rook

Definitions

  • THE ROOK AND THE LARK
    THE ROOK AND THE LARK
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v rook deprive of by deceit "He swindled me out of my inheritance","She defrauded the customers who trusted her","the cashier gypped me when he gave me too little change"
    • n rook common gregarious Old World bird about the size and color of the American crow
    • n rook (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Rook (Zoöl) A European bird (Corvus frugilegus) resembling the crow, but smaller. It is black, with purple and violet reflections. The base of the beak and the region around it are covered with a rough, scabrous skin, which in old birds is whitish. It is gregarious in its habits. The name is also applied to related Asiatic species. "The rook . . . should be treated as the farmer's friend."
    • Rook A trickish, rapacious fellow; a cheat; a sharper.
    • n Rook Mist; fog. See Roke.
    • n Rook (Chess) One of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle.
    • v. t. & i Rook To cheat; to defraud by cheating. "A band of rooking officials."
    • v. i Rook To squat; to ruck.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n rook A kind of crow, Corvus frugilegus, abundant in Europe. It is entirely black, with the parts about the base of the bill more or less bare of feathers in the adult. The size is nearly or about that of the common crow; it is thus much smaller than the raven, and larger than the jackdaw. It is of a gregarious and sociable disposition, preferring to nest in rookeries about buildings, and feeding on insects and grain.
    • n rook The ruddy duck, Erismatura rubida.
    • n rook A cheat; a trickster or swindler; one who practises the “plucking of pigeons.” See pigeon, 2.
    • n rook A simpleton; a gull; one liable to be cheated.
    • rook To caw or croak as a crow or raven.
    • rook To cheat; defraud.
    • rook To cheat; defraud by cheating.
    • n rook In chess, one of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle. The rook may move along the ranks or the files the whole extent of the board unless impeded by some other piece. See chess.
    • rook Same as ruck.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Rook rook a species of crow—from its croak: the ruddy duck: a cheat: a simpleton
    • v.i Rook to cheat
    • n Rook rook a castle or piece used in playing chess.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Gerard Manley Hopkins
    Gerard Manley Hopkins
    “Towery city and branching between towers; Cuckoo-echoing, bell-swarmed, lark-charmed, rook-racked, river-rounded.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. roc,cf. Sp. roque,), fr. Per. & Ar. rokh, or rukh, the rook or castle at chess, also the bird roc,in this sense perhaps a different word); cf. Hind. rath, a war chariot, the castle at chess, Skr. ratha, a car, a war car. Cf. Roll
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. roc—Pers. rokh.

Usage

In literature:

The rooks, too, up there, were cawing loudly and wheeling in circles.
"The Mayor of Troy" by Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
I was immensely impressed with the rows of high trees on which the rooks built their noisy cities.
"The Great War As I Saw It" by Frederick George Scott
On the roof a few white fantails; a spaniel near the door; and a great business of rooks in the sky.
"A Boswell of Baghdad" by E. V. Lucas
This, however, is not true of rooks, which feed in flocks and roost in flocks.
"Welsh Folk-Lore a Collection of the Folk-Tales and Legends of North Wales" by Elias Owen
Rooke's face was grave.
"Under Fire" by Charles King
After a full meal many of the crow tribe, including the raven, rook, and jackdaw, will put away and hoard what is left.
"Chatterbox, 1905." by Various
Hake meanwhile stood listening to the rooks in the distance.
"Lavengro the Scholar - the Gypsy - the Priest" by George Borrow
Mrs. Rooke was a vivacious little dark woman, with a cheek like a peach's rosy side.
"Mary Gray" by Katharine Tynan
And this is what Rook has to say for himself.
"Jack Harkaway's Boy Tinker Among The Turks" by Bracebridge Hemyng
When one thinks of it, the rooks' nests swaying on the tree-tops express the climax of a brilliant experiment.
"The Outline of Science, Vol. 1 (of 4)" by J. Arthur Thomson
There was a cawing of rooks among the tall trees, and a church-bell tinkled in the ivy far away across the river.
"Better Dead" by J. M. Barrie
These birds have been known sometimes to build in rooks' nests, and sometimes in the forks of boughs under rooks' nests.
"The Natural History of Selborne, Vol. 1" by Gilbert White
I only saw a few larks and whin-chats, some rooks, and several kites and buzzards.
"The Natural History of Selborne, Vol. 2" by Gilbert White
From smouldering elms around the village spire There soared and sank the caw of gathering rooks.
"The New Morning" by Alfred Noyes
One of these rooks had a white head, which he seemed to cock on one side in a strangely familiar way to Nell.
"Bob Strong's Holidays" by John Conroy Hutcheson
Young thrushes and rooks are nasty-looking, big-eyed, naked things at first.
"Burr Junior" by G. Manville Fenn
Now that I'm a rooked bird and Doom a herried nest, they never look the road I'm on.
"Doom Castle" by Neil Munro
Many a big ship went down, and many a stout one was cast upon the rooks and dashed to pieces.
"Peter Biddulph" by W.H.G. Kingston
She formed one of the squadron under Admiral Sir George Rooke just on the point of sailing for the coast of Spain.
"John Deane of Nottingham" by W.H.G. Kingston
That very evening, after a cup of tea, he presented himself at the office of Rook near the Place du Gouvernement.
"The Mission Of Mr. Eustace Greyne" by Robert Hichens
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In poetry:

Calling and calling softly
One lights by the window-pane:
The rook, weary with building,
Turns to his sleep again.
"Wings In The Night " by Katharine Tynan
And now the travellers turn the road,
And now they hear the rooks;
And there it is, — the old abode,
With all its hearty looks.
"Robin Hood, A Child." by James Henry Leigh Hunt
'Stand waiting, waiting under skies
That blow reproach, the while I see
The rooks sheer off to where he lies
Wrapt in a peace withheld from me.'
"The Woman In The Rye" by Thomas Hardy
The garden wall, we nothing saw,
But flowers and blossoms, and we heard
Nought but the whirring of some bird,
Or the rooks' distant, clamorous caw.
"Recollections" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
A dappled sky, a world of meadows,
Circling above us the black rooks fly
Forward, backward; lo, their dark shadows
Flit on the blossoming tapestry—
"Divided" by Jean Ingelow
No more the mill—stream chafed and churned;
The wheel hung still, the meal lay whole;
From marsh and dyke the rooks returned,
And circled round and round the toll.
"Outside The Village Church" by Alfred Austin

In news:

Rook 's seventh keeper culls his 1-10.
Scott Rook 's "new" home court.
Rook 's neighborhood lake hasn't been one of those places he's frequented in the many local tournaments he's fished on the Arkansas River.
Ricky Alan Rook , 40, of Lake City died Friday, Sept 19, 2003, at St Bernards Medical Center in Jonesboro.
Edith Marie Rook , 87, of Lake City, died Monday, June 4, 2001, at Lake City.
Rook up and Ruck Around.
High-energy Rooks is a resourceful person.
Oregon Historical Society (Michele Kribs, Scott Daniels, Scott Rook).
Word for word with Scott Rook.
It was just another twist for him, Scott Rook and Mark Menendez — the only anglers , along with Rick Clunn, who opted to fish out of aluminum boats on Day One of the Toyota Trucks Diamond Drive.
Gavin Rooke isn't an architect or a professional builder.
Kofa's Isaac Coronnado (33) and Ahiam Garcia (44) grab the ball away from Yuma Catholic's Donovan Rooks (12) in the first quarter of Kofa vs Yuma Catholic basketball game in the Southwest Rotary Classic Friday night.
Keenan Alan Rook pled guilty to unauthorized use of a vehicle, a state jail felony.
For his plea, Rook received 15 months confinement in the State Jail Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice.
Clemson has signed 6-foot-6 Austin Ajukwa and 6-3 Patrick Rooks for the men's basketball team.
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In science:

Godbole et. al. make a study of the number of sets of r mutually threatening rooks.
Degree sequences of random digraphs and bipartite graphs
Godbole A. P., Lamorte B., Sklar J. K.: If rooks could kill: vertex degrees in random bipartite graphs.
Degree sequences of random digraphs and bipartite graphs
The dust distribution is assumed to follow that of the gas, with the dust to gas mass ratio (abbreviated here as DGR or Mdust /Mgas ) initially kept constant throughout the galaxy (however see, e.g., Bianchi 2008, Baes et al. 2010, MacLachlan et al. 2011, Schechtman-Rook et al. 2012, de Looze et al. 2012).
A multi-wavelength study of the Magellanic-type galaxy NGC 4449. I. Modelling the spectral energy distribution, the ionisation structure and the star formation history
A beautiful proof of (1.4 with help of the rook technique one can find in .
The m\'enage problem with a known mathematician
Note that n is the maximal number for which there exists at least one possibility to put n non-taking rooks on positions 1’s of M .
The m\'enage problem with a known mathematician
According to Lemma 2, in order to calculate permanent of matrix (Jn − I − P )[1| r ], we can find rook polynomial of matrix Jn−1 − (Jn − I − P )[1| r ].
The m\'enage problem with a known mathematician
Shevelev, On a method of constructing of rook polynomials and some its applications, Combin.
The m\'enage problem with a known mathematician
Gessel, Generalized rook polynomials and orthogonal polynomials, q -Series and Partitions, ed. D.
Multilinear generating functions for Charlier polynomials
Key words and phrases. orthogonal polynomials, moments, permutation tableaux, rook placements, permutations, signed permutations, crossings, Genocchi numbers.
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
In Section 2, we recall some elementary facts concerning moments of orthogonal polynomials, and explain how the Matrix Ansatz sheds new light on some known examples, e.g. the connection between rook placements and Hermite polynomials.
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
It’s easy to see that hW |X |V i enumerates rook placements in Young diagrams of “shape” X , where • there is exactly one rook per row, • a counts the columns without rook, • q counts each cell with no rook to its right in the same row, nor below it in the same column.
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
And then since the moments µh n of the continuous big q -Hermite polynomials are given by hW |(F + U )n |V i, we recover results of [Var05]: µh n enumerates such rook placements in all Young diagrams where the number of rows plus the number of columns is n.
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
There is a simple bijection between these rook placements and involutions on [n].
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
Rook placements and another q-analogue of Charlier polynomials.
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
From µc∗ n = hW |((U + I )(F + aI ))n |V i, the Matrix Ansatz method gives a combinatorial interpretation of the moments in terms of rook placements.
The Matrix Ansatz, Orthogonal Polynomials, and Permutations
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