sandstone

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n sandstone a sedimentary rock consisting of sand consolidated with some cement (clay or quartz etc.)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The White House, in Washington DC, was originally gray, the color of the sandstone it was built out of. After the War of 1812, during which it had been burned by Canadian troops, the outside walls were painted white to hide the smoke stains.
    • n Sandstone A rock made of sand more or less firmly united. Common or siliceous sandstone consists mainly of quartz sand.☞ Different names are applied to the various kinds of sandstone according to their composition; as, granitic argillaceous micaceous, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sandstone A rock formed by the consolidation of Sand. The grains composing sandstone are almost exclusively quartz, this mineral resisting decomposition, and only becoming worn into finer particles as abrasion continues, while almost all other minerals entering into the composition of ordinary rocks are liable to dissolve and be carried away in solution, or be worn down into an impalpable powder, so as to be deposited as mud. Sandstones may contain also clayey or calcareous particles, or be cemented by so large a quantity of ferruginous or calcareous matter as to have their original character quite obscured. Hence varieties of sandstones are qualified by the epithets argillaceous, calcareous, ferruginous, etc.
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Usage

In literature:

It is a sort of red sandstone.
"The Best Short Stories of 1921 and the Yearbook of the American Short Story" by Various
The rock formation of this region is the Portland sandstone.
"Scientific American, Volume 40, No. 13, March 29, 1879" by Various
The beauty of the Sienese contado is clearly on the sandstone, not upon the clay.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Vol III." by John Symonds
The beauty of the Sienese contado is clearly on the sandstone, not upon the clay.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
They are rather rare in limestone formations but frequent in massive sandstone.
"Archeological Investigations" by Gerard Fowke
As she rounded the final shoulder of sandstone her hand was knocked up and her pistol fell clattering.
"A Pagan of the Hills" by Charles Neville Buck
A few tiny grains of sandstone rattled out, and in the center was a small blood spot.
"The Quirt" by B.M. Bower
The Round Tower is unique when compared with the other buildings, as it is of sandstone.
"The Sunny Side of Ireland" by John O'Mahony and R. Lloyd Praeger
It is made of a fine-grained gray sandstone.
"Illustrated Catalogue of a Portion of the Collections Made" by William H. Holmes
The mountain formed by the apple of the princess is likewise standing, but its granite has become changed to sandstone.
"The Hero of Esthonia and Other Studies in the Romantic Literature of That Country" by William Forsell Kirby
In another minute, though, we had rounded a jagged sandstone shoulder and they were out of sight.
"Roughing it De Luxe" by Irvin S. Cobb
The building is five stories in height, and is constructed of dark New Jersey sandstone, from the Belleville quarries.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
Near the town is a curious ancient hermitage cave, in the sandstone.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
With enormous difficulty, for the ground here was mainly sandstone, we dug burrows for ourselves on the bank of the wadi.
"With Our Army in Palestine" by Antony Bluett
There was the grim Big Injun Mountain to the right, with its bare, beetling sandstone crags.
"The Young Mountaineers" by Charles Egbert Craddock
The Beacon was constructed of the red sandstone taken from the vicinity.
"Recollections of Old Liverpool" by A Nonagenarian
We were still marching on deep deposits of ashes, and, higher, upon semi-hardened sandstone.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
I have said that it rests always above the sandstone beds.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 18, No. 106, August, 1866" by Various
When the noose was pulled ashore, it was found to embrace a large block of sandstone weighing about twenty-five or thirty pounds!
"The Boy Slaves" by Mayne Reid
This sandstone rock was once a powder held in mechanical suspension by water.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
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In poetry:

But you can read the Hieroglyphs on the
great sandstone obelisks,
And you have talked with Basilisks, and you
have looked on Hippogriffs.
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
The bird that trod the mellow layers
Of the young earth is sought in vain;
The cloud is gone that wove the sandstone,
From God's design, with threads of rain!
"The First Flowers" by John Greenleaf Whittier
By Titans built, it seems, as mountain high
Of pure white marble, based on pink sandstone;
In length it is a thousand feet well nigh,
Its width three hundred feet by measure shown.
"The Taj Of Agra" by Joseph Horatio Chant
Then Abner Dean of Angel's raised a point of order, when
A chunk of old red sandstone took him in the abdomen,
And he smiled a kind of sickly smile, and curled up on the floor,
And the subsequent proceedings interested him no more.
"The Society Upon The Stanislaus" by Francis Bret Harte
The Department of Smoke-Signalling was in a shocking state;
And Defence had been forgotten in the noise of the debate.
The Flint and Sandstone Bonus Bill was shelved time and again;
And the tribe was getting very short of able-bodied men.
"In The First Elective Ministry" by C J Dennis

In news:

A step-by-step guide to Malibu's Sandstone Peak.
A concert attendee crowd surfs at last summer's Vans Warped Tour at Capitol Federal Park at Sandstone.
Sandstone striving to overcome economy.
NGAS Resources Inc, Lexington, Ky. Set pipe on its first horizontal well for oil in Mississippian Weir sandstone in Letcher County, Ky.
Sandstone has 'souper' finish at fundraiser.
Sandstone 's summer concert season will kick off July 6 with the Vans Warped Tour — an annual homage to punk rock that tours the country and has traditionally made a stop at Sandstone in the past.
Lions, tigers, and leopards are a few of the breeds housed at the Wildcat Sanctuary in Sandstone .
The Flaming Lips at Sandstone .
City Council must downsize the ward because of its increased population, due mainly to the Sandstone Ridge development on Nobottom Road over the past few years.
Slaves quarried sandstone used to build Smithsonian castle .
SANDSTONE — The Aitkin Gobblers used a 13-point first quarter and a 14-point third quarter to run past East Central in a Great Polar Football Alliance game on Friday.
Long before Coronado came upon them, the Keresan people in central New Mexico lived atop a sandstone mesa.
These magnificent sandstone formations are part of the Lyons and Fountain systems, which run all the way from Morrison to Garden of the Gods in Colorado Springs.
The sandstone boulders that seem to erupt from teh floor formed part of the sandstone hillside into which Fallingwater was built.
Officials said the Canyon Rim Visitor Center, in Lansing, and the Sandstone Visitor Center, near Hinton, were to reopen Friday with limited services.
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In science:

Our results are compared with experimental data obtained from a three-dimensional image of a porous Fontainebleau sandstone and a two-dimensional image of a tungsten-silver composite alloy.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
Open cell foams (e.g. aerogels) and the porous network of sandstones have been modeled by the intersection sets of two statistically identical (but independent) two-cut fields [Fig. 5(b)], and closed cell foams may be modeled by the union of two such structures [Fig. 5(c)] .
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
The reasonable agreement between theory and experiment indicates that the model is capturing important features of the tungsten-silver composite. A second example is provided by a digitized image of Fontainebleau sandstone obtained by X-ray tomography [37,38].
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
To mimic the granular character of the sandstone [Fig. 8(a)] we use a model based on the intersection set of n(=5) single-cut Gaussian random fields.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
To match the porosity of the model with that of the sandstone (φ=0.154), we take β = 0.48 for each of the five primary random field models.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
This provides evidence that the model is reasonable. 3D images of the model and sandstone microstructures are shown in Figs. 10 and 11.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
The sandstone appears more well connected than the model; the model showing more isolated pores.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
An algorithm was used to determine that 98.8% of the pore-space in the model is connected to the outer faces which compares well with 99.6% for the sandstone.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
Therefore the model is also able to capture the interconnections of the sandstone pores.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
FIG. 8. A cross-section of Fontainebleau sandstone (a) compared with a model based on the intersection set of five level-cut Gaussian random fields (b).
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
The statistical properties of the sandstone and model are compared in Fig. 9.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
The chord functions measured from a 3D image of Fontainebleau sandstone (symbols) compare well with the results of the independent interval approximation (main graph) for a Gaussian random field model.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
Three dimensional realizations of the sandstone and the model are shown in Figs. 10 and 11 respectively.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
To demonstrate the application of our results we have compared the approximation to experimental data obtained from images of a tungstensilver composite and a porous sandstone.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
FIG. 11. A sandstone model based on Gaussian random fields (cf.
Chord distribution functions of three-dimensional random media: Approximate first-passage times of Gaussian processes
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