screw

Definitions

  • Screw- and Wire-Gages. a. Screw-Gage. b. Wire-Gage. c. Twist-Drill-Gage
    Screw- and Wire-Gages. a. Screw-Gage. b. Wire-Gage. c. Twist-Drill-Gage
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v screw defeat someone through trickery or deceit
    • v screw tighten or fasten by means of screwing motions "Screw the bottle cap on"
    • v screw cause to penetrate, as with a circular motion "drive in screws or bolts"
    • v screw turn like a screw
    • v screw have sexual intercourse with "This student sleeps with everyone in her dorm","Adam knew Eve","Were you ever intimate with this man?"
    • n screw slang for sexual intercourse
    • n screw a fastener with a tapered threaded shank and a slotted head
    • n screw a propeller with several angled blades that rotates to push against water or air
    • n screw a simple machine of the inclined-plane type consisting of a spirally threaded cylindrical rod that engages with a similarly threaded hole
    • n screw someone who guards prisoners
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Nail and Screw Cabinet Nail and Screw Cabinet
There's certainly a screw loose somewhere There's certainly a screw loose somewhere
"Leather vises and toe-screws." "Leather vises and toe-screws."
Rudder, screw propeller and motor Rudder, screw propeller and motor
Twin screw propeller and steam engine Twin screw propeller and steam engine
Stevens's Engine, Boiler, Screw-Propeller Stevens's Engine, Boiler, Screw-Propeller
Stevens's Screw Steamer Stevens's Screw Steamer
Stevens's Twin-Screw Steamer Stevens's Twin-Screw Steamer

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The term 'screwing' was derived from the activities of pigs. A pig's member screws.
    • Screw A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation, having a continuous rib, called the thread, winding round it spirally at a constant inclination, so as to leave a continuous spiral groove between one turn and the next, -- used chiefly for producing, when revolved, motion or pressure in the direction of its axis, by the sliding of the threads of the cylinder in the grooves between the threads of the perforation adapted to it, the former being distinguished as the external, or male screw, or, more usually the screw; the latter as the internal, or female screw, or, more usually, the nut.
    • Screw A small packet of tobacco.
    • Screw A steam vesel propelled by a screw instead of wheels; a screw steamer; a propeller.
    • Screw (Math) A straight line in space with which a definite linear magnitude termed the pitch is associated (cf. 5th Pitch, 10 ). It is used to express the displacement of a rigid body, which may always be made to consist of a rotation about an axis combined with a translation parallel to that axis.
    • Screw (Zoöl) An amphipod crustacean; as, the skeleton screw Caprella . See Sand screw, under Sand.
    • Screw An extortioner; a sharp bargainer; a skinflint; a niggard.
    • Screw An instructor who examines with great or unnecessary severity; also, a searching or strict examination of a student by an instructor.
    • Screw An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and commonly of good appearance.
    • Screw Anything shaped or acting like a screw; esp., a form of wheel for propelling steam vessels. It is placed at the stern, and furnished with blades having helicoidal surfaces to act against the water in the manner of a screw. See Screw propeller, below.
    • Screw Hence: To practice extortion upon; to oppress by unreasonable or extortionate exactions. "Our country landlords, by unmeasurable screwing and racking their tenants, have already reduced the miserable people to a worse condition than the peasants in France."
    • Screw Specifically, a kind of nail with a spiral thread and a head with a nick to receive the end of the screw-driver. Screws are much used to hold together pieces of wood or to fasten something; -- called also wood screws, and screw nails. See also Screw bolt, below.
    • Screw To examine rigidly, as a student; to subject to a severe examination.
    • Screw To force; to squeeze; to press, as by screws. "But screw your courage to the sticking place,
      And we'll not fail."
    • Screw To turn one's self uneasily with a twisting motion; as, he screws about in his chair.
    • Screw To turn, as a screw; to apply a screw to; to press, fasten, or make firm, by means of a screw or screws; as, to screw a lock on a door; to screw a press.
    • Screw To twist; to distort; as, to screw his visage. "He screwed his face into a hardened smile."
    • Screw To use violent mans in making exactions; to be oppressive or exacting.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n screw The hole in which a screw (in sense 2) turns.
    • n screw A cylinder of wood or metal having a spiral ridge (the thread) winding round it, usually turning in a hollow cylinder, in which a spiral channel is cut corresponding to the ridge. These convex and concave spirals, with their supports, are often called the screw and nut, and also the external or male screw and the internal or female screw respectively. The screw forms one of the six mechanical powers, and is virtually a spiral inclined plane—only, the inclined plane is commonly used to overcome gravity, while the screw is more often used to overcome some other resistance. Screws are right or left according to the direction of the spiral. They are used for balancing forces, as the jack-screw against gravity, the propeller-screw against the resistance of water, ordinary screws against friction in fastening pieces together, the screw-press against elasticity, etc.; and for magnifying a motion and rendering it easily manageable and measurable, as in the screw-feet of instruments, micrometer-screws, etc. For the pitch of a screw, see pitch, 7 . See also leading-screw, leveling-screw.
    • n screw A spiral shell; a screw-shell.
    • n screw A screw propeller.
    • n screw [Short for screw steamer.] A steam-vessel propelled by means of a screw propeller.
    • n screw A small parcel of tobacco done up in paper with twisted ends, and usually sold for a penny.
    • n screw A turn of a screw.
    • n screw A twist or turn to one side: as, to give a billiard-ball a screw by striking it low down or on one side with a sharp, sudden blow.
    • n screw Pressure: usually with the.
    • n screw A professor or tutor who requires students to work hard, or who subjects them to strict examination.
    • n screw Wages or salary.
    • n screw In mathematics, a geometrical form resulting from the combination of an axis, or straight line given in position, with a pitch or linear magnitude.
    • screw To turn, move, tighten, fasten, press, or make firm by a screw, or by giving a turn to a screw: apply a screw to, for the purpose of turning, moving, tightening, fastening, or pressing: as, to screw up a bracket; to screw a lock on a door; to screw a press.
    • screw To turn or cause to turn, as if by the application of a screw; twist.
    • screw To force; especially, to force by the application of pressure similar to that exerted by the advancing action or motion of a screw; squeeze: sometimes with up or out: as, to screw up one's courage.
    • screw To press hard upon; oppress as by exactions or vexatious restrictions or conditions.
    • screw To twist; contort; distort; turn so as to distort.
    • screw To turn so as to serve for tightening, fastening, etc.: as, a nut that screws to the right or to the left.
    • screw To have or assume a spiral or twisting motion: as, the ball screwed to the left.
    • screw To move or advance by means of a screw propeller.
    • screw To require students to work hard, or subject them to strict examination.
    • n screw A stingy fellow; a close or penurious person; one who makes a sharp bargain; an extortioner; a miser; a skinflint.
    • n screw A vicious, unsound, or broken-down horse.
    • n screw In English billiards, the draw shot. The movement actually is a screw, but so, in the opposite direction, is the follow shot, though it is not so named. When pocket-openings were larger it was by means of the screw, mainly, that long ‘spot-ball’ runs were made in England and America.
    • n screw A mechanical loader for handling and lowering bales of cotton into the cargo-space of vessels.
    • n screw A screw placed against the edge of a disk and fitting into helical teeth formed on that edge, so that when the screw is turned a very fine angular motion of the disk results. It also acts as a clamp to prevent angular motion except when the screw is turned. It is used for index plates in gear-cutters to divide the circle into aliquot parts and on the graduated limbs and verniers of astronomical, surveying, and other instruments.
    • screw In golf, to impart a side spin to a ball.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Screw skrōō a cylinder with a spiral groove or ridge on either its outer or inner surface, used as a fastening and as a mechanical power: a screw-propeller: a turn or twist to one side: a penny packet of tobacco put up in a paper twisted at both ends: a stingy fellow, an extortioner, a skinflint: a broken-winded horse: pressure:
    • v.t Screw to apply a screw to: to press with a screw: to twist: to oppress by extortion: to force: to squeeze
    • n Screw skrōō (U.S. slang) a professor who requires students to work hard: salary, wages
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “But screw your courage to the sticking-place and we'll not fail.”
  • Donald Smith
    Donald Smith
    “Screw up your courage, you screwed up everything else.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “Friends are like fiddle strings, they must not be screwed too tight.”
  • Colley Cibber
    Colley Cibber
    “Prithee don't screw your wit beyond the compass of good manners.”
  • Mariah Carey
    Mariah Carey
    “A lot of people are singing about how screwed up the world is, and I don't think that everybody wants to hear about that all the time.”
  • Russell Bishop
    Russell Bishop
    “I don't know any parents that look into the eyes of a newborn baby and say, How can we screw this kid up.”

Idioms

Screw loose - If someone has a screw loose, they are crazy.
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Screwed if you do, screwed if you don't - This means that no matter what you decide or do in a situation, there will be negative consequences.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe, female screw, F. écrou, L. scrobis, a ditch, trench, in LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf. D. schroef, a screw, G. schraube, Icel. skrūfa,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Earlier scrue. O. Fr. escrou, prob. L. scrobem, accus. of scrobs, a hole; or Low Ger. schruve, Dut. schroef, Ice. skrufa, Ger. schraube.

Usage

In literature:

If any additional adjustment must be made, make it with the tangent screw No.
"Lectures in Navigation" by Ernest Gallaudet Draper
He screwed up his mouth.
"Hurricane Island" by H. B. Marriott Watson
In the rim of the wheel are tiny holes into which screws may be screwed.
"Makers of Many Things" by Eva March Tappan
If you ask the cook for a screw-driver you'll probably be able to wedge open your desk easily.
"The Madcap of the School" by Angela Brazil
The ends are bent to fit into screw eyes or other sockets fastened to the wall, upon which this improvised crane can be swung.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
The screws used should be brass, since iron screws will rust and cause trouble.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
Nut of bow showing screw and method of hairing .
"The Bow, Its History, Manufacture and Use" by Henry Saint-George
The most Gorman could screw out of him in the way of an advance was L5,000.
"The Island Mystery" by George A. Birmingham
Next in order of importance came the newly built screw sloops, with powerful guns and engines.
"Submarine Warfare of To-day" by Charles W. Domville-Fife
Where a wire is screwed into an electric-light socket, what harm, if any, might result from not screwing it in tightly?
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
Bring the two largest screw-drivers.
"The Vast Abyss" by George Manville Fenn
He screwed it up as far as it would go.
"Hanging by a Thread" by Gordon Randall Garrett
Fifty fellows might have screws in their heels.
"The Wolf Patrol" by John Finnemore
We needed screws, too, to fasten it with, small brass screws with flat heads that sank in out of sight.
"Aliens" by William McFee
But even if it stood open it would hardly occur to any one to try the screws of the ventilator one after another.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
His face screwed into a knot.
"Whispering Wires" by Henry Leverage
One more word: think your head's screwed on right now?
"A Double Knot" by George Manville Fenn
I put on no screw, and I am no screw.
"The Man with a Shadow" by George Manville Fenn
We can't screw this up.
"Life Blood" by Thomas Hoover
Or is it your client, who you're about to try and screw out of a hundred million dollars?
"Project Daedalus" by Thomas Hoover
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In poetry:

Ah, JUDY thru!
With eyes so blue,
That you were here to view it!
And could I screw
But tu pound tu,
'Tis I would thrait you to it!
"The Crystal Palace" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Till in the screw shaft's stifling dark,
With spent and grasping breath
The U-boat's captain turned at last
To pay his dues to death . . .
"The Ballad Of The Dinkinbar" by Cicely Fox Smith
Bound for his home, with shuddering screw
That beats its strength out into speed,
Until the pacing watch descries
On the sea-line a scarlet seed
"A Seamark" by Bliss William Carman
Now with a humming from the greening skies,
Sphinx moths with course set true,
Shoot forth, torpedoes with a spinning screw,
And bulbous lantern eyes;
"Moths" by Dorothy Violet Wellesley
And if a string do slip by chance, they soon
Do screw it up again, whereby
They set it in a more melodious tune
And a diviner harmony.
For in Christ's coach they sweetly sing,
As they to glory ride therein.
"The Joy if Church Fellowship Rightly Attended" by Edward Taylor
But we each and all are lonely, and we have our work to do;
We must fight for wife and children or our country and our screw
In the everlasting struggle to the end that fate destines;
In the war that men call living we are riding round our lines.
"Riding Round the Lines" by Henry Lawson

In news:

I don't know about y'all, but this July 4 holiday smack dab in the middle of the week has screwed up my schedule something fierce.
How to Avoid a Break in the Main Shaft Screw.
We have a twin screw conveyor for transferring Na2SO4 as per spec data below.
To avoid a break in the main shaft screw, I would like to install a torque limiter for safety device.
So seniors are getting screwed.
I've heard that if I do reps with the muscles I use to stop my piss, I can screw for longer.
Then, using screws, attach a piece of trim to what will be the top of the back of the seat.
An experienced engineer inspecting some work on top of a silo lost his balance when a screw conveyor unexpectedly started up.
Are all lower-income people going to be getting screwed on taxes.
A magician in Bolivia went on TV and screwed up a trick BIG TIME.
Everyone is screwed in Steven Soderbergh's new thriller.
The Phrase That's Screwing Up the Afghan Air War.
Keep it against a shelf and you know exactly where to drive your nails or predrill for screws .
Screwing around with Midwest Voices.
The president screwed up in the workplace.
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In science:

If α and β do not share a fixed point in H 3 ∪ S 2 ∞ , then they preserve a common oriented plane, and the group < α, β > consists of non-screw motions which preserve this plane.
Simple Closed Geodesics in Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds
Note that if a hyperbolic isometry α is expressed as a product of two half-turns rα1 , rα2 as above, then α is non-screw if and only if α1 and α2 lie in a common plane.
Simple Closed Geodesics in Hyperbolic 3-Manifolds
Let ordt (fe (t)) be the order of fe with respect to the parameter t, Then ordt (fe (t))/me of fe coincides with the screw number defined in [MM] and depends only on the conjugacy class of the mapping class group Φ ∈ Aut(π1 (Dη )) arising from the family D → ∆ of curves.
Degeneration of curves and analytic deformation
Since the screw number for C1 → ∆m and C2 → ∆m coincides for all e ∈ E (τ ), we get the required sequence of morphism ei : Ei → ∆ × Di by Proposition 4.1.
Degeneration of curves and analytic deformation
An extreme case is a screw dislocation, which runs perpendicular to the layers.
Smectic Liquid Crystals in Random Environments
Horizontal w displacement of a vertical segment (i.e., a screw dislocation).
Smectic Liquid Crystals in Random Environments
Finally we consider optimizing a z-directed screw dislocation, by displacing it horizontally.
Smectic Liquid Crystals in Random Environments
The former is an edge or screw dislocation which are a source of torsion.
Finite temperature corrections and embedded strings in noncommutative geometry and the standard model with neutrino mixing
Second, LG modes with l 6= 0 contain a screw dislocation of the phase front on the wave packet axis, uLG l,m ∝ exp(ilϕ); in other words, they contain a phase vortex of strength l at r = 0.
Semiclassical Dynamics of Electron Wave Packet States with Phase Vortices
Before starting the alignment, the two brakes of the tuning device must be released (4 screws each beneath the support).
AMBER Task Force February 2008 run report
It is better to completely release also the two guiding spheres (3 set of large guiding screws) that allows the three rotation around a point close to the detector.
AMBER Task Force February 2008 run report
The focus is performed using the long screw located beneath the support (using a key #7 (tbc)) .
AMBER Task Force February 2008 run report
Stawell Bal, “A treatise on the theory of screws”, Cambridge University Press, London, 1900. U.
A force torsor analysis for a turning process in the presence of self-excited vibrations
One says that the point a is that of the screw reduction and this screw depicts a screw motion.
On Foundations of Newtonian Mechanics
The sample was glued to a piece of hard foam that was then clamped in the sample holder in the desired orientation thanks to screws with spear tips (Figure 2-b).
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
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