One of the Forms Of Egyptian Scales
- v scale size or measure according to a scale "This model must be scaled down"
- v scale measure with or as if with scales "scale the gold"
- v scale remove the scales from "scale fish"
- v scale pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard
- v scale climb up by means of a ladder
- v scale reach the highest point of "We scaled the Mont Blanc"
- v scale take by attacking with scaling ladders "The troops scaled the walls of the fort"
- v scale measure by or as if by a scale "This bike scales only 25 pounds"
- n scale a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals
- n scale a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)
- n scale an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
- n scale a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass
- n scale (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)
- n scale a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
- n scale a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin
- n scale relative magnitude "they entertained on a grand scale"
- n scale the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it "the scale of the map","the scale of the model"
- n scale an ordered reference standard "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"
Additional illustrations & photos:
SCALES FOUND AT POMPEII
SCALES AND WEIGHTS
Scaling' Logs on the Skids
Face of Steel Square, Octagon, 'Eight-Square,' Scale
Method of Using the Eight-Square Scale on the Steel-Square
They wuz covered with bone instead of scales
SHOVEL-NOSED STURGEON This fish is covered with bony plates instead of scales. The roe is made into caviar. Range:...
Scale model of Aultman-Taylor steam tractor of 1892
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Most lipstick contains fish scales
- Scale A basis for a numeral system; as, the decimal scale; the binary scale, etc.
- Scale A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending.
- Scale A mathematical instrument, consisting of a slip of wood, ivory, or metal, with one or more sets of spaces graduated and numbered on its surface, for measuring or laying off distances, etc., as in drawing, plotting, and the like. See Gunter's scale.
- Scale (Zoöl) A scale insect. (See below
- Scale A series of spaces marked by lines, and representing proportionately larger distances; as, a scale of miles, yards, feet, etc., for a map or plan.
- Scale (Bot) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf, resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems of ferns.
- Scale An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which water is heated, as a steam boiler.
- Scale Gradation; succession of ascending and descending steps and degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative rank or order; as, a scale of being. "There is a certain scale of duties . . . which for want of studying in right order, all the world is in confusion."
- Scale Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material, resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a scale of iron, of bone, etc.
- Scale Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a measure or rule, or marked by lines at regular intervals.
- Scale (Zoöl) One of the small scalelike structures covering parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of certain annelids. See Lepidoptera.
- Scale (Anat) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny pieces which form the covering of many fishes and reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See Cycloid
Ctenoid, and Ganoid. "Fish that, with their fins and shining scales ,
Glide under the green wave."
- Scale Relative dimensions, without difference in proportion of parts; size or degree of the parts or components in any complex thing, compared with other like things; especially, the relative proportion of the linear dimensions of the parts of a drawing, map, model, etc., to the dimensions of the corresponding parts of the object that is represented; as, a map on a scale of an inch to a mile.
- Scale The dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself; an instrument or machine for weighing; as, to turn the scale
; -- chiefly used in the plural when applied to the whole instrument or apparatus for weighing. Also used figuratively. "Long time in even scale The battle hung.""The scales are turned; her kindness weighs no more
Now than my vows."
- Scale The graduated series of all the tones, ascending or descending, from the keynote to its octave; -- called also the gamut. It may be repeated through any number of octaves. See Chromatic scale
Major scale, and Minor scale, under Chromatic
Major, and Minor.
- Scale (Astron) The sign or constellation Libra.
- Scale The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife. See Illust. of Pocketknife.
- Scale (Metal) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide, Fe3O4. Also, a similar coating upon other metals.
- Scale (Gun) To clean, as the inside of a cannon, by the explosion of a small quantity of powder.
- v. t Scale To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. "Oft have I scaled the craggy oak."
- v. i Scale To lead up by steps; to ascend. "Satan from hence, now on the lower stair,
That scaled by steps of gold to heaven-gate,
Looks down with wonder."
- Scale To scatter; to spread.
- Scale To separate and come off in thin layers or laminæ; as, some sandstone scales by exposure. "Those that cast their shell are the lobster and crab; the old skins are found, but the old shells never; so it is likely that they scale off."
- Scale To separate; to scatter.
- Scale To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler.
- Scale To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. "If all the mountains were scaled , and the earth made even."
- v. t Scale To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. "Scaling his present bearing with his past."
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
The list of ingredients that make up lipstick include fish scales
- n scale A husk, shell, pod, or other thin covering of a seed or fruit, as of the bean.
- n scale ln botany, a small rudimentary or thin scarious body, usually a metamorphosed leaf, scale-like in form and often in arrangement, constituting the covering of the leaf-buds of deciduous trees in cold climates, the involucre of the Compositæ, the bracts of the catkin, the imbricated and thickened leaves which constitute the bulb, and the like. Also applied in the Coniferæ to the leaves or bracts of the cone, and to the chaff on the stems of ferns. See also cuts under imbricate and rosin-plant.
- n scale In zoology, an epidermal or exoskeletal structure that is thin, flat, hard or dry, and of some definite extent; a piece of cuticle that is squamous, scaly, or horny, and does not constitute a hair, a feather, or a horn, hoof, nail, or claw; a squama; a scute; a scutellum. All these structures, however, belong to one class, and there is no absolute distinction. Scales are often of large size and great comparative thickness or solidity, and may be reinforced by bone, in which case they are commonly called shields or plates. Specifically— In ichthyology, one of the particular modifications of epidermis which collectively form the usual covering, more or less complete, of fishes; a fish-scale. They are of many forms and sizes, but have been sometimes considered under the four heads of cycloid, ctenoid, ganoid, and placoid, and fishes have been classified accordingly, as by Agassiz. (See cycloid, etc.) They are developed on the inner side of the general epidermis, but vary greatly in form and other characteristics. In most living fishes they are expanded horny lamellæ, and imbricated, the posterior edges of one transverse row overlapping adjacent parts of the sncceeding row. Growth takes place from a central, subcentral, or posterior nucleus by increase at the periphery. Generally the anterior part, or base of insertion, is provided with striæ or grooves diverging backward. In numerous fishes growth takes place in layers and at the posterior edges as much as at the anterior, and there are no teeth or denticles at the posterior margin: such are called cycloid scales. When the posterior margin is beset with denticles, a ctenoid scale is the result. When vestiges of such teeth or denticles are retained on the surface between the nucleus and the posterior margin, the surface is to that extent muricated. In other forms the growth is almost entirely sideways and forward, and the nucleus is consequently near the posterior edge. Still other fishes have a hard enameled surface to the scale, which is generally of a rhomboidal form, and such a scale is called ganoid; but few modern fishes are thus armed, though scales of this kind were developed by numerous extinct forms. When the scales are very small, or represented by ossified papillæ of the cutis, they are called placoid; such are found in most of the sharks. Between these various types there are gradations, and there are also numerous modifications in other directions. The presence or absence of scales becomes also of slight systematic importance in some groups, and the same family may contain species with a scaleless body and others with scales of the ctenoid and cycloid types. The scales of various fishes, as the sheepshead, mullet, and drum, are used in the manufacture of ornamental work, as mock jewelry, flower-sprays, etc. Pearl-white or essence d'Orient, used in making artificial pearls, is prepared from the scales of Alburnus lucidus and other cyprinoid fishes.
- n scale Something like or likened to a scale; something desquamated or exfoliated; a flake; a shell; a scab.
- n scale Specifically— A thin plate of bone; a scale-like or shell-like bone: as, the human lacrymal bone is a mere scale; the squamosal is a thin scale of bone.
- n scale A part of the periostracum, or epidermal covering of the shell of a mollusk.
- n scale One of the broad flat structures, or hemielytra, which cover some annelids, as the scalebacks, with a kind of defensive armor.
- n scale In entomology: One of the minute structures which constitute the covering of the wings of lepidopterous insects, as the furriness of a butterfly or moth. These are modified hairs which when well developed are thin, fiat plates, pointed at the end where they are attached to the surface and generally divided into a number of long teeth at the other end; they are set in rows overlapping each other slightly, like tiles or shingles on a roof. These scales are ornamented with microscopic lines, and are of various and often very bright colors. By covering the transparent membrane of the wings they form the beautiful patterns much admired in these insects. See cut in next column, and cut under Lepidoptera. One of the plates, somewhat similar to those on a butterfly's wing, covering the bodies of most Thysanura (Lepismatidæ, Poduridæ). One of the little flakes which, scattered singly or close together, so as to cover the whole surface in a uniform manner, ornament the bodies and wing-covers of many beetles, especially species of Curculionidæ. These scales are frequently mingled with hairs; they are often metallic and very beautifully colored. One of the rndimentary wings of some insects, as fleas, or some similar process or formation on the thorax: as, the covering scale, the operculum or tegula of various insects. See tegula. The shield covering the body of most female scale-insects (Coccidæ), and subsequently, when the insect dies and shrivels up, serving to protect the eggs and young which are concealed beneath it. (See accompanying cut.) It is formed either by an exudation from the body of the female, or by her cast-off larva-skins cemented together. Hence— A coccid; a scale-insect: as, the barnacle scale, Ceroplastes cirripediformis, common in Florida. See cuts under coccus, cochineal, and scale-insect. A vertical dilatation of the petiole of the abdomen, found in some ants. Also called nodus or node.
- n scale One of the large hard scabs which form in some diseases of the human skin.
- n scale One of the metal plates which form the sides of the frame of a pocket-knife, and to which the outer part, of ivory or other material, is riveted.
- n scale The crust of oxid formed on the surface of a metal heated with exposure to the air: used chiefly with reference to iron, as in the terms mill-scale, hammer-scale, etc.
- scale To deprive of scales, as a fish.
- scale To peel; husk; shell: as, to scale almonds.
- scale To pare down or off; shave or reduce, as a surface.
- scale In metallurgy, to get rid of the scale or film of oxid formed on the surface of (a metal), as of iron plates, in order to obtain a clean surface for tinning.
- scale To clean (the inside of a cannon) by firing off a small quantity of powder.
- scale To cause to separate; disperse; scatter: as, to scale a crowd.
- scale To spill: as, to scale salt; to scale water.
- scale To spread, as manure or some loose substance.
- scale To separate and come off in thin layers or laminæ; become reduced by the separation or loss of surface scales or flakes.
- scale To separate; break up; disperse; scatter.
- n scale A bowl; a cup.
- n scale The bowl or dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself, or the whole instrument: as, to turn the scale: generally used in the plural when applied to the whole instrument.
- n scale plural [capitalized] The sign of the Balance, or Libra, in the zodiac.
- scale To weigh in or as in scales; measure; compare; estimate.
- scale To weigh; have a weight of: as, the fish scaled seven pounds.
- scale To make of the proper or exact weight: as, a scaled pottle of wine.
- n scale A ladder; a flight of steps; anything by means of which one may ascend.
- n scale A series of marks laid down at determinate distances along a line, for purposes of measurement and computation; also, the rule upon which one or more such series are laid down.
- n scale In music: A definite and standard series of tones within some large limiting interval, like an octave, selected for artistic purposes. The first step toward an artistic system of tones is the adoption of some interval for the division of the infinite possible range of tones into convenient sections of equal length. In Greek music, this unit of division was originally the tetrachord; in medieval music, the hexachord; and in modern music, the octave, though the octave is more or less recognized in all systems. Within the tetrachord, hexachord, or octave various scales are possible. (See tetrachord and hexachord.) The abstract method whereby the octave is divided and the succession of tones ordered within it is properly called a mode; but when a mode is applied at some given pitch the concrete result is called a key or scale (though mode and scale are often used interchangeably in the abstract sense). A scale is distinguished from a key in that it is used simply of the tones of the key when arranged in order of pitch. The successive tones of a scale are called degrees; they are usually numbered from below upward. The first tone or starting-tone is called the key-note or key-tone. The historic process of scale-invention is, of course, unconscious. The selection of tones seems to be controlled primarily by an instinctive perception of their harmonic relations to the starting-tone and to each other, though limited and modified by a desire to secure an even melodic succession without too short intervals. When the smallest interval allowed is the whole step or major second, five-toned or pentatonic scales are produced, such as are used among the Chinese, in the older music of various Celtic nations, and by certain semicivilized peoples. When the half-step or semitone is tolerated, seven-toned or heptatonic scales are produced, as in the later Greek and all modern systems. When smaller intervals than the semitone are admitted, scales of more than seven tones are produced, as among the Hindus, the Persians, and other Orientals. In modern European music two chief forms of scale are used, the major and the minor, the latter having three varieties. (See mode, 7 .) Both forms are termed diatonic. When, for purposes of modulation or of melodic variety, other intermediate tones are added, they are called chromatic tones, and a scale in which all the longer steps of a diatonic scale are divided by such intermediate tones is a chromatic scale, containing eleven tones in all. (See chromatic.) Properly an upward chromatic scale for melodic purposes differs from a downward, but on the keyboard they are assumed to be equivalent. In written music, a scale noted in both sharps and flats, so as to include the nominal constituents of both an upward and a downward chromatic scale, is called an enharmonic scale. A chromatic scale for harmonic purposes includes, in addition to the tones of the usual diatonic major scale, a minor second, a minor third, an augmented fourth, a minor sixth, and a minor seventh. When a scale of either kind is made up of tones having exact harmonic relations with the key-note, it is called exact or pure; but the compromise construction of the keyboard reduces all scales to an arbitrary form, called tempered. In solmization, the tones of a scale are represented by the syllables do, re, mi, etc. (See interval, keyboard, solmization, and temperament.)
- n scale Any particular scale based upon a given key-note: as, the scale of G or of F. Unless otherwise qualified, such a scale is understood to be a major scale. All major scales are essentially similar, except in pitch; all minor scales also. On the keyboard, however, there is considerable mechanical difference on account of the varying succession of the white and black digitals. (See key, 7.)
- n scale Of a voice or an instrument, same as compass, 5.
- n scale In an organ-pipe, the ratio between its width and its length: a broad scale producing full, sonorous tones, as in the open diapason; and a narrow scale, thin, string-like tones, as in the dulciana. The same usage occurs occasionally in connection with other instruments, referring to size in relation to the quality of the tones produced.
- n scale Succession of ascending or descending steps or degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative rank or order; gradation.
- n scale A system of proportion by which definite magnitudes represent definite magnitudes, in a sculpture, picture, map, and the like; also. a system of proportion for taxation or other purpose.
- n scale A system of numeration or numerical notation.
- n scale Any graded system of terms, shades, tints, sounds, etc., by reference to which the degree, intensity, or quality of a phenomenon or sense-perception may be estimated.
- n scale The act of storming a place by mounting the walls on ladders; an escalade or scalade.
- scale To climb by or as by a ladder; ascend by steps; in general, to clamber up.
- scale To draw, project, or make according to scale; represent in true proportions.
- scale In lumbering, to measure (logs), or estimate the amount of (standing timber).
- scale To cut down or decrease proportionally in every part; decrease or reduce according to a fixed scale or proportion: sometimes with down: as, to scale wages; to scale a debt or an appropriation.
- scale To afford an ascent, as a ladder or stairs; lead up by steps or stairs.
- n scale An incrustation on the inside of a boiler or other vessel in which water is evaporated which contains in solution salts which are precipitated by heat. These salts are usually present in solution as compounds rich in carbonic acid, such as the acid carbonates of lime and magnesia, or as sulphates or silicates. The carbonates lose one atom of CO2 on boiling and become insoluble protocarbonates, and the sulphates are less soluble in hot water than in cold. Such scale causes local overheating and injury to the metal of the vessel, retards the transfer of heat to the water to be evaporated, and clogs up waterways.
- scale To cover with a crust or deposit: as, this water scales the boiler or the kettle.
- scale To become crusted with a deposit from the feed-water: said of a boiler or other evaporating-vessel.
- n scale Weight: an abbreviation of scale weight.
- n scale A form of scales in which the usual knife-edge fulcrums are replaced by flat bands, the loads twisting these bands through a small angle, quite within their elastic limit of stress. Such fulcrums are frictionless, or the molecular distortion is not variable with applied load.
- n scale In graphics, the ratio of the lines of the drawing to those of the object. Thus, if six inches on the drawing represent one foot on the object the scale is one half, variously indicated: as, Scale ½ Scale 1:2; Scale 6 in. = 1 ft.; Scale 6″ = 1′ .
- n scale VALUES OF BAUMÉ DEGREES
- n scale All the numbers but three in the table for heavy liquids contain errors of 1, 2, 3, or 5 units in the third decimal place, but since the table has been adopted by the chief users of this hydrometer it is given as so used; but the correct figures are added within brackets. Instruments, however, are likely to be graduated according to the correct figures.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
If all the insects in the world were put on a scale, they would out weigh all creatures
- n Scale skāl a ladder: series of steps: a graduated measure:
- v.t Scale to mount, as by a ladder: to ascend: to draw in true proportion: to measure logs: to decrease proportionally, as every part
- v.i Scale to lead up by steps:
- n Scale skāl one of the small, thin plates on a fish or reptile: a thin layer: a husk: the covering of the leaf-buds of deciduous trees: a piece of cuticle that is squamous or horny: a flake: an encrustation on the side of a vessel in which water is heated
- v.t Scale to clear of scales: to peel off in thin layers
- v.i Scale to come off in thin layers
- n Scale skāl the dish of a balance: a balance, as to turn the scale—chiefly in pl.:
- v.t Scale to weigh, as in scales: to estimate
- n Scale skāl (mus.) a series of all the tones ascending or descending from the keynote to its octave, called the gamut: the order of a numeral system: gradation: proportion: series
- v.i Scale (Scot.) to disperse, to spill, to spread as manure
- n Scale skāl (pl.) Libra, one of the signs of the zodiac
Off the scale - If something goes off the scale, it far exceeds the normal standards, good or bad, for something.
Put your thumb on the scales - If you put your thumb on the scales, you try to influence the result of something in your favour.
Scales fall from your eyes - When the scales fall from your eyes, you suddenly realise the truth about something.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal, a shell, Dan. skiæl, a fish scale, Goth. skalja, tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale, of a balance; but perhaps rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F. écaille, scale of a fish, and écale, shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of German origin, and akin to Goth. skalja, G. schale,. See Shale
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. scále, a balance; Dut. schaal, Ger. schale; allied to preceding word.
In defiance of the officers, the peasant soldiers stormed Tripolitza and scaled the walls.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
The scale of the Stellar World is immensely larger than the scale we are accustomed to on this Earth.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
The dimensions of the prominences may be inferred from the scale appended to the plate.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
Focus the scale of the stage micrometer accurately; the lines will appear to be immediately below those of the eyepiece micrometer.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
I still find it desirable to practice scales for half an hour a day.
"Great Pianists on Piano Playing" by James Francis Cooke
Surely a curious chemistry, and conducted on an enormous scale!
"The Cruise of the Betsey" by Hugh Miller
But whenever the scale of measurement is made fine enough, differences at once appear.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
Constantinople had it still, on a grander scale.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
These scales seem to behave somewhat differently from those of other species of Amanita.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
As we rise in the scale of the bird world we find nests provided for the eggs.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Uprises from the bottom
A young and handsome knight;
In golden scales he rises,
That glitter in the light.
"A Northern Legend" by William Cullen Bryant
"Now well-a-day!" said John o' the Scales' wife,
"Well-a-day, and woe is me!
Yesterday I was the lady of Lynne,
And now I am but John o' the Scales wife!"
"The Heir Of Lynne" by Andrew Lang
Wouldst Thou our evils
Weigh, kind Father,
On Thine own justice's scale, Who'd know such fortune,
Who in virtues be so firm,
That coming for true judgment,
Would not be condemned?
"Song IV" by Mikolaj Sep Szarzynski
Be hushed, sad weepers, for your loved ones fell,
As warriors still should fall, in Freedom's cause;
For her they stormed the fort, and scaled the breach,
Victorious died, and earned a world's applause.
"Night Scene At The Fall of Sebastopol" by Janet Hamilton
Thrice only since, with blended might
The nations on that haughty height
Have met to scale the Heaven:
Thrice only might a Seraph's look
A moment's shade of sadness brook -
Such power to guilt was given.
"Monday In Whitsun-Week" by John Keble
A smile, a whispered 'Jesus', then the fulness of the day:
Made perfect in a little while his spirit passed away;
And leaning on the Bridegroom's arm he scaled the golden stair
Through all the baffled legions of the powers of the air
"Brevi Tempore Magnum Perfecit Opus" by Digby Mackworth Dolben
The data show that a type of particle decay happens more often than the leading description of how the universe works on subatomic scales says it should.
Obama Scales Back Campaign Finance Criticism After Claims Decried as ' Baseless '.
After a 30-year wait, one of my favorites - the Grumman F8F-1 Bearcat - is finally available in 1/32 scale.
An Introduction to the Bebop Scale.
Time to scale things back.
Small-scale honey producers no longer need permits, inspections.
Agency Relies Too Heavily on Relative Value Scale Update Committee.
"This will be a large scale event" at the Nokia Theater, says an email to supporters.
Construction of one of the country's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plants will begin this fall in the heart of Iowa.
Researchers, in the largest-scale simulation yet, hope to solve mystery of dark energy.
Small-Scale Regenerative Systems are Born.
There is a range of scales along 145th Street, some small.
Interesting thought for scale modelers.
Birmingham City Councilwoman Lashunda Scales recently denounced the inclusion of LGBT history in the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute.
On every level at every scale.
More information is given there. • double SCALUP : scale of the event in GeV, as used for calculation of PDFs If the scale has not been deﬁned, this should be denoted by setting the scale to –1.
Generic User Process Interface for Event Generators
The scale-invariance property (1) can be qualiﬁed as a continuous scale-invariance in the sense that the relation is a strict equality for the continuum of scales 0 < l ≤ T .
Multifractal stationary random measures and multifractal random walks with log-infinitely divisible scaling laws
In the scaling limit, one expects these moments to scale as Zn ≈ (r/R)τ (n) , where the multifractal scaling exponents τ (n) vary in a non-linear way with n [30, 31, 32, 33].
Conformal Fractal Geometry and Boundary Quantum Gravity
These results suggest that the scaling properties of the small-world network determine the scaling of the random walk; hence, to ﬁnd a scaling collapse, one must keep the average number of shortcuts, x, constant.
Scaling Properties of Random Walks on Small-World Networks
One consequence is that the local dynamical time scale (i.e. the orbital time scale) is much shorter than the time scale on which the disk evolves.
Early Disk Evolution