sanction

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sanction give sanction to "I approve of his educational policies"
    • v sanction give religious sanction to, such as through on oath "sanctify the marriage"
    • v sanction give authority or permission to
    • n sanction a mechanism of social control for enforcing a society's standards
    • n sanction the act of final authorization "it had the sanction of the church"
    • n sanction official permission or approval "authority for the program was renewed several times"
    • n sanction formal and explicit approval "a Democrat usually gets the union's endorsement"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Nevada was the first state to sanction the use of the gas chamber, and the first execution by lethal gas took place in February, 1924.
    • Sanction Anything done or said to enforce the will, law, or authority of another; as, legal sanctions .
    • Sanction Solemn or ceremonious ratification; an official act of a superior by which he ratifies and gives validity to the act of some other person or body; establishment or furtherance of anything by giving authority to it; confirmation; approbation. "The strictest professors of reason have added the sanction of their testimony."
    • v. t Sanction To give sanction to; to ratify; to confirm; to approve. "Would have counseled, or even sanctioned , such perilous experiments."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sanction The act of making sacred; the act of rendering authoritative as law; the act of decreeing or ratifying; the act of making binding, as by an oath.
    • n sanction A decree; an ordinance; a law: as, the pragmatic sanction.
    • n sanction The conferring of authority upon an opinion, practice, or sentiment; confirmation or support derived from public approval, from exalted testimony, or from the countenance of a person or body commanding respect.
    • n sanction A provision of a law which enforces obedience by the enactment of rewards or penalties, called respectively remuneratory and punitive sanctions; hence, in utilitarian ethics, the knowledge of the pleasurable or painful consequences of an act, as making it moral or immoral.
    • n sanction Synonyms and Authorization, countenance, support, warrant.
    • sanction To give authoritative permission or approval to: ratify; confirm; invest with validity or authority.
    • sanction To give countenance or support to; approve.
    • sanction Synonyms Allow, Permit, etc. See allow.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sanction sangk′shun act of ratifying, or giving authority to: confirmation: support: a decree, a law
    • v.t Sanction to give validity to: to authorise: to countenance
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Quotations

  • John Hay
    John Hay
    “All who think cannot but see there is a sanction like that of religion which binds us in partnership in the serious work of the world.”
  • Sir Alfred Jules Ayer
    Sir Alfred Jules Ayer
    “To say that authority, whether secular or religious, supplies no ground for morality is not to deny the obvious fact that it supplies a sanction.”
  • Fernanda Bartolme
    Fernanda Bartolme
    “Most bosses know instinctively that their power depends more on employee's compliance than on threats or sanctions.”
  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “Character is the basis of happiness and happiness the sanction of character.”
  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “Happiness is the only sanction of life; where happiness fails, existence remains a mad and lamentable experience.”
  • Anita Brookner
    Anita%20Brookner
    “Existentialism is about being a saint without God; being your own hero, without all the sanction and support of religion or society.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. sanctio, from sancire, sanctum, to render sacred or inviolable, to fix unalterably: cf. F. sanction,. See Saint

Usage

In literature:

In effect, Congress was asked to sanction a secession of nine States from the old Union which had been declared perpetual.
"Union and Democracy" by Allen Johnson
What are the sanctions of moral precepts?
"Diderot and the Encyclopædists" by John Morley
He demanded an assurance of the Queen's sanction to the deed; and no such assurance was given him.
"History of the English People" by John Richard Green
To give themselves an authority which they have not they will seek the sanction of old forms of Government.
"The Conquest of Bread" by Peter Kropotkin
Take the fit steps; and, since necessity Requires, I sanction and support thee.
"The Works of Lord Byron" by Lord Byron
He would never leave his father and mother either without their sanction.
"Won from the Waves" by W.H.G. Kingston
I mean you can take no legal steps without my knowledge and sanction.
"How It All Came Round" by L. T. Meade
Officers were elected and new customs sanctioned as they were needed.
"History of the United States, Volume 3 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
This strengthens the hand of the Oriental reactionaries and lends them the cover of moral sanctions.
"The New World of Islam" by Lothrop Stoddard
A sanction also arises from ghost fear.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
It is not to be inferred that the opponents of Arthur's government, generally sanctioned these excesses.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
Would the people of the North sanction any such nefarious policy?
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
What demanded had been sanctioned by all modern civilized nations, in like circumstances.
"The Loyalists of America and Their Times, Vol. 2 of 2" by Edgerton Ryerson
Lord Gough's elevation to the dignity of Viscount has the Queen's sanction.
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Vol 2 (of 3), 1844-1853" by Queen Victoria
Have you spoken to me because of Ruth's desire, or with her sanction?
"Roger Trewinion" by Joseph Hocking
The States-General gave their public sanction to William's project, and the armament he had prepared gathered rapidly in the Scheldt.
"History of the English People, Volume VII (of 8)" by John Richard Green
The variety in the arrangement of the parts of a sentence that has been sanctioned by good usage is great, yet there are limits.
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
I could have no just claims, or if I had, your heart must sanction them, or they would be unhallowed and unjustifiable.
"Alonzo and Melissa" by Daniel Jackson, Jr.
God sanctioned slavery among the Hebrews; therefore God sanctions slavery for all men and at all times.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
It cannot be that my enlightened and generous countrymen will sanction any thing so narrow-minded and so selfish.
"An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans" by Lydia Maria Child
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In poetry:

Who, sent by God on some sweet task,
Will loiter on their way,
As if they gently paused to ask
His sanction to their stay.
"O, Summer Day" by Alexander Anderson
And it shall prosper, and this slaughter pen
Shall be a monument of Southern chivalry
Before the world;--thus proving to all men
Slave power begets and sanctions cruelty.
"Orson's Farewell" by Nora Pembroke
The keys of life, and those of death, are thine,
And the grim tyrant does not come, O Lord
To touch e'en but a single hair of mine,
'Till he receives the sanction of thy word.
"A Prayer For A Sick Person" by Rees Prichard
E'en Envy's self shall sanction that applause:
And oft, slow pacing yon sepulchral gloom,
With fond regret shall Meditation pause,
And breathe these accents o'er his honour'd tomb:
"Sheridan" by Thomas Gent
When that great struggle held the world in awe,
And all the nations blanched at what they saw,
Did Sanctioned Slavery bow its conquered head
That this unsanctioned crime might rise instead?
"To The South" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Let Thy kingdom come! its coming,
By the Gospel-light assured,
In the distant dawn is looming,
Sanctioned, sanctified, secured;
By the Great Creator's plan
Heaven's unveiled, and rescued man.
"Thy Kingdom Come" by John Bowring

In news:

US sanctions has stopped Iran's World of Warcraft gamers from playing online.
But one select group of online gamers is facing an even more formidable foe: The US sanctions regime.
NASCAR told Sprint Cup teams Saturday that they can use fuel injection at NASCAR-sanctioned tests this season.
He was previously at the Missoula Assessment and Sanctions Center.
Oil and gas co mpany sanctioned by Securities Commission.
Oil and gas company sanctioned by Securities Commission.
Kicking off the annual Gooseberry Festival in Trenton later this month will be the Iowa-Missouri Sanctioned Truck and Tractor Pull.
As we make the transition from one set of sports to another, now is a great time to just give "Kudos" to everyone for their hard work in school-sanctioned sports as well as AAU and others.
In July, 81-year-old Lee's Summit bowler Ollie Harbin became the oldest American woman to roll a perfect 300 in a sanctioned game.
NCAA acted hastily and unfairly on PSU sanctions Bill O'Boyle Commentary.
EU's Sanctions Against Iran Hindering Japanese, Chinese Oil-Tanker Cover.
Satola said Half Full organizers contacted USA Triathlon days ago to de- sanction their race, telling the governing body that they would find other avenues for insurance.
As of Thursday morning, USA Triathlon still had the Half Full Race listed as sanctioned on its website, but officials said that would be removed.
For the second time this season, the Midwest Sprint Car Series (MSCS) and US Auto Club (USAC) have combined forces to run a co-sanctioned race at Tri-State Speedway.
The sanctioning of an anti-racist Olympic rebel.
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In science:

Note that each of the n default rules is δ -valid when considered individually, but in an extension the rules interact to sanction a set of conclusions that when taken together seems implausible according to our knowledge of model frequencies.
Evaluating Defaults
In these cases the VO members should not be running arbitrary code but only applications sanctioned by VO policy.
Fine-Grained Authorization for Job Execution in the Grid: Design and Implementation
The failure to report such an activity may be sanctioned.
Accounting for self-protective responses in randomized response data from a social security survey using the zero-inflated Poisson model
Technology (DST), Government of India, under the SERC pro ject sanction grant No.
Generalized BRST transformation in Abelian rank-2 antisymmetric tensor field theory
It is well known that many physical processes that violate human “common sense” are in fact sanctioned by quantum theory.
Quantum computation with devices whose contents are never read
Technology (DST), Government of India, under the SERC pro ject sanction grant No.
Finite BRST transformation and constrained systems
This conclusion nicely relates to recent experiments, where individuals can choose whether to join a Public Goods Game with or without punishment, they voluntarily commit themselves to the sanctioning rules .
Stochastic evolutionary game dynamics
At low-stakes tests students may little care if their test scores do not represent their true levels of proficiency because they would not receive sanctions for poor test performance, and because strong test performance would not help them get something they want (Wise & Kong, 2005).
Test item response time and the response likelihood
In fact, they could access not only articles that have already been sanctioned by journals, but also the manuscripts in the pools, i.e. what will be published in the future.
Accelerating the pace of discovery by changing the peer review algorithm
An ideal multiple hypothesis testing procedure for exploratory research should sanction a mild, post hoc and flexible approach.
Multiple Testing for Exploratory Research
In fact, the constructed confidence sets can be seen as controlling the k -FWER, but simultaneously for all values of k , thus sanctioning post hoc selection of k and removing the requirement of selecting k a priori, which traditionally plagues k -FWER-based methods.
Multiple Testing for Exploratory Research
The numbers between the two levels indicate the rule numbers in (8) which sanction the sequences.
Computing Prosodic Morphology
However, not all authors agree on the necessity of the sanctioning element [78, 79].
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
Repeated interactions and the sanctioning of non-conforming behavior are two such conditions.
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
In Methods and Discussion, we furthermore consider the role of sanctioning as a mechanism that supports the evolution of norms, but point out that there are other mechanisms which are expected to support the evolution of norms as well.
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
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