scrofula

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n scrofula a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Scrofula (Med) A constitutional disease, generally hereditary, especially manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymphatic glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by a tendency to the development of chronic intractable inflammations of the skin, mucous membrane, bones, joints, and other parts, and by a diminution in the power of resistance to disease or injury and the capacity for recovery. Scrofula is now generally held to be tuberculous in character, and may develop into general or local tuberculosis (consumption).
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scrofula A constitutional disorder, especially in the young, expressing itself in lymphadenitis, especially glandular swellings in the neck, with a tendency to cheesy degeneration, inflammations of various joints, mucous membranes, and other structures, together with other less distinct indications of feeble health. The inflammations have been shown to be in most cases tubercular, and due to bacillary invasion. Also called struma and king's evil. See evil.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scrofula skrof′ū-la a disease with chronic swellings of the glands in various parts of the body, esp. the neck, tending to suppurate: the king's evil
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. scrofulae, fr. scrofa, a breeding sow, because swine were supposed to be subject to such a complaint, or by a fanciful comparison of the glandular swellings to little pigs; perhaps akin to Gr. an old sow: cf. F. scrofules,. Cf. Scroyle
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. scrofulæscrofula, a little pig, dim. of scrofa, a sow.

Usage

In literature:

Scrofula and consumption often follow protracted depressions of mind.
"How to Succeed" by Orison Swett Marden
Scrofula may accompany this condition.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume IV. (of IV.)" by Grant Hague
Where there is a family tendency to scrofula, care should be taken to treat promptly any case of glandular swelling.
"Papers on Health" by John Kirk
Scrofula is not uncommon among sheep, and it presents itself in various forms.
"The Principles of Breeding" by S. L. Goodale
Gout, Mania, Scrofula, Consumption 177.
"The Temple of Nature; or, the Origin of Society" by Erasmus Darwin
Of course the blood becomes impoverished, and almost every one has scrofula.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 38, No. 01, January, 1884" by Various
Employed in scrofula, Leprosy, cutaneous diseases, and purigo, and that with much effect.
"The Leper in England: with some account of English lazar-houses" by Robert Charles Hope
It was suggested by one of the doctors that Scrofula might be the cause of the trouble.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 39, No. 03, March, 1885" by Various
Scrofula, cure for, 279.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
There are also, in the Channel Islands, people afflicted with scrofula; which of course necessitates a due supply of these marcous.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
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In poetry:

'In the season of shame and sadness,
In the dark and dreary day,
When scrofula, gout, and madness
Are eating your race away;
"The Bad Squire" by Charles Kingsley