reverse

Definitions

  • "The driver heard them, and reversed his engine."
    "The driver heard them, and reversed his engine."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj reverse reversed (turned backward) in order or nature or effect
    • adj reverse directed or moving toward the rear "a rearward glance","a rearward movement"
    • adj reverse of the transmission gear causing backward movement in a motor vehicle "in reverse gear"
    • v reverse change to the contrary "The trend was reversed","the tides turned against him","public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern"
    • v reverse turn inside out or upside down
    • v reverse reverse the position, order, relation, or condition of "when forming a question, invert the subject and the verb"
    • v reverse rule against "The Republicans were overruled when the House voted on the bill"
    • v reverse cancel officially "He revoked the ban on smoking","lift an embargo","vacate a death sentence"
    • n reverse turning in the opposite direction
    • n reverse (American football) a running play in which a back running in one direction hands the ball to a back running in the opposite direction
    • n reverse the gears by which the motion of a machine can be reversed
    • n reverse the side of a coin or medal that does not bear the principal design
    • n reverse an unfortunate happening that hinders or impedes; something that is thwarting or frustrating
    • n reverse a relation of direct opposition "we thought Sue was older than Bill but just the reverse was true"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Repeated pattern, alternately reversed, forming a linear design Repeated pattern, alternately reversed, forming a linear design
Design for the Reverse of the Jubilee Medallion Design for the Reverse of the Jubilee Medallion

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Compact discs read from the inside to the outside edge, the reverse of how a record works.
    • Reverse A thrust in fencing made with a backward turn of the hand; a backhanded stroke.
    • Reverse (Surg) A turn or fold made in bandaging, by which the direction of the bandage is changed.
    • Reverse Hence, to overthrow; to subvert. "These can divide, and these reverse , the state.""Custom . . . reverses even the distinctions of good and evil."
    • Reverse (Bot. & Zoöl) Reversed; as, a reverse shell.
    • Reverse That which appears or is presented when anything, as a lance, a line, a course of conduct, etc., is reverted or turned contrary to its natural direction. "He did so with the reverse of the lance."
    • Reverse That which is directly opposite or contrary to something else; a contrary; an opposite. "And then mistook reverse of wrong for right.""To make everything the reverse of what they have seen, is quite as easy as to destroy."
    • Reverse The act of reversing; complete change; reversal; hence, total change in circumstances or character; especially, a change from better to worse; misfortune; a check or defeat; as, the enemy met with a reverse . "The strange reverse of fate you see;
      I pitied you, now you may pity me."
      "By a reverse of fortune, Stephen becomes rich."
    • Reverse The back side; as, the reverse of a drum or trench; the reverse of a medal or coin, that is, the side opposite to the obverse . See Obverse.
    • Reverse To become or be reversed.
    • Reverse To cause to return; to recall. "And to his fresh remembrance did reverse The ugly view of his deformed crimes."
    • Reverse To change totally; to alter to the opposite. "Reverse the doom of death.""She reversed the conduct of the celebrated vicar of Bray."
    • Reverse (Law) To overthrow by a contrary decision; to make void; to under or annual for error; as, to reverse a judgment, sentence, or decree.
    • Reverse To return; to revert.
    • Reverse To turn back; to cause to face in a contrary direction; to cause to depart. "And that old dame said many an idle verse,
      Out of her daughter's heart fond fancies to reverse ."
    • Reverse To turn upside down; to invert. "A pyramid reversed may stand upon his point if balanced by admirable skill."
    • Reverse Turned backward; having a contrary or opposite direction; hence; opposite or contrary in kind; as, the reverse order or method. "A vice reverse unto this."
    • Reverse Turned upside down; greatly disturbed. "He found the sea diverse
      With many a windy storm reverse ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Reversing Falls is in Canada, where the St. John River flows into the Bay of Fundy at St. John, New Brunswick. The rapids at this juncture flows normally at low tide, backwards at high tide. Between tides there is a 15-minute period in which the river is placid and boaters sail by very quickly.
    • reverse To turn about, around, or upside down; put in an opposite or contrary position; turn in an opposite direction, or through 180°; invert.
    • reverse In machinery, to cause to revolve or act in a contrary direction; give an exactly opposite motion or action to, as the crank of an engine, or that part to which the piston-rod is attached.—
    • reverse In general, to alter to the opposite; change diametrically the state, relations, or bearings of.
    • reverse To overturn; upset; throw into confusion.
    • reverse To overthrow; set aside; make void; annul; repeal; revoke: as, to reverse a judgment, sentence, or decree.
    • reverse To turn back; drive away; banish.
    • reverse To cause to return; bring back; recall.
    • reverse Synonyms To invert.
    • reverse To rescind, countermand.
    • reverse To change position, direction, motion, or action to the opposite; specifically, in round dances, to turn or revolve in a direction contrary to that previously taken: as, to reverse in waltzing.
    • reverse To be overturned; fall over.
    • reverse To turn back; return; come back.
    • reverse Turned backward; opposite or contrary in position or direction; reversed: as, the reverse end of a lance; reverse curves; reverse motion.
    • reverse Two points are said to be reverse of each other, with reference to two fixed origins and two fixed axes, when the line through the first origin and the first point meets the first axis at the point where the line through the second origin and the second point meets the same axis, while the line through the first origin and the second point meets the second axis at the same point where the line through the second origin and the first point meets the same axis.
    • reverse Contrary or opposite in nature, effects, or relations: as, a reverse order or method.
    • reverse Overturned; overthrown.
    • reverse Upset; tossed about; thrown into confusion.
    • reverse In conchology, same as reversed, 5.
    • n reverse Reversal; a change to an opposite form, state, or condition; a complete alteration.
    • n reverse A complete change or turn of affairs; a vicissitude; a change of fortune, particularly for the worse; hence, adverse fortune; a misfortune; a calamity or blow; a defeat.
    • n reverse In fencing, a back-handed stroke; a blow from a direction contrary to that usually taken; a thrust from left to right.
    • n reverse That which is presented when anything, as a lance, gun, etc., is reversed, or turned in the direction opposite to what is considered its natural position.
    • n reverse That which is directly opposite or contrary; the contrary; the opposite: generally with the.
    • n reverse In numismatics, the back or inferior side of a coin or medal, as opposed to the obverse, the face or principal side. The reverse generally displays a design or an inscription; the obverse, a head. Usually abbreviated Rev. or ŧ. See cuts under numismatics, pie, and pistole.
    • n reverse In heraldry, the exact contrary of what has been described just before as an escutcheon or a quartering. An early form of heraldic difference is the giving to a younger branch the reverse of the arms of the elder branch: thus, if the original escutcheon is argent a chevron gules, a younger son takes the reverse, namely gules a chevron argent.
    • n reverse Same as reversetwist.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Reverse rē-vėrs′ to place in the contrary order or position: to change wholly: to overthrow: to change by an opposite decision: to annul: to revoke, as a decree: to recall
    • n Reverse that which is reversed: the opposite: the back, esp. of a coin or medal: change: misfortune: a calamity: in fencing, a back-handed stroke:
    • adj Reverse turned backward: having an opposite direction: upset
    • n Reverse (her.) the exact contrary of what has been described just before, as an escutcheon
    • ***

Quotations

  • Charles Caleb Colton
    Charles%20Caleb%20Colton
    “Constant success shows us but one side of the world; adversity brings out the reverse of the picture.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “The one who prosperity takes too much delight in will be the most shocked by reverses.”
  • Susan Sontag
    Susan%20Sontag
    “Boredom is just the reverse side of fascination: both depend on being outside rather than inside a situation, and one leads to the other.”
  • (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    “Few people can distinguish the genuinely good from the reverse.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Our hopes are but memories reversed.”
  • T. S. Eliot
    T.%20S.%20Eliot
    “In a minute there is time for decisions and revisions which a minute will reverse.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. revers, OF. revers, L. reversus, p. p. of revertere,. See Revert

Usage

In literature:

There was no reverse current of goods.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
By reversing its position and tapping it again we reverse its magnetism.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
Were the case reversed, you would not do it yourselves.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
Cattle without horns, and others with reversed hair, have also originated in Paraguay.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
The opposite side was the reverse.
"The New England Magazine Volume 1, No. 6, June, 1886, Bay State Monthly Volume 4, No. 6, June, 1886" by Various
But to give way was to reverse every act he had done since his accession and to change the whole nature of his government.
"History of the English People, Volume VII (of 8)" by John Richard Green
Why should he not sell his reversion, and why should I not buy it?
"Ralph the Heir" by Anthony Trollope
All this is reversed on the Red River of the North.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
But God forgives only those who reverse their evil acts.
"Tongues of Conscience" by Robert Smythe Hichens
This term applies to a position north of the sun; south of the sun it would be reversed.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Cloete, Judge, his opinion of Lord Glenelg's reversal of Sir B.
"Lord Milner's Work in South Africa" by W. Basil Worsfold
When he tried to return to Crete his fleet was beaten back with a signal reverse.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
This reversal may also be the result of charging a battery in the wrong direction, on account of reversed charging connections.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
But when you reversed that lever, you reversed the process.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
Suppose that instead of reversing the current by reversing the battery we arrange to send an alternating current through the coil.
"Letters of a Radio-Engineer to His Son" by John Mills
He has had heavy financial reverses that have worried him.
"Lefty Locke Pitcher-Manager" by Burt L. Standish
Maybe even reverse it?
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
The reverse is not true, however; many triboluminescent substances are not crystalloluminescent.
"The Nature of Animal Light" by E. Newton Harvey
The Virginia court promptly reversed the previous action, declared Panton guiltless, and restored his estate.
"Give Me Liberty" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
It will not reverse, which the other type of engine does readily.
"The Romance of War Inventions" by Thomas W. Corbin
***

In poetry:

It is life in slow motion,
it's the heart in reverse,
it's a hope-and-a-half:
too much and too little at once.
"The Wait" by Rainer Maria Rilke
And then from many a poet's page
The blest reverse he proved:
How sweet to pass life's pilgrimage,
From purple youth to sere old age,
Aye loving and beloved!
"Myrtilla" by Washington Allston
Oh! sad reverse! The dire delusive wind,
Which promis'd fair to bring thee to her breast,
Thy youthful honours to the wave consign'd,
And bore thy spirit to the realms of rest
"Lines To The Memory Of An Amiable Youth Of Great Promise" by Sir John Carr
Engine against th' Almightie, sinner's-towre,
Reversed thunder, Christ-side-piercing spear,
The six-daies' world-transposing in an houre,
A kinde of tune, which all things heare and feare;
"Prayer" by George Herbert
"Angels and ministers of grace defend us,"
Not airs from Heaven, quite the reverse you send us,
Your priests who counsel war and vengeance dire,
Their text—extermination, sword, and fire.
"North America and Her War Parsons" by Janet Hamilton
``Father of Mercies! why from silent earth
Didst Thou awake, and curse me into birth?
Tear me from quiet, ravish me from night,
And make a thankless present of Thy light?
Push into being a reverse of Thee,
And animate a clod with misery?
"A Poem On The Last Day - Book III" by Edward Young

In news:

The reverse emergency notification plan that didn't.
"Something is happening" in Burma "that cannot be reversed".
Instead they reversed fields and decided to skip it.
Now the reverse is true.
Things get serious for returning Cockfight champions MicLordz & Sauce Funky as they square off with Falling In Reverse.
MicLordz & Sauce Funky vs Falling In Reverse – Cockfight .
Obama reversal of Bush-era funding ban boosts science and ethics.
President Reverses Policy on Condolence Letters.
On May 23, CalRecycle reversed its earlier pre-determination that Plasco's Gonzales plant would qualify as renewable energy under state law.
Gains that followed Saddam Hussein's overthrow at risk of being reversed.
Additionally, the Obama administration's proposals include a reversion back to a $1 million gift-tax exemption.
Mike gets financial and real estate advice from Ilyce Glink , financial expert, about the benefits of reverse mortgages.
What homeowners need to know about reverse mortgages.
Prince George's cabbies feel betrayed by plan to reverse expansion of number of cabs.
Instead of being sentenced, contractor whose digging team set-off a gas-explosion that leveled a townhouse in Rockland County may file to reverse an earlier guilty plea.
***

In science:

It is bi-reversible since B (n) is bi-reversible.
On a series of finite automata defining free transformation groups
But, if ε is small, the time reversal symmetry T , I0 x) is not “broken” by the perturbation I0 (ω , x) = (ω and the noisy system admits a time reversal symmetry Iε .
A fluctuation theorem in a random environment
The lack of smoothness of the new time reversal implies that the fluctuation theorem can certainly be proved only in cases in which the perturbed system also admits a smooth time reversal.
A fluctuation theorem in a random environment
It therefore arises from an orientation reversing homeomorphism of Sg ,n\D and induces an automorphism of π1 (Sg ,n) which arises from an orientation reversing homeomorphism of Sg ,n .
Dual generators of the fundamental group and the moduli space of flat connections
The reversibility of X ξ is a consequence of the reversibility of X itself as will be discussed after equation (2.2).
Quenched invariance principles for random walks with random conductances
State ˜C evolved from state Note that there are three interacting bonds between avalanche A2 and reverse avalanche Ar C1 without reverse avalanches.
No-passing Rule in the Ground State Evolution of the Random-Field Ising Model
Indeed for any reversible random walk the following universal lower bound holds p(2n) (x, x) ≥ v(x)/v(Bn (x)) (see [5, Lemma 6.2]) where v is a reversibility measure.
Approximating critical parameters of branching random walks
We will also need the notion of reversibility. A Markov chain is reversible if the time reversed chain has the same transition matrix, with respect to some distribution.
Random Quantum Circuits are Approximate 2-designs
It can be shown that a reversible ergodic Markov chain is only reversible with respect to the stationary distribution.
Random Quantum Circuits are Approximate 2-designs
The sign reversal of X o in eq. (2.13) when going from future-pointing to past-pointing Wilson lines corresponds to the sign reversal discussed in ref. for T-odd TMDs.
Generalized parton correlation functions for a spin-0 hadron
At least, we have an explicit description of the time-reversed Markov chain in this case: It is given by the “reversed” cycles.
The quenched invariance principle for random walks in random environments admitting a bounded cycle representation
At least, we have an explicit description of the time-reversed process: It is induced by the reversed cycles.
The quenched invariance principle for random walks in random environments admitting a bounded cycle representation
The use of relation (2.7) corresponds to the same gluing, but in this case one of the ribbons has an orientation reversal in it, resulting in an orientation reversal for the remaining sides (see Figure 8).
Duality of real and quaternionic random matrices
If it goes beyond the unstable fixed point Bu, it is attracted by the opposite fixed point −B s, and thus achieves a polarity reversal. A reversal is made of two successive phases.
A simple mechanism for the reversals of Earth's magnetic field
The reversal rate reported in is displayed in Fig. 4 together with a fit using Eq. 6 assuming a linear variation in time of the coefficients governing the distance between B s and Bu. A simple variation of one parameter captures the temporal evolution of the reversal rate.
A simple mechanism for the reversals of Earth's magnetic field
***