# rooted

## Definitions

• He wuz rooted to the spot
• WordNet 3.6
• adj rooted absolutely still "frozen with horror","they stood rooted in astonishment"
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### Additional illustrations & photos:

Arrow-root
Root and section of hair

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The word "umbrella" is derived from the Latin root word "umbra", which means shade or shadow
• a Rooted Having taken root; firmly implanted; fixed in the heart. "A rooted sorrow."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: Dandelion root can be roasted and ground as a coffee substitute
• rooted Fixed by a root or roots; firmly planted or embedded.
• rooted In zoology and anatomy: Fixed by the roots; embedded and attached as if rooted, as a hair, feather, nail, or tooth.
• rooted Specifically, fixed so by the root as to cease to grow, as a tooth: the opposite of rootless.
• rooted Provided with roots.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Tequila is made from the root of the blue agave cactus.
• adj Rooted firmly planted: fixed by the roots: deep-seated, as a rooted dislike
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## Quotations

• Alex Haley
“Roots is not just a saga of my family. It is the symbolic saga of a people.”
• Mira Bai
“I went to the root of things, and found nothing but Him alone.”
• Ernest Dimnet
“Ideas are the roots of creation.”
• Bible
“The love of money is the root of all evil.”
• Samuel Butler
“The want of money is the root of all evil.”
• Henry Fielding
“Money is the fruit of evil, as often as the root of it.”

## Idioms

Grass roots - This idioms is often used in politics, where it refers to the ordinary people or voters. It can be used to mean people at the bottom of a hierarchy.
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Root hog or die poor - (USA) It's a expression used in the Southern USA that means that you must look out for yourself as no one's going to do it for you. (It can be shortened to 'root hog'. A hog is a pig.)
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Rooted to the spot - If someone is rooted to the spot, they canot move, either physically or they cannot think their way out of a problem.
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## Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Scand.; Ice. rót; Dan. rod; Goth. waurts, A.S. wyrt.

## Usage

### In literature:

The propagation of trees from a desirable individual plant can be accomplished also by transplanting roots.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Mesopleural suture: in Diptera, runs from the root of the wings downward and separates the meso-pleura from the pteropleura.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
These two roots, steamed with hay and other mixtures, afforded safe food till grass was again in season.
"Cattle and Their Diseases" by Robert Jennings
One slave turns the wheel, and another presses the root against it.
"A Voyage round the World" by W.H.G. Kingston
Fortunately, when Godfrey reached the first line of shrubs he recognized two sorts of fruits or roots.
"Godfrey Morgan" by Jules Verne
The roots of the trees were also covered with mussels, oysters, and other Crustacea.
"In the Wilds of Africa" by W.H.G. Kingston
When the plant turns brown and has become dry to the root, the esparto picker gets busy.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
One of the best things for cleaning it, is a raw egg rubbed into the roots and then washed out in several waters.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
Mr. Pomeroy: In examining transplanted trees I found ten times as many roots where the tap-root had been cut; and there were two tap-roots.
"Northern Nut Growers Association, Report of the Proceedings at the Third Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Now then, your father says that one root would yield a thousand per cent.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
The thought had taken root in Nancy's mind at last that she must be somebody of importance.
"A Little Miss Nobody" by Amy Bell Marlowe
Soon the Sunbeam pierced its way through the snow to the root, and within the root there was a stirring.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
The plant's nourishment is absorbed in solution by means of the roots.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
These bough roots in time run as deep underground as the original root.
"Things as They Are" by Amy Wilson-Carmichael
The vines are prepared for planting by cutting away all dead or injured roots and shortening-in the healthy roots.
"Manual of American Grape-Growing" by U. P. Hedrick
It consists of roots which are located in the soil; leaves which are spread in the air, and a stem which connects the roots and leaves.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
And I won't deny I may eat a bit of root once in a way, in the spring, when the roots are quite fresh.
"The Old Willow Tree and Other Stories" by Carl Ewald
Re-plant them as quickly as you can, making for each a little hole big enough for the roots to spread out in.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
Early the following spring the entire patch was dug up and the roots heeled in.
"Asparagus, its culture for home use and for market:" by F. M. Hexamer
The root of the trouble was beyond his tackling.
"Maid of the Mist" by John Oxenham
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### In poetry:

Oh, like a tree
Let me grow up to Thee!
And like a Tree
Send down my roots to Thee.
"The Tree" by John Freeman
Though wisdom underfoot
Dies in the bloody fields,
Slowly the endless root
Gathers again and yields.
"The Fields" by Witter Bynner
What sterile growths of sexless root
Or epicene?
What flower of kisses without fruit
Of love, Faustine?
"Faustine" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
O thou, the root and flower of this our joy,
Well may thy praise our grateful hearts employ!
Fair as the moon and glorious as the sun,
Thy fame to many a future age shall run.
"The Queen's Jubilee" by Sarah Anne Curzon
Something that blindly yearneth to be known,
And doth not burn, nor rage, nor leap, nor dart;
But struggles in the sickness of my heart,
As a root struggles in a vault of stone.
"The Captain's Wife" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
Little growing things, roots are in my heart.
Hark! the robin sings. Sorrow must depart.
Doubts and chilly fears! Winter now is o'er,
Wipe away your tears. Courage ! rise once more.
"Easter Thoughts" by Wilhelmina Stitch

### In news:

The Root River SWCD 2012 Conservationist of the Year is the McCormick family.
But anchoring all the activity in Dallas (the fair runs through Oct 21) is the stunning architecture of Fair Park - the buildings, murals and statues that showcase its art-deco roots.
Marina Rikhvanova is one of seven grass-roots environmental activists who will receive the 2008 Goldman Environmental Prize in San Francisco Monday.
Baldness Cure Rooted in Stem Cells, Study Suggests.
Patti Smith's first album of original material since 2004 reaffirms her punk-poet roots.
The Root Group convinces a client company to finance the development of a new product.
Canadian roots chanteuse Amelia Curran toasts her fellow mistresses at Folk Fest.
I'LL DRINK TO THAT: Amelia Curran's Hunter, Hunter won a Juno in the Roots and Traditional category.
A Sisterhood Born of Cuban Roots.
A Dallas-area couple returns to their Michigan roots with a log home at Boyne 's Mountain Club.
A newer, branched picture of human roots in Africa.
Roots Restaurant & Bar, chef Brad Root's eatery, emphasizes fresh, local, seasonal food.
Potted fig plants can fruit in pots as long as they get root pruned every year or two so that roots find new soil to promote vigorous, annual stem growth.
The prime root of American roots music is ragtime.
ROOT 891 is a radio program celebrating Roots & Americana music.
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### In science:

A rooted isomorphism of rooted networks is an isomorphism of the underlying networks that takes the root of one to the root of the other.
Processes on Unimodular Random Networks
For a locally ﬁnite connected rooted network, there is a canonical choice of a rooted network in its rooted-isomorphism class.
Processes on Unimodular Random Networks
Elements of Φ, Φ+ , and Φ− are called roots, positive roots, and negative roots, respectively.
A characterization of finitely generated reflection subgroups of Coxeter groups orthogonal to a reflection
For a vertex u ∈ V and an edge e ∈ E , let T G n (u) be the set of all G-rooted trees whose root is the vertex u, and T G n [e] the set of all G-rooted trees whose root is the source of e.
Cuntz-Krieger algebras and a generalization of Catalan numbers
The rooted-tree generating function is de ﬁned as T (x) = Pn≥1 xnTn , where T1 ≡ 1 and Tn is the number of rooted planar trees with n external vertices (excluding the root).
Conformal Random Geometry
By the comments above, λ = 1 is one root, and Re λ ≤ 1 for every root λ; furthermore, there is no real root in (0, 1).
The size of random fragmentation trees
The generation of a vertex is determined by the distance from the root vertex. A common example of a rooted inﬁnite metric tree is the rooted Bethe lattice.
Anderson Localization for radial tree-like random quantum graphs
Let R ⊂ h∗ (respectively, R+ , P + , Q+ ) be the corresponding set of roots (respectively, positive roots, dominant integral weights, the Z+ -span of R+ ) and let θ ∈ R+ be the highest root.
Current algebras, highest weight categories and quivers
We introduce 3-irreducible modules, even roots and odd roots for Leibniz algebras, produce a basis for a root space of a Leibniz algebra with a semisimple Lie factor, and classify ﬁnite dimensional simple Leibniz algebras with Lie factor sℓ2 .
Even (Odd) Roots and Simple Leibniz Algebras with Lie Factor $s\ell_2$
In Section 2, we produce a basis of a weight space of a module over a right nilpotent Leibniz algebra by using the Extended Lie’s Theorem, and construct the root space decomposition of a Leibniz algebra by using its Cartan subalgebra, even roots and odd roots.
Even (Odd) Roots and Simple Leibniz Algebras with Lie Factor $s\ell_2$
The decomposition (24) is called the root space decomposition of L with respect to the Cartan subalgebra H , the elements of ∆ are called the roots of L with respect to the Cartan subalgebra H , and Lφ −r(H ) with φ ∈ ∆ is called the root space of L corresponding to the root φ.
Even (Odd) Roots and Simple Leibniz Algebras with Lie Factor $s\ell_2$
Let ∆re,(h) = ∆0,(h) × Z be the set of aﬃne real roots, ∆(h) = ∆re,(h) ∪ ({0} × Z) the set of aﬃne roots, ˇ∆re,(h) the set of aﬃne real coroots, and W0,(h) , W(h) the Weyl group and the aﬃne Weyl group associated to the root system ∆0,(h) .
Finite dimensional representations of DAHA and affine Springers fibers : the spherical case
The root system ∆ of the Lie superalgebra Qn−1 coincides with root system of the Lie algebra An−1 = sl(n), but the nonzero roots of Qn−1 are both even and odd.
Yangian of the Strange Lie Superalgebra of $\boldsymbol{Q_{n-1}}$ Type, Drinfel'd Approach
The origin of ~e is called the root vertex. A rooted pointed planar map is a triple (m, τ , ~e ) where (m, ~e ) is a rooted planar map and τ is a distinguished vertex.
Radius and profile of random planar maps with faces of arbitrary degrees
Note however that deals with rooted pointed maps instead of rooted maps as we do and studies distances from the distinguished point of the map rather than from the root vertex.
Radius and profile of random planar maps with faces of arbitrary degrees
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