saturation

Definitions

  • Gridiron Saturator
    Gridiron Saturator
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n saturation the act of soaking thoroughly with a liquid
    • n saturation chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue
    • n saturation the process of totally saturating something with a substance "the impregnation of wood with preservative","the saturation of cotton with ether"
    • n saturation a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Pendant Saturator Pendant Saturator

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Goat meat contains up to 45 percent less saturated fat than chicken meat
    • Saturation (Optics) Freedom from mixture or dilution with white; purity; -- said of colors.
    • Saturation The act of saturating, or the state of being saturating; complete penetration or impregnation.
    • Saturation (Chem) The act, process, or result of saturating a substance, or of combining it to its fullest extent.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n saturation The act of saturating or supplying to fullness, or the state of being saturated; complete penetration or impregnation. Specifically— In chem., the combination or impregnation of one substance with another in such proportions that they neutralize each other, or till the receiving substance can contain no more. The saturation of an alkali by an acid is effected by chemical combination; the saturation of water by salt is by the process of solution. A fluid which holds in solution as much of any substance as it can dissolve is said to be saturated with it; but saturation with one substance does not deprive the fluid of its power of acting on and dissolving some other substances, and in many cases it increases this power. For example, water saturated with salt will still dissolve sugar.
    • n saturation In the saturation of a liquid with a solid by solution, the quantity of the solid dissolved varies largely, in most cases, with varying temperature, the general rule being that rise of temperature is attended with increase in the quantity of the solid needed to produce saturation. In the saturation of a liquid with a dissolved gas the opposite relation prevails, as more of the gas is required to produce saturation at a low than at a high temperature, and in this case the influence of pressure is also very marked, increase of pressure being attended with increase in the quantity of gas needed to produce saturation.
    • n saturation In biology, the hypothetical influence of an unborn offspring upon the body or the reproductive organs of the mother in such a way that children afterward borne by the mother to other sires resemble the first sire: a hypothesis to account for telegony. See telegony.
    • n saturation In physical chemistry, the amount of a dissolved substance contained in a given volume of a solution, stated as a fraction of the amount of the dissolved substance contained in a solution saturated at the same temperature.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Saturation act of saturating: state of being saturated: the state of a body when quite filled with another
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Quotations

  • George Steiner
    George%20Steiner
    “Words that are saturated with lies or atrocity, do not easily resume life.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. saturatio,: cf. F. saturation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. saturāre, -ātumsatur, full, akin to satis, enough.

Usage

In literature:

But her "front" was curled, and she was still saturated in perfume.
"The Christian A Story" by Hall Caine
The Professor began to saturate him with quinine.
"The Saint" by Antonio Fogazzaro
The primrose-coloured pats of butter, each stamped with a shamrock in relief, seemed saturated with the fragrance of Normandy pastures.
"The King in Yellow" by Robert W. Chambers
The gas fills the first vessel and saturates the cloth.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 401, September 8, 1883" by Various
The rain had ceased but the clouds hung low and threatening, and the close air was saturated with moisture.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
It is desirable, however, always to have an excess of lime in the tank, N, so as to insure obtaining a saturated solution of lime.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 392, July 7, 1883" by Various
In a saturated solution the formation of hydrogen decreases as the density of the current augments.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 433, April 19, 1884" by Various
The air was saturated by it just as water may hold a chemical in solution.
"The Leopard Woman" by Stewart Edward White
Our minds were saturated with horror.
"In the Valley" by Harold Frederic
A neatly fastened bandage held in place, above one ear, a wad of cotton once saturated with arnica, now dry.
"Alias The Lone Wolf" by Louis Joseph Vance
In one point all agree, that one must be saturated with malaria before blackwater can develop.
"Sketches of the East Africa Campaign" by Robert Valentine Dolbey
A saturated red filter was placed over one and a saturated blue filter over the other.
"Visual Illusions" by Matthew Luckiesh
When the salts in solution amount to 12/33, the water is saturated.
"A Treatise on Meteorological Instruments" by Henry Negretti
His clothes were saturated and caked with it.
"The Trail of the Axe" by Ridgwell Cullum
Between them the Columbia student became saturated like a sponge.
"Edgar Saltus: The Man" by Marie Saltus
One measure of this air saturates two of alkaline air, and with it forms the vitriolic ammoniac.
"Heads of Lectures on a Course of Experimental Philosophy: Particularly Including Chemistry" by Joseph Priestley
Investigation showed that within that short time a sufficient amount of water had condensed with the sawdust to saturate the whole.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 648, June 2, 1888." by Various
Passed a small quantity saturated yellowish urine.
"New, Old, and Forgotten Remedies: Papers by Many Writers" by Various
The mixture is allowed to be saturated with water-vapour.
"Meteorology" by J. G. M'Pherson
They soon reached a spot where the oozy, saturated soil quaked beneath their tread.
"La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West" by Francis Parkman
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In poetry:

As with the sponge the salt sea saturates
Below the oozing wave, so was my heart,-
Tender and soft,-bedrenched with bitter fates
That world and flesh and devil here impart.
"Portico" by Ruben Dario
First see those ample melons-brindled o'er
With mingled green and brown is all the rind;
For they are ripe, and mealy at the core,
And saturate with the nectar of their kind.
"A Basket of Summer Fruit" by Charles Harpur
When from the neighbouring garden the perfume-laden air
Saturates my soul with memories,
Rises the thought of the beloved plum-tree
Blooming under the eaves of the house which is gone.
"Perfume Laden Air" by Sugawara Takesue no Musume

In news:

In its weekly crop weather report for Minnesota, the US Department of Agriculture said Monday that soils are saturated in many areas, and many fields have standing water.
Nothing super-saturates summer like the Olympics.
The over saturation of the holiday is here.
The Twin Cities' hip-hop scene is still over-saturated.
The NDHP conducted a saturation patrol in the southeast region of the state last weekend.
Is it strategic syndication or simply saturation .
Albany in top 10 for charter school saturation .
Saturation patrol is planned for Saturday night in county.
"You get to a saturation point".
Patrol plans DWI saturation .
Black Friday shoppers saturate area stores.
State Troopers will be saturating their patrol efforts through Sunday.
HEAT ON THE STREETS The Pensacola Police plan to saturate city neighborhoods with uniformed officers in an attempt to halt a recent spate of gun violence.
The 2008 election campaign has been saturated with talk of delegates and superdelegates.
The study says the state is saturated with golf courses, including those built in the 1990s and early last decade.
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In science:

However, the circuit implementation of the tent map suffers from the saturation problem, where the output can be saturated in a point due to implementation variations , .
A Framework for Investigating the Performance of Chaotic-Map Truly Random Number Generators
Light Calibration System Since the SiPM response depends on the temperature (∼ -1.7 %/K), the bias voltage (∼ 2.5 %/100 mV) and the saturation due to the limited numbers of pixels, a gain- and saturation- monitoring system with a high dynamic range is needed to correct these effects.
Commissioning of the Testbeam Prototype of the CALICE Tile Hadron Calorimeter
At very close distances or low magnitudes all efficiencies suffer from saturation: the injections are so bright that their image pixels are saturated.
Large-Scale Image Processing with the ROTSE Pipeline for Follow-Up of Gravitational Wave Events
After extensive experimentation with DAOPHOT and PSF-fitting techniques on the WFC “flt” images, we found that pixels adjacent to saturated pixels were also affected by saturation.
HST/ACS Imaging of Omega Centauri: Optical Counterparts of Chandra X-Ray Sources
Small dots are all stars in a 20′′ × 20′′ patch surrounding the source position (saturated stars in blue, non-saturated stars in black).
HST/ACS Imaging of Omega Centauri: Optical Counterparts of Chandra X-Ray Sources
We fix a complete theory T in language L, a model M of T and a very saturated elementary extension M ∗ of M , for example κ-saturated of cardinality κ where κ > 2|M |+|L|.
On compactifications and the topological dynamics of definable groups
This is done in Section 9. saturated: N is neither sparse, unsaturated, nor semi-saturated. submodules satisfy the universality property.
Cokernels of random matrices satisfy the Cohen-Lenstra heuristics
Semi-saturated Let N be a semi-saturated submodule.
Cokernels of random matrices satisfy the Cohen-Lenstra heuristics
Muggleton and Page ( ) investigate self-saturated clauses. A clause is self-saturated if it is subsumed by any clause which implies it. A clause D is a self-saturation of C if C and D are logically equivalent and D is self-saturated.
Least Generalizations and Greatest Specializations of Sets of Clauses
Another interesting consequence of Theorem  concerns self-saturation (see the introduction to this paper for the de(cid:12)nition of self-saturation).
Least Generalizations and Greatest Specializations of Sets of Clauses
Moreover, since this C will be self-saturated, it is a self-saturation of D.
Least Generalizations and Greatest Specializations of Sets of Clauses
Under passive loading, the stress saturates; stress fluctuations are not significant until near saturation.
Forces on Bins - The Effect of Random Friction
When internal friction is held constant but wall friction is varied, Fig. 4 (b), the stress saturates deeper in the bin, and fluctuations are not apparent until after this saturation.
Forces on Bins - The Effect of Random Friction
Note that this value of λ saturates the lower bound of d/2 in contrast to the pure 1D Ising case which saturates the upper bound of λ = d .
Random Walks, Reaction-Diffusion, and Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Spin Chains in One-dimensional Random Environments
They agree with the observation, made below eq. (4.10), that the A− k saturate the lower bound, while the A+ k saturate the upper bound.
Statistics of persistent events in the binomial random walk: Will the drunken sailor hit the sober man?
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