saturate

Definitions

  • Gridiron Saturator
    Gridiron Saturator
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v saturate cause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
    • v saturate infuse or fill completely "Impregnate the cloth with alcohol"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Pendant Saturator Pendant Saturator

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Goat meat contains up to 45 percent less saturated fat than chicken meat
    • p. a Saturate Filled to repletion; saturated; soaked. "Dries his feathers saturate with dew.""The sand beneath our feet is saturate With blood of martyrs."
    • Saturate To cause to become completely penetrated, impregnated, or soaked; to fill fully; to sate. "Innumerable flocks and herds covered that vast expanse of emerald meadow saturated with the moisture of the Atlantic.""Fill and saturate each kind
      With good according to its mind."
    • Saturate (Chem) To satisfy the affinity of; to cause to become inert by chemical combination with all that it can hold; as, to saturate phosphorus with chlorine.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • saturate To fill full or to excess; cause to be thoroughly penetrated or imbued; soak: as, to saturate a sponge with water; a mind saturated with prejudice.
    • saturate In chem., to impregnate or unite with till no more can be received: thus, an acid saturates an alkali, and an alkali saturates an acid, when the point of neutralization has been reached, and the mixture is neither acid nor basic in its character.
    • saturate In physics: To bring (a given space or a vapor) into a state of saturation. See saturation .
    • saturate To magnetize (a magnet) to saturation, or so that the intensity of its magnetization is the greatest which it can retain when not under the inductive action of a strong magnetic field.
    • saturate In optics, to render pure, or free from admixture of white light: said of colors.
    • saturate To satisfy.
    • saturate Saturated.
    • saturate In entomology, deep; very intense: applied to colors: as, saturate green, umber, black, etc.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Saturate sat′ū-rāt to fill: to unite with till no more can be received: to fill to excess: to soak:
    • Saturate saturated:
    • v.t Saturate sat′ū-rāt (opt.) to render pure, or of a colour free from white light
    • Saturate (entom.) very intense, as 'saturate green.'—ns. Sat′ūrāter
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Quotations

  • George Steiner
    George%20Steiner
    “Words that are saturated with lies or atrocity, do not easily resume life.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. saturatus, p. p. of saturare, to saturate, fr. satur, full of food, sated. See Satire
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. saturāre, -ātumsatur, full, akin to satis, enough.

Usage

In literature:

It was saturated now with the fragrance of ripe oranges.
"The Torrent" by Vicente Blasco Ibañez
Water this with cold water, so that the sponge is saturated.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 460, October 25, 1884" by Various
Remove the prepared paper and pour clear water on it for one or two minutes, saturating it thoroughly, and hang up to dry.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 514, November 7, 1885" by Various
The place smells of soaking, saturated cabbage for yards and yards round about.
"Hodge and His Masters" by Richard Jefferies
The moon pours down, saturating the forest.
"The Loves of Krishna in Indian Painting and Poetry" by W. G. Archer
On another lie the torn garments of some wounded soldier, stained and saturated with blood.
"Camp-Fire and Cotton-Field" by Thomas W. Knox
Blue when saturated, becomes indigo.
"Delsarte System of Oratory" by Various
At the date of the battle part of the country round Kernstown was under plough, and the whole was saturated with moisture.
"Stonewall Jackson And The American Civil War" by G. F. R. Henderson
A saturated solution of common baking soda boils at 220 deg.
"Science in the Kitchen." by Mrs. E. E. Kellogg
The square windows of the hall were closed, the dusty curtains closely drawn; the air, though fresh, was heavily saturated with perfume.
"The Maid-At-Arms" by Robert W. Chambers
One was the ground under the floor, which was only three inches distant, and permanently saturated with water; the other was despair.
"The Grandissimes" by George Washington Cable
FSP = fibre-saturation point.
"The Mechanical Properties of Wood" by Samuel J. Record
Mosses and Jungermanniae abound, and were in high perfection owing to being saturated with moisture.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
Even if highly saturated with the metal, the bead remains colorless when cold.
"A System of Instruction in the Practical Use of the Blowpipe" by Anonymous
This had been saturated with kerosene awaiting the final event of the day.
"Football Days" by William H. Edwards
As usual we took in a good deal of water and were saturated.
"A Canyon Voyage" by Frederick S. Dellenbaugh
The cut end of the tied umbilical cord is swabbed and squeezed with a sterile sponge saturated with pure alcohol.
"The Mother and Her Child" by William S. Sadler
By experiment it was found that a certain volume of water was saturated at 100 deg.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
This is the sign of the proper saturation of the acids.
"The Cultivation of The Native Grape, and Manufacture of American Wines" by George Husmann
Blankets were saturated and sent down below.
"From Powder Monkey to Admiral" by W.H.G. Kingston
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In poetry:

As with the sponge the salt sea saturates
Below the oozing wave, so was my heart,-
Tender and soft,-bedrenched with bitter fates
That world and flesh and devil here impart.
"Portico" by Ruben Dario
First see those ample melons-brindled o'er
With mingled green and brown is all the rind;
For they are ripe, and mealy at the core,
And saturate with the nectar of their kind.
"A Basket of Summer Fruit" by Charles Harpur
When from the neighbouring garden the perfume-laden air
Saturates my soul with memories,
Rises the thought of the beloved plum-tree
Blooming under the eaves of the house which is gone.
"Perfume Laden Air" by Sugawara Takesue no Musume

In news:

Big Bucks Saturate Santa Monica In The Lead Up To Tuesday's Council Election.
A little sodium with your saturated fat.
55 percent unsaturated, 39 percent saturated Pros: Excellent source of vitamin D with less saturated fat than butter.
A new report from the Gartner Institute predicted that a whopping 80% of all reward-based applications will fail in 2014, thanks to market saturation and poor design.
School reform through saturation testing is a simple and seductive idea.
The shrimp were saturated with flavor, but still mysteriously tender.
After four shootings that left two men dead, Chattanooga police saturated high-crime neighborhoods over the weekend.
"You get to a saturation point ".
NEW ORLEANS (AP) — The New Orleans Museum of Art says it's closed because water from soil saturated by Hurricane Isaac is seeping into the basement, administrative offices and other areas.
One Twinkie has 150 calories and 13 percent of the recommended daily intake of saturated fat.
My apologies if these saturated photos become tiresome.
"Turkey has even less fat and saturated fat than chicken and it's high in protein," Bowerman says.
Minnesota State Patrol part of saturation event.
The Natrona County School Board will kick in another $100,000 to the Casper East Side Athletic Complex after saturated ground swallowed a bulldozer last month.
The pastor 's study is the one place in every city, county, state and nation that should be saturated with prayer – humble, believing and active prayer.
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In science:

If (~at )i is saturated, then, whenever they exist, (cid:16) ∂πi ∂~x (cid:17)t ∂ ~w (cid:17)t = 0 and (cid:16) ∂πi This follows from the definition of saturated action components above: Imagine if the steering wheel is fully turned to the right, with pressure applied.
The Local Optimality of Reinforcement Learning by Value Gradients, and its Relationship to Policy Gradient Learning
We sometimes work in a sufficiently saturated and homogeneous model ¯M of T , in which case “small” or “bounded” essentially means of cardinality strictly less than the degree of saturation of ¯M , but we will make the meaning more precise later in the paper.
Connected components of definable groups and o-minimality I
Then a saturated model ¯N of T will be of the form ((Γ, +), ¯M ) where ¯M is a saturated real closed field (K, +, ·) say, and (Γ, +) is a saturated elementary extension of (Z, +).
Connected components of definable groups and o-minimality I
Let us de fine the saturation depth D as the mean level n at which the circuit first saturates (almost always TRUE for p > 1/2 and FALSE for p < 1/2).
Parallel Complexity of Random Boolean Circuits
Since the period-two orbit is approached exponentially, and saturation occurs when tn ≈ 1/L, the saturation depth is D ∼ log L just as in the easy regime of monotone CVP.
Parallel Complexity of Random Boolean Circuits
Otherwise, if v is saturated, then count the number of times that w appeared as a second vertex when the first vertex is already saturated, and direct the edges alternatingly according to this count with respect to w starting from an in edge.
Getting directed Hamilton cycle twice faster
Similarly as in Phase 2 described above, we prove that whp (a′ ) most of the vertices are saturated, and (b′ ) every cycle in the 1-factor contains many saturated vertices.
Getting directed Hamilton cycle twice faster
This idea allows us to get rid of all the non-saturated vertices, leading to another graph which only has saturated vertices in it.
Getting directed Hamilton cycle twice faster
Since the SiPM response shows a strong dependence on the temperature and bias voltage and saturates due to the limited number of pixels, a gain-calibration and saturation-monitoring system with a high dynamic range is needed.
CALICE Report to the DESY Physics Research Committee, April 2011
It is extremely interesting to compare low and high resolution spectroscopic data in order to study the saturation problem. A line that is saturated in a high resolution spectrum, may not appear saturated in low resolution because its absorption is diluted in a higher wavelength range.
UVES and FORS2 spectroscopy of GRB081008
FIG. 8: (Color online) Saturation value of residual energy per spin εsat and the saturation value of magnetisation msat is plotted with α for Random Model B.
Effect of the nature of randomness on quenching dynamics of Ising model on complex networks
The number of collisions needed to reach saturation, as well as the asymptotic value at saturation, decrease with increasing α.
Collision statistics for random flights with anisotropic scattering and absorption
Note that the visible saturation is not due to ADC saturation, since the dynamic range of 12-bit is not fully exploited.
Recent Advances of the Engineering Prototype of the CALICE Analog Hadron Calorimeter
Saturation: we cross check the full SiPM response function by varying the light intensity from zero to the saturation level (in Fig. 6(b)).
Calibration System with Optical Fibers for Calorimeters at Future Linear Collider Experiments
By ℵ1 -saturation it then i∈N Xi is contained in some Xi (or in a In the non-saturated case finite union of the Xi ’s if the union is not directed).
Discrete subgroups of locally definable groups
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