sapphire

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj sapphire of something having the color of a blue sapphire "sapphire eyes"
    • n sapphire a light shade of blue
    • n sapphire a transparent piece of sapphire that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem
    • n sapphire a precious transparent stone of rich blue corundum valued as a gemstone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sapphire (Zoöl) Any humming bird of the genus Hylocharis, native of South America. The throat and breast are usually bright blue.
    • Sapphire (Min) Native alumina or aluminium sesquioxide, Al2O3; corundum; esp., the blue transparent variety of corundum, highly prized as a gem. "Of rubies, sapphires , and of pearlés white."
    • a Sapphire Of or resembling sapphire; sapphirine; blue. "The sapphire blaze."
    • Sapphire The color of the gem; bright blue.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sapphire A precious stone next in hardness to the diamond, and nearly as valuable when of fine quality: a variety of the mineral corundum. It embraces the ruby, the Oriental amethyst, the Oriental topaz, and the Oriental emerald; the name, however, is always, except by modern mineralogists, limited to the transparent blue varieties of corundum. The two shades most highly valued are that which most closely resembles the blue of the cornflower and the rich velvety blue variety. Sapphires are found in Burma, British India, and Ceylon in Asia, and in Australia; also in North Carolina and near Helena in Montana.
    • n sapphire The color of the sapphire; blue.
    • n sapphire In heraldry, a tincture, the color blue, in blazoning by means of precious stones. Compare blazon, n., 2.
    • n sapphire In ornithology, a sapphirewing.
    • sapphire Resembling sapphire; of a deep brilliant blue.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sapphire saf′īr or saf′ir a highly transparent and brilliant precious stone, a variety of Corundum, generally of a beautiful blue colour—the finest found in Ceylon:
    • adj Sapphire deep pure blue
    • n Sapphire saf′īr or saf′ir (her.) a blue tincture
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. saphir, F. saphir, L. sapphirus, Gr. , of Oriental origin; cf. Heb. sappīr,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. sapphirus—Gr. sappheiros—Heb. sappīr, sapphire.

Usage

In literature:

Now, had George but known it, Becky had jewels in leather cases in the vaults of her bank which put his sapphire trinket to shame.
"The Trumpeter Swan" by Temple Bailey
There glowed sapphire-eyed Julia; never had she been prettier.
"Gentle Julia" by Booth Tarkington
The breeze was a kiss from Heaven, the sky a vaulted sapphire, the sea a million dimples of liquid, lucid, gold.
"Great Sea Stories" by Various
The water was quite warm and the sea was sapphire blue.
"Troublesome Comforts" by Geraldine Glasgow
Yet I never saw a sapphire like it before.
"The Second Latchkey" by Charles Norris Williamson and Alice Muriel Williamson
They left Omdurman a month ago with the Sapphire, which carried five hundred men.
"With Kitchener in the Soudan" by G. A. Henty
The upper sky looks quite black, shading by violet and sapphire into turquoise upon the horizon.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
Overhead, the everlasting Blue, that roofed it in with sapphire.
"Faith Gartney's Girlhood" by Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney
He has roofed it with a sapphire dome, lit with flaming starfire and sun blaze.
"Continental Monthly , Vol IV, Issue VI, December 1863" by Various
Judith arrived in her room late one afternoon with the news that Maizie Gilbert had lost a valuable sapphire and diamond pin.
"Jane Allen: Right Guard" by Edith Bancroft
Tiernaur lies between the brown mountains and a sapphire sea, studded with islands rising precipitously from its level.
"Disturbed Ireland" by Bernard H. Becker
And he ran down to the shore of the lake and gathered diamonds, rubies, emeralds, pearls, and sapphires, as many as he could carry.
"Tales of Wonder Every Child Should Know" by Various
In "Mercedes of Castile," for instance, the heroine presents her lover on his outward passage with a cross framed of sapphire stones.
"James Fenimore Cooper" by Thomas R. Lounsbury
I must return to Babylon, sell my sapphire, and buy a train of camels, and provision for the journey.
"The Story of the Other Wise Man" by Henry Van Dyke
The magical colors disappeared by degrees and the shades of emerald and sapphire were effaced.
"The Literary World Seventh Reader" by Various
Will a sapphire bracelet answer me that, do you think?
"While Caroline Was Growing" by Josephine Daskam Bacon
A golden helmet was upon the head of the knight, wherein were set sapphire stones of great virtue.
"The Mabinogion Vol. 1 (of 3)"
The clasped hands slowly parted, revealing a small intensely blue sapphire.
"Play the Game!" by Ruth Comfort Mitchell
A charming ring of pearls and sapphires.
"April's Lady" by Margaret Wolfe Hungerford
It is bounded by battlements of living sapphire, and towers of opal.
"Milton" by Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh
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In poetry:

And the spoken word seemed written
On air and wave and sod,
And the bending walls of sapphire
Blazed with the thought of God.
"The Vision Of Echard" by John Greenleaf Whittier
In her last hour of life the tree
Gave up her glorious memories,
Wild scent of wood anemone,
The sapphire blue of April skies.
"The Log Fire" by Fay Inchfawn
And over me unrolls on high
The splendid scenery of the sky,
Where though a sapphire sea the sun
Sails like a golden galleon,
"A Day Of Sunshine. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The Second)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
The evening smoke ascends again
Out of the sapphire-circled plain,
And to the oatfield, pale as wax,
A black swift hurtles like an axe.
"The Watcher" by Mary Webb
My heart that once with joy did glow
Is plunged in sorrow and in woe,
But yet it thrills and loves anew
To view again the sapphire blue.
"Sky-Blue" by Nikoloz Baratashvili
How He will greet me, I walk on and wonder;
And think I know what I will say to Him.
I fear no sapphire floor of cloudy thunder,
I fear no passing vision great and dim.
"A Book of Dreams: Part I" by George MacDonald

In news:

' Precious : Based on the Novel Push by Sapphire' movie review: Cruel and unusual.
In Key Biscayne, they're serving up an ace -- the Sapphire Ace, a bright orange cocktail created for tennis fans at this weekend's Sony Ericsson Open by the makers of Bombay Sapphire Gin.
Novelist Sapphire Is Not Into Home Décor.
In 2010, Erica McKeever blogged for us about Sapphire 's preparation for the Alltech World Equestrian Games and gave Chronicle readers a glimpse into life behind the scenes for America's favorite show jumper.
Sapphire Princess to join the amenity club.
Sapphire 's first novel was adapted into an Oscar-winning film called "Precious".
All stories tagged " Sapphire ".
Bombay Sapphire is 100 percent vapor-infused London dry gin.
See all past events at Sapphire Lounge.
BlueLinx has announced that its onCENTER Engineered Lumber products are now included in the product library of MiTek's Sapphire Structure software.
Those words are the mantra Jacky Luka of River Falls says she hopes her new business venture will evoke in customers when they shop at the Sapphire Boutique.
Noted author Sapphire visited for th is year's final Fall For Reading event in Spartanburg.
Sapphire 's second novel, The Kid (Viking, $25.95, released Tuesday), begins on the day of Precious' funeral.
Push, Sapphire 's debut novel, sold 332,000 copies in the first 11 years after its release in 1997.
Sapphire Valley Ski Area OPENS TODAY.
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In science:

For example, in sapphire cavities the change in L due to Lorentz violation is negligible compared to the change in c.
Modern tests of Lorentz invariance
Stanwix, P.L. et al., “Test of Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics Using Rotating Cryogenic Sapphire Microwave Oscillators”, (2005).
Modern tests of Lorentz invariance
At UWA we have developed an experiment that uses low loss sapphire crystals, which exhibit a small uniaxial dielectric anistropy.
Rotating Resonator-Oscillator Experiments to Test Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics
For a proper analysis of the sapphire loaded cavity resonators two regions of space need to be taken into account: the anisotropic crystal and the cavity free space surrounding it (see Fig. 14).
Rotating Resonator-Oscillator Experiments to Test Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics
The resonator operates close to liquid helium temperatures (6 Kelvin), where the permittivity of sapphire is, ǫ⊥ = 9.272 and ǫ|| = 11.349.
Rotating Resonator-Oscillator Experiments to Test Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics
Schematic of a cylindrical sapphire crystal resonator, with dimensions in mm.
Rotating Resonator-Oscillator Experiments to Test Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics
The magnetic and electric field density plots shown in the top right-hand quadrant of an axial slice through the sapphire crystal and cavity for the W GH8,0,0 mode.
Rotating Resonator-Oscillator Experiments to Test Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics
Here ν0 is the average unperturbed frequency of the two sapphire resonators, and ∆ν0 is the perturbation of the 226 kHz difference frequency, A and B determine the frequency offset and drift, and Cωi and Sωi are the amplitudes of a cosine and sine at frequency ωi respectively.
Rotating Resonator-Oscillator Experiments to Test Lorentz Invariance in Electrodynamics
This has resulted from implementing: - sapphire cells with highly parallel windows .
Pump-probe measurement of atomic parity violation in caesium with a precision of 2.6%
Laboratory cavity experiments have undergone numerous innovations to improve their experimental reach, including cryogenic cooling, the use of optical sapphire crystals, and placement on rotating turntables to exploit geometrical properties.
The Standard-Model Extension and Tests of Relativity
One technique successful for Ti:Sapphire fs-combs is to servo the Nd:YAG pump power with an extra-cavity acousto-optic modulator (AOM) preceding the mode-locked laser ([113] is one example).
Single barium ion spectroscopy: light shifts, hyperfine structure, and progress on an optical frequency standard and atomic parity violation
Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser.
Single barium ion spectroscopy: light shifts, hyperfine structure, and progress on an optical frequency standard and atomic parity violation
Cruz. Efficient 1 GHz Ti:Sapphire laser with improved broadband continuum in the infrared.
Single barium ion spectroscopy: light shifts, hyperfine structure, and progress on an optical frequency standard and atomic parity violation
Second harmonic of a Ti-Sapphire laser, after being cleaned from the first harmonic radiation by two prisms , is focused into a BBO crystal.
Testing Ultrafast Two-Photon Spectral Amplitudes via Optical Fibres
Ti-Sapphire laser first harmonic through the fibre an d measuring its autocorrelation function width.
Testing Ultrafast Two-Photon Spectral Amplitudes via Optical Fibres
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