roulette

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n roulette a gambling game in which players bet on which compartment of a revolving wheel a small ball will come to rest in
    • n roulette a wheel with teeth for making a row of perforations
    • n roulette a line generated by a point on one figure rolling around a second figure
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Roulette was invented by the French mathematician Blaise Pascal. It was a by-product of his experiments with perpetual motion.
    • Roulette A game of chance, in which a small ball is made to move round rapidly on a circle divided off into numbered red and black spaces, the one on which it stops indicating the result of a variety of wagers permitted by the game.
    • Roulette (Fine Arts) A similar wheel used to roughen the surface of a plate, as in making alterations in a mezzotint.
    • Roulette (Fine Arts) A small toothed wheel used by engravers to roll over a plate in order to order to produce rows of dots.
    • Roulette A small toothed wheel used to make short incisions in paper, as a sheet of postage stamps to facilitate their separation.
    • Roulette (Geom) the curve traced by any point in the plane of a given curve when the latter rolls, without sliding, over another fixed curve. See Cycloid, and Epycycloid.
    • v. t Roulette To make short incisions in with a roulette; to separate by incisions made with a roulette; as, to roulette a sheet of postage stamps.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n roulette An engravers' tool, used for producing a series of dots on a copperplate, and in mezzotint to darken any part which has been too much burnished. Roulettes are of two kinds: one is shaped like the rowel of a spur; the other has the rowel at right angles with the shaft, thick in the middle and diminishing toward the sides, which are notched and sharpened to a series of fine points. A similar instrument is used in mechanical drawing, and in plotting. It is dipped into India ink, so that the points imprint a dotted line as the wheel is passed over the paper.
    • n roulette A cylindrical object used to curl hair upon, whether of the head or of a wig.
    • n roulette In geometry, a curve traced by any point in the plane of a given curve when this plane rolls on this curve over another curve.
    • n roulette A game of chance, played at a table, in the center of which is a cavity surmounted by a revolving disk, the circumference of which is generally divided into 38 compartments colored black and red alternately, and numbered 1 to 36, with a zero and double zero. The person in charge of the table (the banker or tailleur) sets the disk in motion, and causes a ball to revolve on it in an opposite direction. This ball finally drops into one of the compartments, thus determining the winning number or color. The players, of whom there may be any number, may stake on a figure or a group of figures, on even or odd number, or on the black or red. Should the player stake on a single figure and be successful, he wins 35 times his stake. The amount varies in the event of success on other chances.
    • roulette To mark with dotted lines with a roulette.
    • roulette To perforate with a roulette or similar instrument, as in preparing blank checks, for ease and convenience in removal from a stub, or sheets of printed postage-stamps for the separation of the stamps, the one from the other, when needed.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Roulette rōōl-et′ a little ball or roller: a game of chance played on an oblong table divided into numbered and coloured spaces, and having in the centre a rotating disc on which a ball is rolled until it drops into one of the spaces, the player winning if he has staked his money on that space or its colour: an engraver's tool: a cylindrical object used to curl hair upon:
    • n Roulette rōōl-et′ (geom.) a particular kind of curve.
    • ***

Idioms

Russian roulette - If people take a dangerous and unnecessary risk, they are playing Russian roulette.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., properly, a little wheel or ball. See Rouleau Roll
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—rouler, to roll.

Usage

In literature:

At last they resolved to send to Lees' chamber for the roulette-board, and pass the evening in experiment.
"Bohemian Days" by Geo. Alfred Townsend
Men at the roulette wheel straighten up to listen.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Inside the saloons faro, chuckaluck and roulette attracted each its devotees.
"Crooked Trails and Straight" by William MacLeod Raine
Roulette was going on in his rooms, and the usual crowd were playing.
"Godfrey Marten, Undergraduate" by Charles Turley
Nor was he guided by a set of fixed rules such as men are wont to employ at roulette and upon women.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
He is brave and wonderful and has earned some of the money back at roulette.
"The Lightning Conductor Discovers America" by C. N. (Charles Norris) Williamson and A. M. (Alice Muriel) Williamson
He was like the ball on a rapidly spun roulette board.
"The Island Mystery" by George A. Birmingham
The German was busy at one of the roulette-tables, and seemed to be winning considerably.
"Masterpieces of Mystery" by Various
In the middle of this was placed a large roulette.
"Memoirs of Life and Literature" by W. H. Mallock
The game was roulette.
"Gold" by Stewart White
I met him at Danforth's place one night when he was playing roulette in big luck.
"Ashton-Kirk, Criminologist" by John T. McIntyre
Roulette was a good game.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
My mother dreamed of numbers to play at roulette.
"Rosemary in Search of a Father" by C. N. Williamson
At night, I went with them to the "Roulette," and then I embraced them and bade them good-night.
"Waterloo" by Émile Erckmann
He went over to the roulette wheel and played straight red and black.
"Noble Redman" by Jesse Franklin Bone
On the golf-field as at the roulette-table he is hard to beat.
"Devil Stories" by Various
I am not quite sure that a travelling roulette-table is not somewhere amongst your effects.
"One Of Them" by Charles James Lever
Then we would have saved the nine in the roulette room, and at the same time saved our project here.
"Mask of Death" by Paul Ernst
I don't play roulette.
"The Gambler" by Katherine Cecil Thurston
It made him think of the run of red that sometimes followed a run of black at roulette.
"An Engagement of Convenience" by Louis Zangwill
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In poetry:

The prize that the pleasure enhances?
The prize is--at last to forget
The changes, the chops, and the chances -
The wheel of Dame Fortune's roulette.
"Ballade Of Roulette" by Andrew Lang
Then at seventy I'll take flutters at roulette;
While at eighty hope I'll make good at poker yet;
And in fashionable togs to the races go,
Gayest of the gay old dogs, ninety years or so.
"The Petit Vieux" by Robert W Service

In news:

Beverly native Sgt Michael M McCloskey killed himself while playing Russian roulette with another soldier, who was charged with second-degree murder.
Playing Russian roulette with fake drugs.
Man dies while playing ' Russian roulette '.
A Marshall County man died in the early hours Sunday as a result of what witnesses called Russian roulette .
Russian Roulette , Yes.
It used to be that you only lost at Russian Roulette once.
Vs squint vs Six Bullet Roulette – Homegrown Picks of the Week.
Briton bets it all on roulette spin, and wins.
Boucher back in Flyers' net roulette.
Briton bets it all on roulette spin, and wins.
A Briton who sold all his possessions, including his clothes, stood in a rented tuxedo on Sunday with family and friends, and bet everything on a single spin of the roulette wheel.
Content Tagged 'Russian Roulette '.
Teen dies in game of Russian Roulette .
The Republicans' budget roulette .
Justified 'Harlan Roulette ' Review: Enemy of my Enemy.
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In science:

He suggests the perdurantist, or at least the advocate of Humean supervenience, should say that even for a inhomogeneous disc like a roulette wheel, there is nothing ob jectively right about defining persistence in terms of “tracking” spatially varying qualitative features such as one of the wheel’s numerals.
On the Persistence of Homogeneous Matter
Features in the ensemble of histories include “roulette tra jectories”, with longlasting inflations in the direction of the rolling axion, enhanced in number of e-foldings over those restricted to lie in the τ -trough.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Some of the tra jectories are predominantly θ ones before settling into a τ -valley, similar to a roulette ball rotation before locking into a slot with a specific number, hence the name roulette inflation.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
These roulette wheel tra jectories have an enhanced numbers of e-foldings relative to pure τ tra jectories.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
To the extent that these single-inflaton estimations are reasonable, we again found plenty of roulette tra jectories exist which satisfy the CMB+LSS data.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Here it is the mod operation that introduces some randomness by mimicking the circular arrangement of a roulette wheel.
Random Number Generators: A Survival Guide for Large Scale Simulations
Early approaches: coin flipping, rolling of dice, roulette.
Random Numbers in Scientific Computing: An Introduction
Note that this is similar to a roulette where a croupier spins a wheel with 37 pockets in one direction, then spins a ball in the opposite direction around a tilted circular track running around the circumference of the wheel.
Random Numbers in Scientific Computing: An Introduction
His scrambling procedure is designed to destroy any nascent correlations that might exist in the original bit stream of measurements, without introducing any extra correlations of quantum-mechanical origin (hence his use of the classical roulette-wheel).
Quantum Mechanics and Algorithmic Randomness
Selection is based on ranking rather than absolute fitness, and makes use of the Roulette Wheel algorithm.
Computational Asteroseismology
To illustrate the selection mechanism, it is instructive to think of a roulette wheel in which the size of the different fields is proportional to the fitness.
Stochastic evolutionary game dynamics
For instance, Chapter 9 of (Sornette, 2003) suggests a number of options, including the “statistical roulette”, Bayesian inference and error diagrams.
The Financial Bubble Experiment: advanced diagnostics and forecasts of bubble terminations
There are several different models in this class including K¨ahler inflation, Roulette inflation and Fibre inflation which all have exponential potentials.
Towards an Observational Appraisal of String Cosmology
Both K¨ahler and Roulette inflation lead to small tensor models r ∼ O(10−10 ), with the simplest K¨ahler model having the form V = V0 (1 − e−aφ ), and hence leads to ns = 1 − 2/N ∗ (this corresponds to the p = −∞ small field example of Section 2.1).
Towards an Observational Appraisal of String Cosmology
In Roulette models the inflaton is associated with a classical tra jectory through field space (perpendicular to the isocurvature tra jectory) .
Towards an Observational Appraisal of String Cosmology
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