• WordNet 3.6
    • v rot become physically weaker "Political prisoners are wasting away in many prisons all over the world"
    • v rot break down "The bodies decomposed in the heat"
    • n rot unacceptable behavior (especially ludicrously false statements)
    • n rot (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
    • n rot a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Dry-rot Fungus Dry-rot Fungus

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The titan arum flower is the largest flower in the world and gives off a horrible odor that smells like rotting flesh when it blooms
    • Rot (Bot) A disease or decay in fruits, leaves, or wood, supposed to be caused by minute fungi. See Bitter rot Black rot, etc., below.
    • Rot A fatal distemper which attacks sheep and sometimes other animals. It is due to the presence of a parasitic worm in the liver or gall bladder. See 1st Fluke, 2. "His cattle must of rot and murrain die."
    • Rot Figuratively: To perish slowly; to decay; to die; to become corrupt. "Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.""Rot , poor bachelor, in your club."
    • Rot Process of rotting; decay; putrefaction.
    • Rot To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.
    • Rot To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially decomposed by natural processes; as, to rot vegetable fiber.
    • Rot To undergo a process common to organic substances by which they lose the cohesion of their parts and pass through certain chemical changes, giving off usually in some stages of the process more or less offensive odors; to become decomposed by a natural process; to putrefy; to decay. "Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot,
      To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: At the beginning of the year 2001 all Canadian cigarette packaging will depict graphic images of rotting teeth and deteriorating organs.
    • rot To undergo natural decomposition; fall into a course or a state of elemental dissolution; suffer loss of coherence from decay: used of organic substances which either do or do not putrefy in the process, and sometimes, by extension, of inorganic substances.
    • rot To become morally corrupt; deteriorate through stagnation or indulgence; suffer loss of stamina or principle.
    • rot To become morally offensive or putrid; be nauseous or repulsive; excite contempt or disgust.
    • rot To become affected with the disease called rot.
    • rot Synonyms Rot, Decay, Putrefy, Corrupt, Decompose. Rot is, by its age and brevity, so energetic a word that it is often considered inelegant, and decay is used as a softer word. That which rots or decays may or may not emit a foul odor, as an egg or an apple; putrefy by derivation implies such foulness of odor, and hence is especially applied to animal matter when it is desired to emphasize that characteristic result of its rotting. Corrupt is sometimes used as a strong but not offensive word for thorough spoiling, that makes a thing repulsive or loathsome. To decompose is to return to the original elements; the word is sometimes used as a euphemism for rot or putrefy. The moral uses of the first four words correspond to the physical.
    • rot To cause decomposition in; subject to a process of rotting; make rotten: as, dampness rots many things; to rot flax. See ret. Sometimes used imperatively in imprecation. Compare rat, drat.
    • rot To produce a rotting or putrefactive disease in; specifically, to give the rot to, as sheep or other animals. See rot, n., 2.
    • n rot The process of rotting, or the state of being rotten; also, rotted substance; matter weakened or disintegrated by rotting.
    • n rot A condition of rottenness to which certain animals and plants are liable, as the sheep and the potato (see potato), attended by more or less putrescence. The rot in sheep, which sometimes affects other animals also, is a fatal distemper caused by the presence of a great number of entozoa, called liver-flukes (Distoma hepaticum), in the liver, developed from germs swallowed with the food. The disease is promoted also by a humid state of atmosphere, soil, and herbage. It has different degrees of rapidity, but is generally fatal.
    • n rot Disgusting stuff; nauseating nonsense; unendurable trash; rant; twaddle; bosh.
    • rot To ‘make fun’; fool; talk nonsense.
    • rot To fail successively at batting: said of a cricket eleven.
    • rot To chaff; make fun of.
    • n rot In cricket, the failure of several batsmen on a side.
    • n rot See black.
    • n rot A name of certain plant-diseases of a bacterial or fungous origin, characterized by decay and blackening of the tissues. The following are the most important: black rot of the apple, caused by Sphæropsis Malorum; black rot of the cabbage, due to Pseudomonas campestris; black rot of the grape, caused by Guignardia Bidwellii; black rot of the pear and quince, caused by Sphæropsis Malorum; black rot of the sweet-potato, caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata (also called black-shank); and black rot of the tomato, caused by Macrosporium Tomato.
    • rot Humbug! Nonsense! Stuff!
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Goethe couldn't stand the sound of barking dogs and could only write if he had an apple rotting in the drawer of his desk.
    • v.i Rot rot to putrefy: to become decomposed: to become morally corrupt: to become affected with sheep-rot
    • v.t Rot to cause to rot: to bring to corruption:—pr.p. rot′ting; pa.t. and pa.p. rot′ted
    • n Rot decay: putrefaction: a special disease of the sheep, as of the potato: a decay (called dry-rot) which attacks timber:
    • n Rot (slang) rant, bosh
    • ***


  • Henry Miller
    “I have never been able to look upon America as young and vital but rather as prematurely old, as a fruit which rotted before it had a chance to ripen.”
  • Woody Allen
    “I don't respond well to mellow, you know what I mean, I have a tendency to... if I get too mellow, I ripen and then rot.”
  • Ray Kroc
    Ray Kroc
    “Are you green and growing or ripe and rotting?”
  • Alexander Pope
    “Fix'd like a plan on his peculiar spot, to draw nutrition, propagate, and rot.”
  • Joseph Roux
    Joseph Roux
    “There is a slowness in affairs which ripens them, and a slowness which rots them.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. rotien, AS. rotian,; akin to D. rotten, Prov. G. rotten, OHG. rozzn, G. rösten, to steep flax, Icel. rotna, to rot, Sw. ruttna, Dan. raadne, Icel. rottin, rotten. √117. Cf. Ret Rotten


In literature:

After filling these with well-rotted stable manure, throw soil over them.
"Agriculture for Beginners" by Charles William Burkett
But it is, after all, not very destructive, and not half as dangerous as the mildew or gray rot.
"The Cultivation of The Native Grape, and Manufacture of American Wines" by George Husmann
The paper on 'Beauty' was rot, and invoked well-deserved hisses.
"Tom, Dick and Harry" by Talbot Baines Reed
Yes, new kinds are rot.
"The Cock-House at Fellsgarth" by Talbot Baines Reed
When I marry a man it will be a man with sense 'nough not to pizen hisself on rot-gut whisky.
"The Eagle's Heart" by Hamlin Garland
Water's an awfu' thing to rot ye'r boots; I aye said if it rotted ane's boots that way, whit wad it no' dae to ane's stamach?
"Doom Castle" by Neil Munro
I never heard such rot talked in all my life.
"Priscilla's Spies" by George A. Birmingham
The infection developed from a fire scar and rotted out the inside.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Forty-Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
It is of poor quality, quite unproductive, rots badly, and not worthy of cultivation.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
Window-curtains last much longer, if lined, as the sun fades and rots them.
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
Their feet sank deeply in cushions of soaked moss and rotting leaves.
"Prisoners of Hope" by Mary Johnston
It is drift-timber, which never rots.
"Modern Icelandic Plays" by Jóhann Sigurjónsson
The canoes were rotting on the river bank above high-water mark.
"Preventable Diseases" by Woods Hutchinson
They're rotting the meat out not a thousand miles away.
"A Son Of The Sun" by Jack London
This cry in America that German babies have not sufficient milk is all rot.
"Face to Face with Kaiserism" by James W. Gerard
The grass is cut out of season; is cured negligently, very likely is exposed to rain; and then piled up to mold and rot.
"Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56: No. 3, January 19, 1884." by Various
A rotting log is truth to a bed of violets, while sand is truth to a cactus.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8" by Elbert Hubbard
So with the splitting of an age-rotted limb torn from the parent trunk.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
It is due to bacteria that break up the organic matter, producing rotted manure.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
The fruit much loved by the sun rots first.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 7" by Elbert Hubbard

In poetry:

Lest air hold him not,
Beats up the scaffold of space
Sick of the world's rot-
God's hideous face.
"The Eagle" by Allen Tate
It's not meself can say of what she died:
But 'twas the year the praties felt the rain,
An' rotted in the soil; an' just to dhraw
The breath of life was one long hungry pain.
"A Hungry Day" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
"Think, think, think, think, as we lie there and rot,
And hear the young above us laugh in glee.
How dare you say I'm dying! \I am not\.
I would curse God if such a thing could be.
"His Youth" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
SAM R— corpse of vampire hue,
Comes from its grave, to rot in town;
For Bays the dead bard's crowned with Yew,
And chaunts the Pleasures of the U-
—niversity we've Got in town.
"Stinkomalee Triumphans" by Richard Harris Barham
"'Old ship,' he said, 'when we were young together, you and I,
A man's life I lived with men between the sea and sky;
And would to God you had sunk deep and I also had died
Who now upon the land decay as you rot in the tide.'"
"The Last Of The Sealing Fleet" by Cicely Fox Smith
Cast leaves and feathers rot in last year's nest,
The winged brood, flown thence, new dwellings plan;
The serf of his own Past is not a man;
To change and change is life, to move and never rest;--
Not what we are, but what we hope, is best.
"The Pioneer" by James Russell Lowell

In news:

Rotting logs for salmon.
Lindsay Lohan's Teeth Are Rotting .
The Rotting Fruit of Multiculturalism.
"The roofs were rotting and the walls were bulging".
Man Boobs and Rotting Genitals.
Any man, woman, human being -- literally rot .
Are Lindsay Lohan's Teeth Rotting , and What's With Her Hands.
If you have ever worried that video games, television and candy have rotted the brains and the imaginations of today's youth, FEAR NOT.
If you found yourself looking for sandbags , you may have realized that the last ones you had were rotted.
Steaks not headed for grill, but not left to rot, either.
Spent hours carving a masterpiece, only to watch it rot.
Rotting whale in Malibu left to nature.
Turning a busted-down, rotted fence into a modernist seat.
A man may rot even here.
Car was originally a southwest AZ car,with no rust or rot.

In science:

Nonthermal pulsed emission from these MSPs was also detected up to about 20 keV with RX T E (Rots et al. 1998; Kuiper, Hermsen & Stappers 2004; Cusumano et al. 2003).
Studying Millisecond Pulsars in X-rays
As this is not so clearly visible in Eq.(33) it is appropriate to replace this equation by = (cid:20)(1 − bvbv) · + (rot v) × v(cid:21) f (n) , + (1 − bvbv) · ∇ where f (n) is the density dependent factor, which arises due to coarse-graining procedure.
Collective Behavior of Self Propelling Particles with Kinematic Constraints; The relation between the discrete and the continuous description
In our first paper we used an angular velocity field which was a linear combination of n (r, t) rot v (r, t) and ∇n (r, t) × v (r, t).
Collective Behavior of Self Propelling Particles with Kinematic Constraints; The relation between the discrete and the continuous description
Note that the damping coefficients are related to the force and torque noise spectra via the fluctuation-dissipation formulas, SF = 4kB T βtr and SN = 4kB T βrot .
Gas damping force noise on a macroscopic test body in an infinite gas reservoir
As noted above, this modulation would be at twice the rotation frequency, i.e. 2ωrot .
Rotating optical cavity experiment testing Lorentz invariance at the 10^{-17} level
Earth’s sidereal rotation at ω⊕ such that ωrot = ω⊕ ± ωtt , plus or minus depending on the sense of turntable rotation.
Rotating optical cavity experiment testing Lorentz invariance at the 10^{-17} level
FIG. 2: Measured 1TM gas damping coefficients βrot as function of residual gas pressure P .
Increased Brownian force noise from molecular impacts in a constrained volume
FIG. 3: Measured 4TM gas damping coefficients βrot as function of residual gas pressure P , with and without the GRS surrounding one of the test masses.
Increased Brownian force noise from molecular impacts in a constrained volume
It was argued that the field displacement plays a similar role to approximately rot ate a coherent-state qubit .
Bell inequality test with entanglement between an atom and a coherent state in a cavity
In that case, the characteristic damping time at the peak is τrot = √τ τed .
Spinning dust radiation: a review of the theory
In general, one can define a characteristic damping time as τrot ≈ min[τ , √τ τed ].
Spinning dust radiation: a review of the theory
C∗ → ˜LpolG → LpolG → 0. (Sometimes the semidirect product of Rot(S 1 ) with ˜LpolG is also referred to as the affine Kac-Moody group associated to g).
Invariant measures for unitary forms of Kac-Moody groups, Parts I-III
Results from this section show, that our formula is able to find correct structure of rotating body for differential rot ation only.
Analytical approximation for the structure of differentially rotating barotropes
Due to (10.5) the rotor or a vector field F is the contraction of the tensor field ˆg ⊗ ω ⊗ ˆg ⊗ ∇F with respect to four pairs of indices: rot F = C (ˆg ⊗ ω ⊗ ˆg ⊗ ∇F).
Course of differential geometry
For any scalar field ϕ of the smoothness class C 2 the equality rot grad ϕ = 0 is identically fulfilled.
Course of differential geometry