salt

Definitions

  • In the salt water wuz sharks, torpedoes, dog fishes, goose-fishes, weak-fish
    In the salt water wuz sharks, torpedoes, dog fishes, goose-fishes, weak-fish
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj salt (of speech) painful or bitter "salt scorn"- Shakespeare","a salt apology"
    • v salt preserve with salt "people used to salt meats on ships"
    • v salt add zest or liveliness to "She salts her lectures with jokes"
    • v salt sprinkle as if with salt "the rebels had salted the fields with mines and traps"
    • v salt add salt to
    • n salt the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth
    • n SALT negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons
    • n salt white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
    • n salt a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A few examples of German salt-glazed stoneware in the Jamestown collection. All were made during the 17th century A few examples of German salt-glazed stoneware in the Jamestown collection. All were made during the 17th century
MORMON TEMPLE AND TABERNACLE, SALT LAKE CITY MORMON TEMPLE AND TABERNACLE, SALT LAKE CITY

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A seagull can drink salt water because it has special glands that filter out the salt
    • Salt Fig.: Bitter; sharp; pungent. "I have a salt and sorry rheum offends me."
    • Salt Fig.: Salacious; lecherous; lustful.
    • Salt Fig.: That which preserves from corruption or error; that which purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an allowance or deduction; as, his statements must be taken with a grain of salt . "Ye are the salt of the earth."
    • Salt A dish for salt at table; a saltcellar. "I out and bought some things; among others, a dozen of silver salts ."
    • Salt A sailor; -- usually qualified by old. "Around the door are generally to be seen, laughing and gossiping, clusters of old salts ."
    • Salt Any mineral salt used as an aperient or cathartic, especially Epsom salts, Rochelle salt, or Glauber's salt.
    • Salt Hence, also, piquancy; wit; sense; as, Attic salt .
    • Salt Hence, flavor; taste; savor; smack; seasoning. "Though we are justices and doctors and churchmen . . . we have some salt of our youth in us."
    • Salt Marshes flooded by the tide.
    • Salt Of or relating to salt; abounding in, or containing, salt; prepared or preserved with, or tasting of, salt; salted; as, salt beef; salt water. "Salt tears."
    • Salt Overflowed with, or growing in, salt water; as, a salt marsh; salt grass.
    • n Salt The act of leaping or jumping; a leap.
    • Salt The chloride of sodium, a substance used for seasoning food, for the preservation of meat, etc. It is found native in the earth, and is also produced, by evaporation and crystallization, from sea water and other water impregnated with saline particles.
    • Salt (Chem) The neutral compound formed by the union of an acid and a base; thus, sulphuric acid and iron form the salt sulphate of iron or green vitriol.
    • v. i Salt To deposit salt as a saline solution; as, the brine begins to salt .
    • Salt To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.
    • Salt To sprinkle, impregnate, or season with salt; to preserve with salt or in brine; to supply with salt; as, to salt fish, beef, or pork; to salt cattle.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Pretzel that have no salt on them are called "baldies."
    • n salt A compound (NaCl) of chlorin with the metallic base of the alkali soda, one of the most abundantly disseminated and important of all substances. It not only occurs in numerous localities in beds sometimes thousands of feet in thickness, but also exists in solution in the ocean, forming nearly three percent. by weight of its mass. It is not only of the greatest importance in connection with the business of chemical manufacturing, but is also an indispensable article of food, at least to all men not living exclusively on the products of the chase. Salt often occurs crystallized, in the isometric system, and has when crystalline a perfect cubic cleavage. Its specific gravity is about 2.2. When pure it is colorless. As it occurs in nature in the solid form, it is almost always mixed with some earthy impurities, besides containing more or less of the same salts with which it is associated in the water of the ocean (see ocean). It is not limited to any one geological formation, but occurs in great abundance in nearly all the stratified groups. The Great Salt Range of India is of Lower Silurian age; the principal supply of the United States comes from the Upper Silurian and Carboniferous; the most important salt-deposits of England, France, and Germany are in the Permian and Triassic; the most noted deposits of Spain are Cretaceous and Tertiary; and those of Poland and Transylvania are of Tertiary age. Salt is obtained from evaporation of the water of the ocean and of interior saline lakes; from the evaporation of the water rising naturally in saline springs or obtained by boring; by mining the solid material, or rock-salt. The supply of the United States is chiefly obtained by evaporating the water rising in holes made by boring. The principal salt-producing States are Michigan, New York, Ohio, Louisiana, West Virginia, Nevada, California, and Kansas; it is also produced in Utah. The two first-named States furnished in 1888 about three-quarters of the total product of the United States. The salt of California is made by the evaporation of sea-water; that of Utah from the water of Great Salt Lake; that of Louisiana and of Kansas, in part, is obtained by mining rock-salt. The product of the other States named comes chiefly from the evaporation of brine obtained by boring. Salt is of great importance as the material from which the alkali soda (carbonate of soda) is manufactured, and thus may be properly considered as forming the basis of several of the most economically important branches of chemical manufacture. Salt is also an article of great historical and ethnological importance. By many nations of antiquity it was regarded as having peculiar relations to mankind. Homer calls it “divine.” It has been and is still used as a measure of value.
    • n salt In chem., any acid in which one or more atoms of hydrogen have been replaced with metallic atoms or basic radicals; any base in which the hydrogen atoms have been more or less replaced by non-metallic atoms or acid radicals; also, the product of the direct union of a metallic oxid and an anhydrid. The nomenclature of salts has reference to the acids from which they are derived. For example, sulphates, nitrates, carbonates, etc., imply salts of sulphuric, nitric, and carbonic acids. The termination -ate implies the maximum of oxygen in the acids, and -ite the minimum.
    • n salt plural A salt (as Epsom salts, etc.) used as a medicine. See also smelling-salts.
    • n salt A marshy place flooded by the tide.
    • n salt A salt-cellar.
    • n salt In heraldry, a bearing representing a high decorative salt-cellar, intended to resemble those used in the middle ages. In modern delineations this is merely a covered vase.
    • n salt Seasoning; that which preserves a thing from corruption, or gives taste and pungency to it.
    • n salt Taste; smack; savor; flavor.
    • n salt Wit; piquancy; pungency; sarcasm: as, Attic salt (which see, under Attic).
    • n salt Modification; hence, allowance; abatement; reserve: as, to take a thing with a grain of salt (see phrase below).
    • n salt A bronzing material, the chlorid or butter of antimony, used in browning gun-barrels and other iron articles.
    • n salt Lecherous desire.
    • n salt A sailor, especially an experienced sailor.
    • salt Having the taste or pungency of salt; impregnated with, containing, or a bounding in salt: as, salt water.
    • salt Prepared or preserved with salt: as, salt beef; salt fish.
    • salt Overflowed with or growing in salt water: as, salt grass or hay.
    • salt Sharp; bitter; pungent.
    • salt Costly; dear; expensive: as, he paid a salt price for it.
    • salt Lecherous; salacious.
    • salt A game something like hide-and-seek.
    • salt To sprinkle, impregnate, or season with salt, or with a salt: as, to salt fish, beef, or pork.
    • salt To fill with salt between the timbers and planks, as a ship, for the preservation of the timber.
    • salt To furnish with salt; feed salt to: as, to salt cows.
    • salt In soap-making, to add salt to (the lye in the kettles) after saponification of the fatty ingredients, in order to separate the soap from the lye. The soap, being insoluble in the salted lye and of less specific gravity, rises to the top and fioats. This process is also called separation.
    • salt In photography, to impregnate (paper, canvas, or other tissue) with a salt or mixture of salts in solution, which, when treated with other solutions, form new compounds in the texture. Various bromides, iodides, and chlorids, being salts which effect the decomposition of nitrate of silver, are among those much used for this purpose.
    • salt To make, as a freshman, drink salt water, by way of initiation, according to a university custom of the sixteenth century.
    • salt To deposit salt, as a saline substance: as, the brine begins to salt.
    • n salt See sault.
    • n salt plural In glass manufacturing, same as glass-gall. See anatron, 1.
    • n salt plural A name given to mixed saline masses obtained by evaporating the water of mineral springs, or by artificially mixing the saline constituents of such springs in the proportions indicated by analysis of the water: as, Karlsbad salts, Vichy salts, etc.
    • n salt A salt which exhibits alkaline reaction or changes the red color of moist litmus-paper to blue, as does disodium orthophosphate.
    • n salt An impure common salt from India, colored by admixture with tannate of iron. See bitnoben.
    • salt To enrich (a natural deposit) by artificial means, usually for the purpose of deceiving prospective purchasers. Thus a gold-mine is salted when powdered gold is shot into the rock with a gun; a sample is salted when metal, or rich ore, is mixed with it; a mineral spring is salted by the addition of salts; an oil-well by the addition of rich oils, etc.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In ancient China people committed suicide by eating a pound of salt.
    • n Salt sawlt chloride of sodium, or common salt, a well-known substance used for seasoning, found either in the earth or obtained by evaporation from sea-water: anything like salt: seasoning: piquancy: abatement, modification, allowance: an experienced sailor: that which preserves from corruption: an antiseptic: :
    • v.t Salt to sprinkle or season with salt: to fill with salt between the timbers for preservation
    • adj Salt containing salt: tasting of salt: overflowed with, or growing in, salt-water: pungent: lecherous:
    • n Salt sawlt (chem.) a body composed of an acid and a base united in definite proportions, or of bromine, chlorine, fluorine, or iodine, with a metal or metalloid
    • n Salt sawlt (obs.) lust
    • adj Salt (coll.) costly, expensive—ns. Salt′-block, a salt-evaporating apparatus
    • ***

Quotations

  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore%20Roosevelt
    “No man is worth his salt who is not ready at all times to risk his well-being, to risk his body, to risk his life, in a great cause.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Give neither counsel or salt till you are asked for it.”
  • Miguel De Cervantes
    Miguel%20De%20Cervantes
    “A man must eat a peck of salt with his friend, before he knows him.”
  • A. P. Gouthey
    A. P. Gouthey
    “There are two great forces in this world -- good and evil; and no man is worth his salt unless he has lost and won battle for a principle.”
  • Isak Dinesen
    Isak Dinesen
    “The cure for anything is salt water - sweat, tears, or the sea.”
  • Isak Dinesen
    Isak Dinesen
    “The cure for anything is salt water -- sweat, teats, or the sea.”

Idioms

Above the salt - This means that something or someone has a high position.
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Back to the salt mines - If someone says they have to go back to the salt mines, they have to return, possibly unwillingly, to work.
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Go pound salt - (USA) This means 'Get lost' or 'Go away'('Go pound sand' is also used.)
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Grain of salt - If you should take something with a grain of salt, you shouldn't necessarily believe it all. ('pinch of salt' is an alternative)
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Pinch of salt - If what someone says should be taken with a pinch of salt, then they exaggerate and distort things, so what they say shouldn't be believed unquestioningly. ('with a grain of salt' is an alternative.)
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Salt in a wound - If you rub salt in a wound, you make someone feel bad about something that is already a painful experience. 'Pour salt on a wound' is an alternative form of the idiom.
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Salt of the earth - People who are salt of the earth are decent, dependable and unpretentious.
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Worth your salt - Someone who is worth their salt deserves respect.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. sealt,; akin to OS. & OFries. salt, D. zout, G. salz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. salt, L. sal, Gr. , Russ. sole, Ir. & Gael. salann, W. halen, of unknown origin. Cf. Sal Salad Salary Saline Sauce Sausage

Usage

In literature:

Season with salt and cloves.
"The Italian Cook Book" by Maria Gentile
This trick of salting the sheep is as old as the hills.
"The Tale of Snowball Lamb" by Arthur Bailey
Add the butter, salt, and pepper.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Household Management" by Ministry of Education
The rivers they crossed, as well as the places on the way which were sometimes no more than salt licks, bore Indian names.
"Blue Ridge Country" by Jean Thomas
A little salt should invariably be given, more especially if mangels (which are rich in salt) do not enter into the animals' dietary.
"The Stock-Feeder's Manual" by Charles Alexander Cameron
Set on a pot with water, salted in proportion of a tablespoonful of salt to a quart of water.
"A Poetical Cook-Book" by Maria J. Moss
Add a little salt, and roll out very thin.
"The Khaki Kook Book" by Mary Kennedy Core
In a salt-marsh mud sent me by the Rev.
"Peat and its Uses as Fertilizer and Fuel" by Samuel William Johnson
Put it into a saucepan, cover with boiling water, and when it is nearly done add salt, as cooking it long with salt turns it brown.
"The Golden Age Cook Book" by Henrietta Latham Dwight
Season with 1 teaspoonful of salt, 1 salt spoon of pepper, and 1 teaspoonful of chopped parsley.
"The Cookery Blue Book" by Society for Christian Work of the First Unitarian Church, San Francisco, California
Add vinegar, salt, pepper, sugar and beaten egg.
"Pennsylvania Dutch Cooking" by Unknown
Yes; there are many such salts, as, for instance, common salt, sulphat of magnesia, and a variety of others.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
Now a salt may be acted upon by a base or an acid or another salt.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Possibly to Salt Lake City, or Denver.
"Desert Dust" by Edwin L. Sabin
Lay them in salt and water; and when the water boils, put them in with some salt.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It seems to delight in sandy soil near salt water.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
A little seasoning of salt and pepper may be added for accustomed palates.
"Nelson's Home Comforts" by Mary Hooper
No one can go down a salt mine without asking, How did this salt come here?
"The Harmsworth Magazine, v. 1, 1898-1899, No. 2" by Various
TO KEEP MEATS FRESH WITHOUT SALT.
"Cooking and Dining in Imperial Rome" by Apicius
Those who are accustomed to salt their food, use sugar, etc., will naturally salt and sweeten this.
"Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and by Experience in All Ages" by William Andrus Alcott
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In poetry:

Saltest Thou with the salt of wrath?
Refinest Thou with suffering's fire?
Hast Thou millions of millions hidden in Thy future,
Whom Thou thus wilt save to freedom?
"Ivar Ingemundson's Lay" by Bjornstjerne Bjornson
Vein o' my heart, can you hear me crying,
Over the salt dividing sea?
Maybe you'll think 'tis the wind that's sighing–
But it comes from the heart o' me,
The heart o' me!
"Vein O’ My Heart" by Anna Johnston MacManus
Vein o' my heart, can you hear me crying,
Over the salt dividing sea?
Maybe you'll think 'tis the wind that's sighing–
But it comes from the heart o' me,
The heart o' me!
"Vein O’ My Heart" by Anna Johnston MacManus
Bring me one breath from the deep salt sea,
Ye vagrant upland airs!
Over your forest and field and lea,
From the windy deeps that have mothered me,
To the heart of one who cares.
"Landbound" by DuBose Heyward
Salted with fire they seem, to show
How spirits lost in endless woe
May undecaying live.
Oh, sickening thought! yet hold it fast
Long as this glittering world shall last,
Or sin at heart survive.
"Fifth Sunday In Lent" by John Keble
The dog's worth nothing — that is still asleep ---
And the bad servant — that is idle still —
And the spoil'd salt — that can't its favour keep,
And the vile shepherd — who his sheep does kill.
"The Duty Of Clergymen" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Whether it actually seasons better than ordinary table salt or kosher salt is open to debate.
Is sea salt better for you than table salt.
"Sea salt is lower in sodium than table salt.".
SALT LAKE CITY — An environmental activist who disrupted an oil and gas auction for land near Utah's national parks will finish out the final six months of a federal sentence at a Salt Lake City halfway house.
SALT LAKE CITY—An environmental activist who disrupted an oil and gas auction for land near Utah's national parks will finish out the final six months of a federal sentence at a Salt Lake City halfway house.
But these aren't your average bath salts that you pour into the bathtub to soak in after a long, hard day to relax – these so-called bath salts are intended to be snorted , smoked or injected – and users are getting high off of them.
Cornell researchers offer more advice for avoiding the most salt-sensitive bedding plants and corrections for high soluble salts.
Courtesy Salt Lake County Jail Carlos Umana starved himself to death in the Salt Lake County Jail last year.
"Sea salt is lower in sodium than table salt .".
Is sea salt better for you than table salt .
We've had salt on our minds lately, and not just because it's World Salt Awareness Week (who knew?).
SALT LAKE CITY — Court documents show the Utah State Tax Commission filed a tax lien in March against the Republican Salt Lake County mayoral candidate.
The second annual Salt Lake Design Week kicks off with PechaKucha Night, in which speakers present their ideas in a 20x20 format (20 slides, 20 seconds each), at The State Room, 638 S State St, Salt Lake Tribune.
Rick Egan The Salt Lake Tribune Esar Met sits next to his interpreter at his preliminary hearing in Judge William Barrett's 3rd District Court in Salt Lake City on Thursday, Nov 15, 2012.
Scott Sommerdorf The Salt Lake Tribune Frances Bahe weaves a belt as Salt Lake and Park City school kids watch as part of the Adopt A Native Elder Program at the Deer Valley Resort, Snow Park Lodge, on Thursday.
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In science:

Alkanes of medium chain length show an unusual wetting behavior on (salt) water, exhibiting a sequence of two changes in the wetting state.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
In general, the words “thermodynamic limit” have to be taken with a grain of salt since w is not necessarily a positive measure.
Random surfaces enumerating algebraic curves
We also found that salt residues can produce a spurious conductivity if not removed.
Reply to ``Comment on `Insulating Behavior of $\lambda$-DNA on the Micron Scale' "
In this paper, we follow the distortions of fulleride ions in three A4C60 salts (A=K, Rb, Cs) with temperature.
Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the alkali metal fulleride salts A4C60 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
In the monovalent decamethylnickelocenium salt,27 the symmetry was found close to D2h , with a difference between maximum and minimum radii of 0.05 ˚A.
Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the alkali metal fulleride salts A4C60 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
Thus, we suggest that dynamic disorder in A4C60 salts is the result of reorientation around the threefold axes.
Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the alkali metal fulleride salts A4C60 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
The low-temperature phase of all three A4C60 salts studied can be modeled by the constructive interaction of the JT effect and the external potential, resulting in D2h distorted fulleride ions.
Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the alkali metal fulleride salts A4C60 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
Accordingly, Cs4C60 forms a true cooperative static Jahn-Teller state and the other two salts a static Jahn-Teller state with distorted ions randomly occupying the two standard orientations.
Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effect in the alkali metal fulleride salts A4C60 (A = K, Rb, Cs)
Typical examples are two representative families of this field, the Bechgaard salts TM2X 3 (TM = TMTSF or TMTTF) and ET2X 4 (ET = BEDT-TTF) where X takes different atoms or molecules, both being studied for more than 20 years.
Theoretical Aspects of Charge Ordering in Molecular Conductors
These materials are members of the so-called 2:1 salts expressed as A2B , to which interest of this field has been conducted.
Theoretical Aspects of Charge Ordering in Molecular Conductors
As mentioned in § 2.1, tintra/tinter is of the order of 10 in the DCNQI and TM salts, while the interchain Vinter may be of the same order with the intrachain Vintra .
Theoretical Aspects of Charge Ordering in Molecular Conductors
Ghil, Multiple equilibria in thermosolutal convection due to saltflux boundary conditions, J.
Dynamics of the Thermohaline Circulation Under Uncertainty
These predictions are to be taken with a grain of salt, since they demand ignoring a number of higher dimensional operators.
Proton decay, supersymmetry breaking and its mediation
As an example, the crystal structure of the first organic superconductor (TMTSF)2PF6 , a representative of the Bechgaard salts, is schematically shown in Fig. 2.
Route to Room-Temperature Superconductivity from a Practical Point of View
In contrast to the Bechgaard salts which exhibit quasi-one-dimensional electron transport, the electronic structure of the BEDT-TTF family is of twodimensional nature.
Route to Room-Temperature Superconductivity from a Practical Point of View
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