rust

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj rust of the brown color of rust
    • v rust become coated with oxide
    • v rust become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid "The metal corroded","The pipes rusted"
    • v rust cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid "The acid corroded the metal","The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
    • n rust any of various fungi causing rust disease in plants
    • n rust the formation of reddish-brown ferric oxides on iron by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water
    • n rust a plant disease that produces a reddish-brown discoloration of leaves and stems; caused by various rust fungi
    • n rust a red or brown oxide coating on iron or steel caused by the action of oxygen and moisture
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: From bridges to rebar, rust is everywhere. According to a recent study, the annual cost of metallic corrosion in the U.S. is approximately $300 billion. The report, by Battelle, Columbus, Ohio, and the Specialty Steel Industry of North America, Washington, D.C., estimated that about one-third of that cost could be avoided through broader application of corrosion-resistant material and "best anti-corrosive practice" from design through maintenance.
    • Rust (Bot) A minute mold or fungus forming reddish or rusty spots on the leaves and stems of cereal and other grasses (Trichobasis Rubigo-vera), now usually believed to be a form or condition of the corn mildew (Puccinia graminis). As rust, it has solitary reddish spores; as corn mildew, the spores are double and blackish.
    • Rust Corrosive or injurious accretion or influence.
    • Rust Foul matter arising from degeneration; as, rust on salted meat.
    • Rust That which resembles rust in appearance or effects.
    • Rust (Chem) The reddish yellow coating formed on iron when exposed to moist air, consisting of ferric oxide or hydroxide; hence, by extension, any metallic film of corrosion.
    • Rust To be affected with the parasitic fungus called rust; also, to acquire a rusty appearance, as plants.
    • Rust To cause to contract rust; to corrode with rust; to affect with rust of any kind. "Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them."
    • Rust To contract rust; to be or become oxidized. "If gold ruste , what shall iron do?""Our armors now may rust ."
    • Rust To degenerate in idleness; to become dull or impaired by inaction. "Must I rust in Egypt? never more
      Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece?"
    • Rust To impair by time and inactivity.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Iron weighs more after it rusts.
    • n rust The red or orange-yellow coating which is formed on the surface of iron when exposed to air and moisture; red oxid of iron; in an extended sense, any metallic oxid forming a coat on the metal. Oil-paint, varnish. plumbago, a film of caoutchouc, or a coating of tin may be employed, according to circumstances, to prevent the rusting of iron utensils.
    • n rust In metal-working, a composition of iron-filings and sal ammoniac, with sometimes a little sulphur, moistened with water and used for filling fast joints. Oxidation rapidly sets in, and the composition, after a time, becomes very hard, and takes thorough hold of the surfaces between which it is placed. A joint formed in this way is called a rust-joint.
    • n rust In botany, a fungous growth on plants which resembles rust on metal; plant-disease caused by fungi of the class Uredineæ (which see, for special characterization): same as brand, 6. See Fungi, mildew, Puccinia, and Trichobasis; also black rust and red rust, below.
    • n rust Any foul extraneous matter; a corrosive, injurious, or disfiguring accretion.
    • n rust Any growth, influence, or habit tending to injure the mental or moral faculties; a habit or tendency which clogs action or usefulness; also, the state of being affected with such a habit.
    • rust To contract or gather rust; be oxidized.
    • rust To assume an appearance of rust, or as if coated with rust.
    • rust To degenerate in idleness; become dull through inaction.
    • rust To cause to contract rust.
    • rust To impair by time and inactivity.
    • rust An obsolete variant of roost.
    • n rust Rust formed on iron by exposure to air and water often approaches pretty closely in composition the mineral limonite, a ferric oxyhydroxid (Fe4O3(HO)6). It also frequently contains some ferrous or ferrosoferric oxid and hydroxid, and is more or less perceptibly magnetic.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Rust rust the reddish-brown coating on iron exposed to moisture: anything resembling rust: a disease of cereals and grasses, with brown spots on the leaves, caused by fungi: a corrosive: an injurious habit: any foul matter
    • v.i Rust to become rusty: to become dull by inaction
    • v.t Rust to make rusty: to impair by time and inactivity
    • ***

Quotations

  • Thomas Traherne
    Thomas%20Traherne
    “The soul is made for action, and cannot rest till it be employed. Idleness is its rust. Unless it will up and think and taste and see, all is in vain.”
  • George Whitefield
    George Whitefield
    “It is better to rust out than wear out.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “The mintage of wisdom is to know that rest is rust, and that real life is love, laughter, and work.”
  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labor wears, while the used key is always bright.”
  • Helen Hayes
    Helen Hayes
    “If you rest, you rust.”
  • German Proverb
    German Proverb
    “Rest breeds rust.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. rust,; akin to D. roest, G. & Sw. rost, Icel. ryð,; -- named from its color, and akin to E. red,. √113. See Red

Usage

In literature:

I don't count much on what I'll make but it will keep me from rusting out.
"Watch Yourself Go By" by Al. G. Field
Of course Landy has earned a rest, but there's too many that rust out when they rest up.
"David Lannarck, Midget" by George S. Harney
These plants resemble quite closely the white rusts, and are probably related to them.
"Elements of Structural and Systematic Botany" by Douglas Houghton Campbell
It was not the failure of his plans, nor the dread of detection, which broke Rust down.
"Knickerbocker, or New-York Monthly Magazine, March 1844" by Various
We're gettin' old; lay not up your treasures where moth and rust corrupt and thieves break through and steal.
"Other Main-Travelled Roads" by Hamlin Garland
Its offspring also would probably be rust-resistant.
"Agriculture for Beginners" by Charles William Burkett
Old Jacob Rhoneland has escaped scathless out of Rust's clutches.
"The Knickerbocker, or New-York Monthly Magazine, April 1844" by Various
It had not been opened for months, and was now rusted tight.
"The Best Short Stories of 1917" by Various
I and my brave fellows are idle, our swords rusting in their sheaths.
"The Black Tor" by George Manville Fenn
We observed that the latch was made of iron, and almost eaten away with rust.
"The Coral Island" by R.M. Ballantyne
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In poetry:

Wherefore should we rest and rust?
Soldiers, we must fight and save
Freedom now, and give our foes
All their country should—a grave!
"October" by Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard
Less than the dust, beneath thy Chariot wheel,
Less than the rust, that never stained thy Sword,
Less than the trust thou hast in me, O Lord,
Even less than these!
""Less than the Dust"" by Laurence Hope
Then Liberty's sceptre, its last jewel finding,
Was waved by a God o'er the years to be born,
And far in the future there rusted and crumbled
The chains of the centuries, ne'er to be worn.
"Pro Patria: America, 1861" by Adah Isaacs Menken
You have come back,—how strange—out of the grave;
Its dreams are in your eyes, and still there clings
Dust of the grave on your vainglorious hair;
And a mysterious rust is on these rings—
"Resurrection" by Richard Le Gallienne
These I adore; for these I live and labour,
Holding them more than sword or jewelled Mistress,
For this indeed may rust, and that prove faithless,
But, till my limbs are dust, I have my Fancies.
"Song Of Taj Mahomed" by Laurence Hope
Thine aid to them thou mightst have given,
As France her aid once gave to thee;
With them thy sons might well have striven,
And their blood-rusted fetters riven;
But why, in Heaven's name, should we
Shoot men aspiring to be free?
"Fallen" by John Lawson Stoddard

In news:

Scientists Discover Stem Rust-resistant Wheat Varieties.
How Can I Fix the Rusted Covers on My Speakers.
I have outdoor Boston Acoustic speakers and the covers have rusted .
Rusted Root celebrates 20 years with new album and extensive tour.
New music from Rusted Root and Jasiri X. November 19, 2012 6:14 am.
Rusted Root celebrates 20th b-day at State Room.
View full size Photo provided Rusted Root will perform at the New Jersey Motorsports Park in Millville, Thursday, Aug 24.
Paul Thorn at Lakeside, Rusted Root at NJMP.
Courtesy photo Rusted Root will perform at 9 pm Friday at District Square.
'Cars 2' review: Pixar spins its wheels in rusted -out automotive sequel.
The Infiniti QX4 SUV is included in a Nissan recall to check for steering column rust .
Rusted Root comes to Boulder.
Right-to-work landscape in the Rust Belt region.
Here is a look at the landscape in some Rust Belt states that have pushed for right-to-work plans in recent years - some successfully, others not.
In a Rust Belt town, a teenager's climb from poverty.
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In science:

However, this has not been demonstrated by observations [Rust et al., 2008]. A fourth possibility, recently suggested by Lockwood et al. [2009a, b], is that flow speed variations in the solar wind above 2.5R⊙ could lead to an increase in the unsigned radial flux at increasing distance from the Sun.
A Non-potential Model for the Sun's Open Magnetic Flux
Their ejection is a natural limiting mechanism for the build-up of currents in the corona [Bieber and Rust , 1995], acting on a timescale much faster than resistive dissipation.
A Non-potential Model for the Sun's Open Magnetic Flux
Bernasconi PN, Rust DM, Murphy GA, Eaton HAC (1999) High resolution polarimetry with a balloonborne telescope: the Flare Genesis experiment.
Astronomy in Antarctica
In the Skylab era, CMEs were referred to as coronal transients, and it could still be questioned if they were “incidental to flares or whether they reveal some thing fundamental about the energy release process ” (Rust et al. 1980).
High-Energy Aspects of Solar Flares: Overview of the Volume
The walls to the pores comprised nanocrystals of iron compounds, chiefly of FeS (Wolthers et al 2003) but including greigite, vivianite, and green rust occupying a silicate matrix.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
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