Saracen

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Saracen (historically) a Muslim who opposed the Crusades
    • n Saracen (historically) a member of the nomadic people of the Syrian and Arabian deserts at the time of the Roman Empire
    • n Saracen (when used broadly) any Arab
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Saracen Anciently, an Arab; later, a Mussulman; in the Middle Ages, the common term among Christians in Europe for a Mohammedan hostile to the crusaders.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Saracen A name given by the later Romans and Greeks to the nomadic tribes on the Syrian borders of the Roman empire; after the introduction of Mohammedanism, an Arab; by extension applied to Turks and other Mohammedans, and even to all non-Christian peoples against whom a crusade was preached.
    • n Saracen One who continued to use the old low-framed Saracenic loom in the production of arras or Saracenic tapestry, as distinguished from those who adopted the high frame.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Saracen sar′a-sen a name variously employed by medieval writers to designate the Mohammedans of Syria and Palestine, the Arabs generally, or the Arab-Berber races of northern Africa, who conquered Spain and Sicily and invaded France
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Saracenus, perhaps fr. Ar. sharqi, pl. sharqiīn, Oriental, Eastern, fr. sharaqa, to rise, said of the sun: cf. F. sarrasin,. Cf. Sarcenet Sarrasin Sirocco
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. sarracin, sarrazin—Low L. Saracenus—Late Gr. Sarakēnos—Ar. sharkeyn, eastern people, as opposed to maghribe, 'western people'—i.e. the people of Morocco.

Usage

In literature:

There is a knight who has warred, all Europe over, against heathens and Saracens.
"A Literary History of the English People" by Jean Jules Jusserand
To regain Jerusalem was also to be enriched by Saracenic spoils.
"Peter the Hermit" by Daniel A. Goodsell
They were the prey of the Saracens in 845.
"Pagan and Christian Rome" by Rodolfo Lanciani
Now it is a fact that neither the letters nor this history makes any statement as to Gerbert's contact with the Saracens.
"The Hindu-Arabic Numerals" by David Eugene Smith
Not far from the pass of Roncesvalles he saw, gleaming against the dark side of the purple mountain, the spears of the Saracens.
"A Book of Myths" by Jean Lang
One theory regards it as an allusion to the tradition according to which Becket's mother was a Saracen.
"The Cathedral Church of Canterbury [2nd ed.]." by Hartley Withers
He reminded me of the famous Cid, whose body was sent forth to scare the Saracens.
"Campaigns of a Non-Combatant," by George Alfred Townsend
The Saracens on this rushing in at all parts, the rowers leaped into the sea, but a few soldiers remained through desperation.
"How Britannia Came to Rule the Waves" by W.H.G. Kingston
Most likely there never was a Saracenic Empire.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
The other was a Saracen, who was circling swiftly about the knight of the leopard.
"Tales of Fantasy and Fact" by Brander Matthews
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In poetry:

Her Bertrand was the bravest youth
Of all our good king's men,
And he was gone to the Holy Land
To fight the Saracen.
"Gondoline" by Henry Kirke White
Your pulse makes poisonous melodies, and your
black throat is like the hole
Left by some torch or burning coal on Saracenic
tapestries.
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
So sung the dauntless Saracen,
Whereat the Prophet-Chief ordains
That, curst of Allah, loathed of men,
The faithless one shall die in chains.
"Abu Midjan" by Eugene Field
A crusader's wife slipped from the garrison,
And had an affair with a Saracen;
She was not over-sexed,
Or jealous or vexed,
She just wanted to make a comparison.
"A crusader's wife slipped from the garrison" by Ogden Nash
"'And must I then die ere the flag of the Cross
Waves proudly o'er Saracen towers?
But grant me, loved Walter, this dying request,
For victory must surely be ours:
"The Warrior's Return" by Amelia Opie
He saith he hath words for the ladye's ear;
And he telleth, in accents dread and drear,
Of De Clifford's death in the Holy Land,
At Richard's side, by a Saracen's hand.
"Sir Raymond And The False Palmer" by Thomas Cooper

In news:

The Saracens flanker marked his 50th cap in style by assuming the captaincy as Scotland faced the world's best side.
Saracen association dedicates portions of walking trail.
Shots will land at Saracen .
Sarrazin vs the Saracens.
"Matt Saracen" of Friday Night Lights plays Taylor's love interest in script she wrote herself for "Ours.".
The New York Times reported last week in horrified tones about an apparent plan by Saracen International — a South African security firm — to offer its services to the government of Somalia.
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