scapula

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n scapula either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Scapula (Zoöl) One of the plates from which the arms of a crinoid arise.
    • Scapula (Anat) The principal bone of the shoulder girdle in mammals; the shoulder blade.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scapula In anatomy, the shoulder-blade, or blade-bone, or omoplate. It is the proximal element of the pectoral or scapular arch of vertebrates, especially of higher vertebrates, in which it is primitively the proximal part of a cartilaginous rod, the distal part of which is segmented off to form the coracoid. It assumes the most various shapes in different animals, but is usually flattened and expansive in mammals, in birds slender and saber-like. The scapula, whatever its shape, normally maintains connection with the coracoid, which is then a separate bone, but in all mammals above the monotremes the coracoid is completely consolidated with the scapula, appearing as a mere process of the latter. The human, like other mammalian scapulæ, with the exception noted, is therefore a compound bone, consisting of scapula and coracoid united. The scapula, or scapula and coracoid together, normally furnish an articulation for the clavicle when the latter is fully developed. In mammals above monotremes this articulation is with the spine or acromion. The glenoid cavity for the articulation of the humerus is always at the junction of the scapula proper with the coracoid, and when the latter is separate both bones enter into its formation. Morphologically a well-developed scapula, as in a mammal, has two ends, three borders, and three surfaces, corresponding to the prismatic rod of primitive cartilage; these parts, however, do not correspond with the borders, angles, and surfaces described in human anatomy (for which see shoulder-blade), the vertebral border, for instance, being really one end of the bone, and the edge of the spine being one of the morphological borders. The three surfaces correspond to the supraspinous, infraspinous, and subscapular fossæ, better known as the prescapular, postscapular, and subscapular surfaces. In all mammals and birds, and most reptiles proper, the scapula closely conforms to the characters here given. In batrachians and fishes, however, whose scapular arch is complicated with additional bones, the modifications are various, and some of the coracoid elements have been wrongly regarded and named as scapular. See cuts under omosternum, scapulocoracoid, and shoulder-blade. See also postscapular, prescapular, subscapular, suprascapular.
    • n scapula In Crinoidea, one of the plates in the cup which give rise to the arms.
    • n scapula In entomology: One of the parapsides or plicæ scapulares on the side of the mesothorax.
    • n scapula A pleura, including the episternum and epimeron, the latter being distinguished by Burmeister as the posterior wing of the scapula. Also scapularium. See parapsis.
    • n scapula A shoulder-tippet, or shoulder-cover. See patagium .
    • n scapula A trochanter of the fore leg.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scapula skap′ū-la the shoulder-blade
    • n Scapula a bandage for the shoulder-blade:
    • n Scapula a scapular
    • n Scapula (ornith.) the shoulder feathers: a long strip of cloth worn by some orders: two little pieces of cloth tied together by strings passing over the shoulders, worn by lay persons in token of devotion: a short cloak with a hood, a monastic working dress
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L

Usage

In literature:

Coracoid process of the scapula.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
SCAPULAE OF PIGEONS ... 167 29.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
Ostorius Scapula arrives in Britain, 13; conquests of, 14.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
SCAPULA, characters of, in rabbits, i.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
The Bishop moved the crushed shoulder a little, and something black showed out of a torn muscle under the scapula.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
The muscle 6 elevates the ribs when the scapula is fixed, or draws the scapula forward and downward when the ribs are fixed.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
I came to see to a broken scapula.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
To understand this, we have only to peruse such documents as the address of Tertullian to Scapula.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
Carnarvonshire was occupied by the Segontiaci, with difficulty subdued by Ostorius Scapula and C. Suetonius Paulinus (Paullinus).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
Tertullian, his letter to Scapula, i.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
Let us go on with the scapula.
"Barrington Volume I (of II)" by Charles James Lever
The hole in the left scapula indicated a deep penetrating wound.
"An Experimental Translocation of the Eastern Timber Wolf" by Thomas F. Weise
He cuts a hole through the skin of the right shoulder, over the scapula, and a hole over each breast.
"The Sun Dance of the Blackfoot Indians" by Clark Wissler
The scapulae are large, longer than the clavicles, and bicapitate proximally.
"A Synopsis of Neotropical Hylid Frogs, Genus Osteocephalus" by Linda Trueb
The scapula costs the purchaser one dollar.
"Popery! As it Was and as it Is Also, Auricular Confession; And Popish Nunneries" by William Hogan
Scapula (from shoulder to shoulder): 17 inches.
"Alone with the Hairy Ainu" by A. H. Savage Landor
It assists in keeping the scapula applied to the thoracic cage, and when it contracts, draws the scapula upwards and forwards.
"Artistic Anatomy of Animals" by Édouard Cuyer
Peter carried his tray in one hand and a bright silver scapula in the other.
"Curiosities of Impecuniosity" by H. G. Somerville
The scapula, or shoulder-blade.
"Sheep, Swine, and Poultry" by Robert Jennings
At an inn in Lincolnshire, a huge scapula is exhibited as a relic of the famous dun cow.
"Traditions, Superstitions and Folk-lore" by Charles Hardwick
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In news:

A common complaint often seen in practice is pain, discomfort, and/or tightness in the levator scapula muscle.
The tale of Brian Hunt's broken scapula .
InstagramBrian Hunt in Shanghai, China, after breaking his right scapula in practice at X Games Asia 2012.
Inhale slide scapulae down, pull arms down and back to start moving carriage out and lengthen spine to neutral.
Weaver broke his wrist, scapula and elbow in six places.
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In science:

For example, the partial scapula is 98 cm long.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
The scapula is distinctive in the nature of its posterior expansion.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
The prepared scapulae of Paluxysaurus (Rose, 2007:fig.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
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