roundness

Definitions

  • SWINGING ROUND A CURVE
    SWINGING ROUND A CURVE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n roundness the bodily property of being well rounded
    • n roundness the property possessed by a line or surface that is curved and not angular
    • n roundness the quality of being round numbers "he gave us the results in round numbers, but their roundness didn't affect the point he was making"
    • n roundness the fullness of a tone of voice "there is a musky roundness to his wordiness"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

"He steered his balloon round the Eiffel Tower." "He steered his balloon round the Eiffel Tower."
Paring a Corner Round Paring a Corner Round
A small group gather round a cauldron in the woods A small group gather round a cauldron in the woods
Round Church in the IXth Century, Aix-la-Chapelle Round Church in the IXth Century, Aix-la-Chapelle
Brushes.—Red Sable, Round Brushes.—Red Sable, Round
Brushes.—Round Bristle Brushes.—Round Bristle
Brushes.—Round Pointed Brushes.—Round Pointed
THE BRITISH BOARDING 'ROUND THE BRITISH BOARDING 'ROUND

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The chances of making two holes-in-one in a round of golf are one in 67 million
    • Roundness Fullness; smoothness of flow; as, the roundness of a period; the roundness of a note; roundness of tone.
    • Roundness Openess; plainess; boldness; positiveness; as, the roundness of an assertion.
    • Roundness The quality or state of being round in shape; as, the roundness of the globe, of the orb of the sun, of a ball, of a bowl, a column, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Brazil got its name from the nut, not the other way round.
    • n roundness The state of being round, or circular, spherical, globular, cylindrical, curved, or convex; circularity; sphericity; cylindrical form; rotundity; convexity: as, the roundness of the globe, of the orb of the sun, of a ball, of a bowl, of a hill, etc.
    • n roundness The quality of being well filled or rounded out metaphorically; fullness, completeness, openness, positiveness, boldness, or the like.
    • n roundness Synonyms Roundness, Rotundity, plumpness, globularity. Roundness applies with equal freedom to a circle, a sphere, a cylinder, or a cone, and, by extension, to forms that by approach suggest any one of these: as, roundness of limb or cheek. Rotundity now applies usually to spheres and to forms suggesting a sphere or a hemisphere: as, the rotundity of the earth or of a barrel; rotundity of abdomen.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world (behind Russia, Canada, China and the United States). It’s only 300,000 square miles smaller than the United States. Australia, India, Argentina, Kazakhstan and the Sudan round out the Top 10.
    • n Roundness quality of being round, globular, or cylindrical: cylindrical form: fullness: smoothness of flow: plainness: boldness: a kind of muff
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Quotations

  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “You can't choose up sides on a round world.”
  • James Thomson
    James Thomson
    “A little, round, fat, oily man of God.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “We are such stuff as dreams are made on, and our little life, is rounded with a sleep. [The Tempest]”
  • Josephine Pollard
    Josephine Pollard
    “The wheel goes round and round, some are up and some are on the down, and still the wheel goes round.”
  • E. Joseph Cossman
    E. Joseph Cossman
    “Square meals often make round people.”
  • Pierre Teilhard De Chardin
    Pierre%20Teilhard%20De%20Chardin
    “The world is round so that friendship may encircle it.”

Idioms

Go round in circles - If people are going round in circles, they keep discussing the same thing without reaching any agreement or coming to a conclusion.
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Let the grass grow round your feet - If you let the grass grow round your feet, you delay doing things instead of taking action.
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Millstone round your neck - A millstone around your neck is a problem that prevents you from doing what you want to do.
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Round the bend - If someone has gone round the bend, they have stopped being rational about something. If something drives you round the bend, it irritates you or makes you angry.
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Round the houses - If you go round the houses, you do something in an inefficient way when there is a quicker, more convenient way.
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Square peg in a round hole - If somebody's in a situation, organisation, etc, where they don't fit in and feel out of place, they are a square peg in a round hole.
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. roond (Fr. rond)—L. rotundusrota, a wheel.

Usage

In literature:

He eat round and laughed round havin a big time.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves: Volume II, Arkansas Narratives, Part 2" by Work Projects Administration
Thence he could survey the whole country round at a glance.
"Abbe Mouret's Transgression La Faute De L'abbe Mouret" by Emile Zola
The usual custom at this time was that every one had to contribute a song in turn all round the table after supper.
"The Worst Journey in the World, Volumes 1 and 2" by Apsley Cherry-Garrard
The same gentle smile hovered round his sleepy eyes.
"The Story of the Foss River Ranch" by Ridgwell Cullum
My friend grabbed the end of that rope and twisted it round and round a young live oak.
"Mavericks" by William MacLeod Raine
Anna-Felicitas got up too, her inside feeling strangely unsteady and stirred round and round.
"Christopher and Columbus" by Countess Elizabeth Von Arnim
A round of large circles edges the purse round the outside.
"Beeton's Book of Needlework" by Isabella Beeton
Then I wound it round and round my waist, and tied the two ends tightly round the roc's leg, which was close to where I stood.
"Young Folks Treasury, Volume 3 (of 12)" by Various
It was a-walking round and round the pool.
"Verner's Pride" by Mrs. Henry Wood
Soon the men began to gather round them, and those with us went to hear what was going on.
"A Sea Queen's Sailing" by Charles Whistler
Just as Sylvie Argenter drew up her pony at the baker's door, Rod Sherrett came spinning round the corner in grand style.
"The Other Girls" by Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney
Had the reins round my neck, not expectin' visitors, when them hornets come at me and the hoss without even ringin' the bell.
"The Ridin' Kid from Powder River" by Henry Herbert Knibbs
Dizzy as I was, I rose on my elbow with an effort, and looked round.
"My Lady Rotha" by Stanley J. Weyman
Another moment and I should have been clear of the place and free to lie by for a while, when a sudden scurry took place round me.
"Historical Romances: Under the Red Robe, Count Hannibal, A Gentleman of France" by Stanley J. Weyman
One morning Spring peeped round the corner and dropped a crocus or two and a primrose or two.
"The Devourers" by Annie Vivanti Chartres
A woman passed swiftly round the table, and came to me and flung her arms round my neck and kissed me.
"The Story of Francis Cludde" by Stanley J. Weyman
The sea was all white, for the current, setting strongly round the head, ran in angry combers against the wind.
"Wyndham's Pal" by Harold Bindloss
Indusium flat or slightly convex, orbicular or round-reniform, fixed by the centre, opening all round the margin.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
No: Mack had not noticed her; and I went round to the front again, and whispered to Tod.
"Johnny Ludlow. First Series" by Mrs. Henry Wood
She glanced round at her father, but he did not wake.
"Johnny Ludlow, Third Series" by Mrs. Henry Wood
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In poetry:

Day and night pass over, rounding,
Star and cloud and sun,
Things of drift and shadow, empty
Of my dearest one.
"White Pansies" by Archibald Lampman
There you gathered forming slowly
Rounding into view:
All your vesture glowed like verdure
When the sap is new.
"The Apparition" by Duncan Campbell Scott
Then finally I waxed so fat
That I could hardly walk,
And then the farmers gather 'round
And all began to talk.
"The Epic Of The Hog" by Edwin Carty Ranck
You've heard them sweetly sing,
And seen them in a round;
Each virgin, like a spring,
With honeysuckles crown'd.
"To Meadows" by Robert Herrick
Showers of blessing,
Showers of blessing we need:
Mercy drops round us are falling,
But for the showers we plead.
"There Shall Be Showers of Blessing" by Daniel Webster Moody
In his splendour let the sun
Drop into his ocean bed:
He again his race shall run,
Glory circling round his head.
"Evening" by John Bowring

In news:

Bruiser décor, crossover manners and all-round nice.
Manning Is Voted Best All-Round .
The " All Round " Milling Insert.
A hassle-free vacation is closer than you may think: T+L rounds up the best all-inclusive resorts across the U.S.
The "All Round" Milling Insert.
Russian officers study a map and discuss targets before the next round of artillery shelling in the Naurski region of northwest Chechnya.
Birnbaum JCC makes outdoor pool a year-round amenity with "bubble" dome.
Has an event-record 199 after three rounds.
Nothing annoys me more than those apps that drop down from the top of the iPad screen during a round of Angry Birds.
Re-do the statistical bands in the curves based on new round robin data.
"Round and Round," "Lay It Down" and "Wanted Man," laid the foundation for the band as to who they were.
1 in the first round of the US Senior Open, shot 5-under-65 in Saturday's third round.
Sheldon Spencer, an NFL editor at ESPN.com HQ, has been digging through draft history for the past several weeks to assemble round-by-round all-star teams.
Round and round he went for 25 hours and 30 seconds.
UCD's Matt Hansen, shown here taking a swing at an earlier tournament, shot a second-round 67 on Monday and was tied for 17th after two rounds of the Alister MacKenzie Invitational UCD was ninth.
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In science:

For the purpose of contradiction, suppose there exists a strategy for the adversary and a round r ≤ T such that at the end of round r, the forecaster suffers a regret G′ > G with probability larger than δ .
Efficient Online Learning via Randomized Rounding
This is non-trivial because the Bell value of D may change over the different rounds, and, for each round, it may depend on the behavior of the previous rounds.
Security and Composability of Randomness Expansion from Bell Inequalities
The second equality simply expresses the fact that the outputs at round i are determined only by the inputs at round i and by the past inputs and outputs, but not by future inputs.
Security of practical private randomness generation
Applying the Knowledge Axiom and T S 2 to every (r (cid:48) , sn ) ∼jn (r, sn ) we obtain (R fip, r, sn ) (cid:15) Kjn (AttKiϕ). 2. process jn−1 sends a message in round sn−1 , which is received by jn in round sn : Since the protocol used is fip, message contents consist of the local state of sender.
Causality, Knowledge and Coordination in Distributed Systems
For any nonnegative integer t, we use subscript t to denote the random variable at the start of round t; for example Gt refers to the graph at the start of round t.
Discovery through Gossip
Any protocol in this setting is executed in a sequence of rounds where in each round, a player can perform some local computation, send new messages to all the players, receive messages sent to him by other players in the same round, (and if necessary perform some more local computation), in that order.
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
Intuitively, V Ω x,i consists of everything that player x ever “sees” from round 1 until the end of round i in execution Ω.
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
Protocol code executed by x : θΩ x . (iv) Set of all the messages sent by x until the end of round i : ∀z ∈ P, ∀k ∈ (1, i), Sk (msgΩ k (x, z )x ). (v) Set of all the messages received by x until the end of round i : ∀z ∈ P, ∀k ∈ (1, i), Sk (msgΩ k (z , x)z ).
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
The messages sent by B and C in round i of α (likewise E1 : α1 ) depend on what they themselves receive in round i − 1.
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
Thus, we need to argue that the adversary can ensure that whatever messages A, C (likewise, A and B ) send to B (C ) in round i − 2 of α is same as whatever messages A, C (A and B ) send to B (C ) in round i − 2 of E1 : α1 .
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
Send outgoing messages of round i: Based on the messages received during round i − 1, ¯A decides on the messages to be sent in round i.
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
Send outgoing messages of round i: Based on the messages received during round i − 1, ¯A decides on the messages to be sent in round i.
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
Send outgoing messages of round i: Based on the messages received during round i − 1, ¯A decides on the messages to be sent in round i.
A New Look at Composition of Authenticated Byzantine Generals
We will refer to the above rounding algorithm as GAP (p, q , ˆz ), which takes the set of parameters for GAP and a fraction solution { ˆzij } and returns the rounded integral solution {zij }.
Bulk content delivery using co-operating end-nodes with upload/download limits
The rounding procedure will convert this fractional solution to an integral solution {yik , xijk } Rounding ˆyik values in the fractional solution should be straightforward, as it is just an instance of the GAP problem.
Bulk content delivery using co-operating end-nodes with upload/download limits
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