second-class

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj second-class of inferior status or quality "a second-class citizen","second-class accommodations"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Second-class Of the rank or degree below the best or highest; inferior; second-rate; as, a second-class house; a second-class passage; a second-class citizen.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • second-class Belonging to the class next after the first: specifically noting railway-carriages, steamer accommodations, and the like: as, second-class passengers; a second-class ticket.
    • second-class Inferior, in any sense: as, a second-class hotel.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Second-class inferior to the first, as a second-class carriage
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jack E. Reichert
    Jack E. Reichert
    “I would rather have a first-class manager running a second-rate business than a second-rate manager running a first-rate business.”
  • Dora Russell
    Dora Russell
    “We have never yet had a labor Government that knew what taking power really means; they always act like second-class citizens.”
  • Malcolm Muggeridge
    Malcolm%20Muggeridge
    “St. Teresa of Avila described our life in this world as like a night at a second-class hotel.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. secundussequi, secutus, to follow.

Usage

In literature:

The second-class room is a dark cavern, with nothing better than a borrowed light.
"Rides on Railways" by Samuel Sidney
The second class included the wealthier merchants and professional men of the towns.
"Our Legal Heritage, 5th Ed." by S. A. Reilly
One class had read through Hillard's Second Primary Reader, and were on a review, reading Lessons 19, 20, and 21, while I was present.
"Atlantic Monthly, Vol. XII. September, 1863, No. LXXI." by Various
Suppose A has a second class and B a third class padaroshnia.
"Overland through Asia; Pictures of Siberian, Chinese, and Tartar Life" by Thomas Wallace Knox
Crystals of the first class are therefore called right-handed, and of the second class, left-handed crystals.
"Six Lectures on Light" by John Tyndall
My black boys travelled second-class, which means an open car with narrow seats very close together and a wooden roof.
"The Congo and Coasts of Africa" by Richard Harding Davis
The second class comprises vases of various and sometimes eccentric forms, moulded of red or tawny clay.
"Manual Of Egyptian Archaeology And Guide To The Study Of Antiquities In Egypt" by Gaston Camille Charles Maspero
We have some living composers whose works are not without some merit; but they can scarcely be placed even in the second class.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine--Vol. 54, No. 333, July 1843" by Various
Then he touched his hat again with a gesture of farewell, and ran away to a second-class carriage.
"The Doctor's Dilemma" by Hesba Stretton
The second-and third-class nations fell out with the first-class Powers.
"The Inside Story Of The Peace Conference" by Emile Joseph Dillon
The provisions with respect to this second order fall within the class of enactments which are alterable by the Irish Legislature.
"Handbook of Home Rule (1887)" by W. E. Gladstone et al.
The second class consists of certain larvae, and pupae, which undergo changes of colour when exposed to differently coloured surroundings.
"Darwinism (1889)" by Alfred Russel Wallace
Why spoil a first-class herder to make a second-class soldier?
"The Hosts of the Air" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Then a distinct hiss was heard, and a second later the entire sophomore class hissed Miriam Nesbit.
"Grace Harlowe's Sophomore Year at High School" by Jessie Graham Flower
Perhaps there was a second class in those days; there may be still.
"Mrs. Warren's Daughter" by Sir Harry Johnston
The second Kama is explained as desires of the class of love or lust.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2"
In the second place, the whites of that class were not at that time as ambitious, politically, as were the aristocrats.
"The Facts of Reconstruction" by John R. Lynch
The spearmen of this period are scarcely better armed than the second or intermediate class of archers.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 2. (of 7): Assyria" by George Rawlinson
Himelwright, storekeeper, second class, United States Navy; F.W.
"World's War Events, Volume III" by Various
The second class of coffee-houses, and those I have particularly in my eye, are altogether different from those I have just mentioned.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 1, Complete" by Various
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In poetry:

He does not mind; prowls the ward
In search of second-class, lost-face patients
With no visitors
And who are pretending to doze
Or read paperbacks.
"Ten Types of Hospital Visitor" by Charles Causley
There's the captain as is our commander,
There's the bo'sun and all the ship's crew,
There's the first- and the second-class passengers,
Knows what we poor convicts goes through.
"Botany Bay" by Anonymous Oceania

In news:

Skyview's Hayden Shuh kisses the second-place trophy during Saturday's award ceremony following the Storm's loss to Skyline in the Class 4A state championship game.
Rubio's DREAM Act Would Create a ' Second Class ,' Says Los Angeles Mayor.
Rubio's Dream Act would create " second class status".
Women not second-class citizens in Turkey.
Dayton orders flags at half-staff in honor of Special Operator Second Class Nicholas Patrick Spehar.
How new proposal creates second-class citizens.
Republicans want to create second-class citizens.
Former driver David Pearson signs an autograph for well-wishers after he was selected to the second class of inductees for the NASCAR Hall of Fame.
40 Years Later, Still Second-Class Americans.
Aussie service crisis fueling, ire of ' second-class citizens'.
Project Skyway's second class will make presentations to investors.
Second class of seniors complete JBC's Leadership Launch.
Terps' recruiting momentum continues with Mark Turgeon's second class.
Rubio's DREAM Act Would Create a 'Second Class,' Says Los Angeles Mayor.
Rubio's Dream Act would create "second class status".
***

In science:

The second class of examples can be obtained using antiassociative superalgebras (nonassociative Z2 -graded quasialgebras).
Akivis Superalgebras and speciality
The traffic demand is α = 0.95 users/Hz/s. The users of the first and the second classes have SNR = 10 dB and 30 dB, respectively.
Spectral efficiency and optimal medium access control of random access systems over large random spreading CDMA
We give a partly new proof of the fluctuation bounds for the second class particle and current in the stationary asymmetric simple exclusion process.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
One novelty is a coupling that preserves the ordering of second class particles in two systems that are themselves ordered coordinatewise.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
Both the earlier and the present approach are based on identities that link together the current, space-time covariances, and the second class particle.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
In we used sophisticated couplings introduced in and some complicated estimation to bound the positions of certain second class particles.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
In Section 3 of the present paper we introduce a coupling for ASEP that keeps the second class particle of a denser system behind the second class particle of a comparison system.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
Key words and phrases. exclusion process, particle current, second class particle, coupling, variance bound, moment bound, fluctuations. M.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
From the perspective of η(t), Q(t) is called a second class particle.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
In particular, we shall call the pair (η , Q) a (p, q)-ASEP with a second class particle.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
Consequently we can think of the ω -process as consisting of first class particles (the η particles) and second class particles (the ω − η particles).
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
We can now state the main result, the moment bounds on the second class particle.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
Section 2 proves the identities that connect the current and the second class particle.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
In Section 3 we develop the coupling that keeps two second class particles in different densities ordered.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
We state formulas that tie together the current, space-time covariance (also called “twopoint function”), and the second class particle.
Fluctuation bounds for the asymmetric simple exclusion process
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