rub

Definitions

  • Jeff Sat up and Rubbed Himself 208
    Jeff Sat up and Rubbed Himself 208
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v rub move over something with pressure "rub my hands","rub oil into her skin"
    • v rub cause friction "my sweater scratches"
    • v rub scrape or rub as if to relieve itching "Don't scratch your insect bites!"
    • n rub the act of rubbing or wiping "he gave the hood a quick rub"
    • n rub an unforeseen obstacle
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

"YOU RUBBED THE LAMP, I BELIEVE?" "YOU RUBBED THE LAMP, I BELIEVE?"

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: American President Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) used to like Vaseline being rubbed on his head while he ate breakfast in bed
    • Rub A chance. "Flight shall leave no Greek a rub ."
    • Rub A stone, commonly flat, used to sharpen cutting tools; a whetstone; -- called also rubstone.
    • Rub Imperfection; failing; fault.
    • Rub Inequality of surface, as of the ground in the game of bowls; unevenness.
    • Rub Something grating to the feelings; sarcasm; joke; as, a hard rub .
    • Rub That which rubs; that which tends to hinder or obstruct motion or progress; hindrance; obstruction, an impediment; especially, a difficulty or obstruction hard to overcome; a pinch. "Every rub is smoothed on our way.""To sleep, perchance to dream; ay, there's the rub .""Upon this rub , the English ambassadors thought fit to demur.""One knows not, certainly, what other rubs might have been ordained for us by a wise Providence."
    • Rub The act of rubbing; friction.
    • Rub To cause (a body) to move with pressure and friction along a surface; as, to rub the hand over the body. "Two bones rubbed hard against one another."
    • Rub To fret; to chafe; as, to rub upon a sore.
    • Rub To hinder; to cross; to thwart. "'T is the duke's pleasure,
      Whose disposition, all the world well knows,
      Will not be rubbed nor stopped."
    • Rub To move along the surface of a body with pressure; to grate; as, a wheel rubs against the gatepost.
    • Rub To move or pass with difficulty; as, to rub through woods, as huntsmen; to rub through the world.
    • Rub To move over the surface of (a body) with pressure and friction; to graze; to chafe; as, the boat rubs the ground.
    • Rub To scour; to burnish; to polish; to brighten; to cleanse; -- often with up or over; as, to rub up silver. "The whole business of our redemption is to rub over the defaced copy of the creation."
    • Rub To spread a substance thinly over; to smear. "The smoothed plank, . . .
      New rubbed with balm."
    • Rub To subject (a body) to the action of something moving over its surface with pressure and friction, especially to the action of something moving back and forth; as, to rub the flesh with the hand; to rub wood with sandpaper. "It shall be expedient, after that body is cleaned, to rub the body with a coarse linen cloth."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Male koalas mark their territory by rubbing their chests on a tree. Male koalas have a dark scent gland in the middle of their chest
    • rub To apply pressure with motion to the surface of; apply friction to by chafing or fretting with something else: as, to rub the face with a towel; to rub one hand with the other.
    • rub To smooth, polish, clean, or coat by means of friction or frictional applications: as, to rub brasses or silver; to rub a floor; to rub furniture.
    • rub To treat, act upon, or remove by frictional pressure; act with or upon by friction: with out, off, in, etc.: as, to rub out marks, spots, or stains; to rub off rust; to rub in a liniment; to rub up an ointment in a mortar.
    • rub To take an impression of by friction; apply frictional pressure to, as an engraved or sculptured figure or inscription, for the purpose of copying. See rubbing, 2.
    • rub Figuratively, to affect in any way as if by frictional contact or pressure; furbish; fret: as, to rub (usually rub up) one's memory; to rub one the wrong way. See phrases below.
    • rub To cause to move over another body with friction: as, to rub one's hand over a mirror.
    • rub To reduce or bring to smaller dimensions by friction; smooth or render less prominent by rubbing.
    • rub To spread by rubbing; diffuse over a surface with a rubbing instrument: as, to rub out paint.
    • rub To blend or otherwise prepare by trituration: as, to rub up an ointment.
    • rub To awaken or excite by effort; rouse; freshen: as, to rub up the memory.
    • rub To move or act with friction; exert frictional pressure in moving: as, to rub against or along something.
    • rub Figuratively, to proceed with friction or collision; do anything with more or less effort or difficulty: commonly with on, along, through, etc.
    • rub In the old game of bowls, to touch or graze the jack or another ball with the bowl or played ball.
    • n rub An act or the action of rubbing; an application or occurrence of frictional contact: as, to take a rub with a towel; to give something a rub.
    • n rub A metaphorical rubbing or chafing; an irritating or disturbing act or expression; interference; affront; sarcasm, gibe, or the like.
    • n rub That which opposes or checks, as if from friction; any chafing or disturbing circumstance or predicament; an impediment, embarrassment, or stumbling-block; a pinch.
    • n rub An unevenness of surface or character; a roughness or inequality; an imperfection; a flaw; a fault.
    • n rub Inequality of the ground in a bowlinggreen.
    • n rub In card-playing, same as rubber, 6.
    • n rub A rubstone.
    • rub In needle-making, to straighten (a wire or needle) by rolling (it) while hot.—
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The loudest insect in the world is the male cicadas, which are like crickets. When they rub their abdomens, the sound made can be heard from 1300 feet
    • v.t Rub rub to move something over the surface of with pressure or friction: to clean, polish, or smooth, by passing something over: to wipe: to scour: to remove by friction (with off, out): to erase or obliterate (with out): to touch hard, fret: at bowls, to touch the jack with the bowl
    • v.i Rub to move along with pressure, friction, or difficulty: to get through difficulties: to grate, to fret:—pr.p. rub′bing; pa.t. and pa.p. rubbed
    • n Rub the act of rubbing: that which rubs: a collision: an obstruction: difficulty: a pinch: a joke: a sarcasm: a flaw: a rubber at cards
    • ***

Quotations

  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne
    Michel%20Eyquem%20De%20Montaigne
    “It is good to rub and polish our brain against that of others.”
  • Edward Hoagland
    Edward%20Hoagland
    “Men often compete with one another until the day they die; comradeship consists of rubbing shoulders jocularly with a competitor.”
  • Sebastian Coe
    Sebastian Coe
    “All pressure is self-inflicted. It's what you make of it or how you let it rub off on you.”
  • W. Somerset Maugham
    W.%20Somerset%20Maugham
    “Sentimentality is the only sentiment that rubs you the wrong way.”

Idioms

Not have two nickels to rub together - (USA) If a person doesn't have two nickels to rub together, they are very poor.
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Not have two pennies to rub together - If someone hasn't got two pennies to rub together, they are very poor indeed.
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Rub shoulders - If you rub shoulders with people, you meet and spend time with them, especially when they are powerful or famous.
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Rub someone up the wrong way - If you annoy or irritate someone when you didn't mean to, you rub them up the wrong way.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Probably of Celtic origin; cf. W. rhwbiaw, gael. rub,

Usage

In literature:

It should be large enough to allow the water to come up to the navel of the patient, and to permit rubbing.
"Hydriatic treatment of Scarlet Fever in its Different Forms" by Charles Munde
Constant scraping and hard hand-rubbing, similar to a washerwoman's "rubbing" of clothes, is necessary.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Add 1 tablespoon flour, season with salt and pepper and rub through a fine sieve.
"The Suffrage Cook Book"
Rub this thickly over the skin before going to bed.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
He rubbed his eyes then; he rubbed them now.
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
He rubbed his hands together.
"Fairy Prince and Other Stories" by Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
After he was gone, Uncle Remus sat a long time rubbing his hands and looking serious.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
Just then the stranger began rubbing his hands with ill-concealed satisfaction.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
The edge is then lightly rubbed with a piece of leather that has been previously rubbed on beeswax, and is ready for burnishing.
"Bookbinding, and the Care of Books" by Douglas Cockerell
Rings in removing stains may be avoided by rubbing until very nearly dry.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
Tie the veal closely; sprinkle with pepper and salt; rub thoroughly with flour and cover with buttered paper.
"Health on the Farm" by H. F. Harris
The other colors are rubbed into the leaves after they are cut out, rubbing light or heavy according to shade.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
Rub-a dub, rub-a dub!
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
Use them, with my compliments, please, and keep fit; then take a good rub down.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
Rub it with common oil frequently.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
He rubbed them hard as he crossed the entry.
"Nine Little Goslings" by Susan Coolidge
Avoid rubbing too hard along the edges, as by so doing you will press out all the paste and it will not stick.
"Crayon Portraiture" by Jerome A. Barhydt
We rubbed the glass and looked up.
"My Secret Life, Volumes I. to III." by Anonymous
The fruit should be rubbed through a sieve that is fine enough to keep back the seeds.
"Canned Fruit, Preserves, and Jellies: Household Methods of Preparation" by Maria Parloa
He'd chain a nigger up to whip 'em and rub salt and pepper on him, like he said, 'to season him up.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
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In poetry:

Furthermore, rub out
That MRS., too--
I'll have you know
I'm Madam to you!
"Madam and the Census Man" by Langston Hughes
Look, don't kill that fly!
It is making a prayer to you
By rubbing its hands and feet.
"Don't Kill That Fly!" by Kobayashi Issa
"I obey you," it said, "and whatever
You ask for, or wish, you shall have!
Rub the lamp but the least bit soever,
It calls me, for I am its slave!"
Aladdin said, "Open this cave!"
"Aladdin" by Clara Doty Bates
Aladdin saw darkness fall o'er him;
He clutched at the lamp in his hand,
And, happening to rub it, before him
A Genius stood, stately and grand.
Whence he came he could not understand.
"Aladdin" by Clara Doty Bates
Then came the time that I didn't look up to the sky,
Even though the heavens were full of clouds,
I didn't reach to the flight of the strange thing
That with my shadow rubbed along side my life.
"The Clouds" by Martinus Nijhoff
Where are you going with eyes so dull,
You whose eyes were beautiful,
You whose hair with the light was gay,
And now is thin and harsh and gray?
Is it age alone or age and tears
That has slowly rubbed your beauty away?
"Recovery" by John Freeman

In news:

When you feed it and rub its stomach, it passes gas.
I've used shrimp and peaches with a spice rub to tie together the savory and sweet flavors.
1/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon Lemongrass Wet Rub.
Grilled Pork Loin With Wine-Salt Rub.
Lotions are designed to be applied without heavy rubbing.
WANT to rub shoulders with a high-powered fashion editor.
Shortly after his death, his name was almost completely rubbed out of history.
David Beckham's rub down put on.
Northeaster Rubs Salt in the Wounds From a Hurricane.
Northeaster Rubs Salt in the Wounds From a Hurricane.
In Berkeley Springs, a Spa Scene Rubs Both Ways.
Of your favorite commercial rub.
Bobby Flay's spice-rubbed chicken, penne pasta, more.
For years, Abdullah al-Omar rubbed shoulders with some of the most powerful people in Syria.
Or the cocoa grilling rub.
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In science:

Two brushes fixed with respect to the laboratory rub the inner and outer cylindrical surfaces of radius, say ρ1 and ρ2 , and the electric potential difference between them △V is measured.
Eppur, si muove !
Low-lying zeros were considered by Iwaniec, Luo, and Sarnak [ILS], Rubinstein [Rub], ¨Ozl¨uk and Snyder [OS2], and others.
Modeling families of L-functions
Proposing a minimal random elastic model, we demonstrate that for a thick cell the smectic state without a rubbed substrate is always unstable at long scales, and for weak random pinning is replaced by a smectic glass state.
Smectic order, pinning, and phase transition in a smectic liquid crystal cell with a random substrate
For the remainder of the paper we will focus on this more interesting non-rubbed substrate limit.
Smectic order, pinning, and phase transition in a smectic liquid crystal cell with a random substrate
Under such conditions, a convenient geometry to probe the substrate-driven smectic distortion is that of crossed polarizer-analyzer pair, with the polarizer aligned with a well rubbed back substrate.
Smectic order, pinning, and phase transition in a smectic liquid crystal cell with a random substrate
We thereby demonstrated rigorously that smectic long-range order in a thick cell (without a rubbed substrate) at long scales is unstable to arbitrarily weak surface disorder, replaced by random smectic domains whose size and correlations on the heterogeneous substrate and in the bulk we have computed.
Smectic order, pinning, and phase transition in a smectic liquid crystal cell with a random substrate
Friction drums—those produce sound through friction by rubbing a hand or ob ject against the drumskin.
Music in Terms of Science
Boris rushed me to a first aid station and proceeded to rub snow on my hands.
Classical Chaos and its Quantum Manifestations
There’s the rub! Which Dirac operator are we talking about? There are at least two significant ones in our problem.
Stability of Matter in Magnetic Fields
He suggested basing thermodynamics on the fact that ‘rubbing’ is an adiabatic process that is not reversible, an idea he already had in his 1879 dissertation.
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
From this it follows that while one can undo a rubbing operation by some means, one cannot do so adiabatically.
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
In the usual parlance, rubbing would be an adiabatic process, but not electrical ‘heating’, because the latter requires the introduction of a pair of wires through the ‘adiabatic enclosure’.
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
The relation ≺ is generated, physically speaking, by two operations: “rubbing”, which increases the energy, and thermal equilibration of two scaled copies of the system.
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Rubbing the system increases U and we accordingly define ≺ on Γ simply by the relation ≤ on the real numbers U .
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
The forward sectors of X and Y are shown under the assumption that the only allowed adiabatic operations are thermal equilibration (which moves X to X ′ and Y to Y ′ ) and rubbing (which increases, but never decreases the energy).
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
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