scammony

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n scammony twining plant of Asia Minor having cream-colored to purple flowers and long thick roots yielding a cathartic resin
    • n scammony resin from the root of Convolvulus scammonia
    • n scammony tropical American morning glory
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Scammony (Bot) A species of bindweed or Convolvulus (C. Scammonia).
    • Scammony An inspissated sap obtained from the root of the Convolvulus Scammonia, of a blackish gray color, a nauseous smell like that of old cheese, and a somewhat acrid taste. It is used in medicine as a cathartic.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scammony A plant, Convolvulus Scammonia, which grows abundantly in Syria and Asia Minor. Its stems, bearing arrow-shaped leaves, trail or climb a distance of several feet, and it has a large tapering root which is the source of the drug scammony.
    • n scammony A gum-resin consisting of the inspissated root-juice of this plant. It is obtained by slicing off the top of the root obliquely and collecting as it runs off the sap, which concretes in course of time. It appears in commerce commonly in fragments or cakes of a greenish-gray or blackish color, has a peculiar odor somewhat like that of cheese, and a slightly acrid taste. Virgin scammony, the pure exuded article, is little in the market; the common scammony is adulterated with a decoction of the root and with earthy and other substances, on which account the dried roots are to some extent imported and the resin extracted by alcohol. Scammony is an energetic cathartic.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scammony skam′o-ni a cathartic gum-resin obtained from a species of convolvulus in Asia Minor
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. scammonée, L. scammonia, scammonea, Gr. skammwni`a
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L.,—Gr. skammōnia; prob. Persian.

Usage

In literature:

Their names are Aloes, Scammony, and Gamboge.
"No Name" by Wilkie Collins
They are cowhage, scammony, male fern root, calomel, gamboge, tin, and turpentine.
"Enquire Within Upon Everything" by Anonymous
The duty received for scammony, in 1842, was L607.
"The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom" by P. L. Simmonds
Tell me what scammony you want, and it shall be done.
"Tancred" by Benjamin Disraeli
Castor oil, senna, jalap, jalapine, and scammony are simple aperients.
"The Mother's Manual of Children's Diseases" by Charles West, M.D.
For both reasons it is preferable to scammony.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 2" by Various
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In science:

Tursiops truncates, Globiocephalus scammoni, and Phocoena phocoena.
Towards a Quantitative, Metabolic Theory for Mammalian Sleep
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