roast

Definitions

  • Near the foundation of the probable bake shop, a pair of kilns once served for slaking lime, and perhaps for firing pottery. Between the kilns was a flame-scarred pit containing evidence of ironworking and the roasting of bog ore for iron
    Near the foundation of the probable bake shop, a pair of kilns once served for slaking lime, and perhaps for firing pottery. Between the kilns was a flame-scarred pit containing evidence of ironworking and the roasting of bog ore for iron
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj roast (meat) cooked by dry heat in an oven
    • v roast cook with dry heat, usually in an oven "roast the turkey"
    • v roast subject to laughter or ridicule "The satirists ridiculed the plans for a new opera house","The students poked fun at the inexperienced teacher","His former students roasted the professor at his 60th birthday"
    • n roast negative criticism
    • n roast a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Dandelion root can be roasted and ground as a coffee substitute
    • Roast Hence, to heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn. "Roasted in wrath and fire."
    • a Roast Roasted; as, roast beef.
    • n Roast That which is roasted; a piece of meat which has been roasted, or is suitable for being roasted. "A fat swan loved he best of any roost roast]."
    • Roast To banter severely.
    • Roast To cook by exposure to radiant heat before a fire; as, to roast meat on a spit, or in an oven open toward the fire and having reflecting surfaces within; also, to cook in a close oven.
    • Roast To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.; as, to roast a potato in ashes. "In eggs boiled and roasted there is scarce difference to be discerned."
    • Roast To cook meat, fish, etc., by heat, as before the fire or in an oven. "He could roast , and seethe, and broil, and fry."
    • Roast (Metal) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
    • Roast To dry and parch by exposure to heat; as, to roast coffee; to roast chestnuts, or peanuts.
    • Roast To undergo the process of being roasted.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Termites are roasted and eaten like popcorn in South Africa
    • roast To cook, dress, or prepare (meats) for eating, originally on a grate or gridiron over or beneath a fire (broiling), but now by exposure to the direct action of dry heat (toasting). Roasting is generally performed by revolving the article on a spit or a string before a fire, with a reflector or Dutch oven to concentrate the heat: in primitive cookery hot ashes serve a similar purpose. Meat cooked over or beneath a fire, on a gridiron, is now said to be broiled; and meat cooked in a stove- or range-oven, where it does not receive the direct action of the fire, is properly said to be baked (though generally said to be roasted).
    • roast To heat to excess; heat violently.
    • roast To dry and parch by exposure to heat: as, to roast coffee.
    • roast In metallurgy, to heat with access of air. ; . The objects of roasting substances are various: to expel from them something which can be separated by heat alone, as when calamin (carbonate of zinc) is roasted in order to expel the carbonic acid
    • roast To expose (a person) to scathing ridicule or jesting, as by a company of persons, or for the amusement of a company.
    • roast To perform the act of cooking by the direct action of dry heat.
    • roast To become roasted or fit for eating by exposure to fire; hence, to be overheated or parched.
    • roast Roasted: as, roast beef; roast meat.
    • n roast That which is roasted, specifically a piece of beef; that part of a slaughtered animal which is selected for roasting, as a sirloin of beef or a shoulder of mutton.
    • roast In agriculture, in the process of bare-fallowing, to subject (the soil) to the full force of the sun in order to kill the weeds.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Coffee is generally roasted between 400F and 425F. The longer it is roasted, the darker the roast. Roasting time is usually from ten to twenty minutes.
    • v.t Roast rōst to cook before a fire, or in an oven: to expose a person to ridicule: to parch by exposure to heat: to heat to excess: to dissipate the volatile parts of by heat
    • n Roast that which is roasted
    • ***

Quotations

  • Chinese Proverb
    Chinese Proverb
    “Man who waits for roast duck to fly into mouth must wait very, very long time.”
  • Confucius
    Confucius
    “Man who stand on hill with mouth open will wait long time for roast duck to drop in.”
  • Helen Rowland
    Helen%20Rowland
    “Wedding: the point at which a man stops toasting a woman and begins roasting her.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. rosten, OF. rostir, F. rôtir,; of German origin; cf. OHG. rōsten, G. rösten, fr. OHG. rōst, rōsta, gridiron, G. rost,; cf. AS. hyrstan, to roast

Usage

In literature:

A real picnic in the woods, with lunch-baskets, and a fire, and roasted potatoes.
"Marjorie's Busy Days" by Carolyn Wells
Jan lost no time in cutting off some pieces of venison, and placing them to roast.
"Adventures in Africa" by W.H.G. Kingston
So he skinned the hare, and made a fire with the missal, and roasted and ate the hare.
"Italian Popular Tales" by Thomas Frederick Crane
An Indian woman was bringing in a basket of vegetables and there was a savory smell of roasting meat.
"A Little Girl in Old Quebec" by Amanda Millie Douglas
It was the big boys, and they put a blanket up to the window and made a fire and roasted it.
"St. Nicholas Magazine for Boys and Girls, V. 5, April 1878" by Various
Eels were roasted, fried, and boiled.
"Customs and Fashions in Old New England" by Alice Morse Earle
The seeds we extracted from the pulp, intending to roast them as soon as we had kindled our fire.
"The Desert Home" by Mayne Reid
Season well, pieces of cold roast chicken.
"365 Luncheon Dishes" by Anonymous
In roasting meat it is well to remember that the smaller roast requires the hotter fire.
"The Community Cook Book" by Anonymous
Allow the sauce to simmer for half an hour then rub it through a sieve and place in it the roasted game.
"The Italian Cook Book" by Maria Gentile
He'll roast the immigrants but he won't do anything.
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
The men were dozing in their hammocks; the women had built fires over which to roast the turtle meat for the evening meal.
"The Black Phantom" by Leo Edward Miller
I flew down, gave them the good news that the search was over, and poor Mac, half-roasted, came from behind the bags of oranges.
"Bidwell's Travels, from Wall Street to London Prison" by Austin Biron Bidwell
First of all, even before it goes into the smelting furnace, it must be roasted.
"Diggers in the Earth" by Eva March Tappan
Guapo could stand it no longer Guapo had tasted roast armadillo, and longed for more.
"The Forest Exiles" by Mayne Reid
Roast meat, fish, vegetables, preserves and salad are afterwards served.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
Probably the use of grain and cultivated vegetable food is a later step in human progress than the roasting of meat.
"More Science From an Easy Chair" by Sir E. Ray (Edwin Ray) Lankester
Well, I'll say no more about drinking; but I wonder how cold roast prisoner would taste?
"The Kopje Garrison" by George Manville Fenn
There stood a large table, spread with wine and roast meat and a beautiful fish.
"The Yellow Fairy Book" by Leonora Blanche Alleyne Lang
Eggs roasted as she roasted them have a flavor wholly beyond and apart from those cooked in any other way.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
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In poetry:

Who could keep a smiling wit,
Roasted so in heart and hide,
Turning on the sun's red spit,
Scorched by love inside?
"Morning Phœnix" by Robert Graves
I thrust it with a hope forlorn,--
I knew what toughness meant,
And sighed that ever I was born
To die of roasting scent.
"A Fowl Affair" by Hattie Howard
Come, beside a sandy lake,
Feed a fire with stems of grass;
Roasting berries steam and shake —
Talking hours swiftly pass!
"A Lover's Quarrel Among the Fairies" by William Butler Yeats
"Oh, what hast thou done, dear master mine!
What hast thou done for me?"
"Roast it, Will, for excepting wine,
Thou shalt feast thee royally."
"Robin Hood's Flight" by James Henry Leigh Hunt
He little thought o’ New Year’s night,
So jolly as he sat then,
While drank the toast and praised the roast
The round-faced Aldermen,—­
"Winstanley" by Jean Ingelow
" I guessed you'd be hungry!" the farmer said,
" So I've done the best I can do,
Here's a couple of nice roast —young spring chickens,
And I KILLED 'EM BOTH —for you!"
"The Travellers aka Twas a Dark and Stormy Night! (with knobs on)" by T W Connor

In news:

1 6 lb roasting chicken.
Squash Bisque with Roasted Corn Salsa.
Shrimp roasted with garlic, scallions, and tarragon atop French green lentils is just one of many quintessentially French meals in 'The Bonne Femme Cookbook' by Wini Moranville.
This is a great way to use a roast or two in your freezer or, perhaps, to practice with beef before the upcoming deer, elk or big game seasons.
It was a "roast " of Susan Peters.
This time, we're going to make some interesting Roast Pork.
An easy but elegant side dish of roasted butternut squash and brown butter with crispy sage from Alice Currah of SavorySweetLife.com.
If you can even believe it, this was my first year ever roasting a turkey.
Roasted buckwheat polenta with sage cream sauce recipe.
One of those evil yet delicious creations around the office this time of year is the candy corn/dry roasted peanut mixture.
Arugula and Roasted Corn Salad from PL8 Kitchen.
Marc Murphy's Roasted Corn Salad .
Cup chopped jarred roasted red sweet pepper.
Roast the vegetables first to enrich the flavor.
Cliff House Cranberry Glazed Pork Roast.
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In science:

Provided the problem of finding bearing lubricants functional in the –80 C winter temperatures can be solved, RICE could be recommissioned as ROAST (“RICE On A STick”) in 2-3 years.
Radiowave Neutrino Detection
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