.
"Homesick In Heaven" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Behold the fount, whence living waters flow,
Where he his thirst may at his pleasure slake!
Who tastes them once, no thirst again shall know,
Nor ever need a second draught to take!
"Advice To A Woman, Not To Grieve Too Much For The Death Of Her Child" by Rees Prichard
Youth that trafficked long with Death,
And to second life returns,
Squanders little time or breath
On his fellow—man's concerns.
Earned peace is all he asks
To fulfill his broken tasks.
"The Expert" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Second half marred by loss of audio, focus and 22 seconds of play.
Djokovic captured the title for the second time in five years by besting the second-seeded former No.
Both teams wouldn't hedge in the second OT, making big shot after big shot but Batum's last-second 3-pointer gave the Blazers (7-10) their first win on this seven-game roadie.
The Abbotsford Heat score two goals in three seconds, breaking the AHL's previous record of five seconds set on March 30, 2003.
And Bowyer 's second-place finish moved him to a career-best second in the final standings.
Celski become the first short-track speedskater to break the 40-second barrier in the 500 meters, setting a world record of 39.973 second Sunday in a World Cup final.
Capitol and Second St. On Monday, Dec 10 there will be an International Human Rights Day Candlelight Vigil from 5 to 5:45 pm at the Lincoln Statue on the State Capitol Steps, Second and Monroe.
Yes, it's short (20 seconds on, 10 seconds off for as little as 4 minutes), but you have to go all out to get the big benefits.
Second District Court records show that Izatt, 18, of Sunset, was charged Wednesday with two new counts of second-degree felony sex abuse of a child .
Junior Alex Lopez (#5) slides in safe into second base for the Lady Bulldogs during the second inning against Dalhart.
Farmer's Walk: 30 seconds on the right side, followed by 30 seconds on the left side.
La Table Française meets the second Wednesday of every month from 7:30 to 8:30 pm at Logos Books, 513 Second St in downtown Davis.
Second-seed Wisconsin dug itself a huge hole early in the game against Texas A&M- Corpus Christi, but battled back to move into the second-round of the NCAA tournament.
Cotton , 22, along with Darius L Bursey, 23, is facing felony charges of second-degree murder and second-degree criminal possession of a weapon.
The Tide got possession with 94 seconds left, setting up T.J. LSU's Les Miles will likely second-guess himself for several play calls in the loss.
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In science:

For the N=3 dimensional ensemble are calculated distributions of second difference, of real and imaginary parts of second difference, as well as of its radius and of its argument (angle).
Finite-difference distributions for the Ginibre ensemble
The second cut is imposed on the time (in seconds of the day, UT) of the event.
Cuts and penalties: comment on "The clustering of ultra-high energy cosmic rays and their sources"
Then the second, third and fifth terms of (3.20) vanish, so do the second, third, fourth terms of (3.21).
Some representations of nongraded Lie algebras of generalized Witt type
The aysmptotic behavior for c < 1 is understood; so is that for c large (with a log-factor gap in the bounds on the second term); and for c = 1 ± Θ(n−1/3 ) (with only a one-sided bound on the second term).
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
If the derivative of ϕ is of the second order or higher we get µk (sj ) or λk (sj ) at least second power.
Correlations between zeros of non-Gaussian random polynomials
The same process is repeated for the second column, i.e. we generate random fields h(i, 2), and compute E (i, 2) for each row in the second column.
Domains and Interfaces in Random Fields
We interpret the inclusion i ⊂ j by the fact that the first system contains more restrictive conditions than the second and the model in the first case is more precise than in the second one.
Defining the Delays of the Asynchronous Circuits
FIG. 2: Order parameters at the upper critical field, the second and third largest square of the magnetic field respectively correspond to the ground, first and second excited states of the quantum harmonic oscillator [Eq. (11)].
Theory of Upper Critical Field without Energy Quantization
It is interesting to find that (see Fig. 2) the order parameters corresponding to the second and third largest B 2 are nothing else but the first and second excited states of the harmonic oscillator equation, as given by Eq. (11) at n = 1, 2, respectively.
Theory of Upper Critical Field without Energy Quantization
Let (Ai )i∈I be a family of unital subalgebras of the second order probability space (A, ϕ1 , ϕ2) which are free of second order.
Second Order Freeness and Fluctuations of Random Matrices: II. Unitary Random Matrices
To deal with the second term of the second sum (13) we will use the following notation.
Second Order Freeness and Fluctuations of Random Matrices: II. Unitary Random Matrices
In proving the second commutation relation, in the second equality we used relations (ii) and (iv ) from the parasusy algebra.
Parasupersymmetric Quantum Mechanics of Order 3 and a Generalized Witten Index
Afterwards the second sequence of properly permuted universal quantum gates is performed (second dashed box of Fig.1).
Quantum error correction of coherent errors by randomization
In the second one, we determine a disk where the second order Taylor expansion of FC (π1 ) holds.
The largest eigenvalue of small rank perturbations of Hermitian random matrices
Indeed, in order to solve second order Einstein’s field equations and numerically construct a spacetime (e.g., outside a rotating neutron star), one must calculate the metric, its first and second derivatives.
Epicyclic frequencies derived from the effective potential: simple and practical formulae
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